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US senators demand full White House investigation into shooting of Palestinian American journalist

“MuiTypography-root-134 MuiTypography-h1-139″>US senators demand full White House investigation into shooting of Palestinian American journalist

Maryland Sen. Chris Van Hollen speaks to The World's host Marco Werman about a renewed call by himself and other Senate Democrats for a full inquiry into the killing of Palestinian American journalist Shireen Abu Akleh earlier this year.

The WorldSeptember 30, 2022 · 4:00 PM EDT

Maryland Sen. Chris Van Hollen speaks during a Senate Appropriations subcommittee hearing on Capitol Hill in Washington, May 3, 2022.

Mariam Zuhaib/AP/File

US Congressional Democrats are calling on the White House to conduct and release the findings of a full investigation into the shooting death of Palestinian American journalist Shireen Abu Akleh in May.

An investigator from the research group Forensic Architecture shared with The World a computer reconstruction, built by its team, of the spot in the West Bank where Abu Akleh was shot. It determined that she was shot by an Israeli marksman and that she was clearly identifiable as a journalist. 

Earlier this month, the Israeli military announced long-awaited results of its investigation into the deadly shooting of Abu Akleh, saying there was a “high probability” an Israeli soldier had mistakenly killed her during a raid in the occupied West Bank last May.

But the military provided no evidence to support its claim that a fierce gunbattle was under way at the time that Abu Akleh was shot.

Now, the US Congress is pushing for further accountability. Democrats Sen. Patrick Leahy and Sen. Chris Van Hollen and others have reached out to the State Department with a series of questions about the case.

Sen. Van Hollen joined The World's host Marco Werman to discuss why a US-led independent invesigation into the case matters. 

Marco Werman: I'd like to begin with what's known as the Leahy Laws, named after Vermont Sen. Patrick Leahy. The law basically says the US government will not provide assistance to foreign security forces where there is a credible implication of gross violations of human rights. Does the killing of Shireen Abu Akleh activate the Leahy Laws? Sen. Chris Van Hollen: Well, that depends on all the facts. And we've been trying to get the facts so that we can have accountability in this case. The most recent analysis that you are reporting on is consistent with analysis done by The New York Times, CNN, The Washington Post. And it's why we keep pushing the Biden administration to conduct an independent analysis of their own, reach their own conclusions, about what happened so that we can consider the next steps for accountability. But getting the facts is a prerequisite to applying any of those laws. What has been the response from the White House to your request?Well, so far, the White House and the State Department have not been responsive. As Sen. Leahy, myself and others wrote to Secretary [of State Antony] Blinken on July 12, with a series of questions trying to get the facts in this case. We have yet to get a response. And it's my view that the Biden administration has a duty to get to the bottom of the killing of an American citizen and a journalist — where the Biden administration says a high priority is to protect journalists in conflict zones — that we have to pursue the facts wherever they lead us. That's what Secretary Blinken himself said some time ago, and we're going to continue to hold the administration to that.You and Sen. Leahy have authored an amendment that would force the State Department to issue a report on Shireen Abu Akleh's killing. If the killing were found to be intentional, what would that mean for lawmakers?Well, again, I just don't want to jump to the conclusions of a report. This is why we keep pushing for the facts. And we are totally not satisfied at all with what the Biden administration has provided. As you probably know, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) issued a report claiming that the shooting was justified because there was an ongoing exchange of fire at that time between IDF forces and Palestinian militants. But this most recent evidence, along with the earlier evidence from independent news sources — again, like The New York Times, Washington Post and others — indicates that there was no such exchange of fire. And this is the key issue we have to resolve. And the Biden administration has a duty to work with us to get the facts.So, given all the sources you have, what other facts are lawmakers looking for?Well, what we're looking for is for the Biden administration to conduct this independent analysis, because they ultimately are the ones that have to make the determination under US law. So, this is why getting the facts is so important, and we're going to continue to push to do that. I also included an amendment in the State Department authorization bill that was passed by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee the other day to require the administration to provide us with a copy of a report done by the United States security coordinator on the ground there. They have not provided that to us yet, despite the fact we asked for it back in July.If a State Department report showed her killing as intentional, would you press to cut funding to Israel?Well, again, I don't want to get ahead of the facts. Clearly, if that were the case, that would trigger the Leahy Laws. Sen. Leahy himself made that statement on the floor of the Senate. But that, obviously, is contingent on the finding of the facts. And this is why it's important that the administration not sweep this under the rug, and we're going to hold their feet to the fire so that they can't do that.Senator, with some exceptions, there has long been an overarching belief in Congress that the US bond with Israel is unbreakable. Are we at a moment where that's being questioned?I think it is unbreakable. I think we have a very strong partnership with Israel, which is why it is especially disappointing in this case that we can't get more facts and cooperation. Secretary Blinken asked the IDF to review their rules of engagement after this case. In other words, review when fire is appropriate and when it's not. He pressed that for a little while, but then he dropped that request when he got some pushback. So, we have a close partnership. So, this is a moment where we want the Israeli government to help us get to the bottom of the shooting death of an American citizen and a journalist. And we need the Biden administration to be very focused on getting the facts. Secretary Blinken, himself, originally called for an independent investigation. Those were his words. We said, "Yes, we agree." He's backed off. We haven't. We need the Biden administration to do its duty in this case of a killing of an American citizen and journalist.World leaders and human rights groups have pointed to what they see as a pattern of human rights violations over the years that Israel is responsible for. Why is the death of this Palestinian American journalist different for Senate Democrats?Well, all violations of human rights, wherever they happen in the world, are important. What we have here is a situation where you do have an American citizen — a Palestinian American. You also have a journalist. And the Biden administration has repeatedly said that protecting journalists in conflict areas is one of their top priorities. So, if that's true, if protecting journalists is a top priority and protecting American citizens is a top priority, this is a clear case where the Biden administration has to show that it means what it says.

This interview has been lightly edited and condensed for clarity. AP contributed to this report. 

Lula battles Bolsonaro for chance to defend the poor again in Brazil

“MuiTypography-root-126 MuiTypography-h1-131″>Lula battles Bolsonaro for chance to defend the poor again in Brazil

Two presidents are battling for power in Sunday’s elections. Former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is hoping to unseat current far-right President Jair Bolsonaro. 

The WorldSeptember 30, 2022 · 3:30 PM EDT

A demonstrator dressed in the colors of the Brazilian flag performs in front of a street vendor's towels for sale featuring Brazilian presidential candidates, current President Jair Bolsonaro, center, and former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, in Brasilia, Brazil, Sept. 27, 2022. 

Eraldo Peres/AP

This Sunday’s upcoming elections in Brazil are being closely watched. 

It’s the battle of two presidents. Former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is hoping to unseat current far-right President Jair Bolsonaro, who has been a close ally of Donald Trump. (In Brazil, presidents are allowed two terms and they can run again, after at least one term has elapsed.)

Lula is poised to take this first round vote on Sunday. He leads the latest polls by 14 to 17 points. If he can win half of the valid votes, he can take the election in the first round. 

Despite spending time in prison for a corruption conviction, Lula continues to have much support. Many Brazilians believe he can bring back better days. 

“At the moment, I will vote for Lula, because he’s kind of our light at the end of the tunnel. He’s our hope,” said one computer programmer in northeastern Brazil.

Lula has been campaigning up and down the country in recent weeks. Videos shared across social media show big rallies, events and marches.

Last weekend, a crowd broke out into spontaneous applause at a food court in an upscale shopping mall in the southern Brazilian city of Florianopolis, chanting “Lula.” 

Bolsonaro has gutted workers rights, social policies and state institutions. Many blame him for his dismal approach to COVID-19, which has led to nearly 685,000 deaths. Brazil is now facing rising unemployment, inflation, poverty and hunger.

According to a recent study, 33 million Brazilians don’t have enough to eat each day. 

That number has doubled in just the last two years. Lula has promised to fix it if he’s elected again.

“We have to guarantee that every person in this country can wake up and have breakfast, lunch and dinner, each day,” he told supporters at a rally in Amazonas state.

Lula is familiar with hunger pains. 

He was born poor in northeastern Brazil, in a home with dirt floors. 

As a union leader in São Paulo, in the late 1970s, he led huge strikes that would signal the beginning of the end of the country’s 21-year dictatorship.

He went on to establish the Workers Party and won the presidency in 2002, governing the country for two terms and lifting tens of millions from poverty. 

When he left office his approval rating was nearly 90%.

“My four children studied at the university, because of him,” said Dona Rosa, a former street vender turned businesswoman, who spoke at a Lula rally this week.

That sentiment is held across the country. 

Vinicius Castello is a city councilman in the northeastern city of Olinda.

“Lula was the president that made it so that poor people had a right to exist,” Castello told Kawsachun News recently. “And that’s the country we have to build now,” he said.

People have felt this excitement for Lula before. 

Four years ago, he was also leading the polls in the lead-up to the presidential elections. 

But he was jailed and blocked from running after he was convicted of allegedly accepting a beach-side apartment from a company seeking government contracts. 

His imprisonment was part of a widespread anti-corruption operation, which, over seven years, issued 1,400 search and seizure warrants and convicted almost 280 people. 

Many of them were top politicians, including members of Lula’s Workers Party. 

Lula’s conviction opened the doors for Bolsonaro’s rise to the presidency.

But the former president’s supporters rallied in his defense. They set up a vigil outside the jail and said his conviction was politically motivated.

And that’s what the Supreme Court eventually found, too.

Lula was freed after 580 days.

Over the next two years, this and more than two dozen other corruption cases against him would all be tossed out for a variety of reasons. 

“It was clear that the law here was being used as a political weapon,” said 

Fabio de Sa e Silva, a professor of Brazilian studies at the University of Oklahoma. 

“I mean, you can't file 20-something lawsuits against somebody and have all those lawsuits being deemed, you know, lacking. Grounds to proceed with by several judges in the country. There's clearly something wrong here with the way you're using your prosecutory power and your power as a judge.”

Last year, Supreme Court Justice Gilmar Mendes called the country’s anti-corruption operation the biggest scandal that has befallen the Brazilian judiciary in the country’s history.

But it’s left its mark — on Brazil, and on Lula.

“Though the convictions against Lula have been annulled by the Supreme Court and proven to be politically motivated, it has tarnished the image of the Workers Party and that has an impact into Lula’s popularity,” said Rafael Ioris, a professor of Latin American history at the University of Denver.

Roughly 40% of the population says they would not vote for Lula under any circumstance.

But Bolsonaro’s rejection rate is even higher — more than half of Brazilians say they would never support Bolsonaro. And that’s going to make it difficult for the current president to make up ground against Lula in the coming days. 

Brazilians will find out on Sunday. 

Tense atmosphere as voters head to the polls in Brazil’s most diverse elections ever

“MuiTypography-root-134 MuiTypography-h1-139″>Tense atmosphere as voters head to the polls in Brazil's most diverse elections ever

Brazilians will vote in presidential elections on Sunday. They will also vote for a host of other government officials. This year, more Indigenous people, women and Black candidates are running for office than ever before.

The WorldSeptember 30, 2022 · 2:45 PM EDT

Supporters of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro wave Brazilian flags during a motorcycle campaign rally in Pocos de Caldas, Brazil, Sept. 30, 2022.

Victor R. Caivano/AP

The feeling on the streets of Brazil is one of both tension and excitement. 

The country is preparing for the first round of its presidential elections on Sunday. The vote is between far-right President Jair Bolsonaro — an ally of former US President Donald Trump — and former left-wing President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. Lula is well ahead in the polls.

Marches and rallies in defense of both candidates have littered the country in recent weeks. And their videos have been shared across social media.

But the presidential candidates are not the only ones organizing.

Brazilians will also elect 500 congresspeople, more than a thousand state lawmakers, two dozen senators and 27 state governors. Plus, this year, more Indigenous people, women and Black candidates are running for office than ever before.

For the first time, the country’s largest Indigenous organization APIB is fielding Indigenous candidates in states across the country, with the hope of launching a congressional caucus of Native peoples. The first female Indigenous congressional member, Joênia Wapixana, was only elected just four years ago.

“Hey folks, I’m here to talk to you about the importance of putting our Indigenous people in important positions of power,” said Indigenous activist Samela Sateré Mawé in a video posted online.

“We have suffered violence against our people,” Sateré Mawé went on. “There have been bills pushing [for] the destruction of our territories, the environment and against our lives, and we need to change this.”

They are hoping to push back on the country’s big ag (agriculture) caucus in Congress. That group includes roughly half of the members of the lower house, who have been important allies for Bolsonaro and his aims to open up the Amazon for development.

But Indigenous peoples are not the only ones hoping for change.

Leaders of Brazil’s Landless Workers Movement met with the press to discuss how they’ve helped to launch thousands of local grassroots committees. They are now organizing in neighborhoods up and down Brazil in support of Lula’s candidacy.

The landless movement is also fielding its own candidates for the first time. Fifteen members are running for state and federal office in a dozen states, with campaigns focused on promoting local family farming, labor rights and environmental sustainability.

“These candidates are a sign of the landless movement’s achievements,” said activist Luma Vitorio, who has been working closely with the movement. “We need to speak for ourselves. We can’t continue to outsource that job to others.”

These groups are hoping to gain ground against the far-right wave of candidates that rode into local and national office in 2018 on Bolsonaro’s coattails.

“The more that we have diversity of representation in legislative bodies, the better it is for our political system.”

Luciana Santana, political scientist, Federal University of Alagoas

“These legislative elections will be important,” said Luciana Santana, a political scientist at the Federal University of Alagoas. “The more that we have diversity of representation in legislative bodies, the better it is for our political system.”

But this campaign season has not been easy, with some candidates facing intimidation. 

“We were marching and we were intimidated,” said Lula ally and Workers' Party Congressman Paulo Guedes in a video shared widely over social media. “A member of the military police shot three times into our sound truck. Thank God he’s now detained. But this is absurd. And it’s the third time it’s happened.”

Black, gay and transgender candidates have also been in the crosshairs.

Matheus Gomes is a Black city councilman in Porto Alegre, who’s running for a seat on the Rio Grande do Sul state assembly. He and other members of the city’s Black caucus received a new string of death threats over email.

“They’re trying to intimidate us,” Gomes told The World. “The last message I received said that I should give up politics. They mentioned Bolsonaro. This is, by far, the most tense feeling on the streets I have ever experienced during an electoral campaign.”

That tension is palpable. According to reports, this is one of the most violent electoral seasons on record.

In a recent poll, two-thirds of Brazilians said they were afraid of being attacked because of their political preferences. Many blame the violent rhetoric of Bolsonaro and his allies for instigating the threats and attacks. But Bolsonaro insists he is not responsible for local actions and that the conflict goes both ways. 

Luciana Santana, the political scientist, said that the violence is the result of the country’s deep political polarization.

“It’s a very delicate situation,” she said. “And it’s really concerning, because some public officials are even empowering these people who are carrying out these violent actions.”

Many Brazilians are hoping that these elections may start to turn the tide.

The polls are open from 8 a.m. until 5 p.m. on Sunday, with results expected to be released only hours later.

Related: Evangelicals in Brazil want to make contact with Indigenous groups. But why?

Safe and unsilenced: Afghan scholars find a refuge in US universities

“MuiTypography-root-229 MuiTypography-h1-234″>Safe and unsilenced: Afghan scholars find a refuge in US universitiesThe WorldSeptember 30, 2022 · 12:45 PM EDT

Masuma Mohammadi sits on a bench at San José State University, where she's been hired to research Afghanistan from a safe distance. 

Courtesy of Sara Arman

Masuma Mohammadi was a radio reporter for the United Nations News service for a popular news program in Afghanistan called “Hello Countrymen, Countrywomen,” before the Taliban took over the country in August of 2021.

Her work as a journalist and women’s rights activist made her a target for the Taliban. She was forced to flee and found refuge in the US, a country she had visited only once, years ago.

Mohammadi has been in San Jose, California, with a residency at San Jose State University, for six months now. Her research detailing the persecution of the ethnic Hazara in Afghanistan is work she could never do in her home country.

“Afghan women have been completely removed from the structure of [public] life in Afghanistan,” Mohammadi said, adding that the country is experiencing a profound human rights and humanitarian crisis.

Girls aren’t allowed to attend high school, women are barred from working in offices and nongovernmental organizations, and they’re not allowed to travel or go long distances without a male chaperone.

But through the power of the internet, she and other Afghans like her — journalists, activists and academics — are able to continue their research outside of Afghanistan in the US, thanks to the Afghan Visiting Scholars program, a collaboration between some Bay Area universities.

The program is the brainchild of Halima Kazem-Stojanovic, who was a refugee herself more than 40 years ago when Afghanistan fell to the former Soviet Union.

“My family came as Afghan political refugees in what I call the first migration of Afghans into the United States,” Kazem-Stojanovic said. “My parents knew other Afghan families who lived in San Jose including [the famous author] Khalid Husseini's parents. Our fathers were friends.”

The family settled in San Jose just before she started kindergarten.

Kazem-Stojanovic is now an oral historian on Afghanistan at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution, but for 10 years, she was a journalism and human rights professor at San Jose State — and a core faculty member of its Human Rights Institute.

Because her work has often taken her to Afghanistan, she has many connections there.

“This has meant incredible opportunities to make very close friendships in Afghanistan. I trained more than 300 journalists in the last 20 years in Afghanistan,” she said. “Many became wonderful friends, and that's a very dear title we have among Afghans, when you're considered a cousin, even though you're not by blood.”

As Kabul fell to the Taliban, she received hundreds of messages on her WhatsApp and Signal accounts, like: “How do we get out of here?” “Can you send money?” “I can't go home.”

Kazem-Stojanovic said most of the people she was in contact with are in hiding. One photographer she knew dug a hole in his yard to bury his awards, including his Pulitzer Prize.

She reached out to her network in the US to help Afghan academics and journalists get out of the country — but also, to support people once they arrived here.

As the child of an economics professor who couldn’t teach in the United States, Kazem-Stojanovic was keenly aware that these refugees would need financial and professional support to establish themselves on this side of the Pacific.

“I thought, possibly, I could give some — a few — an opportunity not only to come here, but continue their public-facing work,” Kazem-Stojanovic said.

She found ready collaborators at the University of California, Berkeley’s Human Rights Center and her own San José State University. And so began the Afghan Visiting Scholars program.

“Together, we quickly rolled out a crowdfunding campaign [now ended] because universities work very slowly, the wheels don't turn very fast and we were in an emergency.

“We were in a crisis,” Kazem-Stojanovic said ruefully. “I think we raised over $300,000. And that was the easy part because then it was, all right, well, how do we get people here?”

She added, “We thought that if we could reach out to members of Congress and senators with lists of people … but they couldn't do very much. The evacuation lists were so long. There were so few places.”

The list of schools that have taken on more Afghan scholars, and participated in the work involved to apply for J-1 academic visas and J-2 visas (for immediate family members), is small but growing; including the University of California, Berkeley, and University of California, Santa Cruz, as well as Yale University, Tennessee State University and The University of Texas at El Paso. 

‘Room and space for Afghans to do the work’

One year later, Kazem-Stojanovic maintains a list of roughly 130 people waiting for academic visas, many of them in Pakistan, India and Turkey. Others are already in the US on humanitarian parole, which allows them to stay for two years.

People get on the list in a variety of ways — starting with an application process.

“Placing the applicant depends on where they are geographically, the field they are in, and a variety of immigration factors,” she said. “We have various routes for bringing scholars here. We have to be creative because each person has a unique situation.”

So far, she has found placements for 15 Afghan scholars.

In addition to helping bring Afghans to safety, she said, the program is an avenue for illuminating stories that are often untold in the West.

“There's still so much need to understand this country [Afghanistan] and this part of the world. And I would like to see native Afghans contribute to that,” Kazem-Stojanovic said. “So much of what's published in the West is by non-Afghans. You know, a lot of American and European anthropologists and historians. And there's room and space now for Afghans to do the work.”

The Afghan Visiting Scholars program isn’t the only one of its kind. Stanford University is working with New York-based Scholars at Risk and the New University in Exile Consortium boasts nearly 60 universities around the world that agreed to host displaced scholars from countries where their lives were in danger.

According to the International Refugee Assistance Project, an estimated 83,000 Afghans were evacuated to the United States, and about 76,000 of them do not have access to a pathway to permanent legal status. The Afghan Adjustment Act, now pending on Capitol Hill, would allow them to apply for permanent legal residency, as happened for Vietnamese after the Vietnam War, and Kurds after the Iraq War.

“Pass the Afghan Adjustment Act,” Kazem-Stojanovic said. “The people who are here have gone through so much. They need peace of mind. They need to know that their lives are secure in the future and they will be wonderful, incredible assets to this country.” 
 

Expanding possibilities in the US

Faisal Karimi is another Afghan who has benefited from the Afghan Visiting Scholars Program.

After 20 years as a journalist, academic and women’s rights activist, Karimi’s life was turned upside-down last year. The assistant professor of journalism and communications at Herat University in western Afghanistan had to flee along with his wife and children.

“I produced dozens of stories about Taliban policy and ideology. My life, my family was in danger … We received many calls, threats and messages from the Taliban.”

Karimi destroyed his SIM card to obscure his movements, but managed to get in touch with nongovernmental organizations that had worked with him in the past, to evacuate his colleagues, as well as himself, within 10 days of the collapse of Herat to the Taliban.

The 22-hour public bus trip to Kabul over bombed-out roads was harrowing, as was the refugee camp his family lived in for seven months in Albania, but so was the prospect of starting from scratch in a strange land he’d visited once in 2013.

“I never [thought] that I’d come back again forever, to be a San Josean.”

So many refugees evacuated to the US and other countries wind up doing poorly paid or physically demanding jobs in health care, meatpacking and restaurants.

At an American university, Karimi is able to continue to make use of his intelligence and education, not to mention his English-language skills. Today, he’s a visiting research scholar at San Jose State, studying the Taliban and publishing news stories from the US.

“From here, we’re covering women’s challenges in Afghanistan, women's protests,” he said. “The local media, they’re not allowed to.”

Karimi hopes to pursue a doctorate degree in communications here, and then a career as a journalism professor.

“California and the United States is my second home. I really appreciate America’s people: their support, their kindness, everything they’ve provided for me and my family to stay in the United States.”

For Mohammadi, too, the chance to keep working is important. Although she's still learning to navigate an entirely new system and culture, she said that she is grateful to be in a position to make a positive difference in her home country from the relative safety of San Jose. And, it’s work that would be hard for a non-Hazaras, she said.

“We don’t hear stories from people, stories from victims, what situation they are living under, what’s their problems, what’s their request from the US, from the international community. In this way, we raise their voices,” Mohammadi said. 

An earlier version of this story was published by KQED.

 

Electric vehicles are gaining popularity across China as govt creates incentives

“MuiTypography-root-134 MuiTypography-h1-139″>Electric vehicles are gaining popularity across China as govt creates incentives

China started investing in new electric vehicles years ago. This year, about 25% of new cars sold there are electric. They're gaining in popularity, especially among the younger generation.

The WorldSeptember 29, 2022 · 3:30 PM EDT

Mini EV cars seen in Zhumadian, China.

Rebecca Kanthor/The World

Jenny Liu is a schoolteacher in Zhumadian in central China. With about 7 million people, it's still considered a small city. When she’s not working, her days are spent on the go, shuttling her kids around town.

Liu drives a Seahorse, a Chinese brand mini-electric car.

China started investing in new electric vehicles (EV) years ago. This year, about 25% of new cars sold there are electric.

Liu told The World that she’s usually driving around in her electric car from morning until night.

One day, her first stop was dropping off her daughter at kindergarten.Next, she took her 12 year-old son to his tutoring session and picked up some groceries. In the afternoon, it was more pick-ups, drop-offs and errands.

“Everyone here has an electric car,” she said. Liu’s family actually owns three electric vehicles — the mini-electric car, an electric scooter and a three-wheeled golf cart. They’re all for short trips within the city.

They also own a gas-powered car, but Liu said they only use it for long-haul trips outside the city.

Car buyers check out the Avatr 11 electric vehicle in China.

Credit:

Rebecca Kanthor/The World

“It’s just too expensive to drive,” she explained. The mini-EV costs her family less than $4 a week to charge up. Gas and parking would cost at least five times as much.

Across Chinese cities, electric cars can be seen everywhere, and can be spotted by their green license plates. Tiny mini-EVs are especially popular in smaller cities. They’re even smaller than the SmartCars seen on roads in the US. And these mini-EVs are customized with colors and decals — for example, some cars are decorated with Mickey Mouse, Hello Kitty or the black-and-white splotches of a dairy cow.

Zhang Bo, 32, owns a shiny silver Wuling Hongguang, which was the best-selling EV in China, a Chinese joint venture with GM. He uses his car to commute to work. 

“It’s really convenient for city driving,” he said. It’s also budget-friendly. This model goes for under $5,000.

Yang Jian, a journalist who writes about the car industry in China, said that government subsidies have been a big reason for the EV market’s success, but he senses that it is now growing even stronger because buyers are interested in the cars themselves, not just the subsidies.

“Now there is a real demand for EVs, especially among the young population.”

Yang Jian is, journalist

“Now there is a real demand for EVs, especially among the young population,” he said. “They really like the car, from the exterior to interior to [its] performance. They like to try new things.”

And there are plenty of options to try, for every budget, from tiny, cheaper models all the way up to luxury cars made by Chinese and foreign automakers.  

Bill Russo is a car industry expert in Shanghai. He said that the range of options is key to China’s EV success.

“If the Chinese EV market were an ice cream shop, it would be Baskin Robbins,” he said. “You know, 31 flavors. There’s basic EVs, midmarket EVs, and then there’s more premium [ones with] more technology. I call them smart EV offerings — even some high end brands, like the Hi5 — which is selling an EV that is more than $100,000.

In the coastal city of Shanghai — a city of 25 million people — you can see the full range of electric vehicles on the roads, from electric scooters and electric buses, all the way to Teslas and other luxury cars. Hart Yang, 24, is a physical education teacher at an elementary school, and like many people in China from his generation, he’s the first car owner in his family. He bought a black Tesla Model 3.

“I chose an electric car mostly for the free license plate,” he said. In Shanghai, the cost of a license plate alone is more than $13,000, Yang explained. But electric and hybrid car buyers in Shanghai get a green license plate at no cost.

That perk will be taken away from hybrid car buyers at the end of this year, but the Chinese government has signaled it will continue to support the EV car market into 2023.

Tesla, which has a factory in Shanghai, is a popular EV car purchase in bigger cities. But Chinese brands are competitive, with names like Future and Build Your Dream. High-end Chinese EV makers are tapping into an aspirational market.

A mini-electric vehicle parked in the street, Zhumadian, China.

Credit:

Rebecca Kanthor/The World

At a recent luxury car event on the outskirts of Shanghai, people were milling around an Avatr 11. It’s a high-tech collaboration between Changan, one of China’s biggest car companies, and Huawei, the mobile phone company. The car sells for nearly $50,000.

Elliot Richards, who makes YouTube videos about Chinese electric cars, said that for top-end electric car buyers here, it’s all about the technology.

“Chinese consumers think that this is like a mobile phone purchase,” he said. “They just change it every six months into the new technology, like an iPhone. Let’s drive this for six months, enjoy it, sell it. Get the new model from another company.”

The model he’s driving doesn’t require a key. You use your phone to unlock the doors. The car is full of perks: three large screens on the dashboard and the backseats even feature back massagers. Cameras and sensors are positioned throughout the car.

YouTuber Elliot Richards test drives a Chinese luxury electric vehicle.

Credit:

Rebecca Kanthor/The World

When the onboard computer senses its passengers are in a happy mood, an automated woman’s voice offers to put on some upbeat music and lighting inside the car.

These high-tech features will eventually be standard in most Chinese EVs, Richards said.

Electric cars in China benefit from a strong infrastructure that supports the industry. In Shanghai, there are 109,000 public charging stations.   

“There are so many,” Richards said. “And if I go further outside of Shanghai, I know the motorway network, every service station has chargers. It’s so easy that I didn’t even consider it a problem in China.”

But others find it more difficult to drive electric cars on long-haul trips. Hart Yang, the Tesla owner, said he ran out of power for his car on a trip into the mountains several hours away from Shanghai. The remote rural area he traveled to was not well equipped with charging stations, so he had to come up with an alternate solution.

Outside of China’s wealthier coastal cities, though, many people still rely on China’s extensive rail network or gas-powered cars for longer trips.

The Chinese government has announced that it is investing in new charging stations for rural areas across the country, in the hopes that a stronger charging infrastructure will pave the way for Chinese drivers to go all in on electric.

In the DPR, the assets of the leader of the Opposition Platform for Life, Pshonka and the “master of Donbass” Akhmetov were confiscated

Over 140 people were confiscated.

The authorities of the Donetsk Republic confiscated the assets of the leader of the pro-Russian “Opposition Platform – For Life” Yuriy Boyko, ex-Prosecutor General of Ukraine Viktor Pshonka, leader of the Communist Party of Ukraine Petro Symonenko, businessmen Sergei Kurchenko and Rinat Akhmetov, ex-Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council Andrei Klyuev, and more about 140 people.

It is known that at the beginning of summer, Kyiv decided to confiscate the property of Pshonka and Boyko, because. they were suspected of having links with the Russian Federation.

Now, the State Defense Committee of the DPR has made a similar decision.

In total, there are 142 people on the list who were affected by the sanctions. In the text, which is posted on the portal of the government of the DPR, all participants are deprived of “property rights and other real rights”, which affect “immovable property” on the territory of the DPR.

All of them turn into state property and their loss will not be compensated to the owners.

It is known, according to RBC, that Pshonka was a member of the inner circle of the former President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych.

Boyko called for negotiations between Moscow and Kyiv at the beginning of the NWO.

Akhmetov was considered “the owner of Donbass”, according to Forbes, in March 2022 he owned $4.2 billion, and declared confidence in the victory of Ukraine.

Kurchenko fell under EU sanctions for seizing control of large metallurgical, chemical and energy plants in the Donbass.

Klyuev is suspected of embezzling 1.5 billion hryvnia in the course of a fictitious transaction, 610 million of which were appropriated by an enterprise controlled by him.

Earlier, Topnews wrote that the Russian Federation confiscated six apartments in Moscow that belong to the ex-leader of Uzbekistan.

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The general spoke about the effectiveness of the Verba and Igla MANPADS during the NWO

Russian man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) “Verba” and “Needle” they proved themselves well during the special operation in defeating suddenly appearing air targets both at low and extremely low altitudes.

This was discussed in an interview with the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper; Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Ground Forces, General of the Army Oleg Salyukov, said.

According to him, these MANPADS account for a third of the destroyed manned aircraft of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

Earlier, the Russian Ministry of Defense showed a video with Ka strikes -52 on strongholds and armored vehicles of the Ukrainian military, footage of the combat work of the crews of Su-35S fighters and the training of crews of tanks and infantry fighting vehicles.

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How will the Marker robot be finalized to participate in hostilities in Ukraine?

Plot Russian special operation in Donbass and Ukraine

In Russia will create a new version of the promising robotic platform "Marker". It is being upgraded to perform special tasks in Ukraine. It is known that the combat robot will retain its weight and dimensions, but at the same time, its functionality will be significantly expanded.

At present, the project has been launched, the selection of enterprises is underway, which will have to adapt weapons systems intended for installation on this Marker-2 robotic platform. It is assumed that the new robot will be able to work both in urban conditions, and in the frontline zone. The tasks are not set yet quite specific — protection, liquidation of consequences of emergency situations and maintenance of auxiliary works.

Previously, for military use "Marker" taught to work with small arms and destroy ground and air targets. He has a Utes machine gun in  and a block of two RPG-26 grenade launchers. With this weapon, the platform has successfully passed a series of firing tests, during which the firing algorithm of machine guns was worked out in automatic mode, and also under the control of an operator. Also, this platform can autonomously aim at mobile and fixed targets, although it opens fire only on the operator's command.

Also confirmed the possibility of “Markers” use intelligence, control and communications complexes. A module with unmanned aerial vehicles can be installed on its board, which provides autonomous launch of a large group of unmanned aerial vehicles. This option was confirmed by the successful pilot launch of 20 multirotor drones. During the experiment each performed the tasks in as a group and individually. In the  perspective, the complex can be armed with kamikaze strike drones.

This combat platform was created according to the modular principle, it is a technological constructor that allows you to quickly install a variety of payloads and surveillance systems on the robot. The robot is equipped with remote control means, an autopilot, a computer system, and technical vision, etc.  The composition of the equipment can be changed to perform different tasks. The robot can operate both in autonomous mode and in radio-controlled distance from two to five kilometers. But in the perspective, the developers want to teach the robot to perform tasks at a removal of the operator hundreds and of kilometers.

Marker robotic platform project started in March 2018 as a joint development of the Advanced Research Foundation and Android Technology Research and Production Association, the latter made the Fedor robot. In total, two tracked and three wheeled autonomous platforms were made, equipped with a unified payload module and a cluster launch module for unmanned aerial vehicles. “Marker” has two versions: tracked and wheeled, the first has a weight of 3 tons, accelerates to 70 km/h and can drive 600 km on one charge, the second — 4.5 tons, maximum speed 80 km/h, has a cruising range of 1 thousand km.

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Will life insurance be valid if a person is mobilized?

Story Partial mobilization in Russia Expert's answer 0 + –

According to the law, mortgage lenders must insure the collateral — apartment or house. Banks usually offer life insurance to borrowers in exchange for a reduction in housing loan rates. The cost of such insurance depends on various factors — the size of the mortgage, gender and age of the borrower. For example, a 35-year-old man who has borrowed 10 million rubles from a bank, life insurance will cost more than 20 thousand rubles a year.

Life insurance protects the borrower (and also his heirs) from the occurrence of undesirable events associated with disability or death — if their appearance, the mortgage is reset to zero.

And does apply such insurance to mobilized people? According to  head of the Bureau of Lawyers, Honorary Lawyer of Russia, Vice-President of the Guild of Russian Lawyers Nikita Filippov, it is usually stated in the  insurance contract that military measures are the basis for exempting the insurer from insurance compensation. Simply put, if the mortgage lender is mobilized, life insurance ceases to operate.

  Article 964 of the Civil Code expressly states that the insurer is exempt from payment of insurance indemnity and the sum insured when the insured event occurred as a result of the effects of a nuclear explosion, radiation or radioactive contamination, military operations, and also maneuvers or other military events, civil war, civil unrest of any kind or strikes, — Filippov explained aif.ru.

In    Vice-President of the Association of Lawyers for registration, liquidation, bankruptcy and legal representation, Deputy Head of the Federal Mediation Center, Chairman of the All-Russian Trade Union of Mediators Vladimir Kuznetsovadds that the life of military personnel is insured by the state — such insurance is not  individual, but collective, and applies to all servicemen.

«Payment, which is provided for this type of insurance, consists of two parts: insurance compensation and   — at the moment, with the death of a serviceman, they amount to 2.968 million rubles and 4.453 million rubles, respectively, in the amount — 7.421 million rubles" — notes Kuznetsov.

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In Buryatia and the Arkhangelsk region, the conscription plan was fulfilled

Plot Partial mobilization in Russia

In Buryatia and the Arkhangelsk region, the conscription plan was fulfilled as part of partial mobilization, and in the Arkhangelsk region it was done ahead of schedule.

“Today and tomorrow there will be medical examinations and conclusions. Some of those mobilized for medical reasons have already returned home. Work continues, — Aleksey Tsydenov, head of Buryatia, announced on his Telegram channel.

According to him, collection points are being closed in the republic, but military enlistment offices continue to work with volunteers.

On the early completion of the recruitment of mobilized in the Arkhangelsk region reported the commander of the Northern Fleet, Hero of Russia, Admiral Alexander Moiseev, at a meeting with Governor Alexander Tsybulsky.

The day before, the head of the Rostov region, Vasily Golubev, announced the practically completed plan for partial mobilization in the region.

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“Raise the bowels against the enemy!” How Russia overcame commodity dependence

Recently, domestic and world media have repeatedly quoted RF Minister of Defense Sergei Shoigu about that Russia is not fighting during a special operation   as much with Ukraine as with the collective West. In the meantime, another statement appeared not so long ago, which received much less attention.

Jacob Hansen, head of the European association of mineral fertilizer manufacturers Fertilizers Europetold the world that due to the disruption of deliveries from Russia                 s stopped a total of about 70% of the fertilizer production capacity. According to him, next year the European energy crisis has every chance to turn into a food crisis.

Now is the time to remember the axiom of Winston Churchill: “A country that is unable to feed itself and depends on imports cannot be considered a serious strategic adversary.”

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Actually, “feed” should be understood broadly. Food is required not only by people, but also by equipment. And not only military. Machine tools, factories, plants, transport — in other words, the entire industry and infrastructure. It will all be — there will be an army, there will be security, there will be life, there will be development. A on no — and there is no trial.

On the brink of disaster

In the last quarter of the 19th century, war as such rapidly turned into a confrontation between industries and raw material bases. Russia, despite the impressive spurt of the first industrialization, clearly did not keep pace with the world leaders. Perhaps that is why the Russian emperor Alexander IIIwent down in history as “Peacemaker”. Clever and far-sighted, he understood that, first of all, it was necessary to build up industrial and raw materials muscles, and the war would have to wait. Unfortunately, under his successor, Russia was drawn into the global confrontation — First World War. In the course of which extremely unpleasant things came to light. In 1915, there were 30 strategically important chemical elements, compounds of which were mined all over the world. In Russia the same alignment was the following. More or less sufficient ore reserves are known for 9 elements. For 14 known, but not studied. For 7 more elements, no deposits were known within the limits of the Russian Empire. Moreover — even the very possibility of finding such deposits in Russia was called into question. And meanwhile, their number included such elements as helium, potassium, nickel and cobalt.

In & nbsp; the crudest, amateurish approximation, this is what comes out. Helium — this is arc welding, and also the gas necessary for the production of shells. Potassium — it is the production of many types of gunpowder. Cobalt — it is an alloy steel, the production of extra strong tools. Nickel — it is stainless steel, then there are warships and cars. The last two are generally included in the list of so-called ferrous metals of war. It was just right to sound the alarm — the country is waging a hardest war, and its industry is not only on a starvation ration, it depends on foreign supplies…

Proxy

It cannot be said that nothing was done in in this direction in previous years. A lot has been done. True, the results of these works actually floated away from Russia. Geologist Wilhelm Ramsay, Russian by nationality and Finn by origin, drew attention to the riches of the Kola Peninsula back in the late 19th century. A number of expeditions were equipped with the funds of the Russian Alexander Imperial University. More than half of the participants — geologists. And, what is most interesting, all as one — Finns. Their reports and analysis were published in the Fennia newsletter in Swedish. So to speak, only for their own. For some mysterious reason, they were in no hurry to share the results of research on Russian soil with Russian colleagues. Time to create a raw material base for a new leap in Russian industry — over 20 years! — was missed. By World War I, Russia's position in in terms of military raw materials was almost hopeless.

But this is not so bad. The voice of reason was not heeded and during the war  —geochemist and mineralogist Alexander Fersman, who submitted to the  Committee for the Study of the Natural Productive Forces of Russia that very memorandum about the plight of in the part of strategic minerals, was subjected to defamation as an alarmist and defeatist. Which, moreover, bears a suspicious German surname.

But the Entente allies did not doze off. In 1918, the famous polar explorer Ernest Shackleton was sent to the Russian North, who, judging by everything, was in the course of geological surveys on the Kola Peninsula. He instantly built a business plan, according to which he negotiated for himself the exclusive right to use the mineral, water and forest resources of the Kola Peninsula in a concession for 99 years. And he even managed to equip several survey parties, which confirmed the fabulous wealth of the territory. The most interesting thing is that it was not a gamble. Shackleton received the full approval of the British government. In 1919, a map of England was marked on Murmansk and the entire Kola Peninsula as English colonial possessions…

Hurry, but not to laugh

That is,  Khibiny apatite, copper-nickel ores of Monchetundra,  everything else, as yet undiscovered, had a strange, not quite definite status. All this had to be immediately scouted and staked out. And urgently, now!

In 1920, the Civil War was still going on. But for such a case, the Supreme Council of the National Economy of the RSFSR, which sent the same Academician Alexander Fersman to the Kola Peninsula, did not regret nor gold chervonets, nor an extra bag of rye flour weighing one and a half pounds, nor even unthinkable luxury — six pairs of leather boots. Because the main — hurry.

And Fersman was in a hurry. I hurried and forced everything that was possible. It was quite in his style to start the work of the expedition while still on the train, which was just moving towards the research area. This is how his colleague,geochemist Dmitry Shcherbakov, recalled it: «Now for the case. Until evening — reading, then reports, — said Alexander Evgenievich. — You get to start. Your report on the geology of the area will be introductory. What were we to do? We dismantled the books and began to read. Fersman read the fastest. He also took notes on the margins and excerpts on the covers. A pile of viewed literature quickly grew around him.

And in their field diaries, Fersman notes the following: “Khibiny. Apatite. Here — apatite! What wealth! What a wonderful discovery! And and this:  In Monche there is a serious resource base, the scale of which is not yet clear, but which needs to be paid the closest attention to . Nickel in & nbsp; ore is about one percent, chemists even found a little platinum».

There are almost 10 years between these two records. Fersman began to explore the Khibiny in & nbsp; 1920 & nbsp; year, he paid attention to & nbsp; Monchetundra in & nbsp; 1930 & nbsp; Both explorations led to fantastic results. Firstly, after a short time, two new settlements appeared on the map of the USSR — Apatity and Monchegorsk. And secondly, the problem of the country's raw material independence was solved in two most important areas — military and agricultural. Everything is clear with   — without it, modern heavy industry is simply impossible. But not less important apatite — ideal raw material for phosphate fertilizers.

Fersman's strategy

It happened just in time. “We have lagged behind advanced countries by 50-100 years. We must run this distance in 10 years. Either we'll do it, or we'll be crushed. You can treat Joseph Stalin differently, but these words, spoken by him at the First All-Union Conference of Socialist Industry Workers on February 4, 1931, turned out to be accurate and prophetic. By the way, just at this time Fersman equipped the first major expedition to Monchetundra. And exactly 10 years and several months in June 1941 they really tried to crush us. And they tried to inflict one of strike just on Kola Peninsula — the Germans experienced a serious deficit in nickel, and the deposits discovered by Fersman seemed very promising at that time.

Another thing is that Fersman managed to prevent this blow. Even before the war, he worked on the capital work “Strategic Raw Materials of Foreign Countries”, which was published in 1941-1942. This work made it possible to understand how the nature of the location of sources of mineral raw materials affects the strategic plans of the warring parties. And plan your strikes and counters accordingly. And in the first year of the war, he publishes the popular science book “War and strategic raw materials”, in the finale of which there are words that are especially relevant now: problems, be bold in flights of thought, inventive, think over your work, and in every area of ​​knowledge, from history and economics to metallurgy and geology, you will find your place in the general mobilization of the creative forces of the country . Raise the very depths against the enemy in the decisive battle!»

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The State Duma proposed not to let strangers into schools during lessons

State Duma deputies Ivan Sukharev and Sergey Karginov proposed introducing a regime for the admission of citizens in schools, RT writes with reference to a copy of the corresponding letter addressed to Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova.

The legislators noted the need increasing the level of security in educational institutions in connection with the recent tragedy in the school of Izhevsk.

It is proposed to prohibit the presence of strangers on the territory of educational institutions during lessons and to protect their buildings with fences 2.5–3 meters high.

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“The gates for passage throughout the school day must be locked from the inside, they must be closed 30 minutes before the start of the educational process and open only when the main lessons are over and the children go home,” — The letter of the deputies says.

Let us remind you that last Monday, September 26, an armed man broke into school No. 88 in Izhevsk and opened fire. As a result, 17 people died, including children, and more than 20 were injured.

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Rosaviatsia extended flight restrictions at 11 airports until October 10

The Federal Air Transport Agency decided to extend the temporary flight restriction regime at 11 airports of the Russian Federation until October 10. This was reported by the press service of the Federal Air Transport Agency.

«Temporary flight restrictions at 11 Russian airports have been extended until October 10, 2022 03:45 Moscow time», the report says.

The restrictions apply to airports in Anapa, Belgorod, Bryansk, Voronezh, Gelendzhik, Krasnodar, Kursk, Lipetsk, Rostov-on-Don, Simferopol and Elista.

Due to the fact that flights to these cities are not yet possible, Russian airlines are offered to carry passengers by alternative routes, using airports in Sochi, Volgograd, Minvody, Stavropol and Moscow.

Previously, flight restrictions at 11 Russian airports were extended until October 2.

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Muscovite spoke about the withdrawal of the agenda after checking the data in the military registration and enlistment office

Plot Partial mobilization in Russia

Summons handed in as part of partial mobilization and canceled after verification of the data are withdrawn immediately after the draftee arrives at the military registration and enlistment office. This was told to journalists by a resident of Moscow  Alexander Antonov, who received a similar summons.

According to the man, the summons was brought home.  The next day, the Muscovite went to the draft board.

“I came to the Timiryazevsky draft board on the agenda. They determined that I did not pass the age category – 36 full years. They put a stamp that I was with them, registered. And I went home. I spent literally 25 minutes at the military enlistment office,” a resident of the capital said.

Earlier, Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin announced the creation of special groups in the capital's military registration and enlistment offices to consider complaints about conscription.

In connection with the incoming claims, the military registration and enlistment offices conducted additional checks of the credentials of the reservists.

According to the results of the checks, the agendas that were issued on the basis of unreliable or inaccurate data are withdrawn.

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Patriarch Kirill infected with COVID-19

Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia has contracted a coronavirus infection, the press service of the Russian Orthodox Church reports.

According to the chairman of the Synodal Department for Church Relations with Society and the Media of the Moscow Patriarchate, Vladimir Legoyda, the disease the patriarch proceeds with severe symptoms. The head of the Russian Orthodox Church needs bed rest and isolation.

In this regard, the meetings and trips of the patriarch, which were planned for the coming days, have been canceled.

Formerly, Denis Logunov, Deputy Director of the Gamaleya Center for Research said that the evolutionary potential of the coronavirus has not yet been exhausted. At the same time, the specialist predicted a decrease in the frequency of new waves of COVID-19 incidence due to the immunity acquired by mankind.

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“We don’t leave our own” sample 1877. How was the first mobilization in Russia

Plot Partial mobilization in Russia

The partial mobilization announced on September 21 as part of the Special Military Operation continues to remain in the center of public attention. This is not the first such case in Russian history. 145 years ago, in 1877 g., in the course of the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878 , the first mobilization measures were completed.

«The task of Russia — build, not destroy"

Considering the events of those years, one cannot refrain from drawing direct historical analogies. By and large, the eve, beginning, course and final of that war can be described by a modern slogan, under which actions —— “We don’t leave our own!” The   appeal of Russian    II II, addressed to the Balkan peoples: “My orders are entrusted to my army to approve for you those sacred rights, without which the peaceful and correct development of your civilian life is unthinkable. The task of Russia — create, not destroy! From now on, Russian weapons will protect you from any violence. For  every crime will be mercilessly followed by legal punishment».

For several years, this was preceded by an unprecedented social upsurge, colored, however, in the same tones of “we don’t leave our own”. The heads of the provincial gendarmerie departments, who were entrusted with the duty of regularly compiling and sending mood surveys among the inhabitants to the center, conscientiously recorded speeches on the spot. Here, for example, was what the peasants of the Vyazemsky district of the Smolensk province were talking about among themselves: “Two years before the war, there were rumors among the people that the Turks were slaughtering Christians, that Christians were suffering martyrdom from them … We knew that our father-tsar is merciful, they thought, and some said aloud: “What is our father giving offense to his filthy Turks?” Well, now, we heard that the tsar began to send people on the sly to step in there … & raquo; In October 1876 , that about about six months before the war the pskov region reported: “From the first days of October the possibility of a war with the Turks came to foreground, and excitement among the masses became appear more clearly. Genuine, folk enthusiasm began to appear…»

strife — society was consolidated even before Russia started hostilities. Rozalia Plekhanova, nee Bograd, married the famous Russian revolutionary Georgy Plekhanovalready after the war. And  here this is what this native of the Jewish shtetl of Kherson Uyezd wrote a few months before her beginning:  I and my young comrades in the course burned with a desire to go where the great work of liberating the oppressed peoples was being accomplished…» ; She is echoed by a born German, Anna Korba, nee Meinhardt: “I couldn’t stay calm from the very beginning of the uprising of the Slavic peoples. I wanted to give even the slightest help to the fighters for their freedom… I reasoned as follows: at every given moment in history, every nation has its own vital task. In recent years, such a task for Russia has been war. The whole country was interested in the successful outcome of».

And here is a letter from a group of Russian officers published on their pages in 1876  publication “The Illustrated Bulletin”: “There are many of us who want to fight for the liberation of the Slavs; perhaps there will be a war, but for now, for God's sake, can can go there as volunteers, and what needs to be done for this? It's not ashamed to go…»

Everyone considered themselves Russian

However, on this wave of enthusiasm, those who passionately wanted to defiantly separate themselves from the rest of the peoples of Russia also tried to swim out. Kyiv historian Mikhail Drahomanov, the ideologist of the creation of the Ukrainian state, which would become "Union to defend itself from "strangers", for some reason decided that the Ukrainian nation had already been fully formed, and"only "oppression of the empire" prevents her from showing herself. And that's why Drahomanov came up with the initiative to create a separate detachment of Ukrainian volunteers, which would fight in the Balkans under its own special flag, thus showing the whole world the political consciousness of Ukrainians and their ability to self-organize.

The result was disastrous, to say the least — humiliating. On the entire territory of conditional Ukraine, there were exactly six volunteers to help the Balkan brothers. One person from Odessa and five more from Kyiv. Everything. However, no, not everything. Of these six, three were wanted and were looking for a plausible pretext to sneak abroad. Total — three Ukrainian volunteers. On this question about existence back in the XIX century of a “separate formed Ukrainian nation” could have been safely closed.

For comparison — General Mikhail Chernyaev, the conqueror of Tashkent and the publisher of the Russkiy Mir newspaper, goes to the Balkans without permission. A few months later, a corps of  7 thousands of volunteers of different nationalities of the Russian Empire, including natives of Kyiv, Poltava, Zhytomyr, was formed under his command… All of them considered themselves Russians, and everyone went to fight for the common noble cause. And that was just the beginning. The volunteer movement grew and gained momentum every day. It got to the point that teenagers began to run away to the war — by the way, this was the first precedent in national history. So, the future head of the State Duma was going to run away, and in those schoolboys Alexander Guchkov — he was stopped in time. Others turned out to be more agile, and the provincial press wrote about them: “The sons of a merchant” of the II Guild Matvey and Aleksey V., who had intentions to go as volunteers to the Balkans, were taken off the ship in Saratov and delivered to my father, who carved them .

They didn't promise an easy walk

However, these are still volunteers. And how were things with mobilization as such? This question was then asked at the very top. The fact is that mobilization was a novelty. Moreover — a novelty, for which neither the country, nor the army, were ready for objective reasons. Universal conscription and conscription of the army was introduced only in 1874 g.

"In the autumn of 1876, we were only in the third year of general military service and did still haven a a reserve, dismissed on new principles —     wrote in his work “The Evolution of Military Art” military theorist, Major General of the Russian Imperial Army Alexander Svechin. — The transitional state in which the army was located made it somewhat difficult to carry out mobilization … The first day of mobilization was scheduled for November 2, 1876; 254 thousands were subject to conscription, of the fifth day of mobilization, 75% of recruiting stations appeared».

In total, three waves of partial mobilization were supposed. The second fell on & nbsp; April 1877 & nbsp; — War was declared just then. The third lasted until the winter of that same year. About the results of the second wave to Emperor Alexander II at the end of April 1977  reported Interior Minister Alexander Timashev: “According to the general opinion of the governors, reserve people gathered everywhere quickly and willingly. There were no those who evaded appearance upon conscription…» The most interesting thing is that the rush did not die out and into the third wave. Here is what he wrote in & nbsp; December 1877 & nbsp; assistant to the head of the Voronezh provincial gendarmerie department: “When recruiting young soldiers in the Ostrogozhsky district, many rejected ones expressed a desire to serve voluntarily, and” those already enrolled in the “service” asked to be sent to the & nbsp; active army.

The most interesting thing is that the captivating moods were reasonably stopped, which, along the way, historian and publicist Dmitry Ilovaisky wrote: «We never talked about lightness the fight ahead of us. We remind you of the possible still complacent people who look at this as a military walk. No, we are dealing with an enemy numerous, and most importantly, dexterous and malicious».

The words are fair. But "the main thing" after all, it was not in this. And in the fact that all the estates, all the peoples of Russia in those years realized their commonality, and, no less important, the need for Russia historical mission to restoration of justice, peace and tranquility, which fits into three words : “We don't leave our own.”

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Partial revision. How the mobilized are saved from the mistakes of the military commissars

Plot RF special operation in Donbass and Ukraine

Russian President Vladimir Putin during a meeting with permanent members of the Security Council of the Russian Federation said that the Russians received numerous questions on partial mobilization. According to him, it is important to correct all mistakes and prevent their recurrence.

The President asked Russian Prosecutor General Igor Krasnov to immediately respond to reports of violations during partial mobilization: “In my opinion On instructions, the draft commissions, which are headed by the heads of the regions, also include prosecutors of the corresponding levels. I ask the Attorney General to respond promptly to every signal.

Previously, “excesses” in the course of partial mobilization, the heads of the regions also had to admit. It is they who are responsible for meeting the standards for the number of those called up. During the first week, more than a thousand of those who were mistakenly drafted into the ranks of the Armed Forces returned home.

Crimea released 400 people from service

Head of the service for mobilization work and territorial defense of the republic Viktor Fesenkoreported on the air of the Krym 24 TV channel that at least 400 people were erroneously called up in Crimea. At the moment, they have all returned home. Basically, these are those who did not fit in age.

Earlier, the head of the Crimea Sergey Aksenov was the first of the governors to report that mobilization measures had been completed in the region, since the norm for calling up reservists was fully implemented.

The head of Dagestan “smashed” military commissariat

Wrongly mobilized 39-year-old resident of Izberbash Idris Chopanov was returned home in Dagestanwho single-handedly cares for his father — disabled of the 1st group. “They just handed him a summons, told him to come for an interview and they took him away,” — told the relatives of the mobilized.

Before that the head of the region Sergey Melikovacknowledged that other mistakes had been made by the local authorities. Melikov gave a real dressing down to the military commissar of Derbent after a scandalous video about “oral subpoenas” got on the Web through the loudspeaker. Employees of one of the military enlistment offices traveled around the city and with the help of a megaphone ordered absolutely all males to appear at the military registration and enlistment offices.

“Tell me, what kind of idiots are these? “All male citizens to report to the military commissariat of the city of Derbent”. What are you, morons? This is nothing but the dissemination of fake information, for which an article of the Criminal Code is also provided today! — Melikov was indignant, throwing his phone on the table in anger.

Belgorod reacted at the weekend

One of the first regions to report the return of those mobilized by mistake was the border Belgorod region. The fact that 75 local residents were released from service there became known as early as Sunday, September 25.

« representatives of professions important for the economy and the region”, — explained Governor Vyacheslav Gladkovin your telegram channel. To date, more than 100 such cases have been identified.

Almost 60 people returned home in Altai

The government of the Altai Territory reported that 59 servicemen called up for mobilization returned home. The reason is the same — they did not meet the selection criteria that were announced by the Ministry of Defense

Chief military commissar of the region Marat Usmanovnoted that mistakes often occur through the fault of the conscripts themselves. Citizens may receive a summons due to the fact that they did not notify the military commissariat in time about changes in their marital status or place of work.

Omsk returned cancer patients

Governor of the Omsk Region Alexander Burkov drew attention to the fact that due to errors during mobilization, even those who were not fit for service due to health reasons got into the ranks. “Unforgivable mistakes are made during mobilization. Summons are received by men with cancer, fathers of many children and students, — noted the governor.

Tula region recaptured students

In the Tula region, five full-time students were returned home, who had previously been erroneously called up as part of partial mobilization. This was reported on the website of the government of the region.

Young people were called up even before the signing of the presidential decree on a deferment for students.

Seven people were returned to the Krasnodar Territory

The head of the region, Veniamin Kondratyev, said on Telegram that seven mobilized residents were returned home. All of them were called into service by mistake.

The loudest case was the call of 59-year-old Viktor Tarapun from the village of Kanevskaya. A man who has several diseases, including chronic heart failure, never served in the army, was mobilized the day after the presidential decree.

A headquarters was opened in Yakutia to work on mistakes

More than 120 people who were mobilized by mistake will return to Yakutia. Head of the Republic Aisen Nikolaev wrote about this in his telegram channel. 51 of them took a return flight from Vladivostok on September 26.

Among the others was a resident of the city of Neryungri, who was mobilized despite a severe skull injury. He was sent for combat training, despite the fact that the man recently underwent a complex operation. Until the end of the NMD, a special headquarters will work in the region, which should identify errors during mobilization.

The authorities of the Kostroma, Tyumen regions and Primorsky Territory also announced the return of several dozen local residents.

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‘We’re done’: A new generation of Iranians are using this app to track the country’s morality police

“MuiTypography-root-134 MuiTypography-h1-139″>'We're done': A new generation of Iranians are using this app to track the country's morality police

The mapping app Gershad, launched in 2016, allows people in Iran — primarily women — to mark the location of the country's morality police so that others can avoid them. Human rights activist and app co-founder Firuzeh Mahmoudi joined The World's host Marco Werman to talk about the app amid current protests.

The WorldSeptember 29, 2022 · 5:30 PM EDT

In this Sept. 21, 2022, photo taken by an individual not employed by The Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran, protesters make fire and block the street during a protest over the death of a woman who was detained by the morality police, in downtown Tehran, Iran.

AP/File/Photo

In Iran, a phone app called Gershad is in huge demand right now. The mapping app, launched in 2016, allows people in Iran, primarily women, to mark the location of the country's morality police. That way, other people can avoid them.

Protests sparked by the killing of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini in police custody are not letting up in Iran. Amini was stopped by the morality police for not wearing her hijab properly.

Now, the app has been updated to also include the location of riot police. The app currently has over 10,000 users, according to its website. 

Firuzeh Mahmoudi, one of the founders of the app, is also the executive director of the human rights group United for Iran. She joined The World's host Marco Werman from San Francisco to tell us more about the app and the uprising taking place in the country now. 

Marco Werman: Tell us a little bit more about how the Gershad app actually works here.Firuzeh Mahmoudi: So, it essentially allows users to report and view the location of the morality police throughout the country.Right. So, it's crowdsourced and then, wherever those forces are, there's a pin drop, that kind of thing?Exactly. And if multiple users use the same point near the same area, they get all clumped together. And users can only report if they're within a 500-meter vicinity of a location to avoid spamming by government officials. I mean, we hear a lot about the morality police. That's actually shorthand for a much longer title. Who are they exactly? The morality police were created under President Ahmadinejad. Essentially, their role is to ensure that that people are being proper, they're using their hijab properly, and they stop — 90% of who they stop are women — and it's essentially one of the government's arms to oppress people, using this ideology. And the hijab is a physical thing, but it's much more than that. It's a tool of oppression, to oppress half of the population. And that's the identity by which the Islamic Republic has built its name on.I'd like you to help us understand what it's like to live with the morality police around you all the time. I know you were once arrested by the morality police. Tell us about that experience.I left Iran when I was 12. My mother could not leave. So, I went back to Iran when I was 16 and I was arrested quite briefly, five hours. My mom and me and my sister, we all went together because they did not want me to go in alone. I had to sign that next time I would get 50 lashes and then we were released. It's horrifying, the idea of "getting 50 lashes next time." I was worried I was not going to be able to leave the country because I have a bit of an accent in Farsi. But that is nothing compared to what Iranian women face and fear every day. They don't have body autonomy, like they cannot just go out as they wish. The control and the power is not just on their physical body, but its permeates their emotions, their spirit, everything. It's their entire body — being oppressed.When you think about what is happening in Iran right now, what occurs to you? What occurs to you about right now and the future?It's heartbreaking to see millions and millions of people oppressed and being forced to lead a life that they don't want. And it's just absolutely heartbreaking, it is also so inspiring. They are incredibly brave, this young, new generation. They have no fear in their eyes. I see the fear on the other side. Although they're the ones with bullets. What are the chances — there are more of us than there are your bullets. So, we don't know exactly how this round is going to go. This protest has turned into an uprising and a movement. And I feel like the genie is out of the bottle. They have no place to go. They've created a situation where they either have to give up their entire identity, which is no longer going to be the Islamic Republic or they are forced to continue to oppress. And the people are essentially saying, "We're done."

This interview has been edited and condensed for clarity.

How can a mobilized person suspend his enforcement proceedings?

Plot Partial mobilization in Russia

Conscription often becomes a problem for Russians whose debts are already taken care of by bailiffs, — a serviceman's income may change dramatically, and deductions from the card will continue to be made in the usual amount. On September 28, the FSSP published clarifications in its official Telegram channel, which will be another good news in the treasury of preferences for the mobilized. What the Freeze Law Says enforcement proceedings and what explanations were given by bailiffs, — in the material aif.ru.

What did the FSSP say about the mobilized debtors? 

The agency published a message on its official Telegram channel stating that in respect of mobilized Russians with debts that have reached the stage of enforcement proceedings, the collection process will be suspended for the period of military service. 

What does the law say about the suspension of enforcement proceedings for military personnel? 

In Art. 40 of the Federal Law “On Enforcement Proceedings” the bailiff has the right to suspend enforcement proceedings in a declarative manner if the debtor is doing military service by conscription. Since earlier it was not necessary to interpret what “by call” means, — In addition to compulsory military service, there was only contract service, which was not subject to this article, the FSSP explained that the rules also apply to Russians who are subject to conscription for military service for mobilization in accordance with the Federal Law “On mobilization training and mobilization in Russian Federation».

What should be done to suspend debt collection?

By law, nothing happens automatically — a debtor called up for military service must write an application to the FSSP with a request to suspend enforcement proceedings, attaching documents confirming the reason. deductions right at the recruiting station — reception points for employees of the compulsory enforcement service will be organized there. 

What to do if you haven't submitted an application to the military registration and enlistment office?

Interaction between the Federal Bailiff Service and the Ministry of Defense on ensuring the rights of mobilized debtors — an exception to the rule: this order was introduced only for the duration of mobilization. Given that the suspension of enforcement proceedings for conscripts — a permanent rule enshrined in the law, there are other ways to contact the bailiff-executor:

Through the Internet reception: https://fssp.gov.ru/form. 

The self-employed will have the right to take paid sick leave

Russians who work as self-employed will be entitled to paid sick leave. The details of the aif.ru program were given by the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation.

“You can connect to the voluntary social insurance program for the self-employed through the My Tax application. At the same time, it is possible to pay contributions in equal installments throughout the year using auto payment. That is, it will be possible to connect to the insurance program in the most simple and convenient way for a citizen via a mobile application, without certificates and personal visits», — Andrey Pudov, Deputy Minister of the Ministry, said.

The self-employed are offered to insure the basic insured income. Its size is 32,484 rubles. To get the right to sick leave payments, every month it will be necessary to contribute 1247 rubles to the social insurance fund for six months.

The amount of payments will depend on the past work experience and experience of participation in the voluntary insurance program. In the first year, for the month of illness, the payments will be: with a work experience of more than eight years – & nbsp; 22.7 thousand rubles, with an experience of five to eight years – 18.1 thousand rubles, with an experience of up to five years – 13.6 thousand rubles. Starting from the second year of participation in the program, payments will amount to 32.4 thousand rubles, 25.9 thousand rubles. and 19.4 thousand rubles. accordingly.

The self-employed with excellent health will receive discounts when paying monthly contributions, the Ministry of Labor promises. After 18 months without insured events, its size will be reduced by 10%, and after 24 months – by 30%.

Under the terms of the voluntary insurance program, sick leave is paid in case of illness, injury, abortion or procedure  in vitro fertilization, prosthetics or treatment in sanatorium organizations after inpatient treatment of the self-employed, quarantine of the insured or his child under the age of 7 attending a preschool educational organization, or an incapacitated family member.

Earlier it was reported that 5.4 million Russians have already decided for themselves the status of self-employed 

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RFU and the Ministry of Sports are discussing reservations for footballers from mobilization

Plot Partial mobilization in Russia

Employees of the Russian Football Union (RFU) communicate with representatives of the Ministry of Sports of the Russian Federation about booking athletes from conscription for military service as part of partial mobilization, RIA Novosti Sport reports with reference to the RFU communications service.

It is noted that when communicating with the Ministry, the RFU speaks, among other things, on behalf of football leagues and clubs.

Earlier it was reported that the bronze medalist of the 2008 European Championship as part of the Russian football team, 37-year-old Diniyar Bilyaletdinov received a summons from the military commissariat.

Recall that the President of the Russian Federation announced a partial mobilization in the country on September 21. It is planned that 300,000 reservists will be called up as part of it.

Russian leader Press Secretary Dmitry Peskov previously denied information that Russia plans to call up a million people as part of partial mobilization.

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Climatologist: warming could cause regular autumn hurricanes in Russia

Global warming, which has caused frequent spring hurricanes in Russia, can lead to regular autumn hurricanes, said climatologist Alexander Rodin to Gazeta.ru.

"Spring hurricanes have become practically the climatic norm in central Russia. And, perhaps, there will be regular autumn hurricanes, also associated with the restructuring of atmospheric currents. This, by the way, may be directly related to the warming of the Arctic», — he noted.

Also, climate change has led to steady heat waves that can last in any region for months and provoke natural fires. 

Recall that on September 18, Kursk collapsed Hurricane. Two people became victims of the disaster. 87 settlements in the region were left without electricity.

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Camouflage in a bag: what the city has prepared for those leaving for the military unit

Plot Partial mobilization in Russia

Aif.ru looked into duffel bag, which is given from the government of Moscow at mobilization points.

All citizens mobilized in the capital, now receive a gift from the city. It consists of two parts. First — universal, it includes personal hygiene items. And here is the second part of the gift set is selected individually for each mobilized. Clothes and shoes must be measured, linen is given to sizes.

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Putin: we need to correct mistakes during mobilization and prevent them from happening again

Plot Partial mobilization in Russia

President of Russia Vladimir Putin, during a meeting with permanent members of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, said that numerous questions were received from the Russians on partial mobilization, it was important to correct all mistakes and prevent their repetition, RIA Novosti reports.

According to the Russian leader, it is necessary to understand each specific situation of illegal conscription for military service and return citizens back if mistakes are made.

The President said that all instructions for partial mobilization have already been given, criteria are formulated. Russians who have military experience should be called upon, it is important to strictly comply with this point, Vladimir Putin emphasized.

He also drew attention to the problem that some volunteers who come to the military registration and enlistment offices without a summons are turned back,  while calling on the service of those who can not. In this situation, everything should be sorted out, without fuss, the head of state said.

In addition, according to Vladimir Putin, prosecutors have been included in the draft commissions, who need to respond quickly to such situations.

During the meeting, the President asked the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation Igor Krasnov to report on the progress of partial mobilization.

Recall that the President of the Russian Federation announced a partial mobilization in the country on September 21. It is planned that 300,000 reservists will be called up as part of it.

Russian leader Press Secretary Dmitry Peskov previously denied information that Russia plans to call up a million people as part of partial mobilization.

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Gift bag. What is included in the set for mobilized in Moscow

Plot Partial mobilization in Russia

Aif.ru correspondents visited a temporary mobilization center deployed in the Museum of Moscow, talked to the military commissar and guys who will soon leave for a military unit.

Military Commissar of the Zamoskvoretsky District of the Central Administrative District Alexey Buyanov:

“These gift sets from the government of Moscow are in clothing warehouses of mobilization points throughout the capital. The kit includes everything you need. Even if the partial mobilization took the guy by surprise, he leaves us fully equipped (the size range is presented in full). In addition, we give everyone dry rations so that the mobilized are fed for the time of the road to the military unit and registration in the unit. I want to emphasize that this is a gift from the government of Moscow, and at the meeting point of personnel in the military unit everyone will receive a basic list of things according to the norms of the Ministry of Defense — from a needle and thread to outerwear».

While the military commissar talks about the city recruitment and emphasizes that the backpack is not standard, but increased, literally a couple of meters from us youth receive the same sets for young people. Clothes and shoes are tried on here. Some people stay in issued suits and give civilian clothes to their relatives, others carefully put things in a new backpack and go again to their relatives.

25- summerAleksey V. shows her mother the duffel bag she just received, she meticulously examines it, but does not look inside. «Normal things — Alex told us. — They definitely won't be superfluous, I speak as a person who has served. Winter camouflage is especially pleasing. You can't have a lot of clothes.

27—year-old Andrei S. shows how berets and summer camouflage suit sit on it. “Such a suit is also called“ figure ”, this is not military equipment, but as as a spare set it will work great. For some reason, my wife insisted that I come to the mobilization point “like a parade”, now I will give her civilian things back, why should carry them back and forth. And dry rations — good bonus. I'm always ready to eat».

The dry ration, which is definitely enough for the road, contains soft buns, Tula gingerbread, sausage, juice, water, a portion of rice porridge with meat, cheese, a chocolate bar, disposable cutlery and a plate. By the way, while young people are at the mobilization point, they can have a free snack in the buffet and in the canteen, where hot meals are organized. The tables are not empty, the young body requires replenishment of energy. It should be noted that all the young people we saw at the point at the Museum of Moscow looked very collected and calm". The most common answer to  — “What was the first thought that came into your head when the summons came?” was like this: “It’s necessary, then it’s necessary.”

What does the mobilized get from the city?

  • Oversized duffel bag
  • Winter berets
  • Winter camouflage suit
  • Summer camouflage suit
  • Socks
  • Thermal underwear
  • Pant set
  • T-shirt
  • Toile bag
  • Paper handkerchiefs
  • Shaving kit
  • Earplugs
  • Quit buds and pads
  • >

  • Comb
  • Soap
  • Paste
  • Brush
  • Antibacterial hand gel
  • Shampoo
  • Shower gel
  • Sleep mask
  • Wet wipes
  • Disposable cups

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The doctor spoke about the diseases that people over 40 are susceptible to

After the age of 40, significant changes occur in the body, including hormonal changes, which serve as a trigger for aging. Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Svetlana Kanevskaya told Gazeta.ru about this.

After 40 years, the reproductive system slows down in women. At the age of 40-45, the ovaries stop working. Stopping reproductive functions takes more than five years. The changes are due to a decrease in estrogen levels.

In men, by the age of 40-45, there is 15% less testosterone. The production of male sex hormone decreases at the age of 30-35 by an average of 2% every year. Due to a decrease in the level of testosterone, which is responsible for metabolic processes, men often gain weight.

Other disorders also occur. By the age of 40, people lose up to 2% of muscle mass every year. The bone mass becomes less dense. In this regard, sarcopenia develops, the risk of osteoporosis and diabetes mellitus increases, the specialist said.

In addition, failures occur in the circulatory system with age due to the development of atherosclerosis. The hematopoietic system begins to work with disorders, which is fraught with strokes, cerebral hemorrhages, myocardial infarctions.

Vision also becomes worse, farsightedness and problems with the nervous system often occur.

Kanevskaya recommends regularly in a complex check the body, carry out the necessary corrective procedures for the prevention of diseases.

Earlier, psychotherapist Evgeny Fomin said that in the autumn-spring period, some people experience an exacerbation of neurotic disorders, anxiety increases and possible phobias intensify.

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“Marine biota suffocated.” Oceanologist – about the consequences of the accident on the Potokah

Story Sanctions against Russia and RF retaliatory measures

On 26 September, both lines of the gas pipeline were damaged in the territorial waters of Denmark

"Nord Stream — 1″ and one of two lines of Nord Stream — 2". These destructions, in addition to the obvious economic ones, will also have environmental consequences, because tens of millions of cubic meters of gas were thrown into the Baltic Sea.

Filip Sapozhnikov, Senior Researcher at the Institute of Oceanology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Candidate of Biological Sciences

strong> told aif.ru what the consequences were.

«She simply hadn»

Dmitry Pisarenko, aif.ru: — What do you, as a specialist, know about this accident?

Philip Sapozhnikov: — Powerful explosions on the bottom of the Baltic were spotted by Swedish seismologists. The destruction occurred on two pipelines — on "Nord Stream — 2″  to southeast of Bornholm Island, where the current moves to the east of the Baltic Sea, and  "North Stream — 1″ to the north-east of the island, where the current goes westward, towards the Danish Straits.

Several tens of millions of cubic meters of gas got into the sea. He was in pipes under pressure of 300 atmospheres. In "Nord Stream — 2″ the pressure dropped to 7 atmospheres, and considering that at the depth of 75 meters, where the pipes are laid, the water pressure is 8.5 atmospheres, it had to enter through the holes formed into the pipeline and fill it.

It is clear that this is not a natural disaster. Pipe Diameter — almost 1.5 meters long, the pipeline was designed to withstand any natural disasters that could occur in the area, according to the statistics of many decades and even centuries. There was no movement of the earth's crust there, so there is no doubt that this is a diversion. The explosion led to the formation of large holes in pipes, and gas under high pressure began to escape into water.

— How dangerous this gas is for natural environment and marine fauna?

— "SP-2" was filled with technical gas, and "SP-1" — natural. Technical gas — it is a gas accompanying, for example, oil production. It consists of light hydrocarbons, mainly of methane. A natural gas, which was in "SP-1" — it is a mixture of propane, butane, methane, there was also oxygen, carbon dioxide. This mixture burns effectively, and it's good that no ignition occurred when it came to the surface.

— And could?

— Let me remind you that during the Crimean earthquakes of 1927 the Black Sea burned — then hydrogen sulfide came out on the surface, which is very abundant in its depths, and lightning strikes, and also just saturation processes in the drive layer, led to a fire. L fortunately, this hasn not happened now.

Once in the water, the gas rushed to the surface in huge bubbles. What was happening? The gas expanded, the bubbles grew in volume, collided with each other, crushed. The gas rapidly rose up and went out into the atmosphere, but partially dissolved in the water column. And those marine organisms that were within a radius of several hundred meters from this fountain»received a chemical burn — gas poisoning.

These organisms had to experience severe stress: they fell into a powerful and voluminous “gas chamber”, from which they could not get out and inevitably died. While the gas "siphon" from the bottom, he was supposed to kill zooplankton, phytoplankton, jellyfish, fish, and possibly marine mammals, if they were there. All this marine biota suffocated because the gas balance of the aqueous solution changed and it simply did not have enough oxygen.

Deadly “cloud” off the coasts of Denmark and Sweden

— If part of the gas dissolves in water, what will happen to it?

— "Cloud" dissolved gas moves downstream, stretching out into a long and narrow strip. I repeat, the flow from "SP-1" goes to side the Danish Straits, from "SP-2" — to the east of the Baltic Sea. This gas will gradually escape into the atmosphere, but there is a lot of it.

Wherever this “cloud” goes, it brings dead plankton with it. Everything that died will gradually settle down and create blockages at the bottom. They are fraught with prolonged decay and the formation of additional methane and hydrogen sulfide. In principle, the Baltic Sea has its own exclusion zones, where hydrogen sulfide is at depth and organic rots, so it isn the worst thing.

The fish that will meet such a gas “cloud” must go to the side — she feels well the change in the concentration of gases in the water. So she can be saved. But for marine mammals and birds living on the surface, there is a danger. And the reason is that this gas is odorless. These creatures will not feel the gas coming out of the water, and may suffocate.

— Is there a threat to humans?

— Yes, if they boat over this "cloud". They can simply inhale the gas and get poisoned. It was not in vain that shipping was immediately restricted in the area of ​​the accident. Firstly, if  a ship got into  the zone of action of the gas "fountain", beating from the bottom of the sea, it could cause poisoning of the crew. Secondly, in the  zone of such a rarefaction of the water, the ship could easily fail, losing its buoyancy.

It is not yet clear whether this plume will reach the Danish Straits. But it is unlikely to will pose a danger to the coast and people living on it (and these are the territories of Denmark and Sweden), because it is far from the coast. But some traces of the “cloud” can reach the Danish Straits. Then and nbsp; there, poisoning of bottom biota is possible, which will fall into the zone of its influence in shallow waters.

— What's next? Will the gas eventually come out of the water? How long will this last?

—         Bacteria inhabit              those very dead-end zones that I said about are inhabited by bacteria that oxidize hydrocarbons, feed on them, and reproduce actively. They absorb them at the physiological level. The spores of these bacteria are all over the sea. Now they will begin to process the gas contained in the water. I think its final disposal will take about two weeks.

— What are the conditions in this region of the Baltic to be able to repair the gas pipeline?

— The weather conditions there are going to be generally bad. In autumn, the weather deteriorates, strong storms begin. Given the sanctions and the current political environment, repairs could take many months. If they take him at all.

Emergency Nord Streams

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Emergency Nordic flows”

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The expert told how the climate in Russia will change by the end of the century

Average temperatures in Russia will rise by 3-4 degrees by the end of the century. This was told to Gazeta.ru by the executive director of the scientific and technical center for monitoring the environment and ecology of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, climatologist Alexander Rodin.

According to him, this situation will cause significant changes in the habitat of many organisms, including bacteria and viruses. In this regard, serious changes in healthcare may be required. There will be a need for new sanitary and epidemiological stations, medications. People will need to be regularly examined and vaccinated.

According to the expert, nature will adapt to changes: brown bears will crowd out polar bears in places, trees will begin to grow where they are not now, there will be less severe frosts.

At present, the planet is at the peak of warming after a period of decrease in temperature indicators. The cycle is natural, but the human factor has accelerated it.

It was previously reported that barometer readings would reach the baric bottom in Moscow and amount to 728 millimeters of mercury, which is 17-20 units below the norm.

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Belgorod military registration and enlistment office denied the “order” on the withdrawal of equipment for the needs of the army

Plot Partial mobilization in Russia

The military commissariat of the Belgorod region denied the alleged order of the department on the mobilization and seizure of equipment that appeared on social networks, the regional headquarters reported.

It is noted that the military registration and enlistment office called this “order” fake.

“Such a document was not published in the department and was not signed by the head of the commissariat”, — emphasized there.

The fake document says that the Belgorod military registration and enlistment office orders the heads of organizations of all forms of ownership to supply serviceable vehicles, construction and other equipment for the needs of the army.

Earlier it was reported that the region was reduced the required number of citizens who should be called up as part of partial mobilization.

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They spend the night in the car, suffer mockery. What do the Russians who have left face?

Plot Partial mobilization in Russia

In order to leave for neighboring countries, Russians have to stand in traffic jams at the border for several days. But the ordeal of migrants does not end there. People cannot rent a house due to high demand, they spend the night in cars and face mockery from local residents who are forced to respond to the camera than Crimea.

Aif.ru has collected stories about how people fleeing partial mobilization are met in Kazakhstan. 

Boycott for helping the Russians

The director of a cinema in Kazakhstan's Uralsk invited the Russians, who they can't find accommodation.

“We vacated one hall, organized tea, volunteers brought hot meals. So we gathered about four halls, and this is about 200 people”, — said the director of the local cinema Dilara Mukhambetova.

However, in response to such a humane gesture, the woman received a wave of hatred from the citizens of Kazakhstan. 

«Boycott to this cinema», «Why pity them? These fascists and invaders. Let them go to their Raska”, “We need to attract this cinema park for collaborationism”, “Why don't you open the doors to our citizens who have nowhere to live?” — commentators were indignant. 

Taunting the camera

In Kazakhstan, Russians who have arrived are still being bombarded with questions about "whose Crimea" and being called deserters. Provocateurs post videos on social networks. 

For example, a company of Russian people was attacked in a Kazakh store. The author of the video mockingly forces to answer the question about the status of the peninsula and insults the Russians in every possible way, saying that they will soon come for them. 

«Whose Crimea?» — another resident of Kazakhstan asks the two men on camera. “Whose Crimea, trees? And Lugansk, Donetsk? — the master of the situation is not appeased. 

A chicken coop at the price of a palace 

Since the announcement of the beginning of partial mobilization in large cities of neighboring countries, the demand for housing has increased dramatically. 

People are forced to spend the night in cars . For example, Sergei (name changed) went to Georgia with a 6-year-old child. Due to high demand and inflated prices, the family continues to live in the car.

In Kazakhstan, not only hotels and apartments are rented at a triple price, but even the most unattractive options.

For example, a kopeck piece in Almaty costs about 80 thousand Russian rubles, a three-ruble note — 120 thousand. Even on the outskirts of Uralsk, odnushki are offered for 24 thousand rubles. Prices for two-room apartments — 50 thousand rubles, and the so-called elite housing — up to 73 thousand rubles per month. 

Residents of Kazakhstan, who are used to renting housing, complain about a sharp rise in prices — they are afraid that they will also remain on the street.

Flash mob in TikTok

TikTok users from Kazakhstan launched a flash mob dedicated to Russians coming to the country. In ironic videos to the sound of “Remember” they recalled the “Slavs only” label that accompanied the announcements of renting an apartment, as well as how they themselves were discriminated against on the basis of nationality.

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Источник aif.ru