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Spiegel learned that the CIA informed the Federal Republic of Germany about possible attacks on gas pipelines

Spiegel: CIA warned Germany about the possibility of attacks on gas pipelines Back in the summer, the German government received a warning from the CIA that both Nord Streams could become targets of attacks, writes Spiegel. The damage to gas pipelines became known on Tuesday night, experts consider this a sabotage “(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Germany set a goal to again receive gas from Russia after a military operation

Prime Minister of Saxony: Germany should again receive gas from Russia after the end of the military operation Germany should take all measures to cope with the shortage of fuel and achieve lower prices for it, says Prime Minister of Saxony Kretschmer. Among them, he named supplies from Qatar, as well as the restoration of imports from Russia “(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Germany’s cost to rescue gas giant Uniper was estimated at €29 billion

The authorities are close to an agreement on the financial stabilization of Germany's largest gas importer, Uniper. According to the latest estimates, this operation will cost three times more than expected “(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

The nationalization of the largest German energy company Uniper will cost the German budget at least €8 billion, Reuters reports, citing company information.

Berlin intends to buy out Finnish Fortum's stake in Uniper (78%), after which the state's total share in its capital will be about 90%. The new financial injections will bring the total bailout package used to stabilize the company to at least €29 billion, according to Reuters.

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Uniper announced that it is in talks with the government and Fortum to amend its July bailout program, which has proved inadequate given soaring gas prices. “It is assumed that the federal government will receive a significant controlling stake in Uniper,” said the company, noting that the final agreement has not yet been worked out.

Previously, Fortum provided an €8bn loan to Uniper, according to Bloomberg.

«We think it is important that Fortum returns the €8bn funding it provided to Uniper, and in general that Finnish taxpayers do not incurred unreasonable expenses because of this, — said Tytti Tuppurainen, Minister for Public Companies of Finland. And I noticed that it is too early to comment on the details of the transaction before it is completed.

Read on RBC Pro Pro Building materials are getting more expensive. How this will affect housing prices and developers Aeroflot shares Articles Pro Mid-career crisis. Three Scenarios When Something Went WrongUniper's problems began after the start of Russia's special operation in Ukraine and the reduction in Russian gas supplies: the company was forced to purchase large volumes of raw materials at higher prices on the spot market. Uniper on July 8 turned to the German government for help. The authorities began to develop an aid scheme. Uniper received a €9bn credit line from state-owned lender KfW and another €2bn to mitigate supply disruptions.

However, on 29 August Uniper requested an additional credit line €4bn to maintain its liquidity.

In July, Handelsblatt, Bloomberg and Reuters reported that German authorities were close to reaching an agreement to bail out Uniper. Then it was reported that Germany intended to invest in Uniper more than €5.1 billion, and the total amount of investments is unlikely to exceed the amount of €10 billion. No one named the exact amount then, it was still being discussed. In exchange, the German authorities planned to receive a blocking stake of up to 30% of Uniper, Bloomberg and Handelsblatt sources said. Reuters' interlocutors specified that a share of 15–30% was being discussed.

Uniper— one of the largest power generation companies in the world, it is the third largest zero-carbon electricity producer and the second largest nuclear electricity producer.

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Zelensky linked Germany’s refusal to supply weapons to the “Nazi past”

Zelensky: Germany has psychological barriers in the supply of weapons due to the Nazi past President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said that the supply of weapons would have been reduced if Kyiv had not launched a counteroffensive

Vladimir Zelensky

Germany has “certain psychological barriers” on the issue of the supply of military equipment due to its Nazi past, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said in an interview with Reuters.

Such supplies are vital for Ukraine, he said.

“We would like more help from Turkey, we would like more help from South Korea. More help from the Arab world. From Asia»,— Zelensky added.

He also expressed the opinion that the supply of weapons to Ukraine would have been reduced if Kyiv had not launched a counteroffensive. “I think this is a very important step that has influenced or will influence the decisions of some other countries,” — said the Ukrainian president.

The beginning of the Ukrainian counteroffensive at the end of August was reported by Reuters with reference to the country's Southern Military Command. The Russian Ministry of Defense confirmed the offensive attempts by the Armed Forces of Ukraine, but called them “unsuccessful”.

In Ukraine, Germany has repeatedly been criticized for the slow and insufficient provision of military assistance. In May, the Welt newspaper wrote that Germany had reduced arms supplies to a minimum. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz claimed that this information is not true. The Armed Forces of Ukraine, according to him, received such weapons from Berlin that are not yet in service with the Bundeswehr (German armed forces).

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In early September, Welt, citing sources in the Ukrainian government, wrote that Scholz had not agreed to send the latest German Leopard 2 tanks to Kyiv.

Berlin is postponing the delivery of tanks as it fears Ukraine could become “overconfident” and invade Russia and “German tanks will be back on Russian soil,” Spiegel wrote in June, citing sources close to the German government.

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Moscow stated that the supply of Western weapons will not prevent it from achieving the goals of the special operation. President Vladimir Putin, speaking about American weapons that arrived in Ukraine, said that domestic forces “click [them] like nuts.”

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The ambassador accused Germany of crossing the red line due to the supply of weapons to Kyiv

Russian Ambassador Nechaev accused Germany of crossing the red line due to the supply of weapons to Kyiv Berlin, pumping Ukraine with weapons “at the request of the Anglo-Saxon NATO allies”, chose “the path to nowhere”, which only prolongs the conflict, Sergey Nechaev is convinced

The ambassador accused the FRG of crossing the red line because of arms supplies to Kyiv

Germany crossed a red line when it began supplying its lethal weapons to Ukraine. About this in an interview with Izvestia said Russian Ambassador to Germany Sergei Nechaev.

“The very fact of supplying the Ukrainian regime with German-made lethal weapons, used not only against Russian military personnel, but also against the civilian population of Donbass,— this is a red line that the German authorities should not have crossed, — considers the diplomat.

He recalled the moral and historical responsibility of Germany for the crimes of the Nazis during the Great Patriotic War.

Berlin, pumping Kyiv with weapons “at the request of the Anglo-Saxon NATO allies,” chose “the road to nowhere, only prolonging the conflict and increasing casualties,” Nechaev is convinced. “In Germany, many are aware of this,” & mdash; he added.

At first, Germany did not want to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine. Later, however, Chancellor Olaf Scholz said that Berlin had to change its mind because of Russia's actions. According to him, the Ukrainian military received such weapons from Germany that are not yet in service with the Bundeswehr. Berlin gave Kyiv “everything that was”: anti-aircraft and anti-tank systems, “tons of ammunition”, MLRS, self-propelled howitzers, counter-battery radars, the chancellor said.

The German side has repeatedly said that it has almost exhausted the stocks of the Bundeswehr. In particular, this was acknowledged by German Foreign Minister Annalena Berbock. At the same time, Berlin intends to continue to provide military assistance to Kyiv through the supply of weapons, Burbock assured.

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Die Welt learned about the refusal of Germany to send German tanks to Ukraine

Requests from Ukraine to transfer modern German-made Leopard 2A7 tanks to it were left unanswered by the German authorities. =”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Leopard 2 tank

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz has not agreed to supply Ukraine with the latest Leopard 2 tanks, Die Welt writes, citing sources in the Ukrainian government. Prime Minister of Ukraine Denys Shmygal asked for additional support during his visit to Berlin.

The machine-building concern Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH (KMW) took the initiative to make the delivery. The manufacturer offered to supply Ukraine with 100 Leopard 2A7 tanks, including spare parts and training modules for a total of €1.55 billion. However, it was only about deliveries as they were manufactured, and therefore the first vehicles had to be ready for transfer only after 36 months after the signing of the contract, and it was planned to transfer the entire batch within 65 months. The chancellor did not commit himself to deliveries, and Die Welt characterizes Scholz's conversation with Shmyhal about supporting Ukraine as vague and vague.

Now, in addition to the direct transfer of military equipment and equipment, Germany is supporting Kyiv with the help of exchange schemes for Soviet equipment supplied to Ukraine from Eastern European countries for modern German equipment for these states. According to this scheme, Soviet T-72 tanks go to Ukraine from Poland. Warsaw has already transferred more than 200 such vehicles to Kyiv in exchange for guarantees from the FRG to supply new military equipment. However, as Spiegel wrote, the exchange negotiations dragged on: the parties did not agree on the number of new tanks supplied to Poland. “Most of our tank arsenal in the Polish armed forces consists of German Leopard tanks. Therefore, if Germany supported us, if we received a replacement in the form of a circular exchange, we would be very happy, — said Polish President Andrzej Duda and complained that “they [the Germans] did not fulfill this promise.”

In late April, the lower house of the German parliament supported a document calling on the government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine. Scholz replied that Germany would not supply Western-made battle tanks to Kyiv until the United States and other allies did so.

In the summer, the FRG began deliveries of heavy weapons to Ukraine, for example, the PzH 2000 self-propelled guns and Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns, but modern Western-made tanks have not yet entered service with Ukraine.

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Germany filled gas storage facilities by 85%

Germany filled gas storage facilities by 85%, despite the shutdown of Nord Stream Thus, in early September, Berlin reached the goal of reaching 85% of gas storage capacity by October. Previously, the German Minister of Economics assumed that the goal could be achieved ahead of schedule max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Germany reached its October target of 85% filling of gas storage facilities, despite the shutdown of Russia's Nord Stream 1 gas pipeline. This is evidenced by the data of the association of European gas infrastructure operators GIE for September 3.

According to the GIE, the filling level of German gas storage facilities was 85.02%.

At the end of August, German Economics Minister Robert Habeck said Germany's gas storage facilities were filling up faster than planned and added that the government's goal of reaching 85% storage capacity by October could be reached by early September.

Der Spiegel referring to data from the energy industry association, BDEW wrote that in August only 9.5% of the gas came from Russia.

The German government has set a target gas storage capacity level of 75% by September. However, already on August 28, the figure was at the level of 82.2%.

“Companies will be able to take gas from storage facilities as planned during the winter to also supply industry and households,” Khabek pointed out.

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“Letter of identified malfunctions of the Trent 60 unit (No. 24) and the need to eliminate them was sent to the President and CEO of Siemens Energy AG, Christian Bruch,” noted in the company.

According to the report, during the maintenance of the turbine, an oil leak was detected. Rostekhnadzor warned that the faults found “do not allow for safe, trouble-free operation of the gas turbine engine.” and the work must be suspended.

According to the schedule, the gas pipeline was supposed to return to gas pumping on September 3.

Decrease in gas pumping through Nord Stream began in mid-June: first, the pumping fell from 167 million to 100 million cubic meters. m of gas per day, then— up to 35 million cubic meters m.

«Gazprom» attributed this to problems with gas turbines maintained by Siemens. Due to sanctions against Russia, difficulties arose with the return of the gas turbine unit from Canada, where it was sent for repairs. Ottawa agreed to hand over the turbine to Berlin to return it to Moscow. Now the unit is located in Germany, “Gazprom” insists that in order to return the turbine, he needs official explanations from the EU and Britain about the absence of sanctions risks.

Siemens believes that the Russian side has reduced pumping through Nord Stream; for political reasons. Moscow rejects this.

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Germany’s opposition leader warns of blackouts in the country this winter

According to CDU leader Friedrich Merz, if the government continues to abandon nuclear energy “for ideological reasons”, then Germany will face massive power outages in the winter media/img/0/90/756622826610900.jpg 673w” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min- resolution: 192dpi)” >

Germany may face massive power outages this winter. This was stated in an interview with Bild by the leader of the party “Christian Democratic Union of Germany” (CDU) Friedrich Merz.

“If the government continues like this, sticking to ideological abandonment of nuclear power, we face a blackout early next year,” he said and called for the purchase of new fuel elements to continue the operation of nuclear power plants in Germany.

The German authorities began shutting down nuclear power plants in 2011 after the Fukushima accident. This year, due to the reduction in Russian gas supplies, some German politicians proposed extending the operation of three nuclear power plants until 2024. However, according to German Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection Robert Habeck, even if the nuclear power plants are extended, gas consumption in the country will decrease by only 2%.

Against the backdrop of climate change and anti-Russian sanctions, EU countries, including Germany, faced record inflation and energy shortages. Some countries have introduced a special regime in the energy sector to save fuel in cold weather. In Germany, in particular, this autumn and winter, all public buildings will be heated to 19 degrees instead of 22.

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz attributed the current crisis to a reduction in gas supplies from Moscow. According to the GIE, the occupancy rate of German gas storage facilities as of September 4 is 85.02%.

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Siemens believes that the Russian side has reduced the flow through Nord Stream; for political reasons. Moscow rejects this.

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Poland demanded more than a trillion euros in war reparations from Germany

Historical and financial disputes play out between NATO and EU allies

Poland wants to receive reparations from Germany in the amount of 1.3 trillion euros for the damage caused during World War II. As the 83rd anniversary of the start of the largest armed conflict in history, Jarosław Kaczynski announced a huge lawsuit against Berlin after the release of the casualty report. For its part, Germany insists that the case is closed and that compensation has already been paid.

Photo: Global Look Press

Warsaw has re-engaged in its favorite national game, masochistically portraying itself as an innocent victim of neighboring countries and greedily demanding financial compensation (which the Poles are unlikely to ever get). This time, Poland's claims are addressed to their “elder brother” in the EU and NATO – Germany.

The Polish government will demand €1.3 trillion in compensation from Germany for the Nazi invasion and occupation during World War II, a senior politician in the country has said. According to the Daily Mail, the leader of the right-wing nationalist Law and Justice party, Yaroslav Kaczynski, announced a claim against Berlin amid the release of a long-awaited report on the damage to the country during the Nazi occupation.

“We have not only prepared a report, but also decided on the next steps,” said Jarosław Kaczynski during the presentation of the report.

“We will turn to Germany to start negotiations on reparations,” the Nationalist party leader promised, adding that it would be “a long and difficult road” but “one day it will bring success.”

PiS leader insisted that the move would serve “real Polish-German reconciliation” based on “truth”. Kaczynski said the German economy could pay the bill.

The right-wing nationalist government of Poland claims that the country, which became the first victim of World War II, did not receive full compensation from neighboring Germany, which is now one of its main partners in the European Union and a NATO ally.

But Germany claims that compensation was paid to the countries of the Eastern Bloc in the years after the war, while the territories that Poland lost in the east as a result of the redrawing of borders were compensated by some pre-war German states. Berlin calls the case closed.

“Germany never accounted for its crimes against Poland,” Kaczynski said, saying that many Germans who committed war crimes lived in Germany with impunity after the war.

Polish senior leadership, including Kaczynski, who is considered Poland's top politician, and Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki attended the presentation of the report at the Royal Castle in Warsaw, rebuilt from wartime ruins.

The publication of the report was in the spotlight on the anniversary of the outbreak of World War II, which began on September 1, 1939 with the bombing of Nazi Germany and the invasion of Poland, followed by more than five years of occupation.

Head of the report drafting team, deputy Arkadiusz Mularczyk, stated that it is impossible to estimate from a financial point of view the loss of about 5.2 million lives due to the German occupation. He listed the losses for infrastructure, industry, agriculture, culture, deportation to Germany for forced labor and attempts to turn Polish children into Germans.

A team of more than 30 economists, historians and other experts have been working on the report since 2017. The issue has sparked bilateral tensions.

Poland's new estimate of damage from the German invasion and occupation exceeds the $850 billion estimate made by a ruling party MP in 2019. The ruling Law and Justice Party (PiS) has repeatedly called for compensation since coming to power in 2015, but Warsaw has not yet officially demanded compensation.

“The amount that was presented was accepted in the most limited, conservative way, it could have been increased,” PiS party leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski said at a press conference.

The belligerent stance towards Germany, which PiS often uses to mobilize its supporters, has strained relations with Berlin amid criticism from Warsaw of the German state's dependence on Russian gas and its slowness in helping Kyiv, Reuters notes.

World War II was “one of the most terrible tragedies in our history,” Polish President Andrzej Duda said during morning activities on the Westerplatte peninsula near Gdansk, one of the first places to be attacked during the Nazi invasion.

“Not only because it took away our freedom, not only because it took away our state from us, but also because this war meant millions of victims among the citizens of Poland and irreparable losses for our homeland and our people,” Duda said. .

In Germany, Dietmar Nitan, government official for German-Polish cooperation, said in a statement that September 1 “remains a day of guilt and shame for Germany, which reminds us again and again that we must not forget about the crimes committed by Germany”, which is “the darkest chapter in our history” and still affects bilateral relations.

The reconciliation offered by the people in Poland is “the basis on which we can look forward together to a future in a united Europe,” Nitan said.

The Polish government rejects a 1953 declaration made by the then communist leaders of the country, according to which they agreed to make no further claims against Germany.

Donald Tusk, leader of Poland's largest opposition party, the Civic Platform, said that Kaczynski's demands “are not about reparations.” “This is about a domestic political campaign to regain support for the ruling party,” he said.

Law and Justice (PiS) still leads most opinion polls, but its advantage over Civic Platform has declined in recent months amid criticism over how the ruling party is handling rising inflation and the economic downturn.

Opposition MP Grzegorz Schetyna says the report is just a “play in domestic politics” and insists on the need for Poland to build good relations with Berlin.

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Bloomberg learned about the idea of ​​Germany and France to teach Russians media literacy

Bloomberg: Germany and France proposed measures to the EU “to combat propaganda inside Russia” Berlin and Paris invited the European Union to think about “creative ways” that would allow “fighting propaganda inside Russia”, bypassing Internet censorship and obtaining independent information, Bloomberg found out source srcset=”https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/673xH/media/img/6/83/756618271803836.jpg 673w” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min- device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Emmanuel Macron and Olaf Scholz

Germany and France proposed to take measures “to combat propaganda inside Russia” in order to “drive a wedge” between representatives of the Russian authorities and citizens of the country, reports Bloomberg. According to the agency, Berlin and Paris sent the states— Members of the EU, Defending the International Order in an Era of Systemic Competition: EU-Russia Relations prepared by technical experts.

According to the agency, in a non-paper document, Berlin and Paris call on the EU to explore “creative ways” to allow the dissemination of independent information within Russia. The plan includes the use of “technical measures against Russian censorship” on the Internet, as well as providing Russian-language content for Russian-speakers who live abroad.

Another proposal involves funding media literacy courses in Russian that could be distributed by video bloggers on YouTube, in Facebook (Meta, the company that owns the social network, has been declared extremist and banned in Russia), TikTok, Telegram and VKontakte, Bloomberg reports, citing the document.

Germany and France are also urging the EU to maintain channels of communication with the Russian authorities, despite the imposition of sanctions, in order to minimize the risk of unintended escalation and maintain “minimal cooperation” on issues such as the nuclear deal with Iran.

According to Bloomberg, the document was circulated among countries— members of the EU in the run-up to the meeting of foreign ministers in Prague on August 30-31, which will discuss the issue of a ban on issuing visas to Russian tourists.

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In March, shortly after the start of the military operation in Ukraine, Russia passed a law that criminalizes fakes about the actions of Russian troops. Roskomnadzor demanded that the media that cover what is happening rely only on data from official Russian sources. Since the beginning of hostilities, the department has blocked hundreds of Russian and foreign publications in Russia. Social networks were also blocked— Facebook, Instagram (also owned by Meta, which was recognized by the Russian court as extremist and banned in the country) and Twitter.

At the same time, Russian authorities have repeatedly filed claims against YouTube for blocking various channels, including state media, and demanded to restore access to them. At the end of February, YouTube banned the monetization of some Russian publications, and then began blocking the pages of Russian TV channels.

In the spring, The Telegraph reported that the British Government Information Cell (GIC) was buying advertising on Russian social networks, including “Vkontakte”, to combat “Russian disinformation” about the fighting in Ukraine. VK said that the information is not true, and all advertising on the social network platform is moderated and must comply with the law.

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Germany promised to help Ukraine as much as needed

Germany will provide financial and military assistance to Ukraine as much as needed, Foreign Minister Annalena Burbock assured in an interview with Bild am Sonntag.

“We are delivering heavy weapons. And I understand that the Ukrainians want more supplies and faster. But we do not have a large number of functioning, ultra-modern systems, which are primarily needed at the moment,»,— Burbock said, noting that the military industry now produces directly for Kyiv.

Berlin, she said, assumes that new heavy weapons are “from friends”; Ukraine may need next summer. “Ukraine defends our freedom too, our world order, and we will support it materially and militarily as long as it is necessary”, — promised the head of the German Foreign Ministry.

The material is being supplemented

“https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/0/01/756358467784010.jpg” alt=”Germany promised to help Ukraine as much as needed” />

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France and Germany will support the continuation of the issuance of EU visas to Russians

Countries believe that entry permits should be given to people “not affiliated with the state”, including students and scientists

France and Germany intend to advocate continuing to issue EU visas to Russians, they will announce this during an informal meeting of EU foreign ministers in Prague next week, writes Bloomberg, citing document prepared by the countries for the meeting.

In it, Paris and Berlin express their confidence that the EU should continue issuing visas to Russians “not affiliated with the government”, in particular students, artists, scientists and professionals.

“Understanding the concerns of some countries members of the [EU] in this respect, we must not underestimate the transformative power of the experience of living in democratic states, especially in relation to future generations,— says the document.

During the meeting in Prague, it is also planned to discuss a compromise option on visas for Russian citizens, which was previously proposed by the Czech Republic: to suspend the simplified visa regime with Russia and Belarus. This means that citizens of these countries will have to collect more documents for applying for a visa, it will take longer to process them, and the visa fee will increase from €35 to €80.

This option should become an alternative to the complete cessation of the issuance of European visas to Russians, which was previously proposed by the Czech Republic. However, so far there is no unity in the European Union on this issue. Such drastic measures were opposed by several members of the union, including Germany and Austria. Chancellor Olaf Scholz urged to remember the Russians who do not agree with the policy of Moscow and leave the country because of this. In the event of a ban on entry into the European Union, they may be in a vulnerable position, he stressed.

At the same time, Brussels explained that it was impossible to make a decision at the level of the entire association, since the EU Visa Code does not contain the possibility of stopping the issuance of short-stay visas. “There are always categories of citizens for whom visas must be issued, for example in humanitarian cases, for family members, journalists or dissidents,” — clarified the representative of the European Commission Anita Hipper.

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Germany announced a shortage of weapons and the risk of supplies for Kyiv

German Foreign Minister Burbock: stocks of weapons are in short supply, deliveries to Ukraine are “on a thin line” The German army has an “absolute” shortage of weapons, the German industry has allocated special facilities for the production of weapons for Kyiv, Burbock said. She pointed out that it is necessary to ensure the supply of weapons in the autumn period -width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Annalena Burbock

Arms deliveries from Germany to Ukraine go “on a fine line” due to the shortage of weapons in the stocks of the Bundeswehr, however, it is necessary to ensure the transfer of weapons in the near future, said German Foreign Minister Annalena Berbock in an interview with ZDF.

“Unfortunately, the situation in this matter is such that we absolute shortage of own reserves,»,— said the minister.

She acknowledged that from Ukraine's point of view, the supplies should have been sent “yesterday, not today”, but the German authorities have an obligation to think long-term. Under these conditions, the German industry was forced to specifically produce weapons for Ukraine, the head of the Foreign Ministry noted. Burbock is sure that in autumn Ukraine needs to supply additional weapons and be prepared that the armed conflict will not end this year.

In Germany's relations with the Baltic countries, “a lot of porcelain was broken”; (a German idiom meaning significant damage.— RBC), Burbock continued. According to the minister, this situation arose due to the fact that Berlin did not listen to the concerns of states in Eastern Europe regarding the construction of Nord Stream 2.

Germany has long refused to supply lethal weapons to Ukraine, but Berlin has changed policy in connection with Russia's actions, Chancellor Olaf Scholz said. “[Vladimir] Putin leaves us no other choice,” — said the head of the government of Germany. At the same time, Germany could not fulfill all the wishes of the Ukrainian authorities regarding the supply of weapons, Vice Chancellor Robert Habek admitted.

The stocks of the German army were exhausted by mid-April, in connection with which the German authorities turned to arms manufacturers with a request for a level of readiness for the production of weapons specifically for Ukraine. As a result, by August, Germany was sending such rare and unique weapons to Ukraine, which had not even entered the balance of the German army. These weapons required special training for operation, Scholz assured that Berlin was conducting training for the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

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Among the German weapons delivered to Ukraine— three multiple launch rocket systems Mars II— This is the German version of the American MLRS M270 MLRS. Its shipment was approved by the German authorities in June, and by the beginning of August the Ukrainian military received these weapons.

The Russian authorities criticize the supply of weapons by Western countries to Kyiv. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov considered that these actions “prolong the agony” Ukrainian authorities and prolongs the conflict. The minister also saw signs of a “proxy war” in the supplies; NATO against Russia, warning: “in war as in war.”

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Who is to blame for this: inept optimization of medicine or human callousness?

Head of the Investigative Committee of Russia Alexander Bastrykintook control of the case of the death of 73-year-old Natalia Sergeeva, who, with pneumonia that developed against the background of the coronavirus, was taken for 12 hours between hospitals in the Sverdlovsk region, but could not be found specialists. The reform of medicine has been going on for the second decade, but those who are quick to challenge are often still in no hurry. Why?

“The question is not for doctors, but the system"

Natalia Sergeeva's daughter, Tatyana Grigoryeva, who lives in & nbsp; Verkhnyaya Tura, Sverdlovsk Region, in early August, wrote a statement to the  IC RF with a request to investigate the circumstances of the death of her mother and punish those responsible.

  Screamed from  ;pain»

“At the end of February, my mother fell ill with pneumonia. The test showed the presence of a coronavirus infection, — says Tatyana Grigorieva. At the beginning of March, the elderly woman's condition deteriorated sharply, she screamed in pain … The attending physician advised to call an ambulance immediately. At & nbsp; 10 & nbsp; in the morning, relatives called a brigade, another test for & nbsp; coronavirus was negative. After examination, the doctor decided to take the woman to the surgical department of the Krasnouralsk hospital, 15 km from Verkhnyaya Tura.

“In intensive care, surgery, maternity hospital, infectious diseases and children's departments are closed in our only city hospital. Therefore, patients are sent to other cities», — explains Tatyana Grigorieva. The test for covid, taken at the Krasnouralsk hospital, turned out to be positive. The surgeon started calling to  Nizhny Tagil, and it 70 km from Krasnouralsk to be admitted to coronavirus hospital. The only brigade of the Upper Turin ambulance could take the patient there, but at that time she was on a call for an accident. "Hour after hour and the doctors did not», — recalls Tatyana. But  and                             the the hospital where they ended up in, did not admit the patient immediately: there was a large queue in the admission department. The woman ended up in the ward at 23 hours, and the next morning she died.

“I have no complaints about doctors, I have questions about the system of medical care. After “optimization” there were no necessary specialists in local hospital, and routing is completely debugged! Mom ended up in the hospital 12 hours after going to the ambulance. All this time she didn drink, ate, received treatment», — tells through tears Tatyana. The Ministry of Health of the Sverdlovsk Region, in turn, explains that the transportation of patients is regulated by the concept of a three-level system of care. But the fact that this concept turns out to be deadly in in some cases, the calculation is not taken.

A a paramedic's day off

An 80-year-old resident of the Shimanovsky district of the Amur region, who was ill with covid and died due to the late arrival of doctors, did not wait for the ambulance. The local prosecutor's office is also investigating this case.

— During the audit, it was found that the local ambulance did not sort incoming calls according to justification, according to priority in for the benefit of patients from  risk groups, — explained in the prosecutor's office.

Earlier in the same Shymanovsky district, one call for the arrival of doctors had to wait a very long time, and another appeal, the brigade didn not leave at all.

But perhaps the most egregious was the story of a car hitting a five-year-old boy in  Talakan of Bureya region. They could have saved the child, but they didn’t: the hospital is far away, and the only ambulance paramedic in the village had a day off on that day … After that, the Regional Ministry of Health promised to send a team of ambulance specialists from the regional center to Talakan. — “help organize the work.”

“Way below market”

In  in most cases, the ambulance does not have time to arrive on time and save someone's life, not due to the sloppiness or mental callousness of the doctors, but due to, to put it mildly, the non-ideal conditions in which you have to work. Because the old car broke down on the road, because it hurried to a false call, or because the doctors are on foot, because the entrance to the yard is blocked by a barrier…

«Lack of employees, cars, low wages — our main difficulties, — explains the deputy chief physician for the medical unit of the KGBUZ “Khabarovsk SSMP” Andrey Dukhovny. —    not enough of everyone: doctors, paramedics, ambulance drivers. Which is not surprising: their salary is only 30 thousand rubles. rub. per month, much lower than the market. In and          transport         s      s                     We we did receive new vehicles neither this year nor  2021.

In recent years, our work and all other emergency services have been complicated by endless reports of explosive devices. 200 addresses — and every one needs to be checked. And because it is the time when someone urgently needs medical help.

But still we still have the main backbone of the brigades, hold on. The main thing is that we should at least not be hindered by new reforms. But neither financing nor new cars would prevent       And  everything we try to treat with humor. And what else is left? We are like airborne troops: nobody but us!»

2 million rubles for lost legs and fingers

Sometimes justice succeeds reestablish. But such cases — very rare.

In May 2022  The Central District Court of Chita recovered 2.75 million rubles. compensation for non-pecuniary damage in favor of the family Kozlinsky, where the child partially lost limbs due to the fault of doctors.

Now Artyom is learning to live again. He has already learned to walk on prostheses. Photo from the personal archive of Tatyana Kozlinskaya

The tragic story happened in January 2020 g. Artyom, who was then 1 year and 4 months, suddenly became ill. His mother Tatyana, noticing that the skin on the boy's arms and legs had become bluish, called an ambulance. "The doctor said that it looks like SARS, there is no reason to panic" — recalls Tatyana. By evening, Artyom felt worse. The temperature did not fall, the limbs became more and more blue. They called the ambulance again. “The doctor who arrived from the threshold began to shout at me:“ Why are you pulling us over trifles?  we have more complex cases  — continues Tatiana. — I was again assured that everything is normal and that in the morning you just need to call the local pediatrician».

The boy got to the Regional Infectious Diseases Hospital (Meningococcal infection was diagnosed in Artyom) almost a day after the first signs of the disease. Artyom was immediately placed in the intensive care unit, and then introduced into an artificial coma. A few days later, with extensive necrosis of the limbs, Artyom was transferred to the regional children's clinical hospital. And resuscitation again…

Chita doctors contacted the Leonid Roshal clinic in Moscow. The capital's doctors were able to save the boy's two-thirds of the lower leg and the third phalanx on almost all of the fingers.

Immediately after the incident, the Investigative Committee of the Investigative Committee of the Trans-Baikal Territory opened a criminal case under Part 1 of Article 238 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The forensic examination established that Artyom received medical assistance incorrectly. If the boy was immediately hospitalized, then the consequences for his health would be much less. Therefore, the court awarded compensation for non-pecuniary damage to the child and members of his family.

A mixture of communism and capitalism

For residents of most countries in the world, fast professional and free medical care — rather a dream than a reality.

Germany: a doctor — alone

From 10 to 15 minutes — each German commune determines for itself how long it takes a specially equipped car to reach the patient. Crew — two ambulance attendants (paramedics with a 3-year professional education), one of whom is driving. Calls in connection with cases are received by the control room on the unified telephone number 112 for Europe and handed over to the rescue service.

Total in  Germany as of early 2022  there were 22 & nbsp; 300 vehicles for transporting patients and & nbsp; ambulance cars & nbsp; & mdash; doctors drive separately in passenger station wagons behind the ambulance. A doctor joins an ambulance call only in special cases when his/her qualifications are required, and leaves the scene of on the next call, usually not accompanying the patient to the hospital.

According to the law, emergency medical care (when it comes to conditions that threaten life or are fraught with the risk of serious consequences) must be provided regardless of the availability of medical insurance. Payment issues are then resolved with the department of social security. Calling an ambulance costs €300 600 (18,900 37 800 rub.). In  2007                                              introduced obligatory obligatory medical insurance     people without insurance the tens of thousands. They can contact special services that provide basic medical care free of charge.

China: government regulates prices

— Chinese ambulance — an interesting example of mixing capitalism with communism, — explains Scientific Director of the Institute of China and Modern Asia of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Lukin. — Calling an ambulance in China — the service is paid. However, prices are regulated by a government decree. Tariffs depend on the city, type of car and its equipment, but can not exceed 1 thousand. yuan (about 9 & nbsp; thousand rubles). Therefore, on the streets of Chinese cities, an ambulance — a rare phenomenon, it is not accepted to call them to the house. First of all, because you will have to pay for it yourself.

Ambulance service in China is not subordinated to local hospitals. There are offices of this service in all large cities, and in rural areas, one office is responsible for several dozens of settlements. The client himself chooses where he will be taken. Therefore, it is not uncommon for doctors to have to persuade a patient to get to the nearest hospital, because he needs urgent hospitalization.

And even in Chinese ambulances don carry potent drugs: earlier, cars rushing to call were robbed local addicts. But now the level of security in the country has grown and there are few such cases.

USA: no ride home

& mdash; These are Russian realities. In the USA, the ambulance leaves in mainly for accidents on roads, fires, etc. where there are victims, — says Director of the Institute of Health Economics Larisa Popovich. — If a disease occurs and hospitalization is necessary, people should come to the hospital themselves.

The amount of free assistance depends on insurance. After the ambulance brought the person to the hospital and performed the necessary manipulations there, the patient can be billed if there is no insurance or it does not cover emergency care. Medical bills are very high, even though the government spends more on healthcare in the US than our entire budget. For the very poor and the elderly, free medical care is part of the social security system. And we simply underestimate the achievements that are in Russia and which we can use.

In numbers

Health spending per per per year (2018 data, in $)

  • US — 10 586
  • Switzerland — 7317
  • Norway — 6187
  • Germany — 5986
  • Latvia — 1749
  • Russia — 1514 (for 2017 )
  • Turkey — 1277
  • Colombia — 1000

Golden hour rule

How to increase the efficiency of the emergency service so that the teams arrive on time and provide assistance correctly? Analyzed the problemhead of the scientific direction of the National Research Institute of Public Health Semashko, Professor Alexander Lindenbraten.

A dead end for the whole country

— The first problem of the ambulance — arrival time. There is a regulatory framework, within what time you need to get there. For life-threatening situations — not more than 20 minutes. But in the places these deadlines sometimes do not fit.

— A what's stopping you from being on time?

— It is impossible to analyze the bottlenecks of the emergency service without analyzing the entire healthcare system. Usually when we try to do our best, the ministry issues an order — how to. And & nbsp; the whole country should act only on it. But Russia is different! The regions have their own economic, geographical features, the mentality of the population is different.

It would be more correct if the Ministry of Health did give guidance to action, but clearly set tasks. Let's say for how long what needs to be done. There is a golden hour rule — in many cases, assistance must be provided within an hour. So secure in a single document that assistance will be provided within this period. And how exactly to achieve this, let local managers decide.

— Doctors often say: it better not stop us from saving people with incomprehensible orders. For example, during a pandemic, an ambulance in one of the regions was ordered to deliver medicines for COVID. And who will be on the challenge at this time?

— There are many unsuccessful orders. For example, in one region, a list of diagnoses was compiled, with which the patient must be hospitalized. These 20 diagnoses were prescribed in the order. Almost all injuries were not included there. A why? The emergency room will provide assistance, the patient himself will get there. The order was in effect for three days. After something happened to the  son of one of deputies (who, in particular, advocated it) and they refused to hospitalize him, the order was quickly canceled.

And  there was a dead end for the whole country when, within the framework of 323-FZ, it was prescribed to provide assistance according to standards. Because each patient and the peculiarities of the course of his disease are so individual that the same recommendations are not applicable to everyone. Edited: not according standards, but based on standards. A next — according to the situation. A  good doctor or paramedic and and has been brought to automatism what he will do when he sees a patient. He can clearly predict what he can take on himself, and what it must take and risk. Yes, this does not guarantee unpleasant moments. But increases the likelihood of obtaining positive results.

Money “eats” intermediaries

— There is an opinion among paramedics that an ambulance, being subordinate to the MHI, is actually no longer an emergency service, but has become a medical service. And that it should be subordinated directly to the Ministry of Health, as under the Soviet regime.

— I for many years was a member of the Methodological Council of the Federal CHI Fund. But at the same time, I believe that our model of insurance medicine is far from optimal.

Budget financing and  financing by compulsory medical insurance, in fact, work in the same way. Only in one case the money comes directly from the budget, and in the second — through an intermediary (territorial compulsory medical insurance fund and & nbsp; insurance company). That is, we made this model more expensive. And a greater share of the funds goes to the maintenance of intermediaries, who have their own financial interests. Let's say a patient needs medical care. The amount that the insurance company will pay for this patient has been determined. What if he needs more help? Not all! Tariff approved! What does a healthcare organization do? Starts saving on everything. After all, she will not reimburse the money spent.

Therefore, if the money has nowhere to go, CHI — this is good and convenient for calculations. But under the conditions of underfunding of health care (and in in Russia, spending per capita in healthcare is noticeably less than in most developed countries), it is economically unjustified. In including in the emergency system.

—  Doctors say they don't have time for calls because there is no one to travel. Or not on what.

— You can enter into targeted contracts with universities for training students from your region, who will then return to work. Look for ways to motivate people. Find out who needs what. Someone — money, another — housing, someone — position, and someone — honor and respect. This is the motivation!

Moscow experience

Treatment begins already in car

Ambulance in the capital — this is 11 thousand employees, 61 substation and 11–15 thousand departures per day. All vehicles are equipped with the GLONASS system, which allows the dispatcher to select the nearest crew. Doctors arrive for emergency calls in 10.4 minutes (in 17.5 minutes in 2010).

The reasons for the significant reduction in time — fast transport, dedicated lanes on roads and  instant call transfer. The brigade receives applications through a tablet connected to EMIAS, a patient card with all his sores opens on the gadget. The equipment and  medical services in the machine is of such a level that many manipulations are easy to carry out even at the prehospital stage. For example, doctors can quickly take a biochemical blood test, do an ultrasound, and even transfer it to a critical care center to consult with colleagues. The machines have capnographs that measure the level of carbon dioxide emitted in 1.5 minutes. But the main value — competent doctors who are often able to  and without hospitalization to help the patient and also calm down frightened relatives by giving them detailed recommendations.

In the heart attack and stroke network —  — 27 vascular centers and primary vascular departments, it takes 1 hour from the arrival of doctors at the house to the operation. And now a network of emergency inpatient complexes with unique medical equipment and helipads is being created, where receptions are organized according to the principle of doctor to patient».

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Ukrainian Defense Minister asks Germany for Leopard tanks

Photo: Wikipedia

Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov expressed the view that Germany should allow other countries to send Leopard tanks to Kyiv.

p>

Reznikov also asked to approve the supply of Mars II multiple launch rocket systems to Kyiv.

At the same time, in an interview with the German ARD TV channel, Reznikov thanked Germany for the Gepard anti-aircraft self-propelled guns and the IRIS-T air defense system.

p>

Earlier, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz announced another supply of arms to Ukraine for a total of 500 million euros. Scholz said that the package of military assistance to Ukraine, agreed by Canada and Germany, includes air defense systems, missiles and “tons of ammunition”.

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Trudeau and Scholz agreed to supply hydrogen to Germany from 2025

Scholz arrived in Canada to find an alternative to gas from Russia. He, among other things, planned to discuss with Trudeau the supply of LNG and other minerals. The parties agreed to create an alliance for the export of hydrogen fuel to Germany by 2025 (max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Canada and Germany signed a declaration of intent to create an alliance for the export of hydrogen fuel to Germany by 2025. The document was signed in Canada in the presence of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, broadcast by Global News.

At the signing ceremony, Trudeau reminded that Western countries should abandon fossil energy sources, including Russian ones, in favor of alternative fuels. “We [Canada] can become the reliable provider of the clean energy the world needs,” — said the Canadian prime minister.

Scholz, in turn, noted that hydrogen fuel will play a leading role in the supply of energy carriers in the future, especially in sectors such as freight, aviation and transport.

According to the Associated Press, the Canadian side plans to build a zero-emission plant that will use wind energy to produce hydrogen and ammonia for export.

Scholz arrived in Canada on a three-day visit to against the backdrop of Berlin's efforts to find alternatives to Russian gas supplies. “The country [Canada] is as rich in natural resources as Russia, with the only difference being that it is a reliable democracy,” declared the Chancellor upon his arrival in Montreal.

According to the DPA, the parties planned to sign an agreement on cooperation in the field of hydrogen energy, as well as discuss with Trudeau the supply of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and the extraction of minerals such as nickel, cobalt, lithium and graphite, which are necessary for the production of batteries.

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In mid-August, Gazprom For the second time this summer, he announced the suspension of the Nord Stream gas pipeline; for prevention purposes. The only working Trent 60 engine will be shut down for three days, from 31 August to 2 September. Gas will not be supplied during this time. The last time the pumping through the Nord Stream was suspended from 11 to 21 July.

Gazprom due to the lack of a turbine, by the end of July, he reduced supplies via Nord Stream; up to 20% of capacity (up to 33 million cubic meters). The engine was stuck after repairs, first in Canada due to the sanctions of this country, and now in Germany, where Ottawa sent it.

Before the start of the conflict in Ukraine, Russian gas accounted for about 55% of all German imports. As of July 20, the share of Russian gas supplies has dropped to 26%, according to a report by the German Ministry of Economy and Climate Protection.

The German authorities have repeatedly expressed fears that Russia could cut off gas, and called for savings. The Kremlin responded by saying that Moscow was “very, very carefully” refers to “the reputation of a responsible supplier.” The Russian side associates the situation with pumping with sanctions.

Scholz's foreign policy adviser Jens Plötner previously warned of a possible recession that could occur in the event of a sharp refusal by Germany to supply gas, oil and coal from Russia. “For the largest economy in Europe, making such a decision with far-reaching consequences represents an irresponsible policy,” — Pletner emphasized then.

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USA, Britain, Germany came out for ensuring the safety of the Zaporizhzhya NPP

Biden, Johnson, Scholz and Macron call for security at Zaporizhzhya NPP Western leaders expressed strong support for Ukraine and advocated an early visit of the IAEA mission to the Zaporozhye NPP, their joint statement said

Ukraine to buy 255 high-precision Vulcano projectiles from Germany

German self-propelled howitzer Panzerhaubitze 2000. Photo: Wikipedia.org.

The German federal government has approved the supply of 255 Vulcano high-precision projectiles for self-propelled howitzers to Ukraine.

According to Welt am Sonntag, this is the most accurate projectile to date, which is capable of hitting targets at a distance of up to 70-80 km from deviation up to one meter. The shells can be launched from German Panzerhaubitze 2000 howitzers, which were previously transferred by Berlin to the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

The message says that deliveries will be made directly from the German manufacturer to Ukraine. But the delivery dates are kept secret for security reasons.

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Panic broke out in Germany over news of the suspension of Nord Stream

Photo from the Nord Stream website.

Readers of the German edition of Spiegel reacted violently to an article that reported that Russia would suspend gas supplies via Nord Stream 1 from August 31 to September 2 due to ongoing preventive maintenance.

The material notes that in the absence of technical errors in the operation of the only turbine at the Portovaya compressor station, gas supplies will resume in the amount of 33 million cubic meters per day. At the same time, the newspaper notes, this corresponds to only 20% of the actual throughput of the pipeline. In this regard, measures are being taken in Germany to save gas in order to prevent gas shortages in winter.

After that, one of the readers of the newspaper wrote that if there is less gas or no gas at all, then there will be a “commotion”. He asked if, in this case, Germany's refusal to use Nord Stream 2 is justified?

“What did you expect if we impose sanctions against Russia and supply weapons to Ukraine?”  – also wondered another user.

Another panellist added that Germany brought this crisis on itself, but no one wants to admit it.

The reader under the name Antiaktion is ironic advised German Chancellor Olaf Scholz to visit the turbine, stroke it and have a gentle talk.

And user Caroline_5728 noted: “I think we live in bad times. We should be afraid both for ourselves and for our children.

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Germany to give Ukraine 20 rocket launchers

The Federal Republic of Germany wants to transfer to Kyiv two dozen rocket launchers with a caliber of 70 millimeters on special vehicles, as well as two thousand rockets, according to the portal of the German government.

Earlier, a page was created on the website of the German Cabinet of Ministers , where information about all arms deliveries to the Ukrainian side is entered.

The German government reported that we are talking about direct deliveries from German industrialists under the arms modernization program. Delivery times depend on when repairs or production are completed.

It was previously reported that Washington intends to provide Kyiv with Excalibur guided missiles.

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Germany will give Ukraine 2 thousand missiles and 20 installations for them

Germany will give Ukraine 70-mm rocket launchers, 2 thousand rockets and 30 MG-3 machine guns Kyiv criticized Berlin for delay

Germany will transfer 2,000 missiles and 20 launchers to Ukraine

As part of military support, the German government will provide Ukraine with 20 70-mm rocket launchers, 2,000 missiles for them, 30 MG-3 machine guns and more than 1,500 shells for 155-mm artillery. This is stated on the website of the German Cabinet of Ministers.

“This (aid package. — RBC) includes supplies from the stocks of the Bundeswehr and German industry, financed from the funds of the so-called assistance to the federal government, — said in the message.

In addition, the German authorities promised to increase the number of Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (ZSU) transferred to Kyiv. from 12 to 15, and M113 armored personnel carriers from 33 to 44 pieces. Ukraine will also receive from Germany 60,200 40mm rounds of ammunition, 12 armored recovery vehicles and 255 Vulcano high-precision artillery shells.

From January 1 to August 8, 2022, the German authorities approved the export of weapons to Ukraine for a total €686.4 million, the report notes.

By the end of May, official Berlin had reduced the supply of weapons to Ukraine to a minimum, by that time, since the end of March, Kyiv had not received “at least some significant weapons,” Die Welt reported, citing documents in its possession. In those two months, the Ukrainian authorities received only two batches of weapons, which contained only small devices: anti-tank mines, machine gun parts, radios, hand grants, mines, detonators and explosives. The publication also noted that the Gepard tanks promised to Ukraine were delayed due to the fact that the Ukrainian military needed to be prepared to work with them.

At the end of April, the German authorities spoke about their readiness to transfer 50 Cheetahs to Ukraine, these deliveries were approved by the Bundestag. However, in early May, Welt wrote that the delivery process was delayed due to the lack of necessary ammunition. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz clarified earlier this week that the tanks cannot simply be taken away, they “have to be ready.” The situation with the delay in the supply of tanks caused a tense conversation between Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba and Germany and Christina Lambrecht, wrote Welt. According to the publication, the Ukrainian minister “lost his temper” and demanded an honest answer to the question about supplies to Ukraine.

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The Russian authorities criticize the supply of weapons to Ukraine by Western countries. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov warned that with the delivery of more and more powerful and long-range systems to Kyiv, the geographic lines of the special operation in Ukraine would be pushed further and further. The Kremlin pointed out that the supply of weapons by the West threatened to bring “more suffering” to the Ukrainians, while they would not affect the course of the special operation.

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Portugal, following Germany, opposed the ban on the entry of Russians into the EU

Portugal, following Germany, opposed the ban on the issuance of visas to Russians Some EU countries earlier called for a halt to the issuance of Schengen visas to Russians, the discussion of this issue has already begun at the EU level. The initiative was opposed by the authorities of Germany and Portugal

Portugal, following Germany, opposed the ban on Russians entering the EU

Portugal opposes the ban on entry into the EU for Russian tourists and believes that sanctions should not be directed against the Russian people. This was reported in a commentary to the Eco newspaper by the press service of the Portuguese Foreign Ministry.

“Portugal believes that the main purpose of the sanctions regime should be to punish the Russian war machine, not the Russian people. Portugal will participate in the discussion of this issue at the European level, contributing to the development of a common position of the EU member states,— The report said.

After the start of the special operation in Ukraine, several EU countries immediately called for the cessation of issuing Schengen visas to Russian citizens. Among them: Belgium, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Czech Republic and Finland. The European Commission considers such a ban impossible, but the discussion of this issue has already begun at the EU level.

At the same time, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz warned against extending sanctions against Russian “oligarchs” for all citizens of the country. He called such restrictions unjustified. “Many are fleeing Russia because they don't agree with the Russian regime,” — pointed out by the head of Germany.

The Russian Foreign Ministry warned that if the EU or its individual countries ban the issuance of visas to Russians, Moscow will respond to this. In turn, Tatyana Moskalkova, Commissioner for Human Rights in Russia, noted that such a ban by the European Union would grossly violate the fundamental principle of freedom of movement enshrined in universal and regional international legal acts.

Before the COVID-19 pandemic, Russia led list of countries whose citizens have applied for a visa to the Schengen countries. In 2019, Russians filed approximately 4 million applications for Schengen visas, or more than 23% of all applications.

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Shops in Germany are going to be banned from opening their doors for a long time

Photo: Lilia Sharlovskaya

The German government plans to ban the country's stores from keeping their doors open for a long time. This is due to the need to save costs for space heating. Reporting the news, Bild refers to a draft of the relevant document prepared by the Ministry of Economic Affairs.

In Germany, it is not uncommon for stores to keep their doors open during business hours. This is despite the fact that inside, as a rule, the heating system or air conditioning is working.

The draft regulation “on ensuring energy supply through short-term measures” states that the air heated by heating can “volatilize uncontrollably”. From September, retail outlets will most likely be banned from keeping their doors open for a regulated period.

A similar decision was made by the Paris City Hall much earlier. In the capital of France, raids are already being carried out and fines are being issued against entrepreneurs who keep the doors open while air conditioners are running inside stores.

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Analysts from Germany said that the EU for the first time did not give military promises to Kyiv

Politico: in July, six European countries for the first time since the beginning of the NWO did not make military promises to Ukraine Experts from the Kiel Institute for World Economics from Germany note that a downward trend in the number of promises from Europe has been observed since April The leader in terms of military aid, according to the Institute, is the United States max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Analysts from Germany said that for the first time the EU did not make military promises to Kyiv

German self-propelled guns PzH 2000— part of military aid to Ukraine

In July, six major European countries for the first time did not make any new bilateral military promises to Ukraine, writes Politico, citing data from the Kiel Institute for World Economics (Germany).

Christophe Trebesh, head of the team that collects data on aid to Kyiv with the beginning of the special operation, noted that the downward trend in Europe's promises has been observed since the end of April.

“Despite the fact that [the special operation] is entering a critical phase, new initiatives to provide assistance have dried up”, — he stated.

On August 12, the Western allies agreed to allocate about «1.5 billion to Ukraine for military purposes, but Trebesh called this amount «minor» compared to previous promises. In his opinion, hundreds of billions should be sent to help Kyiv.

Trebesh indicated that the EU allocated €800 billion to the fund for recovery after the pandemic, and assistance to Ukraine should be comparable to this amount, but in reality Kyiv received “tiny” amount compared to this.

In July-August, several states made statements about the supply of weapons to Kyiv. In addition to the promise of 26 European countries, given on August 12, in July the European Union agreed on a tranche in the amount of €500 million. The United States also announced further military assistance to Ukraine. We are talking about at least four packages worth from $400 million to $1 billion (the amounts in euros are approximately equivalent).

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According to the Kiel Institute, Washington is the leader in the supply of weapons to Ukraine, from January 24 to August 3 of this year, the amount of tranches of military assistance amounted to €25 billion (it is important that the last tranche of $1 billion was allocated on August 8). Military assistance from EU institutions in the same period amounted to ten times less, namely €2.5 billion.

Among the EU member states, Poland provided the most support (€1 .8 billion), followed by Germany (€1.2 billion). Assistance from other countries is less than one billion. Among other states, the United Kingdom (€4 billion) and Canada (about €1 billion) provided significant support.

In July, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that as the West pumps more and more long-range weapons into Ukraine, the geographic objectives of the special operation will move even further from the current line (includes Donbass and southern Ukraine).

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Germany filled gas storage facilities by 75% ahead of schedule

Earlier, the German authorities adopted requirements according to which underground gas storage facilities must be filled up to 75% by September 1, up to 85% by October 1 and up to 95% by November 1

Underground gas storage facilities (UGS) in Germany are 75% full as of mid-August, Klaus Müller, head of the Federal Network Agency (BNA), said on his Twitter.

The German authorities had previously adopted requirements according to which underground gas storage facilities must be completed to 75% by September 1st, to 85% by October 1st, and to 95% by November 1st. “The goal of the first stage has been achieved. <…> Next goal— 85% by October 1,” Müller wrote.

At the same time, in an interview with the Financial Times, Müller said that Germany should cut gas consumption by 20% to avoid energy restrictions in the coming winter.

On August 5, the EU approved a voluntary 15% reduction in fuel consumption this winter. The purpose of this measure— save gas for this winter to prepare for possible disruptions in supplies from Russia, which uses energy “as a weapon,” the EU explained.

Countries— EU members agreed to reduce gas consumption by 15% compared to the averages over the past five years from August 1 to March 31, 2023. In this regard, German Economy Minister Robert Habeck announced on August 12 that in the coming autumn and winter, public buildings in Germany will be heated to a temperature of 19 degrees, instead of the usual 22.

Chapter EC Ursula von der Leyen said at the end of July that Russia “deliberately chopped off” deliveries to 12 EU countries (she did not specify which countries). She blamed the energy crisis on Moscow and urged EU countries to prepare for the worst this winter.

The Kremlin, responding to German fears that Russia would cut off gas, had previously argued that Moscow “is very, very careful about its reputation, the reputation of a responsible supplier.” The Russian side associates the situation with pumping with sanctions.

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DWN reports failure of Germany’s attempt to negotiate gas from Qatar

DWN: Qatar decided to supply gas to Italy instead of Germany, despite the trip of Minister Habek The Gulf country decided to supply LNG to Italy instead of Germany, despite the trip of Economy Minister Robert Habek to Doha and his statements about an agreement with the Qatari side

An attempt by German Economy Minister Robert Habeck to negotiate with Qatar on the supply of liquefied natural gas (LNG) failed. The Persian Gulf country supplies gas to Italy instead of Germany, Deutsche Wirtschaftsnachrichten writes.

After a trip to Qatar, Habek said that Germany would receive gas from this country. However, this did not happen.

According to Focus, none of the major German energy companies (EnBW, RWE, Vattenfall, E.On and Lex Uniper) have since entered into a contract with LNG suppliers from Qatar. Some companies agreed only on additional supplies from the United States. For example, EnBW announced a contract with North American supplier Venture Global LNG, according to which the company plans to purchase 1.5 million tons of liquefied gas per year, but only from 2026.

According to German media, the Italian energy company Eni at the same time in mid-June acquired a stake in the Qatari LNG project North Field East worth $28 billion, making it the second largest shareholder after the French company TotalEnergies.

At the end July Habek admitted that the Qataris decided not to make a “good offer”.

The German minister traveled to Qatar and the UAE in mid-March to negotiate LNG supplies. Then he said that the Qataris would supply LNG to Germany.

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However, in early May, Reuters reported disagreements between Germany and Qatar over the length of long-term contracts. According to the agency, the German side did not want to agree to Doha's terms on signing contracts for a period of at least 20 years. In addition, the country imposes conditions that will not allow Berlin to redirect gas to other European countries, Reuters noted.

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Germany has not received a single report from the Russians who fell under the sanctions

According to the German sanctions legislation, the persons on the sanctions lists after the imposition of restrictions are required to immediately disclose asset data to the government. None of the Russians did this

None of the Russians sanctioned by the European Union provided the German government with information about their assets, as required by national legislation on the implementation of sanctions restrictions. This is reported by Reuters with reference to a letter from the State Secretary of the German Ministry of Economy Udo Philipp to the Bundestag deputy Christian Goerke, which the agency managed to get acquainted with.

“None of the Russians sanctioned by the European Union filed asset declarations, which is required by law. In Germany, they call for a tougher transparency regime, — notes Reuters.

According to the current legislation, it is necessary to inform the authorities about the existing assets immediately after being included in the sanctions lists. Penalties for non-compliance with this requirement range from fines to imprisonment for up to one year.

According to the German authorities, after the imposition of sanctions from the end of February 2022, the assets of “Russian oligarchs” were frozen in the country. in the amount of €4.48 billion, including funds in the amount of €2.3 billion in bank accounts.

“The German Central Bank, as well as the Federal Office for Economics and Export Control, do not received declarations»,— The agency quotes an excerpt from Philipp's letter.

The agency also cites the words of Deputy Görcke, who believes that monitoring of compliance with sanctions should be strengthened.

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“The duty to be transparent should also extend to those who do business with the oligarchs, such as notaries, brokers, used car dealers, art dealers, and banks. It is not enough to simply add the names of oligarchs to the sanctions lists. <…> The authorities have lost hope of ever tracking down and freezing their [the oligarchs'] assets,— Reuters quotes MP.

In mid-July, European Commissioner for Justice Didier Reynders reported that the EU had frozen the assets of Russian billionaires, individuals and legal entities subject to sanctions, in the amount of €13.8 billion. Most of the frozen assets— over €12 billion— accounted for five of the 27 European countries, but Reinders did not specify which ones.

Russian assets were frozen as part of the imposition of several packages of sanctions and the tightening of previously existing restrictions in the spring of 2022. In Russia, these measures are called illegal. According to Alexander Venediktov, deputy secretary of the Russian Security Council, “freezing Russian assets” this is one of the greatest thefts in history.

The Kremlin called the arrests of the assets of Russian businessmen a robbery: presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said earlier that Russian entrepreneurs were “robbed” as if in the Wild West, while they honestly earned their money.

A number of Russian businessmen who fell under European sanctions challenged the imposition of restrictions in the EU court. Among them are Roman Abramovich, Pyotr Aven, Mikhail Fridman, Alexei Mordashov and Alisher Usmanov. As Friedman noted, Western countries, when introducing restrictive measures, do not understand “how power actually works in Russia.” According to him, the distance between the Russian leadership and anyone else is “like the distance between the Earth and space.”

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Reuters reports first US oil tanker arrives in Germany

The tanker loaded crude oil off the coast of Louisiana in the US and offloaded it in Rostock, Germany, Reuters reported. German refineries are looking for alternatives to Russian raw materials due to the partial EU embargo, which will come into force in December 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Tanker Capricorn Sun

A tanker has delivered US sour crude to the German city of Rostock for the first time amid attempts by local refineries to find an alternative to Russian crude, Reuters reported, citing sources, analysts and vessel tracking data.

We are talking about the tanker Capricorn Sun. It loaded crude oil off the coast of Louisiana in the US and offloaded it in Rostock on August 3, the agency writes.

The tanker was delivering high-sulphur Mars Sour oil. This is the first shipment of this oil to Germany.

According to Jim Mitchell, head of oil research in the Americas at Refinitiv, in the past there were only “a few” US oil in Germany from the United States. deliveries of another grade— West Texas Sour.

German refineries are looking for an alternative to Russian oil in connection with the partial EU embargo. It will come into force in December and will affect sea supplies of Russian raw materials. Under the EU ban, not only oil in its pure form will fall, but also as part of mixtures— so-called blends.

This embargo was included in the sixth package of EU sanctions. The European Union expands restrictive measures against Russia in connection with the events in Ukraine.

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Taiwan’s ambassador to Germany urges Bundestag delegation to visit island

According to the representative of Taiwan, the current situation represents “the greatest potential for military conflict since 1996”, so the PRC's travel bans for officials of any state should disappear

Taiwan's representative in Germany, Xie Zhiwei, amid tensions between the authorities of mainland China and Taiwan, invited the delegation of the Bundestag (German parliament) to visit the island. He stated this in an interview with the German newspaper Der Tagesspiegel.

“I propose that a delegation of the Bundestag headed by the speaker of parliament [Berbel Bass] go to Taiwan. This did not come from parliamentary factions, but from the Bundestag as such— as an independent legislative state body that represents the people and is not subordinate to the government, — pointed out the diplomat.

At the same time, he added that the current situation represents “the biggest potential for military conflict since 1996.” According to Xie Zhiwei, China's travel bans on Taiwan to any dignitaries of any foreign countries “should disappear.”

Taiwan declared secession from China during a civil war in 1949 . Beijing does not recognize the independence of the island and considers it its province. The administrative status of the region has not yet been settled.

Tensions between China and Taiwan have risen in recent weeks due to the visit of US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to the island. On August 2, Pelosi's special flight landed in Taiwan, despite all objections from Beijing. After getting off the plane, the Speaker of the US House of Representatives said that the main goal of the American delegation— support for “bright and dynamic” democracy in Taiwan. On August 3, the politician left the country.

In response to the speaker's visit, China announced the start of large-scale military exercises in the waters of Taiwan with “long-range combat firing.” The Chinese Foreign Ministry strongly protested and said that Pelosi's trip “greatly affected the political foundation of China-US relations, violated China's national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and seriously undermined the stability in the Taiwan Strait.”

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German Foreign Minister Annalena Burbock, a few hours before Pelosi's plane landed in Taipei, said that Germany was ready to support Taiwan in the event of a Chinese attack. “We do not accept when international law is violated and a larger neighbor attacks its smaller neighbor in violation of international law. This, of course, also applies to China,— she claimed. Germany does not officially recognize the independence of the island.

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Germany warns of the threat of closing the Rhine to shipping due to drought

The worst drought in Europe will cause the level of Europe's largest river to drop to 47 cm by the weekend, which is only 7 cm above the level possible for the continuation of navigation

The water level in the Rhine River is at a record low and is approaching a point where navigation will not be possible. This is reported by Bloomberg, citing a statement by the German authorities, as well as transport and energy companies.

According to the agency, the level of the Rhine may fall to 47cm by this weekend. The representative of the Federal Institute of Hydrology of Germany said that the level was record low for many decades, and if the river level drops to 40 cm, navigation on it will become impossible.

“Coal shipments are already limited due to low water levels because fewer ships are available and those that can still be used are carrying less cargo,” reported Bloomberg in the German energy company EnBW AG. They also pointed out that in connection with this, the price of transporting coal and, as a result, prices for the final consumer is growing.

Rhine— the largest river in Europe with a total length of more than 1.2 thousand km. It flows through Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, France and the Netherlands.

“With transport on the Rhine disrupted and alternatives such as rail and road looking increasingly expensive, it will be difficult for Germany and Switzerland to stockpile diesel fuel before temperatures drop,” Facts Global Energy analyst Josh Folds told the agency.

On July 18, the Joint Research Center of the European Commission (EC) reported that in the coming month, almost half of the EU is threatened by a severe drought. “Analysis of the spread of prolonged drought in the EU shows that 46% of the EU area is of serious concern in connection with the threat of drought. 11% of the EU is already experiencing problems due to lack of water,— experts indicated.

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Earlier, France and the Netherlands announced the introduction of a special regime due to drought. In particular, the Minister of Infrastructure and Water Resources of the Netherlands, Mark Harbers, said that “drought has led to the fact that national needs exceed the volume of water entering the country through rivers and as a result of rains.”

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