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The Foreign Ministry pointed to the export of grain from Ukraine to the West instead of “starving” Africa

Ukraine mainly exports corn grain and sunflower oil. This casts doubt on Western statements that world food security depends on the grain deal, according to the Russian Foreign Ministry /756602097007755.webp 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min- resolution: 192dpi)” >

Vessels with Ukrainian agricultural products go mainly to western ports, and not to “starving” ones. countries of Africa and South Asia, Ivan Nechaev, deputy head of the information and press department of the Russian Foreign Ministry, said during a briefing. The broadcast was conducted on YouTube.

“Unfortunately, so far not a single ship has reached the shores of the starving countries of Africa or South Asia. They go mainly to western ports,»,— he said.

The exported products are mainly not wheat, but corn grain and sunflower oil, which “casts doubt on the sincerity” Western statements that world food security depends on the grain deal, Nechaev said.

He drew attention to the situation around the Razoni ship with grain for the Lebanese port of Tripoli. “As it turned out, on board was not wheat that the Lebanese needed, but corn, and fodder. According to available information, they refused corn in Tripoli, and the cargo is waiting for new buyers,— said the representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The material is being supplemented.

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The Swiss TV channel explained the success of Russia in Africa by the mistakes of the West

Photo: pixabay.com

Swiss television channel SRF reported that Russia is now actively strengthening its position in Africa. The success of the Russian Federation is connected with the mistakes made by Western countries.

It is specified that America has long treated Africa “from the position of a stepmother.” In particular, the current US President Joe Biden does not include this continent among his priorities.

As the publication notes, the West expects democracy and the fight against corruption from African countries. At the same time, the leaders of the countries located on this continent perceive this as an encroachment on the sovereignty of their countries.

Apart from other things, Africans to this day are very grateful to the Soviet Union for military and financial support in their liberation war.

Источник www.mk.ru

Rushing to power, Liz Truss was going to expel refugees to Africa

UK Prime Minister Candidate Talks About Russia and Migrant Policy

UK Prime Minister Candidate Liz Truss Promises Tougher Refugee Policy If She Wins and protect Britain's borders. If she leads the government, she will send even more migrants to Africa, she said.

Photo: Global Look Press

Lise Truss vows to take a hard line on immigration if she wins the keys to 10 Downing Street, including expanding a scheme that sees migrants crossing the English Channel small boats can be sent to Rwanda, writes the Daily Mail.

In an interview on Sunday, the British foreign secretary, in an effort to secure an advantage over rival prime minister Rishi Sunak, promised to increase border guard personnel by 20 per cent and make deals (like the one she made with Rwanda to send refugees to “overexposure” 😉 with more countries.

Her pledges came after Rishi Sunak laid out his own ten-point plan to combat immigration, which he promised would be one of the “Five Essential Emergency Responses” he would take during his first 100 days. as prime minister.

Liz Truss called the “Rwandan” scheme to send migrants to Africa seeking asylum in the UK the “right policy”: “I am determined to bring it to full implementation, and also to explore other countries with which we can work in similar partnerships. This is right. I am also determined to make sure we have the right level of forces on our border. I am going to increase the border forces to provide adequate protection directly at the border.

The Foreign Minister promises that if she defeats her rival in the Conservative Party vote on September 5, she will increase the border troops from 9,000 to 10 800 people.

Liz Truss will also introduce an enhanced Bill of Rights to provide a “solid legal basis” for to fight illegal immigration: “I am determined to put an end to the terrible human trafficking we are seeing. I make sure everything gets done and I will work with my colleagues to make it an absolute priority. I understand that this is a priority for the people and we need to make sure our immigration system is fair and this illegal immigration that we are seeing across the channel is unfair and incredibly dangerous».

“The borders of Great Britain will be protected under my direction, – generously distributes campaign promises to Liz Truss, – and I will do my best to ensure that the deal with Rwanda is fully implemented, and will also consider other arrangements with other countries.

Her rival Rishi Sunak's plan includes new laws to tighten the definition of who is obtaining asylum, imposing a parliamentary annual limit on the number of refugees the UK accepts, and ending aid to countries that do not cooperate on the return of migrants.

The former Chancellor of the Exchequer also vowed to hold “the French accountable for stopping the boats”; with illegal migrants, putting an end to the “farce” using hotels to accommodate migrants. Rishi Sunak stated: “Our immigration system is broken and we have to be honest about it… Now the system is chaotic: law-abiding citizens see boats full of illegal immigrants coming from the safe country of France, and our sailors and coast guard seem to be powerless stop them. This must stop and if I become prime minister I will stop it.

The Rwandan government has admitted that it currently only has the capacity to take in 200 migrants from the UK, although spokeswoman Yolanda Makolo said that Rwandan officials will be able to “quickly scale up” and ready to “accept as much as the UK is willing to send.”

The UK paid Rwanda £120m up front as part of the deal.

Officers also confirmed that migrants are free to leave Rwanda upon arrival and can attempt to return to the UK.

More than 10,000 migrants arrived in the UK on small boats since the signing of the agreement in mid-April. In total, more than 15,000 people crossed the English Channel this year, almost double the number of arrivals by this time last year.

Last week, a report by Chief Border Inspector David Neal revealed that the Channel migrants who triggered alerts in security databases were allowed to disappear after arriving in the UK. Some of them were found to have arrived with firearms or other weapons. This message comes a month after the first scheduled flight to Rwanda for asylum seekers in the UK was blocked following a ruling by the European Court of Human Rights.

Lise Truss is not limited to refugees and migrants in her campaign rhetoric : “In all areas for which I am directly responsible, whether it is the imposition of the most severe sanctions on Russia, the solution of problems in Northern Ireland and the introduction of the Northern Ireland Protocol Bill in Parliament, whether it is the trade deals that I negotiated, I'm someone who gets things done and I'm ready to challenge the Whitehall orthodoxy, I'm ready to challenge the skeptics and doubters across the country.

Источник www.mk.ru

The West was alarmed by the activity of Russia in Africa against the backdrop of the Ukrainian conflict

Sergey Lavrov went on an important tour of the Black Continent

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov went on a tour of African countries. The activity of Russian diplomacy in the African direction causes serious concern in the West, which sees a threat to its plans to arrange total isolation of Russia on the world stage.

Photo: Global Look Press

“President of Russia Vladimir Putin positions himself as the leader of a global movement rebelling against the dominance of the United States and its allies,” – writes The New York Times in connection with the start of Minister Sergey Lavrov's visit to the Black Continent.

According to the American edition, the Russian Foreign Minister made it clear that he would use this trip to try to blame food shortages in African countries to the West and present Russia as a true ally of the continent.

“We know that African colleagues do not approve of the overt attempts by the United States and its European satellites to gain the upper hand and impose a unipolar world order on the international community,” — The New York Times quotes an article by Lavrov published in newspapers in the four countries he planned to visit (Egypt, Ethiopia, Uganda and the Republic of the Congo).

In Egypt, Lavrov was scheduled to meet with officials in Cairo, who are trying to link deep ties with Russia to a close relationship, and with the United States, which, along with other Western powers, is seeking to isolate Russia with tough sanctions after the outbreak of the conflict in Ukraine, Reuters reports.

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Egypt has important strategic and economic ties with Russia, which in recent years has been a key source of wheat, weapons and — before the Ukrainian conflict, which complicated travel — tourists, reminds Reuters. This week, the Russian state energy corporation Rosatom began construction of Egypt's first nuclear power plant, the largest bilateral project with Cairo since the completion of the Aswan Dam on the Nile in 1970.

According to diplomats, close Russian-Egyptian ties have caused discontent among Western states, a group of which before the visit Lavrova appealed to the Egyptian government and the League of Arab States demanding “not to play along with the Russian version of events in Ukraine.”

At the same time, as Reuters notes, the West's position on the Ukrainian conflict has received limited support in the Arab world and Africa, where governments are receptive to non-Western alternatives, H.A. Hellyer of the Royal United Services Institute. Egypt “realizes that the world is becoming more and more multipolar, and it does not want to limit itself to relationships that put the West above everything,” — said an expert from a British think tank.

Political scientist Jamal Shakra said Lavrov's visit to Egypt was in line with an “open-minded position” Cairo on the Ukrainian-Russian conflict. The expert expects Lavrov to use this visit to clarify Russia's views on the situation and to attract allies outside the West.

According to Arab News, the Russian Foreign Minister's African tour follows US President Joe Biden's first visit to the Middle East, during which the head of the White House visited Israel, the Palestinian territories and Saudi Arabia. In this regard, a member of the Egyptian Foreign Affairs Council, Hussein Haridi, said that Lavrov's visit “is not a response” Biden, because in this case, Russia is pursuing its interests in Africa, and not in the Middle East. Haridi added that Moscow has a “big presence in the region” and that Arab and African countries are seeking to strengthen relations with Moscow but will avoid becoming involved in the conflict in Ukraine. A former Egyptian diplomat said that the course of Egyptian-Russian bilateral relations is “completely independent” from Ukrainian events.

After meeting with Arab League officials in Cairo, the Russian minister will travel to Ethiopia and Uganda, two countries whose relations with the West have soured, according to Reuters, as well as the Republic of the Congo.

In Africa, Russia has found opportunities to regain its influence by offering security assistance on lower terms than the West and political cover from Western criticism, says Theodore Murphy, Director for Africa at the European Council on Foreign Relations.

One of the countries with which Moscow established ties was the second most populous country in Africa – Ethiopia, with which Western relations deteriorated after conflict erupted in the northern Tigray region in 2020, causing the European Union to suspend budget support and the United States to suspend a trade deal that gives Ethiopia preferential terms of market access.

Relations between oil-rich Uganda and the West have also soured over allegations against Kampala of human rights abuses by state security forces, electoral violence and rampant corruption, Reuters notes.

Governments in Africa and the Middle East found themselves between Russia and the West since the beginning of the conflict in Ukraine, facing pressure from the West to express disapproval of the Russian special operation, while trying to maintain access to Russian grain and other export goods.

US Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa Mike Hammer is also set to visit the region on Sunday, traveling to Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Ethiopia for diplomatic talks, The New York Times notes.

For months, the United States, the United Kingdom and the European Union sharply blamed Russia for cutting off the supply of Ukrainian grain to the world through the Black Sea, blaming Moscow for the global food shortage.

On Friday, Russia agreed to a deal brokered by the UN and Turkey that would allow Ukraine to export its grain.

Public opinion in African countries seems to be swinging between support for Ukraine and sympathy for Russia's justification of its special operation.

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While not many African leaders have publicly supported Russia, no African country has joined the US or European sanctions against Moscow, The New York Times admits.

This balance became clear last month when the head of the African Union, Senegalese President Macky Sall, met with Vladimir Putin. The Senegalese president has asked his Russian counterpart to release blocked Ukrainian grain, but he also echoed Moscow's argument that Western sanctions have exacerbated the food crisis and explicitly called for the lifting of restrictions on Russian wheat and fertilizer exports.

While the sanctions don't really apply to these goods, shipping companies, insurers, banks and other businesses are nonetheless reluctant to do business with Russia for fear of breaking rules or damaging their reputation, according to The New York Times.

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In his article, Minister Lavrov praised African leaders for resisting Western pressure to join the sanctions against Russia. “Such an independent path deserves deep respect,” — wrote the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

Commenting on Moscow's activity in Africa, The New York Times claims that for President Putin, “the idea that Russia is leading a worldwide uprising against Western hegemony has become the basis of his appeal to world public opinion.” in the context of the current crisis. He, continues the American edition, has repeatedly described the United States and its allies as a “golden billion”, which lives well at the expense of everyone else.

“Why should this golden billion, which is only a part of the world's population, dominate all the rest and impose its own rules of conduct based on the illusion of exclusivity? — said the Russian leader on Wednesday at a forum in Moscow. – He mostly accomplished this by plundering other peoples in Asia and Africa.

As Muriti Mutiga, director of the Africa program for the International Crisis Group, says Russia has several advantages as it seeks to win the hearts and minds of the continent: the network elites who studied in the Soviet Union, “enduring loyalty” groups it has supported in the fight against apartheid in South Africa and in supplying weapons to many African governments.

“However, Moscow will be disappointed if it expects other African governments to offer its full support , — Mutiga thinks. – The overwhelming instinct of the authorities on the continent — remain non-aligned and stay away from confrontation between Russia and the West.

Источник www.mk.ru

FP: in the USA they told why their diplomats are underperforming in Africa

photo: pxhere.com

Achievement of Washington's foreign policy goals on the African continent is hampered by a constant shortage of staff in US embassies in African countries. This was reported by Foreign Policy (FP).

Senator Jim Risch told the publication that Washington is “concerned” about the lack of staff in diplomatic positions in US missions in Africa. The demands on the department are “enormous” and the staffing situation “terrible,” he said. And this, as he noted, “shows that Africa is a secondary task, and not a priority of global importance.”

According to FP, the personnel shortage is most relevant in the Sahel region, where the United States and its allies are fighting against terrorist groups.

In Niger, about 44 percent of US embassy posts were vacant for months.

A similar situation is emerging in Burkina Faso. Up to a third of diplomatic posts are free there. And in Mali, 20% of the posts are not occupied.

The lack of qualified personnel from the United States in Africa can undermine Washington's position in the region in the fight against geopolitical opponents – the Russian Federation and China, the publication warns.

And suggests that personnel shortages may be associated with security threats and problems with infrastructure in a number of African states.

Earlier, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that he plans to visit Ethiopia, Uganda, Egypt and the Republic this year Congo.

Источник www.mk.ru

Putin’s other big game: why the Kremlin “went for a walk” in Africa

Director of the Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Irina Abramova: “Europe is gradually turning into the periphery of the world economy. It's not a one-time process, but it's already running”

“Don’t go, children, to walk in Africa!” – having written his fairy tale “Barmaley” back in 1925, Korney Chukovsky “cast a spell” on the thinking of our political class for almost a century. In the era of Khrushchev and Brezhnev, the Soviet Union really actively “went for a walk” in Africa. However, the results of that “long walk” turned out to be so ambiguous that even against the backdrop of a break with the West, the Black Continent still remains “invisible” to a significant part of the Russian elite. True, this does not apply to the “captain's bridge” of the Russian government: Vladimir Putin has been actively working in the African direction for quite a long time. But these presidential maneuvers are perceived as something peripheral – they say, for the sake of order! These countries, too, must not be completely forgotten! But isn't such a point of view a manifestation of political myopia? Director of the Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Irina Abramova is convinced that she is. From the point of view of this authoritative expert, Russia's survival as a great power largely depends on the effectiveness of Moscow's African policy.

Putin at the Russia-Africa forum in 2019: “If we want to become a great power, we need access to new, rapidly growing markets.” Photo: kremlin.ru

Sudan and South Sudan are countries that have been involved in various armed conflicts for a long time. But in any case, building your ideas about Africa based on the experience of visiting one or two countries is a deeply erroneous approach. Africa is 55 states, 10 thousand different peoples and nationalities, it is a continent with a population of one billion 400 million people. Africa is 30% of the world's resources, which, by the way, have not yet been fully explored and distributed. Of course, different parts of Africa are developing in completely different ways. But here is what all the countries of the continent have in common. Africa is demographically the fastest growing region in the world. It has the highest population growth rate. At the moment, 60% of the population of Africa is under 25 years old. What is youth? Last but not least, the rapid pace of progress. After all, young consumers provide demand for the most modern goods and services.

If you go now to almost any African country, you will find that a typical inhabitant of this state may be malnourished, may not be dressed in very presentable clothes, but at the same time he will have a mobile phone in each hand. Digitally, Africa is a region that has long been developing at the fastest pace in the world. By the way, do you know in which country the first online financial payment on the planet took place? This did not happen in the US, UK or Europe, but in the African country of Kenya. Africa is a region that is developing extremely fast. Its GDP growth rate is one of the highest in the world. The region is very promising. We need to move away from our stereotypes that Africa is a region of poverty and underdevelopment. We must think strategically, for the future, as the Chinese do in the African direction.

Irina Abramova. Photo: inafran.ru

– The fact that recently countries with a large number of inhabitants have been moving to the forefront of economic positions in the world. Back in 2011, I wrote that a high proportion of the working-age population (the so-called demographic dividend) gives an impetus to economic growth. A large population increases demand, especially if the population is predominantly young, and demand increases production. In addition, the fewer old people, the less the burden on pension funds. In 2011, I wrote that China is now the fastest developing in the world, and somewhere in the twenties of the 21st century, India will rapidly rush forward. Let me remind you that in 2011 no one said that India would become such a successfully developing country as it is today. And now India (1,430,680,000 people) has surpassed China (1,422,362,000 people) in terms of population and shows the most powerful economic growth rates. In terms of purchasing power parity, it is already the third largest economy in the world. Finally, I come to the final part of my 11-year-old prediction: in the 1930s, the “continent of growth” will be Africa, or at least those of its countries that have the largest population.

The Chinese are well aware that Africa is the continent of the 21st century. Starting in 2040, the bulk of the growth in the global middle class will take place not in Asia, but in Africa. This means that from 2040, the dynamics and structure of world trade and consumption will largely be determined by the African continent. There are 18 years left until 2040. We need to prepare for this now. But are we doing it? No, we don't. Why? Because we don't understand what Africa is. Why don't we understand it? Because it is completely absent in our information field. The share of news about Africa in the Russian media fluctuates around 0.1-0.5% of the total amount of information. And now we live in the information world. If an event is not covered in the information field, then it is as if it does not exist at all.

— I have already said that Africa is a storehouse of natural resources. After the collapse of the USSR, Russia lost access to many resources. For example, we have a shortage of manganese, chromium, bauxite, lithium, and a number of rare earth metals. We simply don't have them. But all this is in Africa, and the cost of extracting these minerals is extremely low. As a rule, they lie close to the surface. In principle, it would be very interesting for us to extract all these resources. In part, by the way, we are already doing this. For example, we get a significant part of the raw materials needed for aluminum production from Guinea. Why do Africans themselves need to increase our involvement in mining in Africa? Because they expect us to not only extract their resources, but also process them locally, which means creating new jobs and promoting the development of local industry.

Second. Africa can be our competitor in the world markets. We work in the same resource segment. This means that we need to negotiate with them on some positions that both they and we have. Now, for example, this is relevant for oil and gas. Algeria refused to supply them to Spain under previous agreements. And it is beneficial for us. On the other hand, such a great friend of ours as Egypt expressed its readiness to partially replace Russian gas in European markets. In order to play the big gas game, we need to negotiate with the Africans. And the further, the more the importance of such agreements will grow. At the moment, in terms of proven oil and gas reserves, Africa is not the richest region in the world. Only 13% of all world oil and gas resources are concentrated there. But the fact is that this figure is constantly increasing: more and more new deposits are constantly being discovered. Back in 1980, Soviet geologists predicted that colossal reserves of oil and gas would be found in the east of the continent along the line of the great African fault, which eventually happened. Take the country of Mozambique alone. The proven gas reserves on its ocean shelf already now amount to six trillion cubic meters. And it is assumed that there may be about twenty trillion of them. A huge figure comparable to both Russia and Qatar.

— No, not at all. African countries are markets for our industrial products. President Putin said several years ago that we need to increase non-commodity and non-energy exports and bring it up to $250 billion a year. Together with Africa, the share of non-commodity and non-energy exports is 85-87%. Our goods – products of mechanical engineering, chemical industry, agriculture, as well as fertilizers and other goods – are in demand in Africa. Until now, in Africa, such a vehicle as UAZ, not to mention KamAZ, has been very successfully operated. At one time we built 300 industrial enterprises in Africa. They are focused on our technologies. One reconstruction of these enterprises creates new markets for us. Now, because of the break with the West, we are in a difficult situation. First of all, we need to protect our domestic market of goods. But any production requires expansion.

The Russian market with a population of 146 million is quite limited. If we want to become a great power, we need access to new rapidly growing markets. India and China are now not markets for our non-commodity and non-energy exports. They are now “themselves with a mustache.” Where will we go with our technologies? To Africa! The Chinese at one time worked out all their technologies there. And the Africans also say: we don't need trade and finance from Russia. We need technology from Russia. They want to use our technologies to develop their own industries. And, of course, Africa is very important for us from a political point of view. Sorry, that's 55 votes in the UN. Can you imagine a situation that during the Soviet era most African countries would have voted for an anti-Soviet resolution?

– That's right, in Soviet times, the number of such countries was calculated in units. And now 28 African countries have voted for the American resolution on Ukraine. Yes, they all told us later: don't pay attention, they put pressure on us, we were forced to! But this – and the fact that African countries have not joined Western sanctions – is no reason not to pay attention to the active work of the West in Africa. I have already said that there is no Africa in the Russian information space. But there is no Russia in the African information space either. Our journalists draw information about Africa from Western sources. Africans are also from the West. They are now completely at a loss about the military operation. The West presents them with such a “very interesting idea”: it turns out that we are colonizers, we are oppressing the unfortunate Ukraine, which is a colony of Russia and wants to break out from under the “Russian yoke”. This product is made especially for Africa. Africans, however, still do not believe in it, but they have no objective information from Russia.

Now look at the geostrategic alignment. Now a new bloc Australia – Great Britain – USA has been created. Another bloc is being formed, where it is planned to include Japan. And the Americans have not forgotten about Africa either. Western countries are very actively working with Kenya and South Africa in order to include African countries in their security system. It's not good for us. After all, in this case, you will have to build your defense not only in the western direction. There are ports, the possibility of placing military bases, submarines. In one small country, Djibouti, there are eight military bases of different states. Even the Chinese are now building their military base there. We do not have a single military base in Africa. They were. We closed them all. What do you think: Africa is important for us in terms of biosecurity?

In this scene from life All the main Russian stereotypes about Africa are concentrated in South Sudan: war, poverty, backwardness… Photo: ru.wikipedia.org

…. But Africa can be like this: an ultra-modern transport hub in the capital of Kenya, Nairobi. Photo: en.wikipedia.org

You suspect correctly. In Soviet times, we had four laboratories in Africa where we worked with local infections. Do you know what we did with these labs? Do you think it's closed? No, we gave them to the Americans! The largest was the laboratory in Guinea. There were samples, equipment. Everything went to the Americans. We gave everything to Guinea, and Guinea immediately handed over everything to the Americans. I will tell you a very interesting story. Remember the Ebola outbreak? I'm not a conspiracy theorist. I'm just providing specific information. The Americans were actively working in Guinea, including with those developments that remained from the Soviet Union. Then they said that they needed to create a new laboratory in a new place and, relatively speaking, went into the jungle. After that, they conducted a complete census of the population of Guinea. And a year later, suddenly there was an outbreak of Ebola. We have been screaming for a long time that they are collecting genome samples in order to make biological weapons that affect only certain nationalities. They have been doing this for a hundred years in Africa. They have amassed a unique collection of African genomes. Is it important for us? Do we need to consider biological risks? If yes, then we also need to work in Africa, where there is a huge number of dangerous infectious diseases, and create our own laboratories there. Thank God that when there was this outbreak, Rospotrebnadzor came there and set up its own vaccination stations. Two Russian vaccinations were used there: one from the Gamaleya Institute, the other from Rospotrebnadzor itself. Both worked well. The population is extremely grateful to us. Do you remember that Guinea is one of the main suppliers of bauxite to Russia.

— You are right that at one time we invested a lot in Africa. We have built 300 industrial facilities there, more than a thousand infrastructure facilities, we have built a large number of schools, hospitals and scientific centers there. Another thought of yours is absolutely fair: when a country invests something somewhere, it naturally expects a return on its investments. And we invested – and, as always, we were deceived. But who cheated? West, not Africa. At the time of the collapse of the USSR, African countries owed Moscow $20 billion. And, in principle, the Africans were ready to repay this debt to us with their goods. But we went on about the Americans. In 1997, there was an initiative by Bill Clinton – within the framework of the Paris Club of creditors, to write off the debts of African countries. They told us: write off the debt to the Africans. And we will write off part of your debt to us for this. We agreed – and began to write it off already in the 2000s – but the West did not fulfill its obligations. We must not be held hostage to the fact that in the past we have not been able to successfully capitalize on our investments in Africa. Africa is an exceptionally promising market. Africa is quite solvent. What we are now investing in Africa will pay off.

– All the time I have to repeat: there are no private military companies in Russia. According to the legislation in Russia there are only private security units. Security units work at the invitation of local governments and are engaged in the protection of strategic facilities. They do not conduct military operations. Feel the difference? But I'll get right to the answer to your question. The CAR is a poor republic. Nevertheless, there are large reserves of gold and uranium. The country was in a civil war for a long time. Before us, there were Frenchmen who exported this uranium: the basis of French energy is nuclear power plants. And we, Russia, for some reason were not indignant: why did they get in there? But such conversations began in the West when ours appeared in the Central African Republic. But look at the results we've got so far. Having ensured order in this country and seated 43 different tribes that were previously at enmity at the negotiating table, we have achieved political stability in the Central African Republic. Neighboring countries, which are also under the strong influence of France, looked at all this and said: we also need security! Various terrorist organizations (banned in Russia) operate on our territory – Boko Haram, local al-Qaeda, and ISIS. We had French. They have been conducting Operation Barkhan for more than ten years. The effect is zero. The Russians came to the CAR and ensured stability. We want Russians too! Therefore, Mali recently broke off the military agreement with France. Mali and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are large countries in terms of territory and extremely rich in natural resources. It is very beneficial for us to create a pro-Russian belt in Central and West Africa, where French influence is traditionally strong. The more influence Russia has here, the more weight it will have in the world.

Let me give you another example to prove this thesis. Africa ranks first in cobalt reserves. Without cobalt, it is impossible to produce any aircraft engine. It is cobalt that is used in the manufacture of engine turbine blades. The dependence of the United States on the supply of cobalt from African countries is about 80%. Cobalt is mostly found in a country like the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The poorest state with a GDP per capita of about 300 dollars a year, but the richest in its natural resources. In addition to cobalt, there is also coltan, without which no mobile phone will work. Imagine the DRC cutting off supplies. And that will be? The B-52 bomber will not be produced, nor will telephones. And the DRC is now very negative towards the Western world. There are now demonstrations in support of Russia's policy in Ukraine. Why is this happening? Because the country is tired of continuous internal conflicts and strife, which are inflated there from the outside absolutely artificially. In conditions of chaos and war, it is very easy to export all resources on the cheap. After all, they are not controlled by the state, but by individual bandit formations.

– The French did not succeed in the first place because they do not like the French there. They are colonizers. The trail of colonialism remains in the minds of Africans. They do not trust the French because they pursued a very tough colonial policy in French Africa. Unlike the British, who left the local administration – a more cunning and sophisticated policy – the French simply removed the entire local elite and put in their own administration. Africans literally hate them. France continues to maintain its influence – primarily linguistic. But in Mali they would be happy to replace the French with Russians. The Africans, who have been under the yoke of colonialism for a long time, remember very well that Russia never applied these methods to them. She never colonized Africa. Therefore, the attitude towards us is still very good. Africans remember everything – for example, the fact that in 1960 the USSR initiated the adoption of a declaration on granting rights to the oppressed peoples and has always helped these countries fight against colonialism. The USSR actually created the foundations of statehood and national economies in many of these countries. The preserved historical memory of those events is our important competitive advantage.

– The amount of assistance provided by the West ranges from 40-45 billion dollars a year. But at the same time, 70 billion dollars are annually withdrawn from the continent to the West. As you can see, the overall balance is still not in favor of Africa. As for the help itself, at one time I was engaged in a detailed study of this topic. The lion's share of all these billions goes to Western experts who provide certain services to the local population – for example, draw some projects. In reality, Africans receive very little from this assistance. In fact, now the West is still pursuing a policy of neo-colonialism towards Africa. And here is what is especially interesting: some of the methods of this policy were actively applied (and are still being applied) to us. What are the main tools used in neo-colonialism? Complete subordination in economic terms, the imposition of rules under which the country is mainly a supplier of scarce raw materials to developed markets and at the same time an importer of finished high-tech products from these markets. Don't know anything?

All colonizers are interested in maintaining internal tension in the “subordinate” countries all the time. Under these conditions, it is easy to manipulate the elites. All the tools of colonialism were also applied to our elites: property, capital, money and families abroad. Each year, an average of 70 billion dollars of capital was withdrawn from Africa, and 100 billion from Russia. Let's take science. The system of building science is made in such a way that, firstly, the best personnel go to the West, and secondly, so that the country does not conduct those studies that would contribute to its development, but those that are of interest to the West. Recently, I have dealt with the topic of American biolaboratories in Africa in detail (there are, according to various sources, from 29 to 45). And here's what struck me: the Africans themselves advocate with their hands and feet that these laboratories be preserved in them. It is in these laboratories that the unfortunate African scientists receive their salaries. If they close, African scientists will not receive these salaries. We have the same thing in Russia. If you publish abroad in a Western magazine, your salary goes up. Only here we are not paid by the Americans, but by ourselves. We bring our scientific knowledge there with our own hands free of charge. Africa for Russia in this sense should be considered as an example of how, using the methods of manipulation, the country is subjugated economically and forced to obey orders coming from a foreign center.

“Send 'til you drop”: “The typical African may be malnourished, but still have a cell phone in each hand.” Photo: en.wikipedia.org

– Yes, now the topic of “hunger in Africa” has really been blown up to unimaginable proportions. Like, because of the special operation of Russia in Ukraine, there was such a threat. But I will give an example about which for some reason no one shouted. During the two years of the covid epidemic in Africa, very tight restrictions were introduced. They, unlike us, observed everything: they wore masks, they stayed at home. But their production is largely based on the informal sector. You left, sold and live on it. But what to live on when you are sitting at home? The number of hungry people in Africa has increased by one hundred million in two years of covid. But is anyone talking about this? But now, according to the UN Food Organization, due to the conflict in Ukraine, the number of hungry people in the world could increase by 40 million people. See the difference in numbers? In the first case, we are talking only about Africa, and in the second – about the whole world. But the most important thing is that Africa is quite capable of feeding itself. In the 1980s, they wanted to turn Sudan into the food basket of the continent. And in those plans there was a very good reason. Sudan alone, with proper management, can feed the whole of Africa.

– Of course, they collide. China, in fact, has occupied all those niches that the Soviet Union abandoned. China has 100 billion accumulated investments in Africa and an annual trade turnover of about 200 billion (Russia had just over 17 billion in 2021). But the relationship between the Chinese and Africa also has its own peculiarities. Many even say that this is a new form of colonialism. I would not say so, although from a financial point of view, all multibillion-dollar Chinese loans should clearly be repaid. Why is China investing so heavily in African infrastructure? In order to gain access to the most remote corners of a country and exploit its resources there. China is also a very populous country. And until recently, it has been very actively using the Chinese labor force. They brought their workers. Seeing this, the Africans shrugged their shoulders: their countries are also very densely populated. They also need jobs. But now China has begun to improve and is investing quite a lot of money in creating jobs for locals.

Of course, we will cross paths with them there. But this suggests that we should look for those niches where we have some advantages. First of all, it is, of course, the energy sector. In connection with the sanctions of 2014, all our oil and gas companies switched to Russian equipment. We can offer this equipment to Africa. Construction of power plants. We are leaders in the construction of nuclear power plants. There is a huge shortage of electricity in Africa. Half the population – more than 600 million people – do not have access to electricity. Space. Here, too, we have great advantages. All technologies of water purification. Digital technologies, cybersecurity issues. One-stop-shop techniques, a smart city – this will also take root very well among Africans. Everything related to transport. And, of course, all our geological technologies, technologies for the extraction and processing of resources, which we have at a very good level. In a word, we should not be afraid of competition, but boldly “go for a walk in Africa”, remembering that Europe is gradually turning into the periphery of the world economy. This is not a one-time process. He will go for a long time. But it's already launched. Africa is a continent that will bring us many more good surprises.

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Plan to send refugees from Britain to Africa for “overexposure” criticized

British MPs literally trashed scheme to send migrants to Rwanda

There is “no clear evidence” that the plan to send migrants seeking asylum in the UK to Rwanda will work. This was stated by members of the British Parliament.

The House of Commons Home Affairs Committee says “much more clarity is needed on the resettlement of some UK migrants to Rwanda” and accuses ministers of chasing “good headlines” in the press.

According to Sky News, MPs say the British government's plan to send migrants to Rwanda “appears to have gone unnoticed” by those trying to cross the English Channel and “there is no clear evidence that it will work.”

The House of Commons Home Affairs Committee also accused British ministers of seeking “radical new policies that could make good headlines” and said the “biggest deterrent” to crossing the English Channel would be to prevent migrants “once- or leave France.”

A parliamentary report says: “Much more clarity is needed on a new plan to resettle some of the British migrants in Rwanda. There is no clear evidence that this policy will deter migrants from crossing the border.”

More than 14,000 migrants have traveled across the English Channel from continental Europe to the UK this year, according to preliminary data. The total for 2022 could reach an estimated 60,000 people.

The British government does not rule out leaving the human rights system in Europe after the latest legal decisions were passed last month blocking the first planned deportation flight.

The House of Commons Home Affairs Committee's inquiry said the British government's response to the migrant crisis was characterized by “inattention and bad decisions” that exacerbated problems and “undermined public confidence” in the asylum system and border control.

The “perceived unwillingness” of the French government to find a solution did not help matters, the document said. It was “correct” to abandon plans to push migrants out at sea, as it was difficult to see how the benefits of such a tactic would outweigh “its potential costs in terms of risk to the lives of migrants and officials and damage to the UK's reputation.”

The “biggest deterrent” to crossing the English Channel would be to prevent migrants from “ever leaving France”, MPs say.

Attempts to negotiate return agreements with EU countries to send migrants back to safety countries “completely failed” after the UK withdrew from the Dublin arrangements when freedom of movement ended.

There is a “worrisome trend” in UK Home Office statements being made before “detailed policies have been worked out, tested or even agreed between government departments”.

A parliamentary inquiry recommended that the British government negotiate with France on the introduction of further preventive measures on the continent and the establishment of British asylum evaluation centers there.

“The policy of sending asylum seekers to Rwanda appears to have gone unnoticed by those trying to cross the English Channel,” committee chair Diana Johnson said. She added that policy development has “moved away from evidence-based, proven and cost-effective solutions that are responsive to the changing demands placed on it.”

Diana Johnson continued: “Instead, we are looking for a radical new policy, which could make headlines, but does little to stop the flow of people willing to risk their lives to get to the UK by any means. The UK needs a reality-based asylum system. It must be fair, efficient and recognize the UK's international obligations.”

Enver Solomon, chief executive of the Refugee Council, welcomed the report and urged the next UK prime minister to succeed Boris Johnson to “immediately rethink and focus on real alternatives that, contrary to rhetoric, are readily available.”

Источник www.mk.ru

Kazakhstan to send peacekeepers to Africa

Kassym-Jomart Tokayev proposed to send about 430 Kazakh troops to the Central African Republic, Congo, Mali and Lebanon to participate in peacekeeping missions. The Kazakh Parliament supported the initiative of the President ” />

President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev proposed to send the republic's military personnel as peacekeepers to the Central African Republic (CAR), Congo, Mali and Lebanon, his proposal was read out at a parliamentary meeting by Defense Minister Ruslan Zhaksylykov, Tengrinews reports. .kz.

“I am proposing to send a peacekeeping contingent of the Armed Forces with a total strength of about 430 military personnel to participate in a multidisciplinary integrated stabilization mission in the Central African Republic, secondly, a UN stabilization mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, thirdly— multidimensional integrated mission to stabilize the situation in Mali and the fourth mission of the interim force in Lebanon,— says the document.

According to Zhaksylykov, the UN leadership is ready to support an increase in the number of Kazakhstani peacekeepers in the missions of the organization, and also highly appreciated the level of preparedness of the military of the republic. The head of the Ministry of Defense added that Kazakhstan is ready to provide both individual military personnel as staff officers and military observers, as well as specialized units most in demand in UN missions, in particular, infantry, medical, intelligence, engineering units of the military police. He pointed out that five units could be included in the UN Armed Forces from Kazakhstan, but they would not be sent immediately, but upon request, assessing the readiness for the mission.

The head of the Kazakhstani Ministry of Defense said, that to date, six military personnel of the republic are participating in the UN mission in Western Sahara, and nine Kazakh military personnel are participating in the temporary forces of the organization.

Deputies of both houses of parliament voted for the proposal of the president.

At the moment, the UN mission in Lebanon is an observer— its members monitor the cessation of hostilities and promote “humanitarian access to the civilian population”; Lebanese Armed Forces.

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The UN Mission in the Congo provides protection to civilians, humanitarian personnel and human rights defenders who are at immediate risk of physical violence, and supports the government in its efforts to stabilize and consolidate peace.

The Mission in Mali supports the republic's transitional leadership in the restoration of state authority and preparations for free, inclusive and peaceful elections, and provides conditions for the provision of humanitarian assistance and the return of displaced persons. The mission in the Central African Republic conducts similar activities.

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Monkeypox infection. How dangerous is it, and is there a vaccine

In May 2022, the monkeypox virus began to spread around the world, which usually does not go beyond endemic countries. How the virus is transmitted, what its characteristic symptoms are, and whether there is a vaccine against it – RBC understood

Where the monkeypox virus was found

In Europe, the first case of monkeypox infection was detected in the UK on 7 May. The infected person recently returned from Nigeria, which is characterized by the spread of this virus. It is the countries of West and Central Africa— breeding grounds for this virus. The virus was discovered in 1958, and was first detected in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

By May 20, there were already 20 cases in the UK. After the UK, the virus was found in Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Italy, Germany, France, Belgium and other countries. The virus has also been detected in patients in the United States, Australia, Canada, where examinations are carried out in 13 people who are presumably infected.

Some of the cases identified in the UK were not directly related to travel to Africa, meaning that the virus was already transmitted within the country. The Ministry of Health notes that a significant proportion of the identified cases were among gay and bisexual men, because of this, the ministry calls on this part of society to be especially on the alert. Until now, it was not believed that the virus was transmitted sexually, the department draws attention. The virus is transmitted through close contact with the sick person, as well as through contact with the clothes or bedding of an infected person, the materials indicate. “The virus does not usually spread easily between people. Population risk remains low,— government release says.

Outbreaks in Africa

In May 2018, an outbreak was in Cameroon— one confirmed case, another 15 suspected, no one died.

Nigeria— from September to December 2017— 172 suspected cases, 61 confirmed, no death reported.

Central African Republic— September—October 2016, there were 26 suspected cases, three confirmed, one person died.

Source: African Union data.

By May 21, WHO had confirmed 92 cases of monkeypox from 12 non-endemic countries. The organization further clarified that the confirmed and suspected cases of monkeypox were not associated with the travel of infected people to endemic areas, which is a “highly unusual event.” The cases now identified are of the West African variant of monkeypox— they are similar to what was recorded in the UK, Israel and Singapore in 2018-2019, the WHO reported.

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How the virus is transmitted

The so-called natural reservoir of the virus are monkeys and some rodents (African squirrels, prairie dogs), from which the virus can be transmitted to humans. Experts interviewed by RBC note that outbreaks of monkeypox have happened before, they occurred mainly in endemic countries, but cases of importation to Europe were also known and occurred annually.

The type of transmission of the virus is similar to the type of transmission of smallpox— close contact of a person with a person, you can also become infected by contact with human body fluids, by contact with secretions from the patient's pustules and by interacting with his personal belongings. Due to the fact that transmission requires close contact, Konstantin Severinov, head of the laboratory at the Institute of Molecular Genetics and the Institute of Gene Biology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, explains to RBC, the rate of spread of this infection is much lower than with coronavirus, which is transmitted by airborne droplets.

The possibility of airborne transmission is now being discussed, but to date it is not known how effectively it is being implemented, says the director of the Institute of Medical Parasitology, Tropical and Vector-borne Diseases. E.I.Martsinovsky Sechenov University Alexander Lukashev.

Experts note that monkeypox, like other infectious diseases, has an incubation period. Identified 92 cases— this is the result of an infection about a week ago, so it can be argued that there are others infected, and expect an increase in the number of cases, regardless of the efforts of doctors, warns Lukashev.

The fact that there are more gay and bisexual males among monkeys with smallpox than statistically expected may be due to the fact that sexual contacts of people from this group are more traumatic and often lead to damage to the mucous membranes and skin, due to which the virus is transmitted. says Severinov. According to him, this may simply be an accident, since there are not so many infected yet. “In heterosexual intercourse, the same thing will happen if there are cracks or damage to the outer integument and mucous membranes,” — the expert explains. The WHO also notes that the identified cases are mainly, but not exclusively, recorded among men who have sex with men.

Will monkeypox appear in Russia

The official health departments, the Ministry of Health and Rospotrebnadzor, said on May 22 that there were no cases of monkeypox in Russia. Rospotrebnadzor considered the risk of importation “extremely low”.

Despite the fact that experts interviewed by RBC consider the risk of importation of the virus unlikely, Alexander Lukashev notes that monkeypox can spread among various ethnic groups.

Among the measures to be taken to minimize the risk of a wide spread of the disease in Russia, the Deputy General Director for Research at the Center. Chumakov Ilya Gordeychuk calls: PCR diagnostics, isolation of infected and contact persons— at the health system level. On an individual level— careful monitoring of flu-like respiratory symptoms in yourself and others, wearing masks and cleaning hands with disinfectants.

How the disease progresses

The initial symptoms of monkeypox include fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and fatigue. A rash may develop, often beginning on the face, then spreading to other parts of the body, including the genitals. The rash changes and goes through different stages and may look like the varicella or syphilis rash before finally forming a scab that later falls off, UK Department of Health describes symptoms.

According to WHO, the incubation period ranges from six to 13 days, but can be from five to 21. Two periods can be distinguished during the course of the disease. The first lasts up to five days and is characterized by fever, severe headache, swollen lymph nodes, back pain, myalgia, and fatigue. Abnormal sizes of lymph nodes— a characteristic sign of this particular type of smallpox, with chickenpox, measles and smallpox this is not. After one to three days after the onset of the heat, rashes begin on the skin.

The rash tends to be more concentrated on the face and limbs than on the trunk. The rash develops in succession from macules (lesions with a flat base) to papules (slightly raised firm lesions), vesicles (clear fluid-filled lesions), pustules (yellowish fluid-filled lesions), and crusts that dry up and fall off. The number of lesions ranges from several tens to several thousand. In severe cases, lesions may coalesce until large areas of skin are shed.

Monkeypox, the WHO continues, usually— self-limiting disease with symptoms lasting two to four weeks. Severe cases are more common among children and are related to the degree of exposure to the virus, the health of the patient, and the nature of the complications. The case fatality rate for monkeypox has historically ranged from 0% to 11% in the general population and has been higher among young children. Recently, the fatality rate has been around 3–6%.

With damage to the cornea, loss of vision is possible, added in a conversation with RBC, the chief researcher of the Center. N.F. Gamalei Viktor Zuev, who took part in the suppression of an outbreak of smallpox in Moscow in the 1960s.

Is there a vaccine for monkeypox

While smallpox vaccination was a protection in the past, today people younger than 40-50 years old (depending on the country) may be more susceptible to monkeypox due to for ending smallpox vaccination campaigns around the world after the eradication of the disease, says WHO.

“I started working on monkeypox in 2002 in the DRC. Now, 20 years later, the vast majority of people in the world do not have immunity to smallpox viruses, — noted in an interview with The Telegraph Anne Rimouin, professor of epidemiology at the University of California at Los Angeles. She estimates that as the world becomes more susceptible to poxviruses (smallpox viruses) and as travel increases, the number of cases could increase.

The smallpox vaccine also works against monkeypox, Vector said earlier, as all poxviruses provide good cross-protection. “The two viruses are similar, so the immune response generated by the smallpox vaccine is effective against monkeypox,” confirms RBC Gordeychuk.

Also in Vector; spoke about their own previously developed test system, which allows to detect cases of monkeypox infection. According to the center's experts, the test is specific and does not detect cross-reactions with rubella and chickenpox viruses.

The experts with whom RBC spoke explained that in the Vector center contains a strain of smallpox, but it is not needed to create the smallpox vaccine itself. “A vaccinia virus is used, similar to the vaccinia virus, which the physician Edward Jenner used to vaccinate back in the 18th century. The same vaccine can protect against monkeypox, & mdash; says Severinov.

Such a vaccine, if necessary, can be quickly developed, since the technology is not new. Experts confirm that there is no independent vaccine against monkeypox in the world.

Vaccination against smallpox was carried out in the USSR. Will the vaccinated be protected now

In 1979, the World Health Assembly issued a declaration declaring the world's victory over smallpox. In the USSR, vaccination was carried out until about 1982, after which it stopped. The smallpox vaccine is expected to provide protection against monkeypox, Lukashev says. “Perhaps, the inhabitants of Russia, vaccinated before the 80s, will be partially protected when they meet with monkeypox, but we do not know how effective their immunity is, because more than 40 years have passed after vaccination,” — he says. Chief Researcher at the Center N.F. Gamalei Viktor Zuev doubts that the vaccinated still have protection.

The smallpox vaccine gave sterile immunity, that is, the vaccinated person ceased to be a source of new viruses, and vaccination gave lifelong immunity, Konstantin Severinov believes. “Since young children were vaccinated, it can be assumed that almost everyone born before the 80s will be resistant to monkeypox,” — explains the expert.

Nevertheless, one cannot speak of significant herd immunity, since the vast majority of people under 40 years of age have not been vaccinated against smallpox, Gordeychuk summarizes.

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Human rights activists criticized Britain’s intentions to deport Ukrainian refugees to Africa

Great Britain is going to take out asylum-seeking migrants to Rwanda: a “human burden”

Declaring a warm welcome for refugees from Ukraine, the British authorities have simultaneously developed a plan to deport migrants from British territory to the African Republic of Rwanda in order to for them to wait there for an asylum decision in the United Kingdom. This scheme has drawn sharp criticism. And the Archbishop of Canterbury called the “Rwandan plan” “contrary to the judgment of God.”

Photo: Global Look Press migrants sent to Africa may be children, writes The Guardian.

According to the Archbishop of Canterbury, Boris Johnson's plan to send asylum seekers to Rwanda “does not stand the judgment of God.”

In a scathing speech, the head of the Anglican Church, Justin Welby, in his Easter sermon, argues that the principle of deporting asylum seekers is beyond thousands of miles away from where they sought refuge is akin to “transferring our duties” and “opposing the nature of God.”

Welby's intervention comes amid growing questions about the legality of plans announced by Home Secretary Priti Patel in the Rwandan capital of Kigali last week, under which asylum seekers arriving in the UK would be issued a one-way ticket to the African country.

The government faces renewed criticism after reports emerged that unaccompanied migrant children would also be among those 'very likely' to be sent to Rwanda.

Immigration experts say a “majority” of unaccompanied children arriving in the UK on small boats are classified as adults by Home Office officials. Refugee law specialist Daniel Sohedge, who works for the anti-trafficking charity Love146 UK, said that children at the age of 15 are assigned the age of 22 or 23.

“This means there is a strong possibility sending these children to Rwanda,” the expert says. “And once there, they won’t be able to reassess or challenge their age estimates.”

The issue of age is critical in evaluating asylum cases because it affects how a person will receive support, their access to education, and even how their asylum application is handled.

The British government intends to send to Rwanda all single men arriving on British soil by boat or truck, although many doubt that the UK's first offshore asylum center will even exist. The UN refugee agency has confirmed that its legal protection team has been reviewing the text of the Rwandan deal to assess its legality, although officials already believe the plan is unworkable. Others say the plans, already criticized by some Conservative MPs, will be immediately challenged in the courts, where the government is likely to be defeated.

Those sent to Rwanda have no chance of being returned to the UK by the Home Office, despite confusing media reports that they will only be there while their asylum application is pending.

Provisions for government plans for asylum abroad are included in the Citizenship and Borders Bill, which has faced strong opposition in the House of Lords.

Meanwhile, Enver Solomon, Executive Director of the Refugee Council, expressed serious concern that the agreement with Rwanda did not provide specific details on whether people displaced in Africa would receive medical or financial support and whether they would be able to work in pending the outcome of their asylum application.

Solomon also said victims of torture and human trafficking could very well be among those sent from the UK to Rwanda instead of being sent to the Home Office to identify potential victims of modern slavery. “We are dismayed by the fact that the screening process is likely to be simplified, which will actually mean that they will refer potential victims of torture and human trafficking.”

Solomon added: “The deal shows that the government is demonstrating full neglecting the welfare and well-being of very vulnerable people. It treats them like human cargo to be sent to Rwanda and forgotten about.”

And as Arab channel Al Jazeera notes, the deal, which British Home Secretary Priti Patel signed during a visit to Kigali on Thursday, came as more Ukrainian refugees continue to arrive in the UK under various visa programs that the government has rolled out. since the outbreak of the conflict in Ukraine in February.

To date, more than 55,000 visas have been issued to refugees from Ukraine, and 16,400 of them have arrived in the UK as of Monday. Zoe Gardner, policy and advocacy manager for the Joint Immigrant Welfare Council, highlighted the contrast between the proposed policy and the treatment of Ukrainian refugees. “Most of us want people fleeing danger to be treated with dignity and respect – the reaction of the British public to Ukraine has clearly shown this,” Gardner comments. “But instead of welcoming those in need of protection, the deal will be to deport blacks and people of color who have fled thousands of miles from desperate circumstances.”

Источник www.mk.ru

Britain intends to send refugees to “overexposure” to Africa

Boris Johnson wants to process illegal migrants in Rwanda

The British authorities, already facing widespread criticism of their migration policy, risk incurring even more discontent. According to local media, Prime Minister Boris Johnson intends to put in place a plan to “offshoring” for illegal immigrants striving for his country. They are supposed to be transferred to Rwanda, where they will have to undergo verification procedures and, at best, further processing of documents for entry into British territory. The complex program being considered by London is not new in itself: UK legislators are drawing on foreign experience that has already proven effective. We figured out what the essence of such a scheme is and why it is dangerous for everyone involved.

Photo: Global Look Press

Hard check or plain racism?

According to the British press, Johnson intends to “announce plans to send migrants to Rwanda” in the near future — to process (their cases) as part of a secret deal worth millions of dollars with an African country.

The agreement with the Rwandan authorities was supposedly supposed to be announced at the end of March, but so far not all the terms of the agreement have been agreed upon. However, the key parameters are already known.

In the plans of London, firstly, the creation of “processing centers”; for migrants in Rwanda. Those refugees who are trying to get to the UK without legal grounds, that is, a valid visa or the right to receive it under the program for immigrants from Ukraine, will be sent to these institutions.

Secondly, in Rwanda, the dossier of an illegal immigrant will be studied, taking into account the reasons that prompted him to resettle, the danger threatening him at home and the presence of relatives with British citizenship. Based on the results of the verification, data on asylum applicants with petitions will be submitted to London. And only by the decision of the legislators of Great Britain, each candidate will either receive the right to enter its territory, or, at the discretion of the Rwandan side, remain in the African state or be expelled to the place where he fled.

Finally, the third factor — purely economic. The activities of the centers in Rwanda will be financed from the British treasury; while the exact amount has not been made public, but it is known that we are talking about millions of pounds.

It is no secret that the British authorities have already been criticized by human rights activists and black refugees, who often cannot cross the English Channel, even if their relatives (but, for example, without Ukrainian roots) legally reside in the UK and are ready to accept them. Despite tough demands from London, the number of migrants, including Africans, is growing. In just three months of this year, more than 4,500 people crossed the strait. It was against this background that Johnson forced the adoption of a program initiated by the Secretary of State of the Home Office (in other words, the head of the UK Home Office) Priti Patel, who, like many, fears penetration into the country and “dissolution” there are criminal elements in it.

Human rights activists, recalling the already denied migrants, believe that a potential deal with Rwanda will only aggravate the situation of black immigrants. In the very choice of the state to host offshore centers there, some see a focus specifically on people with African roots. Do not forget that Rwanda is not one of the most prosperous and stable countries in the world.

Australian experience and the price of the issue

At the same time, supporters of the reform say that it is not discriminatory in itself and is part of the overall process of redistributing migration flows in order to avoid illegal entry. The idea of ​​”offshore” for refugees in London did not appear out of nowhere: its initiators rely on the experience of Australia. The green continent has been practicing this scheme for almost a decade. Illegals seeking to enter the country are simply turned around and sent to offshore centers in Nauru and Papua New Guinea, by agreement between Canberra and the authorities of these countries. The money for the functioning of the centers, of course, allocates the Australian side. And the price — not at all small. According to the Australian National Audit Office, the maintenance of one illegal immigrant, including all related expenses (sending to the center, providing him with a place, food, as well as working with the documents of an asylum applicant, etc.), according to the Australian National Audit Office, costs more than $ 400 on average (!) thousand annually (more than 36 million rubles).

The effect, however, is no less impressive than the costs. If in 2013 about 300 ships, on which there were a total of more than 20 thousand people, reached the coast of Australia, that already in 2014 the number fell by half. Since then, according to official figures, not a single ship with illegal immigrants has reached the Green Continent.

The supporters of the UK deal with Rwanda hope to achieve the same. Moreover, attempts to negotiate an “offshore” for illegal immigrants were undertaken by London before, in Ghana and Albania. Why these plans failed is not exactly known: the British authorities are dosing out information about such initiatives, and even the current news about Rwanda has become a merit of the — in official documents it appears as “Country X”.

However, not only supporters of the deal, but also its opponents are turning to the Australian experience. And they, of course, focus on the price of the issue. In particular, the representative of the Labor Party, Lord Rosser, said that it would be cheaper to “accommodate asylum seekers at the Ritz Hotel than to pursue an offshore policy.” “The cost per person to run such a (government-proposed) scheme would be significant, not cost-effective,” — he noted.

With the assessment of the final cost of the project initiated by Patel, it is also connected with the fact that it has not yet been approved by the British Parliament. Even some of the conservatives are in favor of reducing certain items of expenditure on the program in Rwanda, although it is impossible in principle to refuse some of them, for example, sending British specialists to the East African country. In addition, the final costs may still be higher than projected — at least, depending on the terms of detention of the applicant for asylum in the center. And this problem raises not only financial questions, but also ethical ones.

Security through restriction of freedoms

The situation in which an illegal immigrant finds himself, detained and sent to an offshore detention center, looks very ambiguous. In fact, a person who is not deprived of liberty by a court decision falls into captivity. He retains the right to apply for return to his home country (usually at his own expense) without waiting for a decision on the possibility of entering the desired country. But, as a rule, most illegal immigrants hope for the best, preferring to wait. It can be not only futile, but also extremely long. According to Australian media, people in the centers in Nauru and Papua New Guinea spend more than 400 days there. Of course, this is only an average, but even assuming that someone's case is resolved in one or two months, this indicates that someone else may be waiting for the “verdict” almost a year.

The policy of the same Australia has repeatedly become the subject of public condemnation. Human rights activists (and some organizations regularly arrange boat rides off the coast of the Green Continent with banners “Let them (meaning migrants)!”) Point out the often unacceptable living conditions in temporary detention centers, cases of abuse of power by personnel performing to a greater extent the role of protection, and non-transparent mechanisms for spending allocated funds. Ironically, it was the ethical aspect that was once paid attention to by supporters of the idea of ​​ex-US President Donald Trump to build a wall on the border with Mexico. To the former American leader, a number of advisers suggested the Australian scheme instead of the border facility. But those who supported the erection of the wall said: physically closing the entrance is more humane than forcibly sending illegal immigrants to temporary detention centers (of which there are enough in the United States itself).

British conservatives, however, also have a counterargument in this case: in their opinion, it is safer for an illegal immigrant to be in an institution controlled by the state authorities than, once in the country, to be a victim of the criminal schemes of human traffickers — Johnson has already been warned about such risks.

“Processing (asylum applications) abroad is part of a system-wide reform aimed at breaking the business models of human smugglers and curbing undesirable behavior,” — noted, in particular, Baroness Williams (like Patel, she is part of the leadership of the Home Office in the status of a minister, responsible for the fight against terrorism).

As a result, the issue of ethics and respect for human rights and freedoms, like the financial one, has become one of the main obstacles to reform. So, during the debate in Parliament, the Reverend Paul Butler, Bishop of Durham, sharply criticized the measures considered by the legislators, resorting precisely to moral categories. “When people come to our shores in search of protection, we are obliged to treat them as we would like to be treated if we really had to flee,” — he noted, rightly emphasizing that “if we move them to other countries to consider their asylum applications, I am very afraid that their applications will be turned a blind eye.”

Not an easy alternative for Johnson

Be that as it may, the British prime minister found himself between equally negative scenarios. Sending illegal immigrants to Rwanda can have a negative impact not only on black immigrants, but also on white holders of Ukrainian passports, because all their privilege is essentially — only in more grounds for obtaining a visa. One way or another, they will have to issue an entry document, and in the UK this has never been a simple and quick procedure. Therefore, they are theoretically not immune from being placed in African centers for verification while waiting for a response. The financial costs to the United Kingdom, where inflation and prices are hitting multi-year records, are also out of time, but the indignant voices of human rights activists are still loud enough, already forcing the prime minister to listen to them. However, London is not able to remain inactive for a long time: outrage is growing both among migrants and within the country (where their relatives are not allowed to visit law-abiding Britons), and on the continent, where refugees striving for the UK accumulate.

Источник www.mk.ru

West irritated by Africa’s unwillingness to oppose Russia over Ukraine

Experts remind of Moscow's support for anti-colonial liberation movements

The reluctance of dozens of African countries to join the US-led anti-Russian coalition is irritating many in the West. In an attempt to understand the refusal of African states to oppose Russia's actions in Ukraine, analysts try to explain it by the memory of the Cold War and the Soviet Union's support for the national liberation movement of the Black Continent.

Photo: Global Look Press

Reflecting on the position taken by African countries in connection with the Ukrainian crisis, the British publication The Guardian admits that support from many African leaders and governments for Moscow's actions in Ukraine – or at the very least, the unwillingness to condemn the Russian military special operation has alarmed Western officials.

In the vote on the anti-Russian resolution in the UN General Assembly, 17 African countries abstained – almost half of all abstentions – and one voted against condemning Russia, reminds The Guardian.

Some observers speak of the possibility of a new strategic division in Africa, similar to the one as it was during the Cold War.

“It goes back to the Cold War and the divisions we saw back then. But the objective reality of the international system has now changed so much that it raises many questions about the commitment of some African countries to the post-Cold War order and its values, ”comments Priyal Singh, a research fellow at the Institute for Strategic Studies in Pretoria (South Africa).

The ruling African National Congress party in South Africa continues to refuse to criticize Russia, saying it hopes to maintain neutrality and encourage dialogue between the parties to the conflict.

Other countries on the Black Continent are taking the same line, calling for peace but blaming the conflict in Ukraine on NATO's eastward expansion, complaining about Western “double standards” and resisting all calls to criticize Russia, writes The Guardian.

That the new watershed is similar to the one that divided Africa decades ago is no coincidence. Analysts say many countries on the continent are still ruled by parties that enjoyed Moscow's backing during their struggle to free themselves from colonial or white supremacist rule. The leaders of the ruling parties in South Africa, Zimbabwe, Angola and Mozambique remember how Soviet weapons, money and advisers helped African countries win freedom.

Emmerson Mnangagwa, President of Zimbabwe, described Russia and China as “reliable pillars over the years” who not only “assisted us in our struggle for independence, but equally protected our sovereignty from the incessant attacks from our detractors.” These words can be found a reference to Western sanctions against Zimbabwe imposed in connection with allegations of human rights violations under the rule of previous President Robert Mugabe.

Mozambique also abstained from the UN vote, saying, like other African country, which hopes to encourage dialogue to resolve the conflict. The same thing happened to Algeria, once considered a “revolutionary” state close to Moscow, writes The Guardian.

In recent years, The Guardian continues, Russia has begun to capitalize on such historical ties, emphasizing ties in public statements, at major conferences and Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov's repeated trips to Africa.

Such efforts have borne significant fruit in such places like the Central African Republic and Mali, where resentment against France's former colonial rule is deep-seated, writes The Guardian.

“There is a strong anti-Western sentiment in the Sahel, an anti-imperialist trend in public opinion, and the anti-imperialist orientation means anti-American and Western,” comments Pauline Bax, Deputy Director of the Africa Program of the International Crisis Group.

The Guardian recalls Russia's military ties with African countries such as Mali, the Central African Republic (CAR) and Sudan. Other Russian ties on the continent are being strengthened through investments in mining, financial loans, and sales of agricultural equipment or nuclear technology. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, in 2016-2020, Russia was the largest arms exporter to sub-Saharan Africa, supplying nearly a third of all sub-Saharan African arms imports, compared with a quarter in 2011-2015.

Western officials were particularly disappointed with Uganda, which received huge amounts of Western aid. Once-close relations with the US and the UK have soured due to Western pressure to recognize the rights of the LGBT community in the East African country. Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, who has been in power since 1986, accused the West of interfering in the internal affairs of the republic. And Museveni's influential son and successor, General Muhuzi Kainerugaba, wrote on social media that “the majority of humanity (non-white) supports Russia's position on Ukraine.”

The representative of Uganda to the UN said that his country abstained from voting on the UN resolution to defend its neutrality as the next chairman of the Non-Aligned Movement, but Museveni made little attempt to hide his sympathies, criticizing the aggressive actions of the West against Africa and calling Russia a “center of gravity” for The Balkans, like China in Southeast Asia.

Analysts say more recent examples of what is considered Western “neo-imperialism” are also influencing how many in Africa react to the conflict.

“The 2011 Libyan crisis and NATO intervention, instability in the Sahel and other developments mean that many countries believe in fears of Western dominance and believe that we need a global counterpoint… Russia is seen as the successor to the former Soviet Union in this regard,” said Priyal Singh. .

Reports that appeared in the press and social networks that some African students who tried to flee the conflict to Europe from Ukraine collided fought against discrimination by Ukrainian security forces and others, also provoked anger in Nigeria and other countries in Africa.

Источник www.mk.ru

At least 9 African countries set to produce COVID vaccines, Africa’s CDC chief says

“MuiTypography-root-133 MuiTypography-h1-138″>At least 9 African countries set to produce COVID vaccines, Africa’s CDC chief says

Despite Africa's low vaccination rates, the continent's early, robust response has helped mitigate the impact of COVID-19 on the continent so far, says Dr. John Nkengasong, director of the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. And he predicts many more vaccines will be available in 2022, with a strong emphasis on distribution.

January 5, 2022 · 4:45 PM EST

A man gets vaccinated against COVID-19 at a site near Johannesburg, Wednesday, Dec. 8, 2021. 

Denis Farrell/AP

As omicron continues to make its impact across the globe, scientists in Africa are rapidly learning more about the new coronavirus variant. Omicron was first identified in southern Africa in November.

Dr. John Nkengasong, the director of Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, told The World's host Carol Hills that so far in South Africa, omicron cases have quickly peaked and declined, with fewer hospitalizations than variants like delta.  

"We see omicron as a virus that transmits very, very quickly. But then the severity in South Africa has not been comparable to what we saw with the delta variant," he said. 

Related: Africa must invest 'in human capital' to fight the coronavirus, Africa CDC director says

Africa remains the world’s least vaccinated continent against COVID-19, with about 10% of the continent’s population fully vaccinated. Only seven African countries have met the global target of vaccinating 40% of their populations against COVID-19 by the end of 2021. 

However, Nkengasong says Africa's political leadership mounted a "very robust response" early on in the pandemic that showed "extraordinary coordination and collaboration." Over the last two years, leaders have met to discuss and review pandemic preparedness and response at least 16 times, he said. 

Nkengasong joined the The World to discuss how African leaders have responded to the COVID-19 pandemic and several lessons learned so far from studying omicron, as well as managing the HIV/AIDS pandemic. 

Carol Hills: Dr. Nkengasong, scientists predicted that the African continent will be much harder hit by COVID-19, with tens of millions of infections and several million deaths. That hasn't happened — which is good. But why has the impact been so different than it was predicted?Dr. John Nkengasong: It is very obvious that through the extraordinary coordination and collaboration that the political leadership of the continent exercised very early on, they were able to mount a very robust response. And just to substantiate that — the political leadership of the continent has met at least 16 times to review the actions and coordinate their efforts and discuss the pandemic — that is highly unusual. In my over three decades experience in public health, we have not seen that. 

Related: From Congo to Chile, small labs are playing a growing role in global understanding of COVID 

What other factors do you think need to be studied about why Africa didn't see the infections and death levels that were expected, despite the low vaccination rate?From a scientific perspective, there are several parameters that we need to study in Africa. One is, what are existing immune responses contributing to a less severe outcome? Second, are we counting everybody that has been infected? And have we counted all the deaths? We just concluded a study and we saw that in some countries, the number of people that have been exposed to the virus is significantly higher than what has been reported, but it has not necessarily translated to the number of deaths on the continent, for sure. So then, the research question that we have to resolve is, why has the increased number of exposures on the continent not led to deaths like we saw in India, how devastating the virus was in India — you couldn't hide the deaths, right? But we have not seen that scenario in Africa. We also have to begin to look at the interreaction between existing infections like malaria and even other coronaviruses that cause the common cold in Africa, and if they have led to the production of certain antibodies that can prevent or slow the severity of these diseases. So, a lot that needs to be studied. There are several working groups and research centers across the continent that are looking into this. I know you've written about the lack of biotech and manufacturing in Africa, and the continent's dependance globally for supplies of vaccines. What steps are being done to change that?A lot has happened and continues to happen in the course of this pandemic. The heads of states came together and launched a program called Partnership for African Vaccine Manufacturing. And through that partnership, at least nine countries on the continent have engaged in the pathway for producing vaccines, including South Africa, Rwanda, Senegal, Nigeria, Ghana, Morocco, Egypt. Egypt, for example, is already producing about 3.5 million doses of vaccines. We know that South Africa is now producing vaccines. So I think you'll continue to see that the landscape will change significantly in 2022. 

Related: COVID-19 vaccines produced in Africa move forward 

I want to get back to vaccine access because it's such a front-and-center issue. With 10% of the African continent fully vaccinated, what needs to happen to improve access to vaccines?In 2022, you'll see many more vaccines arrive in the continent, so we have to shift our emphasis on making sure that vaccines that arrive at the airports are actually getting into the arms of people who need it. And that will require that we focus on such capacity for workforce, such capacity for logistics, such capacity for distribution to the last mile, and such capacity to engage the communities. So, those are the key areas that we need to focus on now to increase our uptake of vaccines from the 10% to about over 70% — or more. President Joe Biden has announced that he intends to nominate you to lead the US president's emergency plan for AIDS relief, known as PEPFAR. Can you speak to how the response to HIV in Africa and worldwide has helped inform the response to COVID? I think it is important to know that we are dealing with two pandemics across the world. The HIV/AIDS pandemic and COVID[-19] is a pandemic that has just emerged over the last two years. And very unfortunately, and very concerning, is the interreaction of the two pandemics. We now know that people infected with HIV tend to not clear the virus, that is, the COVID-19 virus, appropriately, especially if they have not been fully treated — and that has the risk of creating variants. We don't know what the trajectory for COVID[-19] will look like in the coming years, but we know that HIV has been with us for 40 years [and] has killed almost 37 million people. Tremendous gains have been made in the fight against HIV, especially in Africa. But we should be mindful of what COVID[-19] can do to erode the significant progress that we have made in achieving remarkable progress in controlling HIV/AIDS over the years.Do you have any predictions or sense of how omicron is going to make its way through the world and its behavior and longevity, based on what happened in Africa? Or is simply more research needed? I think it's interesting to take a close look at how the trajectory of omicron has been in South Africa. Omicron came in very quickly. We saw it in South Africa rise very sharply to the peak and then decline very quickly. If you compare that to the delta variant, when it first hit South Africa, for example, it took several weeks to peak and then it took several weeks to to begin to decline — which is not the case of omicron. We see omicron as a virus that transmits very, very quickly. But then the severity in South Africa has not been comparable to what we saw with the delta variant. We are truly grateful for that because if the virus had transmitted that quickly and it led to a severity of cases, then it would have been overwhelming completely across southern Africa, and across the world, just because it has now spread across the entire world. So, we continue to learn more about omicron, what we call the pathogenesis and the clinical spectrum of omicron. For example, is it infecting children more? For example, would it lead to long COVID? And what does that mean in terms of the dynamics between omicron and delta variants in South Africa and the world? So there's a lot to be learned from the omicron virus, but at least the early lessons that have emerged is the less severity in terms of clinical outcomes and hospitalization of the omicron variant. 

This interview has been lightly edited and condensed for clarity. AP contributed to this report. 

The US has banned the entry of a native of the USSR and the former richest woman in Africa

The US accused the USSR-born Isabel dos Santos of corruption and banned her from entering the US State Department imposed restrictions on the USSR-born daughter of the ex-President of Angola Isabel dos Santos for participation in corruption offenses. In early 2021, Forbes removed her from the list of the richest people in Africa

Isabel dos Santos

The United States imposed sanctions against the daughter of the former President of Angola, entrepreneur Isabel dos Santos, who was born in the USSR, according to the US State Department.

According to the department, restrictions on dos Santos were introduced for participation in corruption offenses “ by embezzling public funds for personal purposes. '' As part of these measures, the United States may deny entry to foreign officials who it suspects are involved in such crimes.

the former head of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine Oleksandr Tupitskiy “ for serious corruption actions, including receiving a bribe while working in the Ukrainian judicial system. '' The restrictions extended to his wife Olga.

Dos Santos & mdash; daughter of José Eduardo dos Santos, who was President of Angola from 1979 to 2017. She was born in 1973 in the USSR, in Baku, when her father studied there, and by birth she has Russian citizenship.

In 2013, Forbes named dos Santos the richest woman in Africa, estimating her fortune at $ 3.5 billion. In mid-2020, according to the publication, it dropped to $ 1.4 billion. In January 2021, the magazine excluded her from the list of the richest people. continent, this happened due to the freezing of assets of dos Santos in Angola and Portugal in 2019 and 2020 in the framework of criminal cases against her.

During the reign of his father, Dos Santos became the owner of 25% in the company manufacturing mobile phones Unitel, co-owner of several banks and chairman of Angola's state oil company Sonangol. Since the coming to power of President João Lourenço in 2017, who promised to end clan capitalism in Angola, she began to lose her assets, and her prosecution began in various jurisdictions.

At the end of January 2020, the Attorney General's Office of Angola accused dos Santos of embezzling Sonangol funds, and her accounts were frozen. She was also suspected of large embezzlement, fraud and the use of her position. According to the authorities, the loss from her actions amounted to $ 5 billion. The woman, who by that time had left for Portugal, did not admit the accusations against her. Later, at the request of Angolan law enforcement agencies, her accounts in Portugal were arrested.

In June 2020, dos Santos announced her readiness to cooperate with the investigation, explaining this with a desire to restore her good name. A month earlier, she said that one of the pieces of evidence against her & mdash; a passport that was allegedly used for fraudulent schemes & mdash; was fake. According to dos Santos, the date of birth is incorrectly indicated in the document, the passport numbers in the two places do not match, and the signature in it belongs to actor Bruce Lee, who died in 1973.

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Источник rbc.ru

US announced plans of China to establish a military base in Africa

Beijing refutes data on the construction of a naval facility in Equatorial Guinea

US intelligence claims that China intends to build a naval base in the Atlantic Ocean in Equatorial Guinea. US intelligence officials believe that Beijing is negotiating with an African country to build a military port in the city of Bata. The prospect of the Chinese acquiring a military base overlooking the Atlantic and the United States deeply worried Washington. In China, however, these data are not confirmed.

Photo: en.wikipedia.org

According to a US intelligence report, China is allegedly seeking permission from Equatorial Guinea to build a military base off its coast – a move that will give Beijing a foothold in the Atlantic and deep worries Washington.

According to the Daily Mail, US intelligence officials believe that Xi Jinping hopes to convince President of the West African state, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, to allow the expansion of the existing port in Bata, Equatorial Guinea, and transform it into a military base.

If China turns the port of Bata to a military base, allowing Beijing to repair and rearm its warships and other naval equipment in the same waters as the US East Coast.

“As part of our diplomacy to address maritime security issues, we have made it clear to Equatorial Guinea that certain potential moves related to [Chinese] activities there could raise national security concerns,” The Wall said Sunday Street Journal is a senior Biden administration official. & Nbsp;

US officials have previously described a Chinese military base in Atlantic waters as a nightmare scenario for the United States amid tensions between the two countries over Taiwan and the origins of COVID.

China has a military base in Djibouti, East Africa, opened in 2017. It is located on the other side of the African continent and overlooks the waters of the Gulf of Aden.

In 2009, China upgraded a commercial port in Equatorial Guinea, in the city of Bata, the largest city on the mainland. The country's capital, Malabo, is located on an island an hour's flight from the mainland.

In October, Joe Biden's deputy national security adviser, Jonathan Feiner, was sent to Equatorial Guinea to speak with the African president about the matter. According to the Daily Mail, the 79-year-old president, the oldest African leader who has ruled the country for 42 years, sent his son and heir apparent to meet with Finer.

Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mange, a 53-year-old vice president and world renowned representative of the regime, posted a video on Instagram where he meets Feiner on October 19 and thanks him for the visit. A week later, he tweeted pictures of him meeting the Chinese delegation and thanked them for supporting his country. He confirmed that a high-level delegation from Equatorial Guinea will travel to Senegal later this month to attend the China-Africa Forum. The meeting is likely to be followed closely in Washington.

In April, General Stephen Townsend, the commander of the US African Command, declared in the Senate that the “ most significant threat '' on the part of China there will be a “ naval facility on the Atlantic coast of Africa. '' He added, “I’m talking about a port that can rearm and repair ships.”

Two months later, Major General Andrew Rawling, commander of the US Army's South European Task Force in Africa, said the US was concerned about that the Chinese will establish a naval base in Equatorial Guinea, which will then provide them with a naval presence in the Atlantic Ocean. ''

The Biden administration tells Equatorial Guinea that it would be unwise to intervene in tensions between the United States and China, according to The Wall Street Journal.

In a report to Congress this year, the Pentagon said China was “ probably considering '' African bases in Kenya, Seychelles, Tanzania and Angola. “China is not just building a military base like the United States,” said Paul Nantula, a research fellow at the Pentagon-funded African Center for Strategic Studies. – & nbsp; The Chinese model is very, very different. It combines civilian elements and security elements. '' “ The announcement of China's plan to establish its first permanent military base in the Atlantic Ocean is untrue and is the latest US move to inflate the 'Chinese threat', said Chinese military experts. ''

It is not uncommon to see the United States 'disclose information' China is building a military base overseas and is fanning the “ Chinese threat, '' according to the Global Times. Previous reports citing US intelligence have alleged that China has built or intended to build military bases in Sri Lanka, the border regions of Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Argentina and Abu Dhabi.

But the fact is that the PRC has only one overseas support base, which is located in Djibouti and is also China's first overseas base, according to the Global Times. And on November 26, 2015, the Chinese Ministry of National Defense announced negotiations with Djibouti on the construction of an auxiliary facility. This means that if Beijing is going to build its second overseas base, it will publish the information ahead of time and openly, analysts say.

An anonymous military expert told the Global Times that the Wall Street Journal article was untrue. But even if China decides to build an overseas support base, it will be incomparable to the United States, which owns almost 800 military bases in more than 80 countries. According to the expert, for China, the creation of a support base somewhere for reasons of humanitarian aid is normal. The Djibouti base has played a role in humanitarian relief in places like the Gulf of Aden and waters off the coast of Somalia, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Since December 2008, China has reportedly deployed naval escort fleets to the Gulf of Aden and the waters off Somalia, completing more than 1,500 escort missions, according to media reports.

Источник www.mk.ru

Hong Kong toughens quarantine for citizens arriving from Africa

Hong Kong authorities have decided to tighten quarantine measures against passengers from eight countries in southern Africa, the newspaper & nbsp; Dimsum Daily reported.

Since November 28, citizens arriving from South Africa, Botswana, Eswatini , Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia and Zimbabwe are due to undergo their first week of quarantine at a dedicated government quarantine center. They can spend the remaining two weeks in hotels.

This decision was made against the background of the detection of a new strain of the omicron coronavirus. Two cases have already been recorded in Hong Kong. One was imported, the other occurred in a quarantine hotel at the airport: a passenger from South Africa infected a traveler from Canada. It is noted that both patients were vaccinated.

Earlier, the authorities of Germany, Austria and the Netherlands reported about the probable detection of cases of a new variant of & nbsp; COVID-19.

Recall that Russia will restrict entry of foreigners living in Hong Kong and nine countries of southern Africa. & nbsp; Read details & nbsp; in the material of AiF.ru.

Источник aif.ru

Spotted flight. Chelyabinsk veterinarian took the rescued lion cub to Africa

Lion Simba and leopard Eva, rescued by a Chelyabinsk veterinarian, despite coronavirus restrictions and a great distance, finally ended up in their historical homeland, Zanzibar. & nbsp;

Simba due to received in childhood traumas did not feel well in the Urals: because of the cold climate in winter, the animal's knees hurt. Eve, too, did not benefit from the frost.

The trip was supposed to take place exactly a year ago, but the pandemic disrupted all plans of not only people, but also animals.

Returned from the afterlife.

The story of the rescue of the lion cub Simba began last spring, just with the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. & Nbsp; A resident of a small Dagestan village turned to Karen Dallakyan, a well-known Chelyabinsk animal rights activist and veterinarian. He said that a little lion cub, a victim of the “ black photographers '', lies in a grave condition in the barn. After working out the season, they abandoned the little predator unnecessarily.

It seemed incredible, but Dallakyan and his assistant, head of a travel agency and zoological volunteer Yulia Agaeva , were able to take a barely living predator from Dagestan to Chelyabinsk, to the Wildlife Shelter “ Save Me ''. Passenger flights all over the world were suspended, but in order to save the wild kitten, they managed to get a permit for air transportation.

In Chelyabinsk, Karen Dallakyan operated on Simba. The lion cub conquered all Russians who knew its history. Words of support to the little predator and gratitude to the veterinarian flew from different cities and countries. Simba did not disappoint. He recovered, got stronger and turned into a 120-kilogram handsome man.

The communication between Karen and Simba is really amazing. All of us, guests of the “ Save Me '' shelter, have seen a hundred times how the veterinarian easily enters the cage to the animal, feeds it from the hands, strokes it on the head. Surprisingly, Simba also submitted to his “ mother '': Yulia Agaeva. A fragile blonde feeds the king of animals with raw meat from her hands, scratches his belly, and the lion with great pleasure substitutes his mane for stroking.

Simba likes to hide from the African heat in the shade. Photo: From the personal archive

Eva

'Simba will not survive in the wild, he is completely dependent on humans, & mdash; says Karen. & mdash; But Eve, on the contrary, completely retained all her animal qualities. Leopard can easily live in the wild. ''

Eve's story also began tragically. The mother abandoned the newborn leopard kitten, it happens in wild animals. Dallakyan again had to save the tiny milk predator. The blue-eyed predator was 20 centimeters in length, snoozing peacefully on her hands, clinging to a warm palm. Dallakyan fed Eve with warm goat milk from a bottle with a nipple. The predator grew rapidly. Eve has not lost the strength, aggression, agility and anger inherent in leopards.

This was Eve when she came to the shelter “ Save Me '' Photo: AiF

To Africa

The fact that Simba and Eva should not live in a shelter in the South Urals, Dallakyan says from the first days of their appearance. It is only called South, but the climate here is by no means African. In winter, predators, despite the heated rooms, are uncomfortable. They are genetically accustomed to a completely different climate.

“ Can you imagine how his bones ache? & mdash; Chelyabinsk animal rights activist Karen Dallakyan about his 'son' & mdash; Leo Simba & mdash; worries as a person. & mdash; How we all suffer in the cold & mdash; and he has calluses from past injuries to his paws. In the Ural climate, he suffers greatly in frost. It is vital to get him to Africa. ''

In October 2020, arrangements for the 'repatriation' Simba and Eve were conducted at the highest level. The Tanzanian government, the rehabilitation center and the state wildlife control authorities have been developing a joint action plan. Despite the incredible efforts of Agayeva and Dallakyan, it was not possible to take out the animals then. Simba and Eva spent the winter in Chelyabinsk.

In October 2021, the Chelyabinsk airport finally launched this flight. On a private jet flew truly unique passengers: the leopard Eva and the lion Simba. When the dispatcher announced boarding, listing the representatives of the fauna, it seemed far from reality: Simba, Eva and Karen Dallakyan were invited on board. They were accompanied by the whole country with anxiety in their hearts: will everything work out, will wild cats bear such a long flight?

Eva has grown into a wild beauty. Photo: From the personal archive of Karen Dallakyan

Revolution and refueling

“ Evochka and Simbochka are not flying in the luggage compartment, but with us, in the cabin of the plane, & mdash; the veterinarian reassured everyone. & mdash; We named our flight to Tanzania & bdquo; spotted & ldquo; by analogy with the famous from the movie & bdquo; striped & ldquo; & raquo ;.

The flight went smoothly for the animals. And Dallakyan and Agayeva, as well as several other passengers, managed to get very nervous. The fact is that the plane was put on a scheduled refueling in Saudi Arabia. But pilots, according to the rules, can work a certain number of flight hours. And the special board was not allowed out of the country until the pilots had a rest. Due to the epidemic, passengers, again, could only be in the cabin, they were not allowed to enter the state.

But local airport employees now and then approached the cages with wild animals that were on the plane and took pictures. For Arabs, the lion & mdash; almost a sacred animal. They were shocked to see the king of beasts being transported in a regular Boeing.

Due to the revolution that took place in Sudan, the airspace was closed. But everything was resolved: the ship flew through Kenya, which gave permission to cross its air borders.

Simba and Eva arrived safely in Africa. They settled in the Kilimanjaro animal crew wildlife & amp; educational center in the city of Moshi, among hectares of wilderness, but under the strict supervision of Tanzanian specialists. Dallakian is happy that he was able to arrange a happy animal future for his beloved Simba at the foot of Mount Kilimanjaro.

Simba managed to return home. Photo: From personal archive/Karen Dallakyan

Quarantine and a peacock

Of course, while the “ repatriated '' the animals go through the necessary quarantine. Eva and Samba live in special covered enclosures, and so far they go out to the territory only for acquaintance. Despite the fact that this is their homeland, the animals have to master. Agayeva and Dallakyan conduct live broadcasts on social networks, where, at the numerous requests of people from all over the world, they talk about the well-being of wild cats. You can breathe a sigh of relief: the animals endured the flight well, in Africa they really like it. Simba catches every sound, reacting to a monkey shouting in the distance or a turtle crawling nearby. Dallakyan tells amazingly interesting stories. For example, chickens are running around the rehabilitation center, and one of them fell into the clutches of Simba. The domesticated lion, contrary to expectations, released the prey: he was accustomed to the fact that people bring food, and completely lost the skill of hunting. But Eva would not have done that: the leopard grins at possible prey and does not look like a cute kitty at all.

Leopard Eva is slowly settling on the African continent. Photo: From the personal archive of Karen Dallakyan

By the way, the first few days the predators were fed frozen meat brought in a chest from Russia. Dallakyan decided that the adaptation of their stomachs to unusual overseas ducks and turkeys would be easier.

Predators gladly accept water procedures: they are doused with warm water every day from a hose.

According to the requirements put forward by Tanzanian specialists, the territory of Simba is fenced with a special net. It is dangerous to cross it, and so that the lion understands the boundaries, a small electric shock has been carried out. Simba had already been hit on the nose several times. The smartest creature now perfectly understands that it is dangerous to approach the fence.

“ But we got a provocateur: a peacock, & mdash; Dallakyan laughs. & mdash; He walks along the fence. Emits inviting sounds, provoking animals to come out to him. Simba must not be allowed outside certain boundaries and for the safety of local livestock. There is something like a kind of collective farm, the cattle graze all day, but there are no high fences. ''

Karen Dallakyan celebrated his 51st birthday here, at the foot of Kilimanjaro. Local staff at the animal center sang national songs for him. The animal activist will remember this holiday forever.

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Posted by Karen Dallakyan (@karendallakyan)

Letters to Simba

Dallakyan receives words of gratitude from around the world. If adults write on social networks that they are happy for Simba and Eve, then children send drawings. “ My name is Anya, I'm 8 years old, I'm in 3rd grade, & mdash; Karen reads a letter on the air. & mdash; I am very glad that you saved Simba. Come to us to treat animals. I drew you and Simba. ''

The animal rights activist says that he has long been accustomed to being called Aibolit. “ What kind of Aibolit am I if I haven't been to Africa, '' mdash; he laughs. & mdash; And now it’s definitely Aybolit. ” Not so long ago, the trial of its former owner ended, who escaped with a slight fright. Abroad for such a crime would have to while away behind bars for ten years.

Karen told subscribers that he was preparing a video for “ Song of Little Red Riding Hood '' (“ Ah, in Africa rivers are this wide. '') Here you can film almost all animals, except perhaps hippos.

Dallakyan would not be himself if he did not carry his idea of ​​raising goodness in children and in Africa. He has already been invited to a Tanzanian school, where Karen will teach his traditional lesson in kindness: he will teach him to love nature and take care of its inhabitants.

The veterinarian misses the sick wild animals left in the Urals, but does not yet know when he will be able to to return home with an easy soul. This will happen when Simba and Eve are firmly settled on the new continent.

Источник aif.ru

‘Born into Blackness’: A new book centers Africa in the expansive history of slavery

“MuiTypography-root-133 MuiTypography-h1-138″>'Born into Blackness': A new book centers Africa in the expansive history of slavery

Major aspects of the trans-Atlantic slave trade from an African perspective have gotten erased throughout time. Howard French set out to illuminate a more expansive understanding in a new book called, "Born in Blackness: Africa, Africans, and the Making of the Modern World, 1471 to the Second World War."

The WorldNovember 12, 2021 · 3:30 PM EST

São Sebastião Fort and Museum with statues of conquistadors São Tomé. 

Courtesy of Howard French

Historical accounts of slavery often fail to place Africa at the center of it.

Instead, relatively reductive, Western-centric narratives get passed down: Enslaved Africans were ripped from their roots, sold and shipped to the Western Hemisphere. Globalized markets exploded. Western empires triumphed.

Related: Liberia was founded by people enslaved in the US. Advocates say the US should not end an immigration program that helps them.

Major aspects of the trans-Atlantic slave trade from an African perspective have gotten erased throughout time. 

Howard French set out to illuminate a more expansive understanding of slavery in a new book called, "Born in Blackness: Africa, Africans, and the Making of the Modern World, 1471 to the Second World War."

Related: Pirates brought enslaved Africans to Virginia’s shores. Where, exactly, is debatable.

"In some ways, hurricanes serve as an apt metaphor for trans-Atlantic slavery, just as those systems form on the western fringes of Africa before hurling their energy upon the distant shores of the Americas, the mass traffic in Africans violently yoked together the millions of victims gathered on its western shores before scattering them in the distant hemisphere to the West in sometimes random-seeming ways."

Howard French, author of "Born into Blackness"

"In some ways," French writes in the book, "hurricanes serve as an apt metaphor for trans-Atlantic slavery, just as those systems form on the western fringes of Africa before hurling their energy upon the distant shores of the Americas, the mass traffic in Africans violently yoked together the millions of victims gathered on its western shores before scattering them in the distant hemisphere to the West in sometimes random-seeming ways." 

French, a former New York Times correspondent, joined The World's host Marco Werman to discuss his book, with a focus on the island nation of São Tomé in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of West Africa. 

Related: 'Willful amnesia': How Africans forgot — and remembered — their role in the slave trade

French explained that São Tomé is where the plantation model began. It's where African slaves were first "exclusively used by Europeans" for the large-scale production of sugar, he said.

In the first few decades of the16th-century, that model got transported across oceans, from Brazil to the Antilles in the Carribean to the United States. The shift from sugar production to cotton production all used this same economic model that "was essentially perfected in São Tomé," French explained. 

Related: Big chocolate companies use child labor. Can a 1789 US law hold them accountable for violations abroad?

Pelourinho, the site of a slave market in Salvador, Brazil.

Credit:

Courtesy of Howard French

Marco Werman: I'm curious, today, what do the people of São Tomé know about the story of the traffic of enslaved people?Howard French: I was struck, in visiting there, that sites of memory linked to this history are extraordinarily few and poorly elaborated. Only in one specific spot did I really discover not a monument — but a human trace of the story that I'm telling. And it was on the sort of north side of the island where a famous shipwreck takes place early in the 1500s. Slaves being brought from Africa to São Tomé by the Portuguese and the ship crashes on some rocks just off the shore of São Tomé then. And some of the slaves make it to land, somehow. The white people disappear. There's no further record of them, and these slaves set up one of the first so-called maroon or runaway slave societies in the bush of that part of this heavily forested island. And they survived in that way, independent of the Portuguese colonizers, for a very long time and eventually even mount a rebellion in collusion with enslaved Africans on the other part of the island against Portuguese rule.So, despite the interconnectedness of Europe and Africa throughout history, the African side of the story has — unless you go looking for it — been erased, as you say, from the mainstream telling of that history. Why is that?Part of it is because, I think, Europeans are aware of the extraordinary horror that attaches to this enterprise, that 12.5 million people survived the Middle Passage and were delivered into slavery in the New World. And these people produce the wealth that separated, for the first time in history, Europe from other, older civilizations like in India, and in East Asia and China, in particular via the exploitation of bonded labor. Europe's wealth grew out of this exploitation. And the very viability of the American colonies, which became the United States, also grew out of this form of exploitation, and these are hard things to wrestle with. It's a human instinct — everyone would like to explain their own success by virtuous aspects of their personality or of their history. And it's difficult to allow for the proper accounting for things so terrible as this. And so I think there's this persistent denial. I also think that part of this is a kind of deliberate separation in the way this history is told between Africans and Africans in the Americas or what we call today, in the United States. African Americans. Artificial divides are maintained in the in the relating of this history that make it hard to understand how important actually Africa was, how central Africa was to all of this history.The title of your book gets at a central theme of this history the mass othering of people based on the color of their skin. Whether it's the Portuguese royals of the early 1400s, who first used the African to objectify the people on the continent, or the notion that you bring bring up of "savage-to-slave," it's the kind of foundational mindset of the enslavement of humans. How has that framing persisted over time and across oceans? Well, the interesting thing you see when you begin to explore this history in depth is that in the 15th and 16th century, quite remarkably, the Portuguese and some of the early other early Europeans who are making commercial exploration of the world of sub-Saharan Africa actually are not predominantly othering Africans to the extent one would imagine today. Africans had diplomatic political relations with the European kingdoms. They had representatives in the Vatican and they had embassies going back and forth between Africa and Western Europe. All of this stuff has been written out of history.​Africans from Congo sustained an alliance with Holland to fight what really looks like a world war in the South Atlantic against Spain and Portugal. This alliance was proposed by the Congolese side. These are just extraordinary stories that sort of make the othering you've described impossible to sustain, I would argue. The reason we have arrived at this state of othering is, again, I think, related to the horror that attaches to the entire enterprise of slavery. When one sees the process of converting human beings in such large numbers into beasts of burden and deriving one's wealth and economic success, and by this I mean Western Europe, but also the American colonies, which depend almost entirely on their economic relations with the Caribbean, meaning with slave societies, one is confronted with two choices: One, recognize the horror or two, find other explanations to kind of mitigate the implications of this for one's own self-image. Howard, you quote Bob Marley's anthemic "Redemption Song," in your book. Remind us what Marley says and why it spoke to you so obviously for this history.Marley is saying in this particular song and in a number of his songs, something that I find of potentially revelationary importance — which is, don't take the history which is delivered to you in prepackaged, predigested ways for granted. Remember your roots. Try to go to the beginnings of the history, try to understand things in fundamental ways. Don't allow people to convince you, if you are of African ancestry, that you are worthless, which is what so much of our history for so long has tried to do. Marley, with his own creative genius, keeps coming back to this in this in his music. And so this is what his call to avoid becoming a victim of mental slavery is all about. 

This interview has been edited and condensed for clarity. 

Strikes against weak countries: what terrorists in Africa are trying to seize

Terrorists of the Islamic State terrorist movement banned in Russia are taking hostages, villages and even cities in Africa. Why this is happening and what not always strong countries can oppose them – in the RBC video

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Moderna to build manufacturing plant in Africa

Moderna to build manufacturing plant in Africa

By
The World staff

Vials of the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines in Jackson, Miss., Sept. 21, 2021.

Credit:

Rogelio V. Solis/AP/File photo

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Top of The World — our morning news roundup written by editors at The World. Subscribe here.

Moderna Africa
Biotechnology company Moderna announced its plans to build a manufacturing plant in Africa, capable of producing up to 500 million doses of mRNA vaccines per year, including those for COVID-19 and other diseases. The plant, which still has no specific location in the African continent, will take two to four years to build. The Massachusetts-based company has been under pressure from African countries and the World Health Organization to make vaccines on the continent, which has the lowest COVID-19 immunization rate. Pfizer and partner BioNTech also announced a deal in July to start producing shots in Cape Town, South Africa.

Germany-Denmark
Germany and Denmark have repatriated 11 women and 37 children who were living in the Roj prison camp in northeastern Syria, a camp under Kurdish control where suspected ISIS members have been held since the group’s fall in 2019. In a statement, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said the children are not responsible for their situation, but the mothers “will have to answer to criminal justice for their actions.” Three of the eight women were arrested upon arrival at Frankfurt airport under multiple charges, including membership in a foreign terror organization and violations of their duties of care and education for their children. At arrival in Denmark, the three women were also arrested on preliminary charges, including promoting terrorism.

Nobel Prize in Literature
Tanzanian novelist Abdulrazak Gurnah has been awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature for his “uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents,” the Swedish Academy said. Gurnah, who has published 10 novels and other short stories, grew up in the East African archipelago of Zanzibar. He arrived in England as a refugee in the 1960s and recently retired as a professor of postcolonial literature at the University of Kent. Gurnah is the first Black African winner of the coveted Literature prize since Nigerian novelist and playwright Wole Soyinka won in 1986.

From The WorldFirst WHO-backed malaria vaccine is a ‘dream for the community,’ health expert says

In this Tuesday, Dec. 10, 2019, file photo, a woman waits outside the Migowi Health Clinic to be injected with the world’s first vaccine against malaria in a pilot program, in Migowi, Malawi. 

Credit:

Jerome Delay/AP/File 

The head of the World Health Organization announced a “historic” malaria vaccine that’s safe for children. Regina Rabinovich, the director of the Malaria Elimination Initiative at ISGlobal and a visiting scholar at Harvard University, joined The World’s host Marco Werman to discuss the advancement.

Behind in polls, Bolsonaro bolsters his base with far-right rhetoric from the US

Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro stands in front of a US flag during a news conference at Itamaraty Palace in Brasilia, Brazil, Tuesday, Oct. 20, 2020.

Credit:

Eraldo Peres/AP/File photo

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro’s ties with America’s far-right movement deepen as Brazilian conservative groups expand their global connections. He hosted a conference last month backed by American conservatives known as CPAC-Brazil.

Bright Spot

Betting on peace!

As the world waits for this year’s Nobel Peace Prize announcement on Friday, there are people around the world making bets on who could win. They follow clues leaked to the press or big news stories of the year to increase their odds. “Currently, the World Health Organization are the favorites in the betting,” Rachael Kane of Paddy Power, a gambling site in the UK and Ireland, told The World. ( 🎧) “Other favorites include Reporters Without Borders, the jailed Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny and climate activist Greta Thunberg.”

Photo of a Nobel medal displayed during a ceremony in New York, Oct. 7, 2021.

Credit:

 Angela Weiss/Pool Photo via AP/File

In case you missed itListen: ‘Historic’ malaria vaccine proven safe for kids

The World Health Organization announced on Wednesday that a vaccine against malaria has been found to be safe and effective — including for kids, who account for the vast majority of malaria deaths. And for decades, an international network of clergy sexual abuse survivors and their advocates have been pushing for more accountability within the Catholic Church. We hear from accountability experts about how an inquiry in France may reverberate worldwide. Also, 14% of endangered coral reefs were lost between 2008 and 2019. But one oceanic expert says there’s still room for hope in conservation.

Don’t forget to subscribe to The World’s Latest Edition podcast using your favorite podcast player: RadioPublicApple PodcastsStitcherSoundcloudRSS.

Glasgow climate talks: Africa negotiators mobilize for climate finance 

Glasgow climate talks: Africa negotiators mobilize for climate finance 

At this year’s climate conference, the African Group of Negotiators on Climate Change will be pushing for $20 to $30 billion earmarked specifically for African nations. 

By
Ridwan Karim Dini-Osman

Kpinchilla, a small village in northern Ghana, reels under the impact of the climate crisis. 

Credit:

Ridwan Karim Dini-Osman/The World 

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Editor’s note: This story was produced in partnership with the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting.

Farmer Issah Paate sits on the ground in front of his thatched-roof house in Kpinchilla, a small village at the heart of the Savannah region in northern Ghana. The village is home to more than 2,000 people — mostly farmers — and Paate has been farming there for 30 years. This year, he said his harvest was less than half the usual amount.

“The weather is constantly changing. We can no longer predict the rains. We don’t even know when to plant our seedlings. Last year, two of my children had to drop out of school because I couldn’t get enough money from the harvest.”

Issah Paate, farmer, Kpinchilla, northern Ghana

“The weather is constantly changing. We can no longer predict the rains. We don’t even know when to plant our seedlings. Last year, two of my children had to drop out of school because I couldn’t get enough money from the harvest,” Paate said.

Climate change is altering rain patterns around the world, making drought and unusually heavy rains more frequent.

African climate negotiators at the COP26 United Nations climate talks this November, in Glasgow, are hoping to strike a deal that would increase climate finance to help Africans adapt and prepare for worsening climate change. It would also allow them to contribute toward the global goal to limit a temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Related: Luxembourg takes the lead on climate finance 

Farmer Issah Paate and his family pose for a photo in front of their home in Kpinchilla, a small village in northern Ghana.

Credit:

Ridwan Karim Dini-Osman/The World 

Across Africa, increasing temperatures, rising sea levels, unpredictable rainfall and flooding are adversely affecting millions of people, according to the World Meteorological Organization. 

While Africa contributes negligibly to the changing climate, with just about 2% to 3% of global emissions, it stands out disproportionately as the most vulnerable continent in the world.

Paate has considered quitting farming despite having no alternative way to support his wife and eight children.

“For the most part of 2020, my family went hungry because the rains kept delaying. Currently, even where to find water for irrigation is another headache. All the dams have dried up because of the hot weather. My livestock are dying because [the] pasture is almost non-existent,” he said.

Vulnerable communities like the one in Kpinchilla need to adapt and prepare for worsening climate change, experts warn.

Related: NATO agrees to study how climate change impacts security threats

Farmers in Kpinchilla dehusk corn from low harvest. Farming is the mainstay in Kpinchilla, a small village in northern Ghana. 

Credit:

Ridwan Karim Dini-Osman/The World 

But the Ghanaian government says it doesn’t have the money to pay for new irrigation projects or drought-resistant seeds, especially with rising debt due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

UN Secretary-General António Guterres has called on the international community to help. But the developed world is already falling short on promises to mobilize $100 billion a year to help developing nations adapt to, and limit, climate change.

At this year’s climate conference, the African negotiating team will be pushing for $20 to $30 billion earmarked specifically for African nations. 

Seyni Nafo, the spokesperson for the African Group of Negotiators on Climate Change (AGN), believes that developed countries could easily help meet that demand. 

“Money is not a problem. That’s just factual. What is at stake here is the political will to deal with the problem. And that’s why, as an African group, we have become extremely shrewd in building coalitions with the rest of our developing countries’ groups to really advocate for our demands.”

Seyni Nafo, spokesperson, African Group of Negotiators on Climate Change

Seyni Nafo is the spokesperson for the African Group of Negotiators at the COP26 climate talks. 

Credit:

Courtesy of the African Group of Negotiators

“Money is not a problem. That’s just factual. What is at stake here is the political will to deal with the problem. And that’s why, as an African group, we have become extremely shrewd in building coalitions with the rest of our developing countries’ groups to really advocate for our demands.”

Related: Biden’s climate summit tests US, global commitment

Nafo said some of the money they’re asking for would be used to bring relief to farmers bearing the brunt of climate change.

“Net shading, drip irrigation, digital climate advisory services, all of that is a whole universe of solutions which needs to be brought to our farmers to deal with climate change. And mobilizing climate finance, this is what we have realized as a group — it is a full-time job.”

African governments already spend between 2% and 9% of their gross domestic product on adaptation programs. By 2050, the UN estimates annual adaptation costs in developing countries could increase seven-fold.

The Pan-African Climate Justice Alliance argues it is time leaders acted with the same urgency in addressing climate change as they did in dealing with the pandemic.

“If industrialized countries were able to, within a record time, mobilize trillions and trillions of dollars to address this COVID-19 crisis, it means that there is a lot of money in this world. It is only that there is no political will by those who have caused the climate problem.”

Mithika Mwenda, executive director, Pan-African Climate Justice Alliance

“If industrialized countries were able to, within a record time, mobilize trillions and trillions of dollars to address this COVID-19 crisis, it means that there is a lot of money in this world. It is only that there is no political will by those who have caused the climate problem,” said Mithika Mwenda, executive director of the alliance. 

Experts are concerned that richer countries may use the pandemic as an excuse for not meeting or increasing funding for developing nations. 

Theo Acheampong, an energy economist at Aberdeen University, said African negotiators should point out that COVID-19 has hit their economies even harder. 

“African nations need to spin the narrative actually around COVID and say that the pandemic has actually made things quite difficult for a number of our economies. Most of the funding that pre-COVID would have come in, had been curtailed, and this has had a dire impact on many livelihoods, including financing for climate adaptation programs.” 

Theo Acheampong, energy economist, Abderdeen University

“African nations need to spin the narrative actually around COVID and say that the pandemic has actually made things quite difficult for a number of our economies. Most of the funding that pre-COVID would have come in, had been curtailed, and this has had a dire impact on many livelihoods, including financing for climate adaptation programs,” he said. 

Related: Christiana Figueres: ‘The mother of all injustices is climate change’

Young people will be most impacted by climate change and African youth delegations will be attending the conference to push for more inclusion in the UN process.

Cordie Aziz, from Ghana, will be among them.

“It is very important that the African youth participate and really understand what’s happening, so we can better address issues that are happening in our own communities. I think this is going to be a very important conference for African youth to really pay attention to and take part in.”

Cordie Aziz, member of the African youth delegation, COP26

“It is very important that the African youth participate and really understand what’s happening, so we can better address issues that are happening in our own communities. I think this is going to be a very important conference for African youth to really pay attention to and take part in,” Aziz said. 

Several women from the village of Kpinchilla return from the farm. 

Credit:

Ridwan Karim Dini-Osman/The World 

Back in northern Ghana, farmers like Paate look forward to the days when the government helps pay for irrigation technologies, flood-defense structures and drought-resistant agriculture.

He believes these could help turn things around for his farming.

“We seriously need this infrastructure here, especially for our vegetable farms. They will make life better.”

Until then, Paate has planted again and is hoping for more predictable rains and a better harvest this season.

COVID-19 vaccines produced in Africa move forward

COVID-19 vaccines produced in Africa move forward

Until now, Africa has faced an uphill battle importing COVID-19 shots. 

By
Elana Gordon

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A patient receives a Johnson & Johnson vaccine against COVID-19 in Hammanskraal, South Africa, July 6, 2021. 

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Alet Pretorius/AP

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A manufacturing facility in South Africa has started shipping its first doses of COVID-19 vaccines on the continent this week.

It’s a tall order to fill. 

Until now, Africa has faced an uphill battle importing COVID-19 shots. 

Stravos Nicolaou, a senior executive at Aspen Pharmacare, the South African company that produced the Johson & Johnson vaccine, described the shipments as a landmark moment for the company and the continent.

Related: How Niger is fending off coronavirus 

“It is a first for us,” he said, speaking on Newzroom Afrika TV this week. “It gives us a better sense of security and supply, and that’s what Africa has been really grappling with.”

The numbers are stark. Globally, more than 4 billion COVID-19 vaccines have been administered. Yet, less than 2% of those are in Africa. A mere 1.5% of the continent has been fully vaccinated, according to the World Health Organization’s director-general this week.

How did it get to this point?

At the start of this year, the hope for Africa — and low- and middle-income countries, especially — was in COVAX, the main global initiative to distribute vaccines equitably around the globe. In late February, the first shipment of vaccines — made in Indiaarrived at the international airport in Ghana’s capital.

Within a few days, Phenix Azian, a nurse in the Ivory Coast, was one of the first in Africa to receive a vaccine.

“Public health begins with us,” he told the cameras, speaking in French.

That effort has fallen woefully behind. Donations are slow to come in.

Related: Russia tests vaccine science by combining Sputnik and Astrazeneca in new trial

Even if it lived up to its promise, COVAX was only meant to guarantee enough vaccines to cover 20% of the population.

Strive Masiyiwa, the Africa Union’s special envoy on COVID-19, said at a recent press conference that he could see the problems with vaccine nationalism developing early on.

“The countries that have production, whether it was India, the United States, Europe, Japan, they all restricted shipments,” Masiyiwa said. 

With countries that are home to vaccine manufacturers prioritizing the shots for themselves, he and other leaders got to work on trying to improve access and build up manufacturing capacity in Africa.

“We had all the finance ministers, all the health ministers, and we said we will buy the vaccines and we will buy them with our own money.” 

Strive Masiyiwa, Africa Union’s special envoy on COVID-19

“We had all the finance ministers, all the health ministers, and we said we will buy the vaccines and we will buy them with our own money,” he said.

Across the continent, only a handful of manufacturers have experience making vaccines. One of them is Aspen Pharmacare on the eastern cape of South Africa. By the mid-2000s, Aspen had become the largest supplier of antiretroviral drugs for HIV in Africa.

Last year, Aspen reached a deal with Johnson & Johnson to help manufacture its COVID-19 vaccine. The US recently invested $200 million to ramp up the facility. In an agreement worth $2 billion, the African Union has preordered 400 million doses, enough to cover 30% of the population of Africa.

Related: Cuba’s promise of a homegrown COVID-19 vaccine  

With the first shipments finally heading out of the plant this week, and by the end of August, Aspen is expected to complete shipments to 45 countries, according to Masiyiwa.

African Vaccine Acquisition Trust, which formed last November to collectively procure vaccines, is working with UNICEF to coordinate the shipments.

To the north in Uganda, Peter Waiswa — a professor of public health at Makerere University and a member of Uganda’s vaccine advisory group — welcomed the news. He has lost family members to COVID-19, and said many in the country are waiting to be fully vaccinated amid a severe outbreak.

“My mom is waiting for a second dose, my wife is waiting for a second dose, but we don’t have any information of where to go,” Waiswa said. “And myself, I should be knowing this. But the point is we don’t have vaccines.”

Waiswa described Johnson & Johnson’s single-dose shot as a game changer in the country’s more rural areas. It’s also easier to transport and store because it doesn’t require being kept extremely cold.

The development doesn’t make Africa completely self-sufficient, though — far from it, cautions Dr. Angelique Coetzee, national chair of the South Africa Medical Association.

That’s because Aspen doesn’t make these shots from scratch. It has to import the vaccine materials. Then it does something called “fill and finish.”

It was only a couple of months ago that contamination at a Johnson & Johnson plant in Maryland caused delays.

“If we had done this right from the beginning, the whole process — being manufactured in South Africa — hopefully, this would not have happened.”

Dr. Angelique Coetzee, national chair of the South Africa Medical Association

“Unfortunately, some of these batches went to South Africa, and South Africa had to destroy them,” Coetzee said. “If we had done this right from the beginning, the whole process — being manufactured in South Africa — hopefully, this would not have happened.”

Related: Will Ghebreyesus’ pandemic report card earn him a second WHO term?

She said that having the ability to make vaccines from start to finish would give South Africa and the rest of the continent more control over manufacturing and distribution.

A recently launched hub in South Africa aims to do just that, facilitating such technology transfers for messenger RNA vaccines. These shots are made with the new technology that Moderna and Pfizer use for their shots.

Still, that requires vaccine developers to agree to a full transfer of the technology, which hasn’t happened yet.

As it stands, the Africa Union expects that it will take about a year for Aspen to fill their order for the continent — if they get enough supplies. 

Jidenna – Worth the Weight Lyrics

Play this song

[Intro]
People, confusion going on
Why don’t we just learn how to live with one another?
It’s not really impossible, why do we have to make it so hard?
With so much pollution and erasion, why? Why?
If we can learn how to live with one another, then we can learn who is going to take the weight?
Wait, I think that you’ll find it
Wait, wait, I think that you’ll find it
Wait, wait, I think that you’ll find it

[Verse 1]
Yeah, yeah
I go for the record, I don’t just go for the medals, bro
Niggas used to know that we stronger than the devil, bro
Since I buried Papa in the village with the shovel, bro
Every move is bold, ain’t no time for bein’ subtle, bro
In the face of evil, I can find the needle, haystack
Could have freed my people if this weed was legal way back
Popo spun the wheel on misfortune, but I ain’t play that
They come round and pat-pat-pat us down but I ain’t say jack
I escaped the trap, I escaped the cubicles, bro
I escaped the drive by’s, drop the funerals, bro
And I beat the case, and I beat the chase, woah woah
Can I keep the pace? Can I keep the pace ? I’on know
I escaped them tryna bleach a nigga’s brain
Coulda went to Wall Street, instead I built up my own lane
Rather have a street in my own name
Or money with my face on it like I’m Prince Arcane

[Refrain]
You not gon’ see me frowning in these days and times, you see, the days of the Oyinbo man are numbered like football Jerseys
We all know that all of our suffering and smiling has been worth the wait!

[Verse 2]
My nigga, who knew?
Who knew that that boy from Enugu with the booboo on his knee (Knee)
Back then was actin’ like a poodle on a leash (Leash)
One day he’d have to learn the juju on the streets (Streets)
Starin’ at death, like, is your shooters gonna squeeze? (Squeeze)
Freeze, please
As a little boy slanging chains back in Chinatown
Thinkin’ to myself, I’ma build a block at [?] town wit’ my, wit’ my, wealth
And I pray that I’m the brightest sound that you ever felt
I’ma take a million flights around, ’til that shit is felt
That’s that lead the way, ayy
That’s no piece of cake, ayy
That’s that troll online that live inside the tree all day, ayy
That’s that he so gay, ayy
That’s that she so fake, ayy
That’s that insecure, ayy
That’s that Issa Rae, ayy
Hey
You do you, me do me
So long as you don’t fuss wit’ we (We, baby)

[Outro]
I believe it’s time for an African peoples powered highway. A highway that will connect the Diaspora and Motherland. A global highway for African people all over the world to rediscover themselves. To remember that the only thing that unites black people, globally, the only thing we all have in common is that we are from Africa

Poppy – Fashion After All Lyrics

[Verse 1]
I’m working every angle
My lipstick is a staple
My hair and makeup makes you envious and want to die
I’m worthy to some money
I’m saving every penny
I’m in Japan and Africa and I don’t need a guy
My wrists are terrorists
My lips gave you a kiss
My consciousness thinks this is making me feel fabulous

[Pre-Chorus]
Do what I want
Say what I want
Wear what I want
Talk how I want
Walk how I want
Do what I want
Wear what I want

[Chorus]
It’s fashion after all
It’s fashion after all
It’s fashion after all
It’s fashion after all
Fashion after all

[Verse 2]
Give me a second to think
Give me something cold to drink
Give me a reason I should listen to another word
I’m revolutionary
A little bold and scary
I’m making plans to save the world and I don’t need your help
I’m on another level
There’s nothing I can’t handle
I’m watching you watch me the way the devil watches angels

[Pre-Chorus]
Do what I want
Say what I want
Wear what I want
Talk how I want
Walk how I want
Do what I want
Wear what I want

[Chorus]
It’s fashion after all
It’s fashion after all
It’s fashion after all
It’s fashion after all
Fashion after all
(It’s fashion after all
Fashion after all
It’s fashion after all
It’s fashion after all)

Weezer – Africa lyrics

[Verse 1]
I hear the drums echoing tonight
But she hears only whispers of some quiet conversation
She’s coming in, 12:30 flight
The moonlit wings reflect the stars that guide me towards salvation
I stopped an old man along the way
Hoping to find some old forgotten words or ancient melodies
He turned to me as if to say
“Hurry boy, it’s waiting there for you”

[Chorus]
It’s gonna take a lot to drag me away from you
There’s nothing that a hundred men or more could ever do
I bless the rains down in Africa
Gonna take some time to do the things we never have

[Verse 2]
The wild dogs cry out in the night
As they grow restless longing for some solitary company
I know that I must do what’s right
As sure as Kilimanjaro rises like Olympus above the Serengeti
I seek to cure what’s deep inside
Frightened of this thing that I’ve become

[Chorus]
It’s gonna take a lot to drag me away from you
There’s nothing that a hundred men or more could ever do
I bless the rains down in Africa
Gonna take some time to do the things we never have

[Instrumental]

[Bridge]
Hurry boy, she’s waiting there for you

[Chorus]
It’s gonna take a lot to drag me away from you
There’s nothing that a hundred men or more could ever do
I bless the rains down in Africa
I bless the rains down in Africa
I bless the rains down in Africa
I bless the rains down in Africa
I bless the rains down in Africa
Gonna take some time to do the things we never have

Weezer – Africa (Toto cover) lyrics

[Verse 1]
I hear the drums echoing tonight
But she hears only whispers of some quiet conversation
She’s coming in, 12:30 flight
The moonlit wings reflect the stars that guide me towards salvation
I stopped an old man along the way
Hoping to find some old forgotten words or ancient melodies
He turned to me as if to say
“Hurry boy, it’s waiting there for you”

[Chorus]
It’s gonna take a lot to drag me away from you
There’s nothing that a hundred men or more could ever do
I bless the rains down in Africa
Gonna take some time to do the things we never have

[Verse 2]
The wild dogs cry out in the night
As they grow restless longing for some solitary company
I know that I must do what’s right
As sure as Kilimanjaro rises like Olympus above the Serengeti
I seek to cure what’s deep inside
Frightened of this thing that I’ve become

[Chorus]
It’s gonna take a lot to drag me away from you
There’s nothing that a hundred men or more could ever do
I bless the rains down in Africa
Gonna take some time to do the things we never have

[Instrumental]

[Bridge]
Hurry boy, she’s waiting there for you

[Chorus]
It’s gonna take a lot to drag me away from you
There’s nothing that a hundred men or more could ever do
I bless the rains down in Africa
I bless the rains down in Africa
I bless the rains down in Africa
I bless the rains down in Africa
I bless the rains down in Africa
Gonna take some time to do the things we never have

Le Luci Della Centrale Elettrica – Waltz Degli Scafisti lyrics

[Verse 1]
In una città cinese, in Africa,
Una cometa è caduta
In una zona disabitata.
Senti la distanza nel cammino
Tra le tue origini e il tuo destino.
Senti le profezie,
I canti dei muezzin e delle tifoserie.
In una città italiana, in Argentina,
Il vulcano ha coperto di cenere le macchine della zona.
Tu sei l’unica con gli occhi chiari:
Non si sa da dove vieni,
Parli di viaggi interstellari!
Senti: sono mie tutte le cantilene,
Le carte nautiche e le fantasie.

[Chorus]
Gli scafisti si orientano con le stelle.
Le nostre storie sono troppo belle,
Non cercare di capirle
Non cercare di capirle
Non cercare di capirle

[Verse 2]
In una città indiana, in Australia,
Guardo il sole tramontare in una cava mineraria.
Onde alte come una frontiera,
Mucche sacre, energie rinnovabili ogni sera.
Senti le poesie:
è un canto di sirene e di suonerie
In una base americana sulla Luna
Portano pesi leggeri, portano fortuna.
I bambini hanno nomi di divinità
Anche i tuoi occhi chiari si abitueranno all’oscurità.
Senti: sono mie le coperte termiche dorate, le stelle sparpagliate, le tecnologie.

[Chorus]
Gli scafisti si orientano con le stelle.
Le nostre storie sono troppo belle,
Non cercare di capirle
Non cercare di capirle
Non cercare di capirle
Gli scafisti si orientano con le stelle.
Le nostre storie sono troppo belle,
Non cercare di capirle
Non cercare di capirle
Non cercare di capirle

Jaden Smith – Ninety lyrics

[Part I]
[Intro]
Love
The United States and the White House, smile!

[Chorus]
Come here, mama, I know you want me
Food from the soul, I know you’re hungry
Gave you my two cents, ain’t got money, but
I’ll take you somewhere fun and tell you something funny, hey
It’s something funny, baby

[Verse 1]
When I open my eyes, I wish to see you
But your phone doesn’t ring and you’re gone all the time
Well I guess you’re somewhere with your crew
Isn’t the first time, but the worst time, and I’m feeling so blue
You sit in your room and you listen to tunes
And I’m feeling embarrassed, it’s true
You out there in Paris with who?
When I open my eyes (eyes), I wish to see you
But your phone doesn’t ring and you’re gone all the time
Well I guess you’re somewhere with your crew
I’m at the SOHO House
If you wanna come through, there’s a seat just for you
My prettiest secret, I hope that you keep it
I’m blue as a piece of the moon and I know I’ll be seeing you soon

[Bridge]
She said “Jaden, you are my soulmate”
You only say that when you’re lonely
Girl, I’m suprised you even know me, ay
I’m not gon’ fuck, but we can kick it like we homies, ay
‘Cause we just homies, baby

[Verse 2]
(Life is a puzzle)
It isn’t picture perfect
You could miss perfection in it because it is subtle
The storm is coming and it’s raining cats and dogs, stay away from all them puddles
I’m keepin’ it humble and noble
I spit that radiation like I’m Chernobyl
On Indus Valley, man, I’m in the valley, crying myself to sleep on the sofa (When you’re lonely)
I told ya I’m more than the kid with a chauffeur
Who don’t know the life of a soldier, I’m older now
The world’s a lot colder now
The MSFTS are stayin’ up, I’m tryna hold it down
They stay attackin’ us, I’ma just weep on my willow
I look what they sayin’, they playin’ as I go to sleep on my pillow
But then when I open my eyes, I wish to see you
But your phone doesn’t ring and you’re gone all the time
Well I guess you’re somewhere with your crew
This ain’t the first time, but the worst time, and I’m feeling so blue
I’m at the SOHO House
If you wanna come through, got a seat just for you
Girl, and whether you do, I ain’t proud of you so

[Chorus]
Come here, mama, I know you want me
Food from the soul, I know you’re hungry
Gave you my two cents, ain’t got money, but
I’ll take you somewhere fun and tell you something funny, hey
It’s something funny, baby

[Verse 3]
You need to stand for something or else you’ll fall for nothing
Girl, this not my country, we all come from Africa
Now we’re up to something
Girl, you’re hella grumpy
I think you’re just hungry
Cause right now you’re actin’ up
I don’t think you want me
You just want my company
While your man is—
All these girls who laugh at us
Girl, you got me running
From you, I want nothing
Cloudy days aren’t sunny

[Segue]
Girl, you make me wanna dance, dance, dance
Put me in a trance, you never wanna hold hands
But I guess I just missed the chance
Miss one text she gets pi—
(Fuck this, not recording anymore…)

[Part II]
[Bridge]
Sometimes I feel like a stone, sometimes I’m feelin’ like
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a stone, sometimes I’m feelin’ like
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a stone, sometimes I’m feelin’ like
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a slave, sometimes I’m ridin’ a wave
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a star, sometimes I feel like a star
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a star, sometimes I feel like a
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a star, sometimes I feel like a
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a star, sometimes I feel like a
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a star, sometimes I feel like a
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a star, sometimes I feel like a
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a star, sometimes I feel like a
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a star, sometimes I feel like a
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a star, star
(I’m rolling)
Sometimes I feel like a star, yeah

[Chorus]
Saying that we’ll run away
I doubt that we’ll ever go
I hope the sunset will stay
We’ve traveled too far from home
Saying that we’ll run away
I doubt that we’ll ever go
I hope the sunset will stay
We’ve traveled too far from home
Saying that we’ll run away
I really doubt that we’ll go
I hope the sunset will stay
We’ve traveled too far from home
Saying that we’ll run away
I really doubt that we’ll go
I hope the sunset will stay
We’ve traveled too far from home

[Verse]
I don’t wanna die, I don’t wanna live a lie
I don’t wanna know
You could be my bride, you could let me come inside
You could be my home
I don’t wanna die, I don’t wanna fantasize
I don’t wanna go
But baby, you could be the one I’m telling all my secrets when I’m all alone
Baby girl, you know I’m rollin’
Get you without any clothes, I’m focused
Our love is drowning in the ocean, hopeless
I don’t wanna die, I don’t wanna fantasize
I don’t wanna know
But baby you could be the one I’m telling all my secrets when I’m all alone
Baby girl, you know I’m rollin’
Get you without any clothes, I’m focused
Our love is drowning in the ocean, hopeless
Rollin’, rollin’
Rollin’, rollin’
Baby girl, you got me rollin’
Damn out of your control and
I touch your body in the ocean
Then you feel these raw emotions

[Interlude]
Syre
Passion, Pain and Desire just like my big bro’
What you didn’t know it’s this young kid’s been in limbo
Since that gunshot wound on that hidden road
Lost, broken, invisible
But when that light gets low, he’s invincible
So much soul that he redefined inevitable
So it’ll never go
So the sun never set at all instead of setting slow
And as the legend goes Syre lived forever on
And never and forever alone, Syre

[Bridge]
I’m rollin’, I’m rollin’
I’m rollin’, I’m rollin’
Saying that we’ll run away
I doubt that we’ll ever go
I hope the sunset will stay
We traveled too far from home
Baby, we don’t need a hero
I have never been a hero
I have always been a zero
Baby, you should be the hero
Baby, you should be the hero

[Outro]
Legend says Syre still exists in the mist, in the fog
Poets say he ascended to the Gods
Skeptics say he pretended to be gone
But I say that he’s eternally lost

Jungle King – Jungle King Inna Babylon lyrics

Hear me now……… Me a jungle king inna babylon
Hear me now……… I’ve got a story to tell ya

If you think there’s a solution……………. Get up and fight for your salvation
If you face reality now……………………. You’ll know the end of this story

At the beginning long time ago dem a come
We welcomed dem in Africa
Then dem started stealing everything yea
Killing all my brothers and sisters
That was dem civilization
Me say Africans rise up and fight

Me a jungle king ……………………… Say what
Jungle king inna babylon ………….. Say what

Me a jungle king inna babylon
Me don’t care what people say
Dem talking nonsense everyday
When dem see me walking on the street
Dem try to treat me like a freak
Dem wanna see me jump on the trees
Cause I’m black and I come from the jungle
Why so much ignorance in this place
This place dem call first world me say
The world of dem civilization

I man seem not to have a personality
Even when me try to help my fellow man
To be civilized to assert my self
Then dem try to crush and shoot me down
When I reach my aim dem a call success
Dem call me spark of the underworld
Even if me try to tell dem the truth
The only thing dem think is shoot me down

Hear me now……… Me a jungle king inna babylon
Hear me now……… I’ve got a story to tell ya

If you think you could be free……………. Don’t wait in vain fight for your rights
If you face reality now……………………… You’ll be free in our promised land

The first civilization was born in Africa
The human race is born in Africa
In every nation so much confusion
Confuse the people with dem illusions
Everyday the same situation
But ther’s no way for a solution

Hear me now……… Me a jungle king inna babylon
Hear me now……… I’ve got a story to tell ya

Keybone – Nobody Does lyrics

Hey, Dr Jazz, turn me up
Let show these fools how we do it on the west side
For we all know it’s the best side
Ride with me, let’s ride!

Nobody Does It Like We Do
Nobody Does
Nobody Does It Like We Do
Nobody Does

I told you bro, they will want to know how we roll
How hard we go, yet just going pro, just so you will know
They are all snakes and fakes, They ain’t got nothing to offer
Got them running for the cover, I ain’t Yemi’s lover
Neither am I trying to be that father figure
I will rather see God than to see the wack live
Take a vac, leave! If that’s you, I have got a clue
Some things will never change, but this will and that’s true
Some other Kings were trained, but his skills in Dad’s shoes
It’s all baby steps, I drink what my old lady preps
Think about life and crazy celebs
I’m more about money, cash and banks we can stash those
Move up the ranks, give thanks, abash foes
Nobody knows how your trash goes
But now they know how the best does, don’t come and test us
We are in the kitchen, cooking hits for investors

Nobody Does It Like We Do
Nobody Does
Nobody Does It Like We Do
Nobody Does

Nobody bursts thus, they could hurt their vocal chords
Nothing but local gawds, trust me, it’s all hype
It’s just me, I’m alright, I don’t need no favors
I’m way sharper than razors, other rappers they play are soft
X-Ray us, but they can’t find “Chi-chi”
I’m long gone in an Audi tt, unstoppable, I’m untoppable
I’m topping my game everyday while you are comical
Before you crop into my aim, check where you are coming to
A straight shooter, dreaming like Martin Luther
Ladies screaming like he is Freddy Krueger, Dr Jazz is the producer
Keybone is the maestro, running things like on hydro
Only a psycho will think funny or micro
Wherever I go they want to know my viewpoint
Especially on a new joint, Rather than jumping
Make sure you will be humping, I’m all yours
The floor’s yours, so be bumping

Nobody Does It Like We Do
Nobody Does
Nobody Does It Like We Do
Nobody Does

Someone’s been asking what they see in us
Could it be because we are indigenous, is that why they are digging us?
We keep it icy and spicy, all about the jolly, we have got the lolly
I’m from the west of Nigeria, never hailed from Cali
Now you have heard from the horse’s mouth
Kick all of your sources out
They are rumor mongers and have no place amongst us
I’m way stronger now, even looking younger, how?
They want to know my secret, but they can’t keep it
Setting the bar higher, so they can’t leap it
They call it game, got in it for the fame
I came for the claim, that’s why I’m spitting flames
Hitting lames and switching lanes, till they can’t keep up
They slip up, they ain’t got nothing on rap and hip hop
This is what we do, and surely there’s a sequel
Africa’s magic, west side, no equals

Nobody Does It Like We Do
Nobody Does
Nobody Does It Like We Do
Nobody Does