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The Parliament of Kazakhstan called Russia an “unreliable partner” and plan to redirect oil around the Russian Federation

Kazakhstan has figured out how to redirect oil around Russia.

In Kazakhstan, local politicians are discussing the diversification of their oil transit to bypass Russia.

In his interview for “Moscow Speaks” Deputy of the Kazakh Mazhilis Aidos Sarym called the Russian Federation “not the most reliable partner”.

According to him, the Caspian Pipeline Consortium regularly encounters technical difficulties.

This forces the republic to conduct search for new oil supply routes, including through the territories of China, Iran, Azerbaijan and Turkey.

Sarym considers the actions of Kazakhstan “normal and honest business”, which is not connected with geopolitics.

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“As the events taking place in the country and the world show, Russia is not a completely reliable partner”, – he said.

The deputy noted that Kazakhstan “forces to strain” the accident at the CPC and other situations.

Against this background, it became known that the Kazakh authorities have already found a way to redistribute oil supplies bypassing Russia, but so far Kazakhstan can redirect only 8% of oil to an expert.

According to a Reuters source, “Kazmunaigas” managed to reach an agreement with the Kazakh oil company SOCAR for the supply of 1.5 million tons of oil annually via the Baku route – Tbilisi – Ceyhan (Turkey). This volume will amount to 30,000 barrels per day.

In addition, from 2023, another overpass of Azerbaijan, the Western Route Export Pipeline, will supply about 70,000 barrels per day to the Georgian port of Supsa.

Previously TopNews wrote that Kazakhstan refused to recognize the DPR and LPR.

The country's authorities called the republics “quasi-states”.

Источник topnews.ru

Russia considers its declaration as a sponsor of terrorism in the US as a point of no return

Foreign Ministry: Russia warned the United States about the point of no return when declaring it a sponsor of terrorism Moscow warned Washington that recognizing Russia as a “country sponsor of terrorism” would be a “point of no return,” the Foreign Ministry said. They did not rule out that Russia could lower the level of diplomatic relations with the United States or even break them

Moscow warned Washington that declaring Russia a “country” sponsor of terrorism” will become the “point of no return” in relations between states, said Alexander Darchiev, director of the North American Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry, in an interview with TASS.

He described the situation in relations between the countries as “turbulent”, noting that Western states, led by the United States, “trampled international law and absolute taboos in diplomatic practice.” Darchiev mentioned a proposal to declare Moscow a “sponsor of terrorism.” “If it [the initiative] is implemented, it will mean that Washington has crossed the point of no return with the most serious collateral damage to bilateral diplomatic relations,” — warned the head of the Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

He did not rule out that in this case Russia could lower the level of diplomatic relations with the United States or even break them.

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Now the list of sponsors of terrorism in the United States includes four countries — Iran, North Korea, Cuba and Syria.

Being on the list means strict restrictions on interaction with this state, a ban on the export of defense goods, control over the export of dual-use products, financial and other restrictions — these measures are included in the list of anti-Russian sanctions. In addition, sanctions are envisaged against other states that maintain trade relations with a sponsor of terrorism.

In late July, the US Senate passed a resolution calling on Secretary of State Anthony Blinken to recognize Russia as a “country”; sponsor of terrorism. Later, Politico reported that Congressmen from the Democratic and Republican parties are going to submit a bill to the House of Representatives. They hope that Congress can give Moscow such a status, bypassing the State Department.

The White House said that they are studying the possibility of classifying Russia as a “country”; sponsors of terrorism. In early August, Democratic and Republican senators Richard Blumenthal and Lindsey Graham called for recognition of Russia as such, regardless of the presence or absence of support from President Joe Biden.

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This week, the Latvian Seimas recognized Russia as a “country”; sponsor of terrorism. Moscow called this decision “another manifestation of Russophobia, which has long become a” tuning fork ” of Latvian foreign policy».

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What kind of “Tablet-M-IR” for artillery control was developed in Russia?

In Russia, a new artillery control complex has been created, which received the characteristic name “Planshet-M-IR”. It is planned that its tests will be completed in 2022 and a decision will be made on its adoption.

Why is it needed

It is reported that “Tablet” developed on its own initiative by the corporation “High Precision Complexes”. This device is designed to automate the guidance of multiple launch rocket systems, cannon artillery and mortars. This is the development of the Tablet-A complex, which is already being mass-produced and has good reviews from the military.

Precursor

Artillery control complex “Tablet-A” was created for digital targeting of mortars and towed artillery, which were previously guided using standard sights and calculations. Now the guidance procedure has become much easier. Aiming is carried out using a modern device — compact tablet computer with a touch screen. The use of “Tablet-A” greatly reduced the time for calculating settings for firing and increased the accuracy of hitting. It synchronizes with drones, instruments, weather devices, ballistic stations.

Benefits

“Tablet-M-IR” — this is the development of the project, it has received more opportunities for controlling firepower, now it is synchronized with automated control systems. In addition, the system has significantly expanded the range of technical means with which it can work. For example, it became possible to quickly exchange data from reconnaissance radars. “Tablet-M-IR” synchronizes with most UAVs that are in the possession of the military. This allows the operator to observe a complete picture of the situation on the battlefield and adjust the fire. A secure satellite communication channel ensures the confidentiality of the transmitted data, and it is also possible to communicate with the higher command through it.

The new device eliminates the human factor as much as possible, which can lead to errors in obtaining target designations and calculations for hitting a target. Electronics speeds up the work of units and gives maximum attack accuracy. According to the developers, the necessary calculations and the return of the “fire” command takes less than a minute.

The novelty will work with both old artillery fire weapons and new ones.

Source:

https ://ria.ru/20220812/artilleriya-1809049280.html

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Источник aif.ru

What kind of innovative Kh-69 cruise missile was created in Russia?

Corporation "Tactical Missiles" plans to launch production of a new Kh-69 aviation cruise missile. This is a universal armament, which will soon be received by Russian fourth and fifth generation fighters. The capabilities of the X-69 will allow you to reliably destroy the enemy without entering his air defense zone.

Destination

The new development of the X-69 will hit a variety of ground targets according to the coordinates that it receives before launch. This technique has its advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, the rocket is “not” distracted ” in flight, and goes exactly to the target, ignoring interference     And and she doesn't need any contrast of the target with the surrounding background. C another — it can not be able to change direction, is able to orient by radar, infrared and optical contrast.

Thus, the X-69 is mainly intended for stationary purposes — buildings, warehouses or armored vehicles standing in place. These are such key goals as critical infrastructure and communications, railway junction stations, crossings, buried checkpoints. Also, armored vehicles and aircraft of various classes located on runways can become its potential targets.

Modern combat aircraft will be developed for this missile, first of all, the fourth generation Su-35, MiG-35 fighters, the fifth generation Su-57, which is beginning to enter the troops. The promising Su-75 will also receive this missile. For the use of new weapons, fighters will be equipped with additional electronic systems. Special ejection devices and suspensions will also be additionally developed.

Characteristics

The X-69 missile has an innovative multi-stage aiming system. For guidance accuracy, the rocket received high-tech ultra-precise altitude and speed meters, as well as an optoelectronic system that works on the final flight path. Navigation is based on a strapdown inertial system that receives data from conventional GLONASS commercial satellites, and information can also be refined by foreign global GPS NAVSTAR global positioning services.

Development

X-69 is designed at the State Machine-Building Design Bureau (GosMKB) “Rainbow” them. A. Ya. Bereznyaka. This scientific organization is part of the Tactical Missiles Corporation.

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What kind of tank killer SAU 2S25 “Octopus-SD” was created in Russia?

Plot Russian special operation in Donbass and Ukraine

The Russian defense industry has successfully completed state tests with a 125-millimeter 2S25 Sprut-SD self-propelled artillery mount. This airborne anti-tank gun may soon be put into armament, after which it deliveries to troops will begin.

Self-propelled anti-tank gun 2S25 “Sprut-SD” at the exhibition “Russia Arms Expo. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org/Vitaly V. Kuzmin

Any caliber

This is an original idea of ​​the Russian defense industry, in fact, an intermediate version of an airborne combat vehicle and a tank. It is as mobile and maneuverable as possible, like airborne combat vehicles, while its firepower is not inferior to the T-80, T-90 tanks. This combat vehicle was created for the artillery units of the Airborne Forces and the Marine Corps. Her main task — providing fire support in combat during during fast-paced landing operations, primarily destroying enemy armored vehicles.

Crossed a tank and BMD

SAU 2S25 — this is an armored tracked amphibious vehicle, outwardly resembling a amphibious tank, the transmission is borrowed from the BMD-3. The letters “C” and "D" in its name means "self-propelled" and "landed". Armed “Octopus” a full-fledged 125-mm 2A75 cannon, which is also installed on all modern Russian tanks. Additional armament is a 7.62 mm machine gun. Sprut-SD" can fire all domestic ammunition, its arsenal, for example, includes armor-piercing sub-caliber shells, as well as anti-tank guided missiles. The ammo set includes 40 different projectiles, the laser aiming system makes it possible to destroy targets at distances of the order of 4 km.

By air and swimming

This is a very mobile and passable vehicle, it is delivered to the battlefield by amphibious means, and, for example, it can be dropped into the deep rear of the enemy by parachutes with a crew inside. The vehicle can land from ships onto water and further in swimming, it will independently reach the nearest shore. It is capable of overcoming water obstacles when the water surface is rough up to three points at a speed of about 10 km per hour, while being able to shoot afloat. It can also make a 500 km march on one stock of fuel at an average speed of up to 70 km per hour. The hydropneumatic chassis allows you to move on cross-country at high speed and with comfort for the crew.

Depending on terrain conditions, it changes the clearance from 190 to 590 mm. For comfortable driving, the car received an automatic transmission. This combat vehicle works flawlessly in high-mountainous regions at altitudes of about 4,000 meters. meters, in the desert, coast and in marshlands, in extreme frost and heat conditions.

Expert potential

« Sprut-SD, as a unique combat vehicle, can get a great expert potential. Recently, lightly armored mobile combat vehicles with powerful weapon systems have become more and more in demand. They can be used in a number of local armed conflicts and during counterterrorist operations. One of potential buyers of "Sprut-SD" may become India.

Source of information:

ria.ru

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North Macedonia withdrew consent to the work of the honorary consul of Russia

Since 2016, the post of honorary consul in Bitola has been occupied by businessman Sergey Samsonenko, who was called the richest man in North Macedonia webp 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi )” >

Sergei Samsonenko

The authorities of North Macedonia, without explanation, withdrew their consent to the establishment of the post of honorary consul of Russia in the city of Bitola, said Ivan Nechaev, deputy head of the information and press department of the Russian Foreign Ministry. The post of honorary consul in Bitola is occupied by businessman Sergei Samsonenko, who was called the richest man in North Macedonia with a fortune of about $100 million.

“Nothing is said about the motives for this step, apparently, they could not be formulated due to a clear absence . There is no doubt that this is again a politically charged hostile gesture, — the agency said in a statement.

The Foreign Ministry called the decision of North Macedonia another attack, which is designed to “deepen the rift in Russian-North Macedonian relations, formed on the basis of the dependent behavior of North Macedonia,” as well as “demonstrate blind loyalty” Western countries, their policy of sanctions and pressure on Russia.

“It is unfortunate that this time the institution of honorary consuls, who help develop interpersonal contacts, provide support to people and businesses, is being sacrificed this time to the anti-Russian course in Skopje,” — said Nechaev.

The post of honorary consul of Russia in Bitola, the second largest city in North Macedonia, is occupied by businessman Sergei Samsonenko. Consent (exequatur) to the corresponding appointment was given to Russia by the country's authorities in 2016.

RBC wrote that Samsonenko was originally from Rostov-on-Don, and moved to North Macedonia in 2006. Its main asset— betting company Betcity. In the Balkan country, he is widely known mainly as the owner of three sports clubs with the same name “Vardar” — football and two handball.

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Kravtsov called the timing of the introduction of the Unified State Examination in the territories of Ukraine occupied by Russia

In the Russian-controlled territories of Ukraine, the mandatory USE will not be introduced immediately. The Ministry of Education has provided for a transitional period of five years, when the choice of the type of final exams will be up to students and their parents .webp 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Sergey Kravtsov

United the state exam (USE) will become mandatory for schoolchildren in the territories of Ukraine occupied by Russian troops in five years. About this on the air of the TV channel “Russia 24” said Minister of Education Sergei Kravtsov.

“We have already made a decision regarding the Unified State Examination. We discussed for a long time that we are giving a transitional period, that within five years, when the guys can voluntarily choose to pass the state exam, and after five years already introduce the Unified State Exam as a mandatory one, — he said (quote from TASS).

At the end of June, Kravtsov announced that the United Russia party and the Ministry of Education will prepare schools in the Donbass and in the territories occupied by Russian troops by September 1.

“The teachers spoke about this at my meeting in Melitopol, Berdyansk and Donetsk. Today we have resolved this issue: until September 1, schools will be provided with appropriate textbooks. We will also do our best to open schools and start the educational process. Children want to learn Russian, — then the minister said.

One of the main tasks in preparation for the new academic year, according to Kravtsov, is the training of new teachers and the improvement of teachers' qualifications. “We have already trained and retrained several thousand teachers. Very close coordination is essential here. I thank everyone, they worked with the Ministry of Education, & mdash; Kravtsov said. He clarified that one of the training centers operates in Rostov, and the other— in Crimea.

The press service of the ministry told RBC that the department is conducting “large-scale continuous work” to support education systems in the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics, as well as in other territories where there is an “urgent need” for this.

The Ministry of Education indicated that it supplies textbooks to the Donbass, and also provides “assistance in wide range of educational needs.

As explained in the ministry, this is due to the fact that “the state of many schools” in the DNR and LNR “distinctly speaks of the complete absence of any support in recent years from the Ukrainian regime.” In order for the education systems in the republics to “may function”, the department introduces “extensive programs for the training and advanced training of teachers”, and also helps to introduce “high-quality Russian standards” into the educational process.

This work is supported by “leading expert organizations,” the department said, without naming these organizations. “Many courses are held remotely, but with maximum immersion in practical activities,” — emphasized in the Ministry of Education.

Before that, Kommersant said that teachers and methodologists of schools in some Russian regions are planned to be sent on business trips to the Donbass. According to the newspaper, teachers are offered a double salary for business trips.

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What kind of case about ticket fraud in the leading theaters in Russia?

In the Tverskoy Court of Moscow, court hearings have begun on a criminal case against a group of people accused of fraud with theater tickets from leading theaters in Russia. This was reported by the press service of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation (TFR).

What is the essence of the criminal case?

According to the investigation, businessmen Aleksey Kurinov, Andrey Khartanyuk and his mother — Irina Khartanyuk, Vitaly Gashakov, Aleksey Kurinov, Yana Tagina and Yulia Charykova, “acting as part of a criminal group”, they created twin websites of the most popular cultural institutions in Moscow and St. Petersburg, including:

  • Mariinsky Theatre;
  • Maly Theatre;
  • Bolshoi Theatre;
  • Theatre of Nations;
  • Russian Academic Youth Theater (RAMT);
  • Conservatory. P. I. Tchaikovsky;
  • as well as the website of the Spasskaya Tower International Military Music Festival.

“All these cultural institutions suffered large-scale material damage in the form of illegal use of trademarks in the total amount of more than 9 million rubles.” ;, — said in the TFR.

Who organized the criminal business and how did it work?

According to the investigation, in 2013 Andrei Khartanyuk and Aleksey Kurinov started selling tickets online (for sports matches, performances and other cultural events) through Simple Life Innovation. For these purposes, Hartanyuk registered two domains — bilet2u.ru and sport2u.ru.

As follows from the materials of the criminal case, for several years businessmen worked within the framework of the law, and in 2017 Khrataniuk, in order to “dramatically increase his income”, instructed his companion Kurinov (according to the investigation «good programmer») to create clones of the official websites of popular Russian theaters. Through them, tickets were sold at inflated prices.

“Through these resources, the accomplices illegally sold tickets to the events of institutions using their trademarks and similar designations at inflated prices, misleading ticket buyers about the ownership of the sites to these institutions, thereby stealing the money of buyers, — noted in TFR.

It is also noted that the scammers sought to ensure that their sites appeared first when users requested them (foreign companies were indicated by the domain name operator for conspiracy). And in Moscow and Vladimir, they organized the work of call centers, through which they also sold tickets.

According to the investigation, Khartanyuk was in charge of the illegal business. He set ticket prices, distributed the proceeds from their sale, and also provided cover for the firms involved in the criminal scheme. Kurilov also controlled the work of hired designers and programmers. Other defendants in the criminal case also actively participated in the fraudulent scheme.

So, according to law enforcement officers, entrepreneur Yulia Charykova — this is Hartanyuk's personal assistant. Vitaly Gashakov (owner of Eurotickets, Ticket Market and Group Office) — selected premises for call centers, programmers and couriers. Yana Tagina (general director of the company «No way without us») — Responsible for the recruitment of call center operators and supervised their work. And the mother of the organizer of the criminal network — Irina Hartanyuk (general director of the Yurekspert company) — dealt with legal and financial issues (supervised the opening of bank accounts and the cashing out of funds received on them).

It was established that in total more than 150 people were involved in illegal activities (including IT specialists, programmers, call center employees, ticket sellers). 

The money from illegal ticket sales was transferred to the accounts of organizations controlled by fraudsters, and then distributed among the members of the criminal group.

How did you find the fraudsters?

As follows from the materials of the case, the basis for starting an investigation served as a statement from the Mariinsky Theater, in which they found that tickets for their performances are sold through clones of the official website — mariinskii.com and mariinskiy-theatre.com. Based on the results of the pre-investigation check, the criminal case was opened on February 14, 2022.

In addition, it became known about the repeated appeals of buyers to the theaters themselves. The victims complained about high prices or that they had not received a ticket that had already been paid for. 

Where are the accused now?

Andriy Khartanyuk and his mother were put on the international wanted list and arrested in absentia. In relation to Kurinov, a measure of restraint in the form of detention was chosen, Tagina and Charykova — undertaking not to leave.

A pre-trial agreement on cooperation was concluded with Gashakov, the investigation of the criminal case against him is at the final stage, the ICR reported.

The defendants’ real estate, cars and money accounts were seized in order to compensate them for the damage caused to the victims (theaters and defrauded customers). According to the TFR, civil suits have been filed in the amount of more than 130 million rubles. 

Currently, the sites through which illegal tickets were sold have been stopped, the TFR specified. 

What threatens the accused?

The criminal case was initiated under part 4 of article 159 (“Fraud”) and part 4 of article 180 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (“Illegal use of means of individualization of goods (works and services)»).

For fraud committed by an organized group of persons on an especially large scale, the accused face up to 10 years in prison. The maximum term for 4 paragraph 180 of the article — imprisonment for up to 6 years.

Sources:

sledcom.ru/news/item/1714527/

sledcom. en/press/smi/item/1652007/

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State tests of self-propelled anti-tank gun 2S25 completed in Russia

The RF Armed Forces may soon adopt the upgraded 125mm 2S25 self-propelled anti-tank gun. She has already passed state tests, said the first deputy head of Rostec. Vladimir Artyakov.

"Its state tests have already been completed. In the near future, we expect the assignment of the letter “O1” to this sample, after which the vehicle can be put into service, “quotes a representative of the state corporation RIA Novosti.

According to Artyakov, the upgraded self-propelled guns 2S25 is an armored tracked amphibious vehicle , which has a powerful artillery and missile system. She can shoot while crossing water obstacles. The 2S25 self-propelled guns are capable of operating in high-mountainous regions, the tropics and swampy areas.

“This vehicle has no competitors either in Russia or in the world,” the agency's interlocutor noted.

Earlier it was reported about the creation in the Russian Federation of a combat robot, which is a hybrid of the BMP-3 tracked chassis and the remote-controlled combat module “Tit”.

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Reuters learned about Kazakhstan’s plans to supply oil bypassing Russia

Kazakhstan is negotiating with Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey on the transit of oil to world markets. While it is pumping oil through Russia, the two new routes are capable of delivering only 8% of the oil available via the Russian route

Kazakhstan is studying the possibility of oil supplies through Azerbaijan, the relevant preliminary negotiations of the state company “KazMunayGas” (KMG) is working with the Azerbaijani SOCAR, Reuters writes citing three informed sources.

We are talking about pumping 1.5 million tons of Kazakh-made oil through the Azerbaijani pipeline Baku —Tbilisi —Ceyhan (BTD), which pumps fuel to the Turkish port of Ceyhan in the Mediterranean. The parties can reach a final agreement at the end of August, deliveries will begin in a month, the agency's interlocutors said.

Reuters points out that 30,000 barrels per day of oil through this route will be insignificant compared to the 1.3-1.4 million barrels per day that Kazakhstan supplies to the world market through the Russian Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC).

The parties plan that another 3.5 million tons of oil from Kazakhstan next year will begin to flow through another Azerbaijani pipeline to a Georgian port at the mouth of the Supsa River, two sources told Reuters. Probably, we are talking about the Western Route Export Pipeline (WREP), in the first six months of this year, about 7 million barrels of oil were pumped through it. As part of the construction of the gas pipeline, a terminal was also built near Supsa with a capacity of 1 million barrels.

Both routes are capable of pumping a little more than 100 thousand barrels daily, which is 8% of the volume of the Russian CPC, Reuters notes.

The largest shareholders of CPC are Transneft; (24%) and “KazMunayGas” (19%). This is one of the largest investment projects in the energy sector with the participation of foreign partners in the CIS.

Through the Tengiz pipeline — Novorossiysk, with a length of more than 1.5 thousand km, supplies more than two thirds of all export oil of Kazakhstan, as well as raw materials from Russian fields, including those in the Caspian Sea. The company's marine terminal is equipped with three remote mooring units.

Reuters writes that the reason for Kazakhstan's search for other ways to supply oil was the actions of the Russian court against CPC. At the beginning of the month, a court in Novorossiysk suspended the operation of the pipeline for 30 days due to the discovery of environmental violations at production facilities.

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A week later, the suspension of activities was replaced by a fine in the amount of 200 thousand rubles. The CPC pointed out the continuous production cycle at the enterprise, due to which the immediate suspension of activities threatens with “irreversible consequences for the production process, the emergence and development of an unfavorable and uncontrollable process at a technical facility, including its destruction.”

At the end of July, due to weather conditions, seven towers of overhead power lines collapsed, which caused the power supply to be cut off at two CPC pumping stations: Kurmangazy; and PS "Isatai" (both are located in the Kazakh city of Atyrau). The company announced the return to normal operation on July 30. Soon, oil pumping through the CPC was again “significantly reduced”, the exact data was not announced by the company. The reason was the repair of the pipeline leading from the Tengiz field in Kazakhstan, and the stoppage of oil production at the Kashagan field, the consortium explained.

Kazakh “CNPC-Aktobemunaigaz” in early June, renamed the brand of oil exported through Russian seaports to Kazakhstan Export Blend Crude Oil (KEBCO). This was done in order to “separate” her from Russian oil due to “recent significant geopolitical changes.” Traders interviewed by Reuters then indicated that Kazakh oil was mistaken for Russian oil more than once.

This year, Kazakhstan intends to export about 69 million tons of oil, which is 2.1% more than last year, writes LSM .kz.

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Poetess from Luhansk Elena Zaslavskaya: news from her son and culture

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 32. Take a check per capita 10/08/2022 Plot Women in the war

“We pay a high price to live our lives the way we want and be ourselves,” — poetess Elena Zaslavskaya from Lugansk speaks.

Elena Zaslavskaya became the first and almost the only representative of the self-proclaimed LPR and DPR who openly came to Ukraine (Kharkov) and spoke at the debates with her opponents in 2015. Two dozen radicals were waiting for her in the corridor to deal with her after. Most likely, Elena would not have returned to her native Lugansk if the organizers had not taken her out through a secret entrance. On her poems, the Moscow rock group «Zveroboy» wrote several songs: “They are coming, the armored personnel carriers are coming”, “These Russians”, “Noble Don”, which became hits in the Donbass. 

Total 3 requirements

Vladimir Polupanov, aif.ru: – Elena, how did you feel when you learned that Russia recognized the DPR and LPR?

Elena Zaslavskaya: – It was a big holiday. For us, this meant military and other support, and most importantly — hope for integration, inclusion in Russia. We always felt like Russians, belonging to Russian civilization. To be honest, we really hoped for the “Crimean scenario”…

– And to the Crimea?

– Until 2014, there was a creeping, poisonous and slow Ukrainization, which was covered with words about the European future, freedom, etc. In 2014, I defended my master's degree, which I had to write in Ukrainian. I asked: “After all, we have a law on regional languages. Can't I write in Russian? “No, — answered me. — Course papers and a diploma are sent to Kyiv, so you need to write in Ukrainian. I speak Ukrainian fluently, I also have poems “in Move” there is. But the Russian language — my native. And he began to be ousted first from the education sector, then from the entertainment sector (films were dubbed in Ukrainian), then from the service sector. As a result, the law on the language police — patrols went around the cities and fined people who spoke Russian. Thank God, it didn't come to that in Lugansk.

Immediately after the Maidan in Kyiv, we started protest rallies. There were only 3 requirements — amnesty for Berkut employees who defended the incumbent president, Russian language — as the second state (which we were promised first by Kuchma, then by Yanukovych). And federalism. In fact, nothing was done.

And then we were simply destroyed. How many cases were there when DRGs (sabotage and reconnaissance groups. — Ed.) worked in Lugansk — blew up our monuments, staged terrorist attacks. I remember they planted explosives in a bin near the store. First, there was a small explosion, and when people ran to help the injured, they hit harder again so that there were as many victims as possible.

Blood plays — serve

– I read that your 21-year-old son, like most LPR men, is fighting today.

– My son is fighting, although he is studying in the 2nd year as an animator. Even before mobilization, I told him: “Blood plays — go serve. And when on February 19 we passed two laws on general mobilization and evacuation, there was no question at all whether to serve or not. My father — militia of the first wave, awarded with a mass of awards. He has been in the toughest battles — participated in the Debaltsevo operation, fought under the command of Strelkovin Semyonovka near Slavyansk, near Mozgovoy, when they were forced to leave my native Lisichansk.

– Is he alive?

– Yes, my father wanted to fight further. But he was told that he was too old. He was born in 1953

– Son on the front lines?

– On the second line. And what is it? If the first breaks through, then the second becomes advanced. The commander said that his son was baptized by the war, although not only he, but also our other students.

– Is your whole city at war?

– Not many people left, I feel. Mobilization affected everyone. Even the film «Philarmonia PMC» about how the musicians of the Lugansk Philharmonic are fighting. There are, of course, deviators. But no one is judging anyone. You can not fight, but restore cities, bake bread, heal people. War is only for the strong in spirit.

– What was the most difficult thing when your son went to the front?

– When there was no connection. The unknown is the worst. The first news from him was brought to me by the commander, who ended up in a hospital in Lugansk with frostbite. All fellow soldiers of the son wrote news to their relatives in a notebook to the commander. And mothers came to visit him and looked for news from their children in this notebook. I received this message: “I miss you, I’m alive and well, wait with victory” … My son came on leave for a couple of days. But these were such two days that I didn’t even spend half an hour alone with him. Friends­I went with the flow. Someone was sleeping at our house all the time. Then he sent a message: “My family, sorry for leaving a mess. There was little time. I miss you very much. Red Estuary met us with a howl of arrivals. But I'm not afraid. How I got into my native element (emoticon). Everything is fine with us. Settled in a new place. Mom, pass the pen, I'm lost. Wait for my new poems and drawings. Support Aunt Nina, please».

Nina — it's my girlfriend. Her husband died two and a half months ago. Funerals for people from my inner circle come quite often. I find out almost every week that someone has died — if not a relative, then a friend, an acquaintance.  

– Opponents of the special operation cite the following arguments: before the start of the DPR and LPR, they were shelled, but there were no such number of victims and destruction. How do you answer them?

– As for all these moans about the fact that “the Russian world brings destruction”, — we have heard it all many times. I don't even see the point in getting into discussions with people who think situationally, not processes. We speak different languages. Yes, there are people who sit somewhere in the basement and think: “Why do I need such a release?” But there were times when they fired at us, and we did not have the right to give an answer. And the losses were great.

Recently I visited Mariupol, Volnovakha, where we performed with the group “St. John's wort” in front of the soldiers of the Vostok battalion, in military field hospitals, in hospitals in front of soldiers, wounded civilians. I saw these ruined cities. You go along Volnovakha — and there is not a single whole house. It all looks terrible. But when you start talking to the fighters who carried out the cleansing, they tell — in every second house they find certificates of the ATO participant.

– Honestly, I don’t understand how you can live in such an environment? What keeps you from going crazy?

– I wrote in the poem «Novorossiya thunderstorms. Novorossiya of dreams”: “The day is considered successful if it has come, and you must squeeze the maximum out of it!”  ­Culture and art save me. In our theaters, girls now play male roles, because men are at war. But the cultural life goes on.

Armored personnel carriers are coming and going 
On the Donbass side,
And the heirs of Bandera 
Everyone is sitting on the armor. 
And they sparkle with helmets, 
Faces are hidden by masks, 
Swastikas on the chevrons, 
They are looking for where the quilted jackets are. 
Do not save, do not protect –  
They're going, they're going to clean up: 
If so, then I'm the first here, 
The first Russian communist. 
My grandfather didn't lose his temper in forty-first, 
And I'm not a pacifist either! 
the other side of the sight 
Fascism raised its head, 
Armored personnel carriers will not pass, 
I will give my life for this.
Russian — so it doesn't give up, 
I'll put everything on the line 
For the sake of peace, for the sake of the sun, 
What has gone beyond the waste heap. 

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A crocodile swims along the Volga. Russia is being attacked by alien species

This summer, residents of the capital region began to notice huge and voracious slugs in dacha plots and natural areas more and more often. Biologists suggest that red Spanish slugs (as this mollusk is called) may have been inadvertently introduced from southern countries along with fruits and vegetables.

On the territory of Russia there are more than a thousand “alien” plant and animal species. What are the reasons for the appearance of invasive species (in the language of science — invasive species) and what do they threaten us with? aif.ru talks about this with        chief researcher at the Institute of Ecology and Evolution im. A. N. Severtsov RAS, Doctor of Biological Sciences Varos Petrosyan.

Terrorist Beaver

Dmitry Pisarenko, aif.ru: Where and how do these strangers arrive in Russia?

Varos Petrosyan: Native (native) ranges of invasive species are located on all continents except Antarctica. But the birthplace of the majority — North America. A few years ago, we with colleagues from other institutions compiled a list of 100 invasive species that pose the greatest threat to the ecosystems and health of the population of Russia. The main way they arrived in our country — shipping. Mollusks, crustaceans come with ballast water of ships or on their hulls. There are deliveries with cultural plants, agricultural products. The analysis shows that most of the most dangerous species (63%) entered our ecosystems by accident. A third (33%) appeared here intentionally — they brought to increase biodiversity, breeding, etc. n. Only 4% of species were dominated by self-dispersal.

What is the danger of alien species? The consequences of their appearance are little predictable. Often they crowd out local (native) species, cause environmental and economic damage, spread diseases, including those that can be transferred to humans. Experts estimate the total damage to the country from the ten most dangerous invasive species of mammals at $105 billion annually.

— Which species has turned out to be the most harmful and dangerous for the last decades?

— Comb jelly Mnemiopsis. It looks like jellyfish, although it is not     40 years ago, Mnemiopsis was first discovered off the coast of Crimea. Genetic analysis showed that he introduced into the Black Sea from the Gulf of Mexico, apparently with ballast water from ships. For our southern seas, it has become a real disaster. In the absence of natural enemies, he began to multiply rapidly, consuming zooplankton, caviar and fish larvae. Under favorable conditions, it can eat ten times its own weight per day and double its size, laying up to 8 thousands of eggs. eggs. As a result, the amount of food for fish (zooplankton) in the Black Sea has decreased by 30 times. The number of anchovy, horse mackerel and sprat has dropped dozens of times. Fishing losses amounted to hundreds of millions of dollars a year. The Black Sea dolphins also ended up on starvation rations.

Later, the comb jelly entered the Caspian Sea, where it caused even more damage. There, the population of kilka sharply decreased, and then sturgeon. The lack of fish led to the mass death of the Caspian seal. In addition, Mnemiopsis clogs fishing nets and interferes with coastal fishing.

Comb jelly Mnemiopsis. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org/Steven G. Johnson

—  A on on onshore who is the main alien pest?

— All invasive insects. In recent years, a lot of them have penetrated Russian forests. This, for example, is the Ussuri polygraph that damages fir and other coniferous trees. In the 20th century, it settled throughout Siberia, and then it was found in the Leningrad and Moscow regions and even in the Main Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Ash narrow-bodied emerald borer causes damage to ash, which has become a threat to both landscaping and the country's forestry.

The database contains 62 dangerous invasive species of mammals. The Canadian beaver deserves special attention. It looks like the usual (river) beaver — it has the same way of life, yet these are two different species. The Canadian beaver came to us from Finland, where it was brought from America, and dispersed further through Karelia. Now both species live in Russia, but the Canadian one is replacing the river one everywhere. He is more prolific.

It would seem, what difference does it make if they are similar? But the fact is that the Canadian beaver breeds faster and has a bad effect on aquatic and water ecosystems: new swamps appear, spruce forests dry up due to the built dams, the hydrological regime, flora and fauna change. This animal will create uncomfortable conditions in cities — destroy trees in & nbsp; parks, create dams. In  America, they gnaw away wooden bridges and  pillars on which buildings stand. There was news that in Canada, a beaver gnawed through a fiber optic cable and left the inhabitants of a village without the Internet. In ten years, and the same thing threatens us. Mathematical models show that this species will spread and expand its range. Yes beavers have already appeared in the Moscow region. Unfortunately,     work related to regulation of the beaver population in Russia is practically not carried out now.

Canadian beaver. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org/LASZLO ILYES (laszlo-photo) from Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Mouse runs from drought

— It is generally accepted that the expansion of ranges is associated with climate changes: the warmer, the more moving northward, say, tropical species. Is that right?

— Indeed, global warming is making itself felt. Scientists associate the increase in invasions around the world, including with it. A year ago, the UN published the next, sixth in a row, report on what is happening with climate on the planet. Warming is proceeding at an unprecedented rate, changes are taking place in nature, which have not happened for hundreds of thousands of years. This report presents 40 models in different regions of the Earth. Until  2040, all these models are quite close and show a warming of  1.5 °C. But further, until  2100 years, the scenarios differ, the range of possible warming ranges from  4.6 to  6°C.

Using these climatic models, we studied two biological species that are invasive and are of great importance for Russian agriculture, as they affect the yield of grain crops and potatoes. This is a field mouse and a golden potato nematode, both are pests. We analyzed how their areas are changing in recent times, and made a forecast. All over the world, in connection with warming, the ranges of species are shifting from south to north (in the opposite is true in the Southern Hemisphere), but in Russia simultaneously with their movement from west to east, and this speed  twice as high. And if now the range of the field mouse has a gap between Baikal and the Far East, then soon its two parts will unite. The last time this was 12 & nbsp; thousand. years ago.

— And what does it mean? It seems the mouse — not so scary.

— First of all, she is far from so harmless. In addition to being one of the main pests of grain crops, it also carries a lot of infection, about 15 infectious diseases. Field Mice — the main source of human infection with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, often fatal.

Secondly, and most importantly, our study shows that land use will have to change nationwide: where wheat and potatoes grow now, they will stop growing already, perhaps by 2040 . The ranges of these species are not expanding as much as they are shifting. Field Mouse — the most moisture-loving species among mouse-like rodents. She runs away from where it gets dry. In & nbsp; the southern regions, which now provide the main crop of cereals and & nbsp; potatoes, in 20 years there will be unsuitable climatic conditions for this. The temperature in summer there will reach up to & nbsp; 47-50 ° C, moisture will instantly evaporate, and soil — crack from the heat. This process is called aridization, and it will capture the entire south of the European part of Russia. You need to think about this already now.

— Will appear we in exotic species in the middle lane? For example, some black mamba in the  meshchera forests or a crocodile in the Volga?

— Natural conditions are becoming more and more suitable for this, and a poisonous snake and can now escape from some terrarium.  global warming has another manifestation — diurnal temperature fluctuations are reduced. That is, the difference between the temperature during the day and night is reduced: for example, during the day — 35 °C, and at night — 31°C. And such small differences just contribute to the survival of tropical species, it is easier for them to adapt.

Crocodiles in Russian rivers — this, of course, sounds like a fantasy, but in a hundred years this will be possible.

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Finland urged to freeze the high-speed rail project in the direction of Russia

In connection with the Russian military operation in Ukraine, the head of the Finnish Ministry of Trade called for stopping the road construction project towards Russia and allocating funds for the development of railway communication in other directions

The Finnish government should reconsider its plans to build the high-speed Itärata (Eastern Railway) in the direction of Russia because of the military operation in Ukraine. This was stated by Finnish Minister of Foreign Trade and Development Ville Skinnari, Yle reports.

“It is clear that the Itärata project and the activities of its project company must be suspended,” — says Skinnari. According to him, the funds intended for the project should be redirected to the construction of a railway connection in other directions. In particular, on the road connecting the cities of Heinola and Mikkeli in the south of the country.

Skinnari noted that this issue has not yet been discussed either in his own Social Democratic Party or in the country's government.

Finnish Minister of Transport and Communications Timo Harakka has not yet commented on Skinnari's proposal.

According to Yle, the Eastern Railway project was designed to improve transport links between Eastern Finland and the capital of Helsinki, as well as to promote tourism and trade with Russia; a few years ago, the authorities estimated the cost of Itärata at €1.7 billion, but now the cost of the project should increase.

Finland lifted anti-coronavirus entry restrictions for foreigners from June 30. Since July 15, restrictions on land borders that have been in effect since March 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic have been canceled by Russia.

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However, soon after, the main parliamentary parties in Finland spoke out against issuing tourist visas to Russians due to hostilities in Ukraine. Jussi Tannera, head of the consular department of the Finnish Foreign Ministry, said that the country's authorities are considering six options for restricting tourism from Russia, including stopping visas, closing borders for passenger traffic, and following EU policy.

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Experts predicted Russia’s response to recognition as a sponsor of terrorism

Moscow may reduce the transit of goods through Latvia, but is unlikely to break off diplomatic relations with the country after Russia is recognized as a sponsor of terrorism, experts interviewed by RBC say 8/36/756602164946368.webp 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Russia is unlikely to sever diplomatic relations with Latvia after the country's Seimas recognized it as a state sponsor of terrorism, says Andrey Kortunov, Director General of the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC).

“The problem with the rupture of diplomatic relations is that if they are broken, then it will be very difficult to restore them later. You need very good reasons for this kind of step. Usually, countries avoid such decisions except in extraordinary circumstances. I do not think that Russia itself initiates such a decision, but the initiative may come from the Latvian side,»,— Kortunov told RBC.

RIAC Program Director Ivan Timofeev, in a conversation with RBC, suggested not to think about the issue of breaking diplomatic relations between the countries, but to wait for the reaction of the Russian Foreign Ministry. However, he called such a move counterproductive. The expert urged not to overestimate Latvia's decision to recognize Russia as a sponsor of terrorism, since it was adopted by the parliament of an individual EU member, and not by an association. “These norms are not pan-European, and they should be considered in the context of Russian-Latvian relations”, — he emphasized.

Timofeev added that he expects further deterioration of economic relations between the countries. “Our economic relations with Latvia have curtailed quite a lot lately. Russia can continue to further curtail them and carry out its own special economic measures, but I do not think that this will radically change the situation. It should be expected that Russia will take a course towards minimizing the transit of its goods through Latvia as much as possible. It has already shrunk and will continue to shrunk,— he explained.

Kortunov recalled that Latvia, among other Baltic countries, has always taken one of the toughest positions in relation to Russia. «Talks about recognizing Russia as a country— have been a sponsor of terrorism for a long time. But let's not forget that so far this is just a decision of the Latvian Seimas, that is, more a political than a legal act. However, it will create problems for bilateral relations. Latvia has already stopped issuing tourist visas to Russian citizens, perhaps there will be additional restrictions on economic and humanitarian cooperation between the two countries,— he said.

According to the expert, the most important thing for Russia is to what extent such a precedent will be used by other EU countries and the United States. “So far, the administration of [U.S. President Joe] Biden does not consider such a move worthwhile. But everything is possible, since the arsenal of obvious sanctions measures to put pressure on Russia is close to being exhausted. We cannot rule out exotic moves like the one made by the Latvian Seimas,— he concluded.

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On Thursday, the Saeima of Latvia by a majority vote recognized Russia as a country— sponsor of terrorism. Riga also called on the EU countries to immediately suspend the issuance of tourist and entry visas to citizens of Russia and Belarus.

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The Foreign Ministry called the decision of Riga to declare Russia a sponsor of terrorism Russophobic

The decision of the Latvian Seimas to declare Russia a country— sponsor of terrorism— this is yet another manifestation of Russophobia, the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement. Russian Federation «state— sponsor of terrorism” with a call to stop issuing tourist visas to Russians as another manifestation of Russophobia, which has long become a “tuning fork”; Latvian Foreign Policy»,— stated in the department.

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Latvia declares Russia a sponsor of terrorism

Latvia declared Russia a sponsor of terrorism and called on the EU to stop issuing visas to Russians Latvia also called on EU countries to immediately suspend the issuance of tourist and entry visas to Russians and Belarusians

The Saeima of Latvia recognized Russia as a country— sponsor of terrorism. This announcement was posted on his website. Riga also called on EU countries to immediately suspend the issuance of tourist and entry visas to citizens of Russia and Belarus.

Rihards Kols, Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Seimas, said that Russia “for many years supported and financed terrorist regimes and organizations in various ways.” In particular, the country— “the largest supplier of weapons to the regime of Bashar al-Assad in Syria.” In addition, Riga recalled the poisoning of former GRU colonel Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia in British Salisbury in 2018, as well as the Malaysian Boeing crash in the Donetsk region in 2014. The Russian authorities have repeatedly denied allegations of involvement in these events.

Similar “brutal, immoral and illegal tactics” Russia has also chosen Ukraine, Koles said. The Seimas recalled that since the beginning of the special operation, 12 million Ukrainians have left their homes, more than 5 million have left the country.

The Latvian authorities also believe that Russia “deliberately continues to deepen the global food crisis.” They noted that less than a day after the conclusion of the “grain deal” Russia hit the Odessa port. Thus, the country “has shown disrespect for its obligations,” the Sejm said.

The Russian Ministry of Defense emphasized that the blow was inflicted on the military infrastructure— ship and a warehouse with missiles. “This is in no way related to the infrastructure that is used to fulfill the agreements and export grain. Therefore, this cannot affect the beginning of the shipment process in any way, — Presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said.

In May, Lithuania recognized Russia as a terrorist state. Its Sejm stated that they consider the Russian special operation a genocide, and advocated the creation of a Special International Military Tribunal to “investigate and evaluate war crimes”, proposing to take the Nuremberg or Tokyo Tribunals as a basis.

Read on RBC Pro Pro “No one understood the boss.” How to Change Your Speech for Better Leadership Pro How To Will Banking Transactions Be Secured After French Thales Quits Pro Articles Five Tips to Train Regularly and Stay Motivated How To Pro 'You're Just a Cog': What It's Like to Work at Microsoft in 5 Points Pro Articles Most popular methods of business takeover and how to deal with them Articles Pro Large-scale fire at the Ozon warehouse. How this will affect his results Articles Pro “Playground for adults”: what it's like to work at Google – in 6 points The representative of the department, Maria Zakharova, said that over the past eight years, Vilnius had at least once spoken out in favor of the implementation of the Minsk agreements and “take care of the fate of the people who were killed in the Donbass.” According to her, Lithuania, being a member of NATO, has never expressed concern about “illegal, aggressive” actions of the alliance, which “led to the emergence of new conflicts in places where they were not even planned.” Among such actions, Zakharova named the bombing of Yugoslavia, the war in Iraq and the situation in Afghanistan.

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The Foreign Ministry said that Switzerland cannot represent the interests of Kyiv in Russia

Bern agreed to Kyiv's request to represent its diplomatic interests in Russia. The Russian Foreign Ministry replied that by joining the sanctions, Switzerland has lost the status of a neutral state type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation

Having joined the sanctions against Russia, Switzerland has lost the status of a neutral state, therefore it cannot represent the diplomatic interests of Kyiv in Russia. This was stated by Deputy Director of the Information and Press Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry Ivan Nechaev.

According to him, Switzerland has long been interested in Moscow's opinion on the possible representation of Ukraine's interests in Russia and vice versa. “We answered very clearly that Switzerland, unfortunately, has lost the status of a neutral state and cannot act either as an intermediary or as a representative of interests,” — he said (TASS quote).

Diplomatic relations between Kyiv and Moscow were severed after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine. It became known yesterday that Bern agreed to Kyiv's request to represent its diplomatic interests in Russia.

Currently, Switzerland also represents the interests of Georgia in Russia, since diplomatic relations between Moscow and Tbilisi have been severed since 2008.

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After the start of the military operation in Ukraine, Switzerland joined the EU sanctions against Moscow. “The list of persons and organizations subject to Swiss sanctions in connection with the situation in Ukraine is fully consistent with the EU list”, — noted in the Swiss government. At the same time, they emphasized that none of the introduced measures “is directed against trade in agricultural and food products between third countries and Russia.”

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In March, the Russian government approved a list of “unfriendly” states. Switzerland, along with all the EU countries, Ukraine, the USA, Canada, Japan and other states, joined it.

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Orbital stations of the USSR, Russia, USA, China and other countries. infographics

Russia will stop participating in ISS missions after 2024  However, according to the executive director of Roskosmos on the  manned programs of Sergey Krikalev, cooperation on ISS may last until 2030 year. A specific decision to stop work will be made on the basis of an analysis of the technical condition of the orbital station.

As Roscosmos Director General Yury Borisov stated earlier, by 2024 Russia will fulfill all obligations to partners in the ISS and will begin to form Russian orbital station called ROSS. The construction of the new orbital station will begin no earlier than 2028, said flight director of the Russian segment of the International Space Station Vladimir Solovyov. According to him, the first stage will begin in 2028 with the launch of the Angara-A5M launch vehicle. Scientific and Energy Module.

The ISS has been used as a multi-purpose space research complex since the end of 1998. In due the failure of various equipment the 14 countries participating in the project agreed on its operation through 2024 year. The further fate of the orbital station will be determined by the governments of the countries participating in the project. The previously operated manned research orbital station “Mir” was sunk in the  Pacific Ocean due to equipment obsolescence and lack of financial       maintenance                ISS and Chinese Tiangong. The base module of the latter was released on April 29, 2021. It is planned that after the completion of the construction of the Chinese orbital station, its total weight will be about 90 tons. It is planned to dock two laboratory modules — “Wentian” and "Mengtian". The Chinese orbital station will be five times smaller than the ISS and will be able to accommodate three crew members on a permanent basis.

For more details about the characteristics of near-Earth orbital stations, see aif.ru infographic.

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Russia extended the expiration date of the Sputnik V vaccine

The expiration date of the vaccine “Sputnik V” to prevent coronavirus infection, they decided to extend it in Russia, TASS reports with reference to the press service of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.

Now for different manufacturers, the shelf life is from six months to a year. The corresponding decision was made on the basis of an expert analysis that confirmed the effectiveness and safety of the vaccine.

Changes were made to the instructions for medical use of the drug.

It is noted that the information on a shorter shelf life indicated on the package of a vaccine produced before the extension of the term does not mean that the drug is expired.

Formerly Doctor of Medical Sciences, Head of the Department of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology of the Russian National Research Medical University. N. I. Pirogov Vladimir Nikiforov told aif.ru that for revaccination against coronavirus, you can use the first component of Sputnik V, which is identical to the Sputnik Light vaccine.

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Nathan Eismont: what awaits the ISS and why Russia needs a new orbital station

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 32. Take a check per capita 10/08/2022

During the meeting with the president, the new head of Roskosmos Yuri Borisov confirmed that after 2024 Russia will withdraw from the International Space Station project.

About what awaits the ISS further and for what Russia has a new station, "AiF" spoke with leading researcher at the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Nathan Eismont.

Museum at an altitude of 600 km

Dmitry Pisarenko, aif.ru: —     When when do you think will leave ISS?

Nathan Eismont: — Go to 2024  — it's like leaving right now. I'm sure it won't happen abruptly. Firstly, the Russian side must transfer all its competencies related to work on the ISS. Secondly, we ourselves are interested in staying at the station as long as possible. And the Americans are interested in and all other participants. Despite the most difficult geopolitical situation, no tension was felt on the ISS at all. There are excellent relations between everyone.

We will stay at ISS as long as possible. And by the way, I'm not sure that the station will be flooded after 2030 

— What will happen to her?

  There are proposals to raise the ISS orbit by 150–200 km and leave it there for a long time, for decades. At            the atmosphere will not slow down           it will be required to send a spacecraft every few months, as it is now, to return the fallen altitude to the previous value.

And you can use the station as a museum, take tourists there. After all, this is a unique structure, in which huge resources of mankind have been invested. Why sink it in the ocean? This is a monument of our civilization, it is better to save it for posterity.

—      ISS, our cosmonauts will move to  ROSS (Russian Orbital Service Station), which      is much talked about. But and there is little specifics: according to documents there is no such project, the goals are unclear, the costs — too. Yes and pull will we it 

— There are doubts whether plans for the development of our own station will fit into other already approved plans for space activities. You may have to sacrifice something.

The new station will have an orbit with an inclination of 96.9° to the plane of the equator, and supporters of this option say: oh, great, all of Russia will be constantly visible from orbit! Indeed, from the orbit on which the ISS is currently flying (with an inclination of 51.6°), it is impossible to observe zones north of this latitude. But these areas are perfectly viewed by satellites, of which these orbits are so full. These are Earth remote sensing devices, meteorological satellites … Sun-synchronous orbits are overloaded with them, there are even special services that monitor around the clock so that there are no collisions.

Of course, ROSS will fly below these satellites, and collisions do threat   , but the question is what for what purpose is it needed, for what tasks? If for observations of the surface of the Earth, then satellites cope with this. True, we have very few there there only 10, and this is a serious gap, but it is unlikely to fill it with the launch of an orbital station.

With a dream of Mars

— Maybe we don't know everything about the tasks of the new station? Rogozin, being the head of Roskosmos, said that it would look like Picatinny rail — rail fastening system used in small arms. Maybe such a comparison is not in vain?

— Indeed, there is talk of military purpose. But now, again the same, these tasks are perfectly solved by automata. And one thing — to observe from orbit, and completely different — bring weapons there. There is an international treaty according to which it is forbidden to launch weapons into space, and I don't think that anyone would risk violating it. After all, by doing so, he will open the way for others. This is a very delicate balance, and everyone has an interest in keeping it.

— Then what are the arguments in for ROSS? Conducting scientific experiments? But them and ISS was underloaded. The last argument — preservation of the manned flight program.

— Disputes about whether manned spaceflight is needed all the time arise between specialists. Many people involved in science are against it. Why? Because if you look at the scientific results obtained from manned and unmanned programs, the comparison is in in favor of manned, and strongly. If you take the experiments on ISS, for fundamental science there are not particularly outstanding results.

Nevertheless, manned astronautics is needed, and here's why. The thing is that all recent scientific achievements related space exploration — all these dark matter, black holes, exoplanets and gravitational waves are incomprehensible and uninteresting to a person from the street. And here is a man in space — quite another matter. Each of us, regardless of the country in which we live, feels a bit like an inhabitant of space. And                 there             this is important and necessary.

— So manned astronautics serves to promote space research in the broad sense?

— Absolutely, although the word « propaganda» gives off negative. If we want people to support scientific space exploration, we need to launch manned missions too. WhyElon Muskconstantly mentions an expedition to Mars as the ultimate goal? It is customary to laugh at him, but there is a deep meaning in this: it attracts people's attention. And, by the way, our ROSS can play a crucial role in the upcoming expedition to Mars. The point is that without the experience of constant flights in near-Earth orbits we will not be ready for a long flight to Mars and back. We still don much to ensure the safety of such an interplanetary flight.

If we suddenly stop working on orbital stations, the experience gained will be irreversibly lost. Therefore, manned programs need to be continued. Mars still remains a dream, but      the        refuse   refuses  >

Opinions

Yuri Borisov, Director General of Roscosmos.

About ISS:

— If we talk about the timing of the termination of Russia's participation in the ISS project — we declared that we intend to do it not from 2024, but after 2024  In Russian, these are two big differences.

О ROSS:

— The set of technical problems makes us think about the goal of continuing the manned program — about the creation of a Russian station. And this transition — completion of work on ISS and commencement of work on Russian station, — must definitely be synchronized.

Sergey Krikalev, Executive Director of Roscosmos on manned programs.

About ISS:

— After 2024 it could be 2025, 2028, 2030  The exact decision to stop work will be made on the basis of an analysis of its technical condition.

About ROSS:

— Today we are discussing whether a completely new Russian station will be built or we will attach the new station to the old one, and then undock. Now our American partners on ISS offer the possibility of docking, including commercial modules, and using them as a test platform for testing.

Dmitry Rogozin, ex-CEO of Roscosmos.

About ISS:

—  So far, we have government permission to work on ISS until 2024  The United States made a decision before & nbsp; 2030 & nbsp; work there. We estimate until 2030  the station will collapse. Her resource — 15 years.

О ROSS:

— The new station will be akin to a Picatinny rail. This allows you to quickly change some equipment. The outer side of the station, facing the Earth, will be constantly loaded with various spacecraft. They will be able to conduct both conventional visual observation, and in infrared mode, radar mode, see through the night, fogs.

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Shoigu presented the Gold Star medals to the Heroes of Russia for the special operation

Minister Shoigu presented Gold Star medals to Heroes of Russia for special operation in Ukraine Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu presented four Russian officers with Gold Star medals. She is the insignia of the title of Hero of Russia

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Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu presented the Gold Star medals four Russian officers— Heroes of Russia for completing tasks during a special operation in Ukraine, the Ministry of Defense said. Their names were not named in the agency's message.

The medal ceremony took place at the National Defense Control Center in Moscow. Shoigu thanked the servicemen for their dedication during the special military operation to protect the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics.

“I am sure that you will continue to serve faithfully to our Fatherland and do many, many more good, kind and important deeds for our country, for the army, for the Armed Forces. I congratulate you from the bottom of my heart and wish you to return home safe and sound every time, — said the head of the Ministry of Defense.

The title of Hero of Russia is conferred by the president for services to the state or people associated with the accomplishment of a feat. Those who have been awarded the title are awarded a diploma and a badge of distinction— medal “Gold Star”, indicated on the website of the Ministry of Defense.

Russia has been conducting a special operation in Ukraine since February 24. President Vladimir Putin called its goals the protection of the population of Donbass and ensuring the security of Russia.

Since the end of February, Putin has awarded the title of Hero of Russia to several active servicemen, as well as combatants who died during the special operation.

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In April, State Duma deputy Alexander Khinshtein announced that memorial plaques would appear in Russia in honor of military personnel awarded the title of Hero of Russia for participating in a military special operation in Ukraine. Their names will be immortalized in their hometowns and villages, he said.

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Jerusalem Post learned about the discussion of the departure of Sokhnut from Russia

Jerusalem Post: Sokhnut is considering ending its presence in Russia The Jewish Agency plans to continue its activities remotely – it will carry out all work on repatriation from Israel online or by phone /v6_top_pics/resized/673xH/media/img/0/57/756601526446570.webp 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Jewish Agency «Sohnut» allows the termination of its physical presence in Russia, despite the progress made in resolving tensions between Moscow and Tel Aviv. This was reported by The Jerusalem Post, citing sources.

According to sources, on August 10, a “tense meeting” was held at the agency's headquarters in Jerusalem, at which the question of how to transfer all operations from Russia to Israel. The organization plans to continue its activities remotely, the newspaper writes.

“The Jewish Agency will carry out all of its repatriation work from Israel online or by phone. The problem is that there will be no way from Russia to call for crepatriation,— said the source of the newspaper.

In addition, according to the source, the agency will change its model of work to the model of charitable foundations. In particular, “Dry” will not engage in any independent activities in Russia, but will continue to fund local events in Jewish communities.

Currently, about 200 employees of the agency are working in Russia, as well as three full-time Israeli employees, whose contract ended in the summer and who are not expected to return to Russia. The agency also could not find a replacement for these employees.

RBC sent a request to the press service of Sokhnut.

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On July 21, the Ministry of Justice of Russia asked to liquidate the Russian representative office of Sokhnut, which is engaged in repatriation to Israel and assistance to repatriates.

Israeli TV channel 13Reshet reported that the Russian authorities suspected “Dry” in the organization of the “brain drain” and seeking to poach businessmen and scientists. The Kremlin denied this information and asked “not to politicize the situation”, emphasizing that the requirement to liquidate the agency is related to compliance with the law.

Agency “Sohnut” was founded in 1929 and contributed to the repatriation of Jews to Palestinian lands, and after Israel gained independence— to the Israeli state. There is a representative office of the agency in Russia, ANO Sokhnut, which has offices and partners in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Samara, Rostov, Pyatigorsk, Yekaterinburg, Irkutsk, Novosibirsk and Khabarovsk.

Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid considered that the closure of the “Sohnut” will negatively affect relations between the two countries, and instructed the Foreign Ministry to develop policy measures in the event of the liquidation of the Russian mission.

The day before, on August 9, Russian and Israeli Presidents Vladimir Putin and Yitzhak Herzog held a telephone conversation, during which they discussed the situation with the work of the Jewish Agency in Russia and agreed that contacts in this regard will be continued through the relevant departments of both countries.

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Peskov said that countries are crossing the boundaries of reason in the abolition of Russia

Dmitry Peskov: countries are overstepping the bounds of reason in denying Russia The Kremlin found it impossible to cancel Russia, as well as the state awards of Lithuanian skaters who, after completing their careers, worked in the country. The President of Lithuania withdrew awards from Lithuanian skaters for participating in Tatyana Navka's show /webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Margarita Drobyazko and Povilas Vanagas (from right to left)

Many countries go beyond the bounds of reason in denying Russia, but this is impossible. This was stated by the press secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov on the TV channel “Russia 1”.

This is how he commented on the decree of Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda on the exclusion of figure skaters Margarita Drobyazko and Povilas Vanagas from the list of those awarded the Order of Gediminas after their participation in Tatyana Navka's show “Swan Lake” in Sochi.

“Indeed, we see that many countries are crossing some boundaries of reason. Can Tchaikovsky be denied? It is forbidden. Could Russia be denied? It is forbidden. Whether you want it or not— it's just not possible. Is it possible to deny the awards that were earned by athletes who, by the way, competed for the same Lithuania, who made the Lithuanian flag hoist? Also impossible. You can annul it by decree, but this is impossible, — said Peskov.

Earlier, Honored coach of the USSR in figure skating Tatyana Tarasova called “idiotic” the decision of Nauseda to deprive Drobyazko and Vanagas of state awards. “Firstly, he did not give them these awards, he should not take them away. Presidents change all the time, but we remain, — she said.

Margarita Drobyazko— a native of Russia, after the collapse of the USSR, she began to play for Lithuania in a pair with Povilas Vanagas. In 1993, she received Lithuanian citizenship. Together with Vanagas, they won bronze medals at the 2000 World Championships, and also competed at the Olympics five times.

Skaters live in Russia, after completing their careers, they performed in ice shows and performances more than once.

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Gitanas Nauseda, in turn, considered that obtaining Lithuanian citizenship for Drobiazko “in the current conditions looks like a pitiful farce.” He acknowledged that Lithuanian laws do not provide for the deprivation of citizenship “for defiling the name of Lithuania”, but pointed out the need to “initiate legislative changes”.

“Democracy must be able to defend itself, otherwise it will no longer democracy»,— concluded the President of Lithuania.

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Europe paid for Russia for pumping oil through the territory of Ukraine

The Ukrainian side returned the money from Russia.

Oil pumping began along the southern branch of Druzhba in the direction of Hungary and Slovakia.

As it turned out, Hungary and Slovakia paid for the Russian side to resume the process.

According to RIA Novosti , according to the statement of Transneft, the pumping of oil begins at 16:00 (Moscow time) – the oil will come through the Druzhba pipeline, which runs through Ukrainian territory

Earlier, Transneft announced that it had paid for transit through the southern branch of the “Friendship” of Russian hydrocarbons for Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Soon, Ukraine refused to pay and returned the money to the Gazprombank account.

In response to the actions of Ukrtransnafta Europeans took unprecedented measures – they paid for the Russian side.

The Hungarian company MOL and the Slovak Slovnaft intervened. Thus, they circumvented the seventh package of sanctions imposed by the EU.

“Initially, the Russian Federation itself tried to pay for transit, but the payment did not go through due to sanctions, after which Ukraine stopped the pumping of oil. Well, what about the Europeans? They took and paid, do not freeze the same. For some reason, Europe agrees to sanctions in order to pay for everything later. Some kind of schizophrenia”, – ironic on the Web.

European companies explained that there were “technical problems in connection with payment from the Russian side at the level of banks.”

Ukraine confirmed that it had received payment for its transit through its territory.

As Topnews wrote earlier, in November 2021, Belarus cut off oil through the Druzhba pipeline. Poland turned out to be without supplies.

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G7 foreign ministers urged Russia to transfer control over Zaporozhye nuclear power plant to Kyiv

The G7 countries believe that the actions of the Russian Armed Forces on the territory of the Zaporozhye NPP allegedly impede the ability of the IAEA to carry out measures to monitor “peaceful nuclear activities of Ukraine” and endanger the entire world community

The Foreign Ministers of the G7 countries (Germany, France, Italy, Japan, Canada, Great Britain and the USA) called on Russia to immediately transfer the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant and other nuclear facilities in Ukraine under the control of Kyiv.

“Ukrainian personnel responsible for the operation of the Zaporizhzhya NPP must perform their duties without threats or pressure. Russia's permanent control over the nuclear power plant threatens the region,»— said in a statement.

G7 foreign ministers said Russia's actions “significantly increase the risk of a nuclear accident.” and “endanger the population of Ukraine, neighboring countries and the entire world community.”

In addition, the presence of the Russian military at the facility allegedly hinders the ability of the IAEA to carry out measures to ensure the safety and monitoring of “peaceful nuclear activities of Ukraine”, the document notes.

Earlier, on August 10, White House Press Secretary Karine Jean -Pierre said that Washington is calling on Moscow to stop all military operations at or near Ukrainian nuclear facilities and transfer control of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant to Ukraine.

Zaporozhye NPP, located in Energodar,— Europe's largest nuclear power plant in terms of installed capacity. The Russian Armed Forces have been controlling its territory since February 28. However, the station is still run by Ukrainian operators.

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The military-civilian administration of Energodar stated that on the night of August 6-7, the nuclear power plant was fired from the Uragan multiple launch rocket system. from Ukraine. According to her, a radiation control post and a storage facility for spent nuclear fuel fell into the affected area.

The Russian Embassy in the United States reported that a “disinformation campaign” was underway in the American media. against the Russian military, whom they want to accuse of shelling the nuclear power plant.

The Russian Ministry of Defense warned that strikes on its territory could provoke a man-made disaster. The same opinion was expressed in the Kremlin. UN Secretary General António Guterres called the attacks on the station a “suicidal act” and urged them to stop.

On the night of August 10, First Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN Dmitry Polyansky said that Russia demanded to convene a meeting of the Security Council of the organization because of the shelling of nuclear power plants.

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In Kyiv, an attack was made on power lines when Zaporozhye NPP was connected to Russia

The Ukrainian “Energoatom” claims that Russia plans to switch the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant to the Crimea, to other power lines. Some of the power lines from which the nuclear power plant is now powered have been damaged by shelling. Russia blames the Armed Forces for it

Zaporozhye nuclear power plant

Ukrainian troops can “kill” transmission lines, through which Russia can try to reconnect the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant to the Crimea, said the head of the Ukrainian state company Energoatom Petr Kotin in an interview with RBC Ukraine.

“I think this will be the right decision from the point of view of Ukraine— kill them the lines they are going to connect. I think our armed forces will be ready to do it if the need arises,— said Kotin.

Head of Energoatom explained: in order to switch the nuclear power plant to the Crimea, it is necessary to completely disconnect it from the Ukrainian energy system and transfer it “to the lines that connect Crimea, — this is a substation in Dzhankoy, with the Kakhovskaya station, and already it connects with the Zaporizhzhya station.

To do this, the head of Energoatom continued, it would be necessary to turn off all the southern territories lost by Ukraine, since “the Ukrainian and Russian energy systems do not coincide in frequency”: before the conflict, Ukraine completely disconnected from the energy systems of Russia and Belarus, and in mid-March connected to the European energy system .

“Although the frequency is the same— 50 hertz, but the systems are out of sync. That is, the peaks of the maximum current and voltage can be in antiphase, and in this case you cannot just take it and connect it, there will be an accident, — explained Kotin.

He claims that Russian forces passed on to the nuclear power plant “a program that says — power supply of ZNPP from Dzhankoy. According to the head of Energoatom, they plan to disconnect the Zaporizhzhya NPP from the Ukrainian energy system, and then power the entire south back, and then gradually from Dzhankoy already at the Russian frequency— “to Kakhovka and then to Zaporizhzhya NPP”. And then the station can no longer be included in the Ukrainian energy system.

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Zaporozhye NPP— the largest nuclear power plant in Europe. It is located on the banks of the Kakhovka reservoir in the city of Energodar in the Zaporozhye region of Ukraine. The central and southern parts of this region, including Energodar and the territory of the nuclear power plant itself, are controlled by Russian forces. However, the station is still managed by Ukrainian operators (NPP— a separate division of Energoatom).

On the territory of the Zaporozhye region occupied by Russian troops, a military-civilian administration (VGA) was formed. In recent months, she has repeatedly reported on shelling of nuclear power plants by Ukraine. On August 5, the military-civilian administration announced that as a result of the attack on the nuclear power plant, two power lines were cut off, which are necessary for the operation of the power units. And during shelling by Ukrainian forces on the night of August 6-7, fragments and a rocket engine fell no more than 400 meters from the operating power unit, according to the CAA.

The Russian Ministry of Defense lays responsibility for the strikes on the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Moscow also emphasizes that Russian forces strike exclusively at military facilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Against the backdrop of increased shelling of nuclear power plants, Russia demanded to convene a meeting of the UN Security Council on August 11.

In turn, the heads of the G7 countries (Great Britain, USA, France, Germany, Italy, Canada and Japan) called on Russia to immediately hand over the Zaporizhzhya NPP and other nuclear facilities in Ukraine under the control of Kyiv.

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Bloomberg: Sanctions against Russia again hit Europe’s energy security

The American agency spoke about the aggravation of the energy crisis in the EU.

The American edition of Bloomberg, Europe received a new blow to its energy security.

This happened after oil supplies from Russia were suspended along the southern branch of the “Druzhba” oil pipeline.

p>

Recall that the pumping of black gold was partially suspended due to anti-Russian sanctions that prohibit accepting payments from Russia.

As a result, “Transneft” limited in the ability to pay for the transit of fuel through Ukraine and to the EU countries.

Thus, Europe is waiting for the aggravation of the energy crisis, which will lead to higher inflation and an increase in the risk of recession.

Journalists are sure that Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic may suffer the most from the situation, and the oil industry of these states is currently trying to solve the problems that have arisen.

According to the information published in the article, European banks participating in the deal cannot make their decisions about payments from Russia.

Such transactions must be approved by national regulatory authorities.

The agency recalls that companies in Europe that previously received oil via “Druzhba” suffer losses. Also, these states are now forced to spend their reserves of black gold.

Earlier, TopNews wrote that experts expect an “energy storm and chaos” in Europe.

Disappointing forecasts for the Old World are made for the near future.

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Russia requested a meeting of the UN Security Council because of the shelling of the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant

Russia requested a meeting of the UN Security Council on August 11 because of the attacks on the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant ru/v6_top_pics/resized/673xH/media/img/3/88/756600865953883.webp 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio : 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Russia demanded to convene a meeting of the UN Security Council on August 11 because of the shelling of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, TASS and RIA Novosti report. with reference to a source in the Russian permanent mission in the organization. This was later confirmed by Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN.

According to the interlocutor, the Russian side requested a briefing “in connection with the Ukrainian attacks on the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant in recent days and their possible catastrophic consequences.”

p>

According to an Interfax source, Russia also requested the participation of IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi as a speaker.

Zaporozhye NPP is located in Energodar, it is the largest nuclear power plant in Europe in terms of installed capacity. It has six VVER-1000 power units. The first was put into operation in December 1984, the sixth— in October 1995. On February 28, four days after the start of the military operation in Ukraine, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced that the territory of the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant had been taken under control. Despite this, the control of the station remains with the Ukrainian operators.

In July— In August, the conflicting parties repeatedly reported shelling and damage to the nuclear power plant. In particular, according to the pro-Russian military-civilian administration of Energodar, on the night of August 6-7, the nuclear power plant was fired from the Uragan multiple launch rocket system. from Ukraine. According to her, in the affected area were a post for monitoring the radiation situation, a storage facility for spent nuclear fuel, and fragments and a rocket engine fell no more than 400 meters from the operating power unit. At the same time, the Russian embassy in the United States points to a “disinformation campaign” in the media in order to accuse the Russian military of delivering strikes on the territory of the nuclear power plant. Moscow warns that strikes on nuclear power plants could lead to a serious man-made disaster.

August 5 Energoatom said that one of the three operating power units had to be turned off at the nuclear power plant due to shelling.

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UN Secretary-General António Guterres called the attacks on the station a “suicide act”; and called for them to stop. He also expressed hope that the IAEA mission would gain access to the station. In the White House, the United States urges Russia to return control of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant to Ukraine.

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Do I need to take a PCR test for COVID-19 when returning to Russia?

Story Measures against the spread of coronavirus in Russia

The current anti-COVID measures in Russia still require a PCR test when returning to the country. Certain categories of travelers can do without analysis, as well as those who already have immunity to COVID-19.

In what cases do you need to take a PCR test when entering Russia?

h2>

PCR testing is required for citizens arriving in Russia by air or water transport, regardless of their age, including children.

Russians with immunity to the disease are exempted from testing, with the exception of those who had coronavirus more than six months ago or were vaccinated against COVID-19 more than one year ago.

Who can not take a PCR test after returning to Russia?

It does not need to take a PCR test for coronavirus after traveling border by bus, car, and other land transport.

If the same tourist returned home by airplane or water transport, he can also be exempted from passing the analysis. To do this, he must have a certificate of vaccination against COVID-19 with a domestic vaccine within the last 12 months or the status of having recovered from coronavirus in the last 6 months. At the same time, data on  the transferred disease or on vaccination is posted in electronic form on the portal of State Services on the basis of data obtained from the unified state information system in healthcare.

When you need to take a PCR test ?

Today, the following deadlines have been set for submitting the analysis and providing its results:

  • three calendar days from the day of arrival on the territory of the Russian Federation for passing the analysis ;
  • four calendar days from the day of arrival in Russia to upload the results to the government services portal.

Before receiving the test results, observe isolation at the place of residence not required.

Sources:

https://www.gosuslugi.ru

http://www.consultant .ru

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Altai soldier awarded the title of Hero of Russia posthumously

Soldier from the Altai Territory Oleg Shipitsin posthumously became a Hero of Russia for the feat he accomplished during a special military operation in Ukraine.

«Gold Star» the mother of the deceased soldier, on behalf of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, was handed over by the governor of the region Viktor Tomenko. The head of Altai expressed his condolences to Shipitsin's relatives and promised that the state would take care of his family, according to a message published on the website of the regional government.

Oleg Shipitsin was a professional soldier, took part in the hostilities in Chechnya, was involved in restoration of order in Tajikistan, was a peacekeeper in Karabakh, then participated in a special military operation in Ukraine. He died in March of this year, under what circumstances, it is not specified. He was awarded two government awards.

Earlier, Commander of the Central Military District Alexander Lapin presented state awards to servicemen who showed courage, bravery and heroism during a special operation in Ukraine.

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