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League of Nations – impotent or manipulative? Why the predecessor of the UN collapsed

US President Joe Biden, speaking at 77th session of the UN General Assembly, proposed to expand the Security Council of this international organization, and Vladimir Zelenskyin             appeal                   generally benevolent — Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation Sergey Ryabikovstated that the Russian side has been calling for the same thing for a long time. However, he also noted that Biden's speech looks too much like an attempt to intercept Russian initiatives and appropriate them for himself, which, in turn, speaks of    another US claim to dominate the world».

When the word doesn deed

The remark is correct. And, most importantly, it is confirmed over a fairly long historical distance. More than a hundred years ago, the US claims to the role of the world arbiter and world gendarme dealt a death blow to the prototype of the UN — League of Nations. Moreover, at the very moment of its birth, which, by and large, caused the inglorious finale of this promising organization.

The fun  nations stood none other than US President Woodrow Wilson. In general, it is gratifying to see that at least somewhere there is still stability. For more than a hundred years, US leaders have been making excellent speeches about peace and security, sometimes even receiving Nobel Peace Prizes for it, which does stop their unleashing and provoking wars in all corners of the planet. It was Wilson who set an example for them. In 1919, he was the first president of the United States to receive this award. True, a year before he had also authorized the American invasion of Russian territory. But is does the world care any Russians? The main thing is completely different — the  league of nations — an organization that aims to “develop cooperation between peoples and” achieve international peace and “security”!

So it is. But it was assumed that the control over “international peace and security” will be in very specific hands. For example, Edward House did not hesitate to declare: “The success of the League will largely depend on” strong cooperation between the United States and Great Britain with its overseas dominions … the surest guarantee of world peace is the close political friendship of peoples who speak  English. It is clear that England supported this initiative. It is no less obvious that France, Italy and Japan — prospective permanent members of the Council of the League of Nations — and did delight did from such statements.

Wanted to be in charge

And then the future Council of the League of Nations became aware of the statement of Woodrow Wilson himself: “By becoming partners with other countries, we” will dominate this alliance. Financial superiority will be ours. Industrial superiority will be ours. Trade dominance will be ours. The countries of the world are waiting for our leadership. Then England — what does it come out? Does the United States claim to be the sole arbiter at all? And will not even share it with us?

Feeling the opposition of Europe, the United States defiantly withdrew from the League of Nations in 1920. The organization, barely having arisen, became inferior. But even in such a truncated form, it could perform its intended functions — at least in Europe. Another thing is that for normal functioning it was necessary to admit Germany and Russia to the League of Nations as soon as possible. In principle, this was not prohibited by the Charter of the League of Nations. However, in fact, such a move was considered illegal.

Members of the Council of the League of Nations — victors in the First World War. So they understood peace and security in a very different way. And they acted on the basis of a specific consideration: “Woe to the vanquished.” Germany was among the defeated, which is natural. However, Russia was also included there. Firstly, for the  separate peace of Brest-Litovsk with Germany. And secondly…

Take and divide…Russia

Secondly, one of ideologists and chief designers of the League of nations, that same Edward House, had very original views of our country. Here is an entry from his diary: “The rest of the world will live more peacefully if instead of a huge Russia there are four Russias in the world. One — Siberia, and the rest — divided European part of the country».

Yes, the US withdrew from the League of Nations almost immediately. But by all appearances, such considerations were not foreign to those who remained and who formed the Council of the League. Moreover, it was precisely these countries that, at the time of the birth of the League of Nations, actually held part of the Russian territories seized in the process of intervention. And in some places they continued to hold for a few more years — thus, Japan left the Far East only in 1922 .

One curious fact speaks about how the League of Nations looked at the actions of those states that were part of it, as well as at Russia's place in the  brave new world». In & nbsp; 1920, the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR begged Poland to stop the invasion of & nbsp; the borders of Russia, which began back in 1919 & nbsp;, stop the war and & nbsp; make peace. The answer was the most severe blows and the capture of Kyiv. The League of Nations, in theory, was supposed to somehow appease one of its unbridled participants. In vain. The Treaty of Riga concluded in 1921 showed that from the point of view of the League of Nations, all countries are, of course, equal, but some are more equal than others. Poland then seized huge territories in Ukraine and Belarus and even managed to chop off a good piece of Lithuania. Nobody suspended         suspended         suspension of her membership in the League of Nations. Recorded aggressors.

Last Chance

This moment, which took place at the very beginning of the activities of the League of Nations, perfectly characterizes all its further steps. However, the League still had a chance to get on the right track. In 1934, the USSR was admitted to membership, and it immediately entered the Council of this organization. People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs Maxim Litvinov,representing the interests of the Soviet Union there, immediately came up with the concept of collective security in Europe. He also owned the initiative to form a special military structure under the League of Nations. Historian Irina Khomach mentions that back in & nbsp; proposed to the League of Nations to create peacekeeping aviation and landing corps to fight any aggressor. The share of the USSR was to be 300 & nbsp; aircraft.

The fact that these proposals were not accepted, and the concept of collective security did not become a reality, is not the fault of the USSR. Litvinov repeatedly warned that it was impossible to turn a blind eye to the predation of Nazi Germany, that Poland, which in 1938 took part in the aggression against Czechoslovakia, should also be put in its place, otherwise the League of Nations would simply turn into a laughing stock…

In the end, everything came true according to the words of the Soviet People's Commissar. The League of Nations, true to its original principles of ignoring the interests of Russia and blocking its initiatives, did not use its last chance. And really turned into a laughing stock. But it was laughter through tears — the result of the impotence of the League of Nations, or rather, its attempts to manipulate Europe, was the Second World War. In 1946, the League of Nations ceased to exist. The only thing she was good for was the role of a negative example. When the UN was created, it was clear to everyone — it is categorically impossible to make a new international organization according to the patterns of the League.

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‘Every country gets a voice:’ World leaders convene at annual UN meeting

“MuiTypography-root-134 MuiTypography-h1-139″>‘Every country gets a voice:’ World leaders convene at annual UN meeting

This week's General Debate at UN headquarters in New York will draw a room filled with big personalities, protagonists and politics.

The WorldSeptember 19, 2022 · 2:45 PM EDT

A translators booth overlooks the empty General Assembly hall at United Nations headquarters ahead of the General Assembly, Sept. 16, 2022.

Mary Altaffer/AP

World leaders are arriving in New York this week for the annual United Nations General Assembly — a chance to speak on a global stage about critical issues impacting their nation and the planet. 

The General Debate is also a moment that often brings great political theater. And for those coming to New York, a chance to address the UN General Assembly is a really big deal. 

“The speech they give to the General Assembly is one of the most important they give in a year,” said Rachel Kyte, a former special representative of the UN secretary-general and now dean at the Fletcher School at Tufts University.

“They’re communicating a foreign policy position for a domestic audience as well as presenting their credentials and their leadership, and their concerns and agenda to the rest of the international community.”

Kyte, who has been to more than a dozen UN General Assemblies, said the deliberative chamber is the only place where every country gets a voice — “No matter its size, no matter how rich it is. And this is where the international community comes together. This is where we convene.”

This week’s General Debate will draw a room filled with big personalities, protagonists and politics. The annual fall speeches by world leaders are also important because foreign ministries from across the globe are paying close attention.

“They take stock of where the views of 193 countries are. It’s an index of worldviews. And you do need to get that recorded,” said David Scheffer, who served a couple of stints at the UN and is now with the Council on Foreign relations.

But for the general public, 193 speakers is a lot. A few sound bites will make the evening news back home then quickly be forgotten. But a few speakers will hit the mark, and their words could be remembered for years, even decades. 

Former Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was one of the masters of standing out from the crowd. He was a fan of props.   

In 2012, Netanyahu held up a drawing of a cartoonish bomb that looked like a cannonball with a fuse. The image was divided into sections representing Iran's progress toward enriching enough uranium for a bomb. Then, Netanyahu dramatically drew a thick line with a red marker to show where the “red line” should be.

Speakers are asked to limit remarks to 15 minutes, but many blow well past that. In 1960, Cuba’s Fidel Castro spoke for 4 ½ hours.

Bombast and name-calling work well too for leaders trying to get attention. In 2006, Venezuela's president, Hugo Chavez, had some choice words for American president, George W. Bush, referring to Bush as “the devil.”

And in 2017, then-President Donald Trump threatened to destroy North Korea and threw in a demeaning nickname for its leader Kim Jong-un. 

Trump said, “‘Rocket Man’ is on a suicide mission for himself and for his regime.”

There’s one final tactic to grab the spotlight: the protest.

First, there’s the walkout when leaders stand up and leave during a speech. 

Or in rare cases, the interruption. The most famous one came in 1960 when Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev took off his shoe, waved it in the air, then reportedly banged it against a desk to interrupt the Filipino speaker for speaking about Soviet aggression.

Kyte from Tufts mentioned another, more dignified, way to stand out from the crowd of speakers: “You have natural born orators. And I think this year, look to not the biggest country in the world, but look to Barbados, and look to Prime Minister Mia Mottley.”

Mottley captivated the hall at the UN last year in New York when she quoted reggae singer Bob Marley.

Mottley asked those in attendance, “Who will get up and stand up for the rights of our people? Who will stand up in the name of all those who have died during this awful pandemic? The millions. Who will stand up in the name of all those who have died because of the climate crisis?”

So, which global leader will make their mark in New York this year? 

David Scheffer said he’s circling his calendar to watch President Joe Biden and the representative from Russia — as of now, there’s no specific speaker listed.

“Let’s see who will speak for Russia,” Scheffer said. “But whatever the Russian says will be listened to very carefully, I think there will be quite a bit of cynicism in the hall, and you might see some walk-outs as well.”

Whatever they end up saying — expect some drama. 

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation called on the UN to take measures so that the Armed Forces of Ukraine did not fire at schools

The United Nations and the world community need to influence the Kyiv regime so that it does not give orders to shell schools. This was stated by the Russian Ministry of Defense.

On the eve of the Day of Knowledge, the department issued a statement that the Armed Forces of Ukraine were shelling civilian infrastructure. The fire is directed at schools, hospitals and kindergartens in the Donbass and in the liberated territories.

It is noted that the long-range weapons supplied by the United States with the EU countries have significantly expanded the capabilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in shelling civilian targets.

The ministry said that such actions of Kyiv are criminal, urgent measures must be taken to prevent the shelling of schools and the death of children.

Earlier it was reported that the Armed Forces of Ukraine attacked the Makeevka penal colony, as a result of which injuries were received three convicts.

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Why has polio emerged in the US, UK and Israel? A polio eradication expert weighs in.

“MuiTypography-root-134 MuiTypography-h1-139″>Why has polio emerged in the US, UK and Israel? A polio eradication expert weighs in.

New cases of polio have emerged in the US and Israel, and the disease has been detected in wastewater in the UK. Oliver Rosenbauer, the spokesperson for polio eradication at the World Health Organization, explains how some of them could be linked to the oral vaccine that's long been used to prevent the disease.

The WorldAugust 24, 2022 · 3:00 PM EDT

A worker walks alongside the Newtown Creek Wastewater Treatment Plant's array of digester eggs in the Greenpoint neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York. Officials revealed last month that polio has shown up in New York sewers, suggesting it is spreading, Aug. 12, 2022.

John Minchillo/AP/File photo

The United States saw its first polio case in nearly a decade this summer. The virus has also infected several children in Israel this year and has been found in London's wastewater. Genetic analysis has linked some of these cases to the oral vaccine long used to prevent polio.

To discuss the situation, The World's host Carol Hills spoke with Oliver Rosenbauer, the spokesperson for polio eradication at the World Health Organization, who joined from Geneva. 

Carol Hills: So, how does the oral polio vaccine actually cause polio?Oliver Rosenbauer: Well, they're not exactly caused by the polio vaccine itself. What is happening is the oral polio vaccine that is being used — and that's been used all over the world billions of times, and through which polio has been almost globally eradicated — it contains a live vaccine virus. It's a weakened vaccine virus, but it's live. So, what happens is that you give this vaccine to a child and that child develops immunity, and then the vaccine virus basically multiplies in that child's gut and is actually excreted in the stool, just like a normal polio virus would. And it can actually spread to other children. In 99% of the cases, that's actually a good thing, because you passively immunize other children that way. The problem is, if you allow this vaccine virus to continue to spread in the community and to continue to circulate, and if that happens, it can become, again, genetically changed from a weakened vaccine virus to a strong vaccine virus, able to cause paralysis. And that's what is known as a vaccine-derived polio virus.What's interesting is this oral vaccine has been around for decades. Why are we seeing these cases pop up now?Well, I think we're not just seeing these cases pop up now. We've been seeing them pop up throughout the use of this particular vaccine. It's just that it's popped up in a place like New York, which hasn't had polio in a long, long time. The risk of these things emerging are very, very low. And the reason why we use this particular vaccine is that it has the ability to interrupt person-to-person spread. There's another vaccine that is used. It's called the inactivated polio vaccine — or the Salk vaccine, if you like — and it's injected. It contains an inactivated polio vaccine and it offers excellent personal protection. But the drawback on that is [that] it offers very limited ability to be able to stop person-to-person spread of the virus, and in an eradication effort, that's what we're really after.So, is there any risk of a widespread outbreak in places like the US and the UK of polio now? I mean, should we be worried?I would say the following: I think both the UK and the US did a fantastic job in identifying a public health risk. You know, there's one case in New York, which is a paralytic case — one person paralyzed by the disease, which is tragic — but for the most part, the virus has been only isolated in sewage systems. So, the local authorities have identified this risk and are, right now, doing all the right things in addressing this public health risk. And the name of the game now is to make sure that you do not allow polio to reestablish a foothold in your community. And to do that, you make sure that your population is fully vaccinated.There's been such a push to get people vaccinated against COVID-19, with messaging about how the vaccine is safe and effective, there's no risk of getting COVID-19 from the vaccine. Do you worry about how this news about polio might impact people's decisions to get vaccinated against COVID-19 or other viruses?We're worried about any person who is not vaccinated against polio, because then that individual is not protected. And certainly the vaccine that's being used in the United States, the inactivated polio vaccine, it's one of the safest, if not the safest vaccine that is out there. It is a killed vaccine virus, so there is absolutely no chance of catching polio from it. There is no chance that you would see these vaccine-derived polio cases arise with inactivated polio vaccines. The only thing that it will do, is to protect you from lifelong paralysis. And, most of us have forgotten what polio actually is. It is a devastating, deadly disease. It is an extremely painful disease. And it is so easily preventable, and so, if it's a matter of getting one injection in the arm, which is completely safe, and then be sure and be assured that you're not going to catch this disease, I think it's worth doing, definitely.

This interview has been lightly edited and condensed for clarity.

Related: An upcoming vaccine drive in Afghanistan is an ‘unprecedented opportunity’ to eradicate polio, UN official says

Why are new polio cases popping up in the US, UK and Israel? A polio eradication expert weighs in.

“MuiTypography-root-134 MuiTypography-h1-139″>Why are new polio cases popping up in the US, UK and Israel? A polio eradication expert weighs in.

New cases of polio have emerged in the US, UK and Israel. Oliver Rosenbauer, the spokesperson for polio eradication at the World Health Organization, explains how some of them could be linked to the oral vaccine that's long been used to prevent the disease.

The WorldAugust 24, 2022 · 3:00 PM EDT

A worker walks alongside the Newtown Creek Wastewater Treatment Plant's array of digester eggs in the Greenpoint neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York. Officials revealed last month that polio has shown up in New York sewers, suggesting it is spreading, Aug. 12, 2022.

John Minchillo/AP/File photo

The United States saw its first polio case in nearly a decade this summer. The virus has also infected several children in Israel this year and has been found in London's wastewater. Genetic analysis has linked some of these cases to the oral vaccine long used to prevent polio.

To discuss the situation, The World's host Carol Hills spoke with Oliver Rosenbauer, the spokesperson for polio eradication at the World Health Organization, who joined from Geneva. 

Carol Hills: So, how does the oral polio vaccine actually cause polio?Oliver Rosenbauer: Well, they're not exactly caused by the polio vaccine itself. What is happening is the oral polio vaccine that is being used — and that's been used all over the world billions of times, and through which polio has been almost globally eradicated — it contains a live vaccine virus. It's a weakened vaccine virus, but it's live. So, what happens is that you give this vaccine to a child and that child develops immunity, and then the vaccine virus basically multiplies in that child's gut and is actually excreted in the stool, just like a normal polio virus would. And it can actually spread to other children. In 99% of the cases, that's actually a good thing, because you passively immunize other children that way. The problem is, if you allow this vaccine virus to continue to spread in the community and to continue to circulate, and if that happens, it can become, again, genetically changed from a weakened vaccine virus to a strong vaccine virus, able to cause paralysis. And that's what is known as a vaccine-derived polio virus.What's interesting is this oral vaccine has been around for decades. Why are we seeing these cases pop up now?Well, I think we're not just seeing these cases pop up now. We've been seeing them pop up throughout the use of this particular vaccine. It's just that it's popped up in a place like New York, which hasn't had polio in a long, long time. The risk of these things emerging are very, very low. And the reason why we use this particular vaccine is that it has the ability to interrupt person-to-person spread. There's another vaccine that is used. It's called the inactivated polio vaccine — or the Salk vaccine, if you like — and it's injected. It contains an inactivated polio vaccine and it offers excellent personal protection. But the drawback on that is [that] it offers very limited ability to be able to stop person-to-person spread of the virus, and in an eradication effort, that's what we're really after.So, is there any risk of a widespread outbreak in places like the US and the UK of polio now? I mean, should we be worried?I would say the following: I think both the UK and the US did a fantastic job in identifying a public health risk. You know, there's one case in New York, which is a paralytic case — one person paralyzed by the disease, which is tragic — but for the most part, the virus has been only isolated in sewage systems. So, the local authorities have identified this risk and are, right now, doing all the right things in addressing this public health risk. And the name of the game now is to make sure that you do not allow polio to reestablish a foothold in your community. And to do that, you make sure that your population is fully vaccinated.There's been such a push to get people vaccinated against COVID-19, with messaging about how the vaccine is safe and effective, there's no risk of getting COVID-19 from the vaccine. Do you worry about how this news about polio might impact people's decisions to get vaccinated against COVID-19 or other viruses?We're worried about any person who is not vaccinated against polio, because then that individual is not protected. And certainly the vaccine that's being used in the United States, the inactivated polio vaccine, it's one of the safest, if not the safest vaccine that is out there. It is a killed vaccine virus, so there is absolutely no chance of catching polio from it. There is no chance that you would see these vaccine-derived polio cases arise with inactivated polio vaccines. The only thing that it will do, is to protect you from lifelong paralysis. And, most of us have forgotten what polio actually is. It is a devastating, deadly disease. It is an extremely painful disease. And it is so easily preventable, and so, if it's a matter of getting one injection in the arm, which is completely safe, and then be sure and be assured that you're not going to catch this disease, I think it's worth doing, definitely.

This interview has been lightly edited and condensed for clarity.

Related: An upcoming vaccine drive in Afghanistan is an ‘unprecedented opportunity’ to eradicate polio, UN official says

Reuters: West wants to revoke UN powers from Russian representatives

Reuters reported that Ukraine and Western countries may try to revoke the credentials of Russian representatives at the United Nations.

Photo: pixabay.com

Reuters reported that Ukraine and Western countries may try to revoke the credentials of Russia's representatives in the United Nations.

According to the agency, representatives of Kyiv had earlier demanded that Moscow be expelled from the UN. This idea is unrealizable, since such a decision requires a recommendation from the Security Council, where the Russian Federation has the right to veto.

“Another option is to withdraw the credentials of representatives of Russian President Putin. In this case, the support of the majority in the General Assembly will be needed,” the publication added.

At the same time, Reuters did not specify whether this proposal is in line with the current UN charter.

Earlier, the agency, citing on the deputies, said that at the moment Western countries are not proposing new restrictive measures against Russia, as they are afraid of low support for these initiatives.

Источник www.mk.ru

Reuters called a way for Kyiv to harm Russia at the UN

The agency writes that Ukraine was unable to implement the most radical option – the exclusion of Russia from the UN Security Council, but it remains possible to withdraw credentials from the country's permanent representatives to the organization

Ukraine may try to revoke credentials from Russian representatives to the UN, writes Reuters.

The publication indicates that Kyiv has previously called for Russia to be excluded from the membership of the UN Security Council. However, this is impossible due to the fact that Russia, as a permanent member of the Security Council, has a veto on such a decision, the agency adds.

at least majority support in the General Assembly, — writes the publication.

Earlier, most of the countries that are members of the General Assembly condemned the conduct of a special operation in Ukraine. However, a Reuters source, an Asian diplomat, predicted a decline in support for Kyiv unless Moscow “crosses red lines.” They mean a chemical or nuclear attack, mass casualties among the civilian population or the annexation of the territory of Ukraine.

Since the beginning of the Russian special operation, the UN has held several meetings related to the events in Ukraine, where certain documents or decisions regarding Russia were adopted.

Two days after the start of hostilities, Moscow vetoed a draft resolution of the UN Security Council calling stop the operation. 11 countries voted for this resolution— members of the Security Council, three more countries, including China, abstained from voting.

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In early March, at a meeting of the UN General Assembly, a resolution was adopted demanding that Russia immediately stop the “use of force against Ukraine”; and completely withdraw the armed forces from its territory. 141 delegations voted for the resolution, against— five (Belarus, North Korea, Eritrea, Russia and Syria), abstained 35.

A month after the start of the CSO, the General Assembly adopted another resolution— about the humanitarian situation in Ukraine. 140 delegations voted for its provisions, against— five, abstained 38.

In early April, the General Assembly suspended Russia's participation in the UN Human Rights Council. This measure was supported by 93 states, against— 24 (except for the previous five, this number included Algeria, China, Kazakhstan, Iran, Nicaragua, etc.), another 58 abstained. Moscow has announced that it will leave the council ahead of schedule.

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Belarus at the UN confirmed its non-nuclear status

According to the representative of Minsk in the UN, Belarus made its choice in favor of renouncing the possession of nuclear weapons consciously and does not intend to change its status 6/36/756595611306366.webp 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Belarus does not intend to change its nuclear-free status, all insinuations in this regard are absolutely groundless. This was stated by the representative of the delegation of Belarus at the conference of countries— signatory to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) at the UN.

“All insinuations about changing the nuclear-free status of Belarus, as well as regarding non-compliance with obligations under the NPT, are groundless,” — said the diplomat.

He stressed that Belarus made a conscious choice in favor of renouncing the possession of nuclear weapons, and does not intend to change its position, despite the “unwinding spiral of the arms race”.

Belarus abandoned the deployment of nuclear weapons after the collapse of the USSR and acceded to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in 1993 as a non-nuclear state. Fully nuclear weapons were withdrawn from the territory of Belarus by November 1996, in total, 584 medium-range and shorter-range missiles were removed from the country and destroyed at test sites in the states of the former USSR.

On the website of the Belarusian Foreign Ministry states that the republic is “ready to develop and strengthen the mechanisms of the NPT, increase its effectiveness and contribute to the achievement of consensus outcomes of the Tenth Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT.

At the same time, President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko stated back in 2010 that he considered the withdrawal of nuclear weapons a mistake. “The withdrawal of nuclear weapons from Belarus on the same terms as it was carried out by our nationalists was a cruel mistake. <…> I had to sign this agreement, because there was nowhere to go: both Russia and the Americans put pressure on me— take it out because you promised. It was impossible, this is the greatest asset, this is an expensive commodity, which in the end we had to decently sell, — the president is quoted by the Belarusian state agency BelTA.

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In February 2022, he also allowed the deployment of Russian nuclear weapons in Belarus if such systems were deployed on the territory of Poland. “They [the US] will transport [nuclear warheads from Germany] to Poland. Yes. Then I will propose to [Russian President Vladimir] Putin to return nuclear weapons to Belarus. <…> We will agree on what. That nuclear weapon, which will be most effective in such contact,— said Lukashenka.

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UN urges Taliban to disassociate from al-Qaeda

Al-Qaeda is still well represented in Afghanistan, but the UN is trying to encourage the Taliban to disassociate themselves from the terrorists, according to the head of the UN Counterterrorism Office/s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/320xH/media/img/6/17/756595625667176.webp 320w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px)” >

The UN is doing everything it can to encourage the Taliban to dissociate themselves from al-Qaeda terrorists (both organizations are recognized as terrorist and banned in Russia). This was stated by the Deputy Secretary General of the UN, the head of the Counter-Terrorism Department of the organization Vladimir Voronkov, TASS reports. Ayman al-Zawahiri in Afghanistan, Voronkov said that despite the efforts of the UN, al-Qaeda still “quite well represented in Afghanistan.”

“My department is doing everything possible to induce the Taliban to dissociate itself from terrorists»,— he stressed.

President Joe Biden announced the elimination of the leader of Al-Qaeda in Kabul; al-Zawahiri on 2 August. He called what happened “a success in every way”; and stressed that the United States intends to do everything so that Afghanistan does not become a “safe haven” for terrorists.

Al-Zawahiri became the leader of al-Qaeda in 2011, after the elimination by US forces of the previous head of the group, Osama bin Laden. In September, the Pentagon offered a reward for data on the whereabouts of al-Zawahiri— $25 million

According to Politico, Reuters and AP, the strike was carried out by a drone on Sunday, July 31. The United States did not announce the elimination of the leader of the terrorist group before confirming his death, the agencies indicated. Taliban government spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid strongly condemned the attack on Kabul, calling it a violation of “international principles”.

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hiding out al-Zawahiri and violating the Doha agreements. “They [the Taliban] have also betrayed the Afghan people and their own stated desire for international recognition and normalization,” Blinken emphasized.

The Doha Agreement mentioned by Blinken, US and Taliban representatives signed about two and a half years ago, in February 2020. In particular, the United States was obliged to withdraw troops from Afghanistan, and the Taliban were to prevent the presence of “other states and organizations” in the controlled territories.

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Polyansky called on the UN to assess the shelling of the pre-trial detention center in Yelenovka

Polyansky: The UN should evaluate the strike on Yelenovka and “not hide” from condemnation

Moscow handed over to the UN Secretary General António Guterres its data on the shelling of the pre-trial detention center in the village of Yelenovka in the DPR, which killed dozens of people. Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Representative of Russia to the UN, announced this on Telegram.

«We condemned the attempts of the Kyiv regime to shift the blame for this crime on Russia»,— he declared. Diplomats called on the UN to assess what happened and said that the Russian Investigative Committee had launched an investigation. On his Twitter, Polyansky wrote that “the UN should not hide from condemnation”; attacks.

“Let's wait for the reaction of the UN Secretary General”,— Polyansky added.

The pre-trial detention center held Ukrainian prisoners of war, including Azov fighters. (its symbolism is recognized as extremist in Russia and is prohibited). The authorities of the DPR reported a strike on the prison building on the morning of July 29. The Russian Defense Ministry said that the attack was carried out with the help of the American HIMARS multiple launch rocket system.

Russian authorities claim that Ukraine is behind the shelling. Kyiv denies this and emphasizes that the Armed Forces of Ukraine did not strike at the pre-trial detention center building. The Ukrainian authorities demanded that representatives of the UN and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) be sent to Yelenovka. Russia has invited experts from these organizations to join the investigation. Earlier, the UN expressed readiness for this.

According to the Russian Ministry of Defense, 50 prisoners of war were killed and 73 others were injured as a result of the attack.

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Russia invited the UN and the Red Cross to investigate the attack in Yelenovka

Ministry of Defense: Russia invited the UN and the Red Cross to investigate the attack on the UN pre-trial detention center and the Red Cross earlier expressed their readiness to send experts to Yelenovka to find out the circumstances of the incident. According to the Russian side, 50 people were killed in the attack on the pre-trial detention center, more than 70 were injured type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Russia has invited experts from the UN and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to investigate the strike on a pre-trial detention center in the village of Yelenovka in the DPR, which killed dozens of people. This was reported by the Ministry of Defense in its Telegram.

Deputy Representative of the UN Secretary General Farhan Haq earlier said that the organization was ready to send a group of experts to the DPR to investigate the circumstances of the attack on the prison building with Ukrainian prisoners of war. This was also stated by the ICRC, offering assistance in evacuating the wounded. The committee emphasized that prisoners of war— not parties to the conflict, and in accordance with international humanitarian law, they cannot be attacked.

The authorities of the DPR reported a strike on the prison building on the morning of July 29. According to the Russian Ministry of Defense, the attack was carried out with the help of the American HIMARS multiple launch rocket system. "RIA Novosti" referring to his correspondent, he wrote that fragments of ammunition for the MLRS were found at the impact site.

Ukrainian prisoners of war were kept in the pre-trial detention center, including Azov fighters. (its symbolism is recognized as extremist in Russia and is prohibited). On July 30, the Ministry of Defense published lists of the dead and wounded. According to the agency, 50 people became victims of the strike, the identity of two of them has not been established. 73 people were injured.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

Russian authorities say Ukraine is responsible for the attack. Kyiv denies this and emphasizes that the Armed Forces of Ukraine did not strike at the pre-trial detention center. The Armed Forces of Ukraine, the Security Service of Ukraine, the Main Intelligence Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the country and the Commissioner of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine for Human Rights also demanded that representatives of the UN and the ICRC be sent to Yelenovka.

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Russia invited UN and Red Cross experts to Yelenovka

frame from video

To conduct an objective investigation of the shelling of the pre-trial detention center in Yelenovka, Russia invited experts from the UN and the Red Cross to come to the scene. This was stated in the Ministry of Defense of the country.

Recall that on July 29, as a result of the shelling of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the ensuing fire in the detention center, 53 people died. Another 71 were injured. Prisoners of war were kept in the pre-trial detention center. Most of all, it was here that the militants of the Azov nationalist regiment were captured, who were captured at Azovstal in Mariupol. The place of their stay during the investigation was agreed with the Ukrainian side. It was Kyiv who insisted on a pre-trial detention center in Yelenovka.

Fragments of HIMARS shells were found at the scene. The Russian side announced a monstrous provocation to intimidate the soldiers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Kyiv is trying to get his army not to surrender. The head of the DPR, Denis Pushilin, attributed the attack to the fact that the Azov militants began to testify. The first videos of shocking confessions appeared online on the eve of the shelling.

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Swiss bank blocks account of Russia’s permanent representative to the UN in Geneva

A Swiss bank blocked the personal account of Russia's permanent representative to the UN in Geneva Gatilov s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/673xH/media/img/4/87/756590962384874.webp 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi) ” >

Gennady Gatilov

A Swiss bank blocked the personal account of Gennady Gatilov, Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Geneva Office, which was used, among other things, to cover medical expenses. It is reported by “RIA Novosti” with reference to the permanent mission.

The bank explained that the bank account was blocked “due to the official status of the head of the diplomatic mission.”

The permanent mission emphasized that Switzerland's refusal of neutrality now affects not only the bilateral political and economic sphere, but also everyday the life of the Russian diplomatic mission.

“A number of banks, insurance companies and car maintenance companies with which we had long-standing partnerships decided to abandon the contracts we had with us, while bluntly saying the reason— because we are from Russia»,— diplomats said.

Earlier, on July 27, at a meeting of the UN working group on international information security, Russian representative Irina Tyazhlova said that Russian diplomats who are going to take part in the work of UN bodies, not only the USA does not issue visas, but also Switzerland.

She recalled that the full participation of countries in the negotiation process is of paramount importance for ensuring the effective work of the UN open-ended working group. However, Switzerland does not fulfill its obligation to host UN agencies.

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In early June, Switzerland supported the EU's sixth round of anti-Russian sanctions, which included a partial embargo on Russian oil supplies.

The country also imposed “financial sanctions and a ban on entry into the country for another 100 people.” Among them are citizens of Russia and Belarus— soldiers, politicians, businessmen, “disinformers”.

In April, Berne banned the import of lignite and hard coal, timber, cement, seafood, vodka and caviar from Russia. Switzerland also blocked 7.5 billion Swiss francs ($8 billion) in Russian assets, as well as at least ten properties owned by Russian businessmen.

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Mass protests against the presence of UN peacekeeping forces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Massive protests took place in the Democratic Republic of the Congo against the presence of UN peacekeeping forces in the country. Demonstrators destroyed a Blue Helmets military unit in North Kivu province and set it on fire, Directorate 4 Telegram channel writes.

MONUSCO staff had to be evacuated by helicopters. The protesters demanded the immediate withdrawal of the UN military contingent from the DRC due to their inability to cope with the attacks of bandits and militants of the Islamic State (the organization is banned in the Russian Federation). Also, dissatisfied citizens accused the peacekeepers of various crimes against the civilian population.

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Named dangerous clause of the agreement between Ukraine, Turkey and the UN on the export of grain

The agreement itself was signed in a trilateral format. Russia signed an agreement with Turkey separately.

In Istanbul, representatives of Ukraine, Turkey and the UN signed an agreement on the export of grain from Ukraine.

The document was signed by Ukrainian Minister of Infrastructure Oleksandr Kubrakov, Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar and UN Secretary General António Guterres.

Later it turned out that Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu signed a separate agreement with Turkey and the UN. Then the Ukrainian minister also signed.

According to Shoigu, a memorandum was also signed, according to which the UN is involved in the process of lifting restrictions on the supply of agricultural products and fertilizers to the Russian Federation.

At the moment, the seaports “Odessa”, “Yuzhny” and “Chernomorsk” controlled by Kyiv. There may be ships in transit with grain, as well as goods associated with it – food and fertilizers.

According to captain 1st rank in the reserve Vasily Dandykin, there is a serious danger in the signed agreement.

He pointed to the lack of port clearance work. The expert does not believe that there are really safe fairways in the Black Sea area now and recalled that any ship can be blown up by a drifting mine.

“The Black Sea mine field is literally stuffed with floating anchor mines of the Soviet era& #8221;, – quotes the captain “Moskovsky Komsomolets”.

The expert reminded that Ukraine should have a map of mines and designated fairways. At the same time, he noted that dozens of ships referred to in the agreement remain blocked in ports.

If an explosion occurs, according to a military specialist, all the blame can be placed on “Russians saboteurs from Snake Island”.

He recalled that even if a drifting mine is found in the waters of the Black Sea, this will not save the ship, for example, during a storm.

Earlier, TopNews wrote that Ukraine refused to sign a direct agreement with Russia on the export of grain.

The conditions for signing such an agreement were announced in the administration of Vladimir Zelensky.

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In the Zaporozhye region called on the UN to force Ukraine to peace

Photo: pixabay.com

Vladimir Rogov, a member of the main council of the administration of the Zaporozhye region, appealed to the United Nations with a request to force Ukraine to peace in order to avoid new dangerous provocations at the Zaporozhye NPP.

Let us recall that, according to representatives of the Zaporozhye region, last Wednesday, Ukrainian drones attacked the zone of a nuclear power plant located in the region four times. The Armed Forces of Ukraine used three kamikaze drones, which were armed with warheads with a mass of explosives. At the moment, the ZNPP is operating normally.

“We appeal to the UN and urge the organization to stop taking the position of blind kittens and condemn the flagrant attack by Ukrainian militants on the Zaporozhye NPP. We believe that the UN simply needs to stop and force Ukraine to peace. Otherwise, such provocations may be repeated and threaten with a man-made disaster,” Rogov said.

He specified that the Russian military is now providing security and protection of the nuclear power plant.

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Russia proposed to the UN to include a clause on Russian grain in the agreement

Lavrov: Russia proposed to the UN Secretary General to include a clause on Russian grain in the agreement src=”https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/7/43/756583248880437.jpg” alt=”Russia proposed to the UN to include a clause on Russian grain in the agreement” />

Russia sent a signal to UN Secretary General António Guterres about the need to include a clause on Russian grain in the Istanbul agreements. This was announced by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in an interview with RT and RIA Novosti.

According to him, the parties managed to agree on the basic principles in accordance with which grain will be imported from Ukraine. However, when the Russian delegation proposed to designate the “second part of the package”, the Ukrainian delegation “categorically refused”, and the UN representatives were “shamefully silent”, Lavrov added.

“Yesterday we sent a signal to Mr. Secretary General [ UN] and they said, how is it, this is your initiative, no, let's decide now with the Ukrainian one, and then with the Russian one, — pointed out by the minister.

The meeting in Istanbul was held on July 13, it was attended by representatives of Russia, Ukraine, Turkey and the UN. Moscow handed over its proposals to resolve the situation with grain supplies. As stated in the Russian Ministry of Defense, the parties generally supported them.

The topic of grain exports was also touched upon at the talks between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Putin thanked him for mediating negotiations on the export of grain through the Black Sea. Erdogan called the Russian position on this issue “positive and constructive.”

The Russian president stressed that Moscow would facilitate the export of Ukrainian grain, but at the same time, all bans on the export of Russian grain should be lifted.

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Western countries and Ukraine accuse Russia of preventing the export of grain accumulated in Ukrainian ports. Moscow denies the accusations, claiming that deliveries are blocked due to the fault of Kyiv, which mined the ports.

In late June, Putin proposed options for exporting grain “through Romania, the Danube and the subsequent movement along the Black Sea, through Poland, through Belarus , through the ports of the Sea of ​​Azov. However, he stressed that for this it is necessary to lift sanctions from Minsk.

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In Istanbul, negotiations of Russia, Ukraine, Turkey and the UN grain began

negotiations of military delegations of Turkey, Russia, Ukraine and the UN representatives in grain export began in Istanbul in closed mode, reports & laquo; RIA Novosti & Raquo; with a link to the correspondent.

The Turkish television channel CNN Turk was the first to announce the closed mode of negotiations.

Earlier, the correspondent of the agency and CNN Turk reported that the meeting should open at 12:00 Moscow time, another source of RIA Novosti called the time 14:00. The Turkish authorities do not disclose the place of the negotiations, journalists are not allowed to shoot in certain areas of the city, the agency wrote, without specifying where exactly.

The meeting in a quadripartite format was announced in turn by Director of the Department of International Organizations of the Russian Foreign Ministry Pyotr Ilyichev and Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar. None of the politicians announced a specific agenda. Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov later said that the military, through whom contacts are being made, would provide all possible information to the public.

The talks in Istanbul were just part of a series of meetings on the export of grain from Ukraine, where, according to various estimates, it has accumulated from 4.5 to 20 million tons. The West and the UN believe that its blocking in Ukrainian ports can cause global food shortages. a crisis. Some Western politicians accuse Russia of trying to prevent exports amid a military operation, and Moscow, in response, says that, on the contrary, it is ready to help with its safe transportation.

The Foreign Ministry announced the participation of Ukraine and the UN in the dialogue between Russia and Turkey on grain

Earlier this issue was discussed by military delegations from Moscow and Ankara. A round of negotiations with the participation of Kyiv and the UN will be held in Istanbul on July 13 =”The Foreign Ministry announced the participation of Ukraine and the UN in the dialogue between Russia and Turkey on grain” />

The next round of consultations between the Russian and Turkish military on the export of Ukrainian grain will be held in Istanbul on July 13, Interfax reported. Director of the Department of International Organizations of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Petr Ilyichev. He added that representatives of Ukraine and the UN will join the dialogue.

“The Russian military daily announces humanitarian corridors from the Black and Azov Seas specially established for this purpose. The clear conditions for us remain the possibility of controlling and inspecting ships to exclude arms smuggling, as well as Kyiv's refusal to provocations, — added a diplomat.

On June 21, delegations of the Russian and Turkish Defense Ministries met in Moscow. They discussed the export of Ukrainian grain. After that, the Turkish military department announced a quadripartite meeting on the “grain problem” in the coming weeks.

Since the beginning of the Russian military operation by May, Ukraine, according to various estimates, has accumulated from 4.5 million to 20 million tons of grain. The UN and some Western leaders have warned of the possibility of a food crisis due to shortages. In the West, Russia was accused of counteracting the supply of Ukrainian grain. Moscow has repeatedly rejected these accusations, stating that Kyiv, by mining the ports, itself created obstacles to export. Russian President Vladimir Putin assured that Russia would ensure free passage of ships if the ports were cleared of mines. He offered other options for the export of grain— along the Danube, through Romania, Hungary, Poland and Belarus.

Turkey has assumed the role of an intermediary in solving problems with the supply of grain from Ukraine. In mid-June, Ankara, Kyiv and Moscow created a channel of communication on this issue through the line of the generals, and at the end of the month in Turkey they announced what had been achieved “as a result of contacts”; consensus on the establishment of an operations center for the grain issue in Istanbul.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on July 5 that negotiations are ongoing and it is possible to reach a result in seven—ten days.

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UN says 13 million more people will face hunger in 2022

An additional 13 million people around the world will face malnutrition this year due to fighting in Ukraine. This was stated by the chief economist of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Maximo Torero, during a speech at a conference at the UN.

He noted that in 2021, from 702 to 828 million people faced hunger. More than 670 million people may still experience hunger in 2030, according to updated forecasts.

The agro-industrial sector is now in a state of great uncertainty, he said.

“If we predict impact [of the conflict] in Ukraine, we will see that we will have at least 13 million more people in 2022 facing chronic malnutrition, in addition to what we have now. And in 2023, this figure will grow by another 17 million people,— Torero said.

The material is being supplemented

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China’s envoy to the UN urged to prevent a cold war over Ukraine

NATO should not look for “imaginary enemies” in Asia and look for a pretext for a “new Cold War” in the situation in Ukraine, the Permanent Representative of the PRC said. The FT wrote that in the bloc's new strategic concept, China will become a “system call” jpg” alt=”Chinese envoy to the UN urged to prevent a cold war over Ukraine” />

Zhang Jun

The crisis in Ukraine should not be used as an excuse to launch a “new Cold War”; and bloc confrontation, Beijing is “extremely alarmed” content of the new strategic concept of NATO. This was stated at a meeting of the UN Security Council by the Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of China, Zhang Jun, reports the Chinese state agency Xinhua. enemies” in the Asia-Pacific region and “do not create artificial contradictions and disagreements,” the agency writes.

Waves of alliance expansion have caused new conflicts, rather than bringing security to Europe, NATO needs to reconsider its commitments and reconsider its own positioning, Jun said. As the agency writes, he announced the need to “abandon the Cold War mentality.”

NATO's new strategic concept will be adopted at the alliance's Madrid summit, which runs from June 28 to 30. The document defines NATO's strategy in the long term, it sets out the goals and key tasks of the alliance in the field of security, challenges and opportunities.

Representatives of NATO countries have repeatedly warned that in the new version of the concept, the attitude towards Russia and China will be different than in the previous version from 2010. Moscow was then considered as a partner, Beijing was absent altogether.

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According to unnamed Bloomberg and Financial Times interlocutors, in the new concept China will be considered as a “system challenge”; for the interests, values ​​and security of NATO. In particular, concerns about the PRC in the area of ​​cyberattacks, the spread of disinformation, as well as doubts about Beijing's ability to comply with the “rules-based” regulation will be outlined. world order.

NATO members have struggled to reach consensus on how to treat China in the new concept due to differing interests, sources said. Thus, the United States took a tough stance towards China, but a number of European countries (including Germany, which has close trade ties with China) strove for a moderate position.

Relations between China and the United States worsened amid the aggravation of the situation around Taiwan, Washington expresses fears that Beijing intends to establish control over the island by military means. The Chinese Ministry of Defense said that they were ready to use any necessary measures against the “Taiwanese separatists” if anyone tried to “separate Taiwan from China.”

If China uses force against Taiwan, the United States is ready for a military response, US President Joe Biden warned. He noted that Washington is committed to the “one China” policy, but will not tolerate Beijing using force to seize the island.

According to The New York Times, the American side is using the experience of arming Ukraine to re-equip Taiwan's defense system. Unnamed interlocutors of the publication said that the United States intends to turn the island into a kind of “porcupine” & mdash; a territory that is extensively equipped with American weaponry and “other forms of support.” Washington Officials Recommend Taiwanese Authorities Acquire Weapons Suitable for Asymmetric Warfare— conflict, in which small armed forces use mobile systems to strike at superior enemy forces.

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Canceled a day later: how US and UN sanctions were lifted from different countries

Over the past decades, UN and US sanctions have been imposed repeatedly – South Africa, Myanmar, Yugoslavia, Iraq. Why sanctions were imposed and how quickly they were lifted from different countries – in the RBC video 7/30/756560064213307.jpg” alt=”Canceled a day later: how US and UN sanctions were lifted from different countries” />

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Russia hands over examples of Zelensky’s ‘hate speech’ to UN

The document handed over to the Security Council and the UN General Assembly lists examples of “hate speech” by Ukrainian politicians, including President Volodymyr Zelensky and ex-President Petro Poroshenko

Russia circulated as an official document in the Security Council and the UN General Assembly compilation of “hate speech” Ukrainian politicians and public figures, Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Representative of Russia to the UN, said on his Telegram channel.

“As we promised during our speech at the UN Security Council on June 21, the Russian Permanent Mission to the UN circulated as official document of the UN Security Council and General Assembly, a selection of some hate speeches by Ukrainian politicians and public figures of Ukraine”, — he wrote.

The diplomat also attached a relevant document to his post. Among others, it cites the words of Volodymyr Zelensky dated November 29, 2021, where he speaks about people who were subjected to NSDC sanctions. “And you call them people? There are different. There are human representatives. Not all representatives of people— people. There are individuals, I think so, — he said then.

In addition, the permanent mission recalled the words of ex-President Petro Poroshenko on November 13, 2014 about the residents of the DPR and LPR. "We will have a job— They dont have. We will have pensions— They dont have. We will take care of pensioners, children— They dont have. Our children will go to schools and kindergartens— their children will be in basements <…> This is how we will win this war,— said Poroshenko then.

The words of Alexander Turchinov dated February 24, 2022 are also mentioned, who stated that he was ready to “destroy Russia wherever possible.” At the same time, he urged “to beat Rusnya” not only in Ukraine, but also abroad— on Russian territory. The circulated document contains quotes from many other Ukrainian representatives.

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Russia has repeatedly accused the Ukrainian authorities of “genocide” population of Donbass. President Vladimir Putin, announcing the start of a special operation in Ukraine on the night of February 24, said that its main goal was to protect people who “are subjected to bullying, genocide by the Kyiv regime.” “And for this we will strive for the demilitarization and denazification of Ukraine. As well as bringing to justice those who committed numerous bloody crimes against civilians, including citizens of the Russian Federation, — noted by the head of state.

After the start of the special operation in Ukraine, proposals to abandon the “Russian heritage”, including the renaming of streets, squares, parks, cultural and other objects, began to sound more often. So, in April, the mayor of Kyiv, Vitaliy Klitschko, promised to rename the streets and stations in the Ukrainian capital, the names of which are associated with Russia.

Also, in mid-June, a working group of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine published a decision to exclude Russian works from the school curriculum. literature. In particular, the Ukrainian authorities intend to exclude from the program the fables of Ivan Krylov, the novels of Anton Chekhov, Fyodor Dostoevsky and some works by Nikolai Gogol. its future and takes itself out of the brackets of world history, refusing the heritage of Russian culture. The head of the Ministry of Education, Sergei Kravtsov, noted that “this is another confirmation of the stupidity of the Kyiv regime,” since the heritage of Russian culture “cannot be deleted from history.”

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Lavrov says the UN is prolonging the food crisis

According to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Sergey Lavrov, UN Secretary General António Guterres, with his actions and decisions that do not take into account the corridors announced by the Russian side , is prolonging the food crisis, as grain is not supplied to developing countries.

The Minister noted that he was alarmed by the slow response of the UN to such an urgent issue as the export of grain. He does not rule out that the international organization is being strongly influenced from outside.

“All our proposals, which were formulated by President Vladimir Putin, were put on paper and transferred to New York. We did everything that could,” Lavrov added.

At the same time, the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry noted that the UN is trying to first agree on Ukrainian grain, but not on Russian. According to Lavrov, Guterres wants to solve the problem of exporting grain, not taking into account the corridors announced daily by the Russian side.

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UN reports 4,634 casualties and 5,769 injured in Ukraine

Since the beginning of hostilities, more than 8 million people have been forced to leave Ukraine =”The UN reported 4,634 casualties and 5,769 wounded in Ukraine” />

Since the beginning of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, the number of victims and wounded among the civilian population has increased to 10,403 people, according to the website of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights person.

From February 24 to June 21, 4634 civilians were killed, 5769 were injured. 478.

Most of the victims and wounded— in Donetsk and Luhansk regions— 2710 and 3209 respectively.

According to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, more than 8 million people have been forced to leave Ukraine since the outbreak of hostilities. More than 3.5 million Ukrainians have moved to European countries.

Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine on February 24 with the aim of “demilitarizing” and “denazification”. The Ministry of Defense claims that the Russian military strikes only on military infrastructure.

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Return of Patrice Lumumba’s remains to DR Congo gives ‘peace of mind,’ UN envoy says

“MuiTypography-root-134 MuiTypography-h1-139″>Return of Patrice Lumumba's remains to DR Congo gives 'peace of mind,' UN envoy says

Belgium has returned the mortal remains of Congolese independence hero Patrice Lumumba to Democratic Republic of Congo and his family. Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja, DR Congo's representative to the United Nations, discussed the move and its significance with The World's host Carol Hills.

The WorldJune 21, 2022 · 3:15 PM EDT

Juliana Lumumba, the daughter of Patrice Lumumba, speaks during a ceremony to return the remains of her father to the family at the Egmont Palace in Brussels, June 20, 2022.

Nicholas Maeterlinck/Pool Photo via AP

Belgian authorities returned a gold-capped tooth belonging to the slain Congolese independence hero Patrice Lumumba in Brussels on Monday — in another step toward reconciling Belgium's bloody colonial past.

Lumumba was the charismatic leader who led Democratic Republic of Congo as it gained independence from Belgium in the 1960s. He was then executed by a hit squad led by Belgian officials in a most gruesome manner. Lumumba was buried in a shallow grave and his remains were virtually erased with sulfuric acid.

But one of his gold-crowned teeth somehow survived.

Related: Belgian King Philippe’s visit to DR Congo stirs hope for a 'win-win partnership,' historian says

On Monday, Belgium returned the tooth to DR Congo and to Lumumba's family.

The private ceremony came weeks after Belgium’s King Philippe visited DR Congo to express his "deepest regrets" for his country's abuses in the former colony. After the return of the tooth, Belgian Prime Minister Alexander De Croo told Congolese officials and Lumumba's family that the restitution came way too late.

“It is not normal that Belgium held onto the remains of one of the founding fathers of the Congolese nation for six decades," De Croo said.

Congolese Prime Minister Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde said that the return will serve as an essential part of his country's national memory.

Related: Charges dropped against Congolese Canadian doctor accused of starting COVID outbreak

To discuss the return of the relic and its significance, The World's host Carol Hills spoke with Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja, the DR Congo's representative to the United Nations.

Carol Hills: George, the discovery of Lumumba's tooth is a story in itself. What happened?Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja: Well, the story was known for quite a while because the person who did it, the Belgian police officers who took the tooth, bragged about it openly and was interviewed by researchers. Professor Ludo De Witte wrote this really excellent book on Lumumba's assassination.So, it was a Belgian who was involved in Lumumba's assassination who took the tooth after killing him?Yes. He's the one who sliced his body like an animal, put that into sulfuric acid and then he took the tooth as a trophy, as a hunter's trophy somehow.And how did the tooth then end up with Belgian authorities to return to the Lumumba family?The Belgians, after the publication of Ludo De Witte's book, "The Assassination of Lumumba," the Belgian authorities learned about this. The Belgian police went and raided the house of the policeman and took the tooth that he had left behind with his daughter.It's really just an unbelievable story of just heinous behavior. What makes this moment — the return of Lumumba's tooth — so important?You do have some peace of mind once you know that the remains of your loved ones have been, you know, set to rest in a peaceful place. According to our culture, it is extremely important to bury the dead. We don't like the dead being left to rot in the sun or to be thrown in the rivers or lakes. We like to have them buried. And so, for the Congolese, it is another important moment in our history to honor this man or this mausoleum and to have a place where people can go and reflect on Lumumba's importance to our country's history, helping our country become independent and his dream, his vision for the future, which he wasn't able to fulfill.It's interesting, because the Belgians literally tried to erase him from Congolese history.Exactly. And [we] would have completely forgotten about that. And I think they didn't want to have a place where people can go and honor Lumumba. This is exactly what we have achieved.Do you believe Belgium should offer some kind of financial restitution to Democratic Republic of Congo for its involvement in the political instability there?Well, I'm speaking for myself and not for the government, but in my own view, I think that that is something that has to be negotiated [by sitting] down to see what form reparations should take. It may not necessarily have to be money, but it could be in terms of services, improving the health care system, the school systems, infrastructure, roads, for example. We have a country that has no paved roads, there are very few. Those are issues that should be negotiated by the two governments.

This interview has been lightly edited and condensed for clarity.AP contributed to this report.

Mishustin signed a decree on Russia’s withdrawal from the UN travel organization

The government accepted the proposal of the Russian Foreign Ministry to withdraw the country from the UN World Tourism Organization. Russia announced its decision to withdraw from the UNWTO in response to the suspension of membership alt=”Mishustin signed a decree on Russia's withdrawal from the UN travel organization” />

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin signed a decree on Russia's withdrawal from the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). The document was published on the official Internet portal of legal information.

The government accepted the relevant proposal of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

“In accordance with Article 36 of the Federal Law” On International Treaties of the Russian Federation” accept the proposal of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, agreed with the interested federal executive authorities, on the withdrawal of the Russian Federation from the World Tourism Organization, — says in the order.

UNWTO is responsible for the general accessibility of tourism and the development of the tourism industry. The organization unites 158 member countries, six associated territories, two territories with observer status and more than 500 affiliated organizations.

At the end of April, Russia announced its decision to withdraw from the UN World Tourism Organization in response to the suspension of membership— the latter was insisted on by Guatemala, Lithuania, Poland, Slovenia and Ukraine after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine.

Russian Ambassador Yuri Korchagin, commenting on the UN decision, said that it was “pushed through” with the help of “massive anti-Russian propaganda through blackmail and pressure on the state.” He considered the actions of the organization “illegal and politically motivated steps”, the purpose of which — “demonstrative punishment” Russia for its “independent domestic and foreign policy.”

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US Ambassador to the UN called the condition for supporting Italy’s plan for Ukraine

The United States declared its support for any efforts to peacefully resolve the situation in Ukraine. Italy has previously proposed a plan that includes negotiations over “disputed territories”. In Russia, Italy's proposal was criticized

The United States supports any efforts to peacefully resolve the situation in Ukraine, if they support the Ukrainian people. This was stated by US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield, answering a question about the proposal for a peaceful settlement in Ukraine, which Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio handed over to the UN.

“We support any efforts from any side to search for a peaceful settlement in the interests of the Ukrainian people, which would be approved by the Ukrainian people,— said Thomas-Greenfield.

At the same time, she noted that she had not seen the proposal itself, but knew about it.

The newspaper La Repubblica wrote on May 19 that the Italian government had prepared a plan for a peaceful settlement in Ukraine.

The plan includes four stages:

  • ceasefire in Ukraine and demilitarization of the front line under UN supervision;
  • negotiations on the status of Ukraine, which involve the country's accession to the EU, but not joining NATO;
  • a bilateral agreement between Ukraine and Russia on Crimea and Donbass: at the suggestion of the Italian authorities, the “disputed territories” will have full autonomy with the right to independently ensure their security, but sovereignty over the regions will belong to Kyiv;
  • the conclusion of a multilateral agreement on peace and security in Europe, which will cover issues of disarmament and arms control, conflict prevention and confidence-building measures.

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According to the plan, this will be followed by the withdrawal of Russian troops from the territory of Ukraine.

Italy also proposes to create an international group that will monitor compliance with the plan (the full list of countries that could join it has not yet been determined, but among them are France, Germany, Turkey, USA, China, Canada, Great Britain, Poland and Israel), and involve the European Union, the UN and other international organizations in this process.

Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev criticized Italy's plan. lie". He called the proposal for the autonomy of Donbass within this country “obvious nonsense”; and “cheap projecting”, but about the autonomy of the Crimea — an insult to Russia.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has previously stated that a diplomatic solution to the conflict is possible only after a ceasefire by Russia and the withdrawal of troops.

Russian President Vladimir Putin named among the necessary conditions ” ;recognition of Russian sovereignty over Crimea, solving the problems of demilitarization and denazification of the Ukrainian state and ensuring its neutral status».

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Erdogan invited Putin to organize negotiations between Russia, Ukraine and the UN

The Kremlin said the leaders discussed the transit of goods through the Azov and Black Seas, including grain. Erdogan is also due to have a telephone conversation with Zelensky on May 30

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan invited his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin to organize a meeting of representatives of Russia, Ukraine and the UN in Istanbul. He said this in a telephone conversation with the President of Russia, reports Haber Global.

Erdogan also called for steps to be taken to minimize the negative consequences of hostilities and build confidence between the parties.

The Kremlin report on the talks says that the emphasis in the conversation was on ensuring safe navigation in the Black and Azov Seas and eliminating mine threat. Putin said that Russia is ready to facilitate the transit of goods in coordination with Turkey, including grain.

Earlier, the Turkish president announced that he would talk to both Putin and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky on May 30.

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Ankara has repeatedly offered to help organize Russian-Ukrainian talks, including at the highest level. So far, the only meeting of representatives of Moscow and Kyiv in Turkey took place at the end of March. Then in Istanbul, Ukraine presented its proposals for a peace agreement and security guarantees, but later Kyiv moved away from the Istanbul document and discussions between the parties began to move slowly. In mid-May, the Russian Foreign Ministry, and later the office of the Ukrainian president, announced the suspension of the negotiation process. Putin noted that Ukraine sabotaged the negotiations.

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Zelensky considers meetings at the delegation level ineffective and advocates direct negotiations with the Russian president. According to him, Putin— he is the only Russian politician he is willing to meet. Zelensky also advocated joining the UN in the prisoner exchange. The Kremlin said that the meeting of the presidents needed the preliminary work of delegations.

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Italian Foreign Ministry announced the transfer of the settlement plan in Ukraine to the UN

Italian Deputy Foreign Minister Manlio Di Stefano confirmed that Rome had submitted a four-stage plan to the UN on how to resolve the conflict in Ukraine. The head of EU diplomacy, Josep Borrell, said that Kyiv should determine the terms of the truce alt=”The Italian Foreign Ministry announced the transfer of the settlement plan in Ukraine to the UN” />

Josep Borrell (center)

Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio handed over to UN Secretary General António Guterres a plan developed by Rome for a peaceful settlement of the conflict in Ukraine, Italian Deputy Foreign Minister Manlio Di Stefano said on Twitter, confirming reports that appeared the day before.

“The truce plan proposed [ Luigi Di Maio] UN, outlines new perspectives for ending the conflict in Ukraine through coordinated actions at the world level to quickly achieve a ceasefire and restore political and economic balance,— written by Di Stefano.

However, the head of EU diplomacy, Josep Borrell, said that the conditions for a truce with Moscow should be determined by Kyiv. At a briefing following the meeting of the EU Foreign Affairs Council on Development, he was asked to comment on Italy's plan.

“We support any effort to end this conflict. However, we are in favor of an immediate ceasefire and the complete withdrawal of Russian troops from the territory of Ukraine. As for the conditions, here the decision is up to Ukraine,»,— said Borrell.

He also noted that the EU hopes that Kyiv will be “in a strong position” during the settlement negotiations.

La Repubblica wrote that the plan proposed by Italy includes four stages . It is proposed to start with a ceasefire and demilitarization of the front line under the supervision of the UN, then move on to negotiations on the status of Ukraine, involving the entry of the country into the European Union, but not joining NATO.

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The third stage involves the conclusion of a bilateral agreement on Crimea and Donbass between Russia and Ukraine, according to which the “disputed territories” will receive autonomy and the right to ensure their own security, but sovereignty over the regions will belong to Kyiv. The final stage will be the conclusion of a multilateral agreement on peace and security in Europe, followed by the withdrawal of Russian troops from Ukraine, follows from the document.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said that a diplomatic solution to the conflict is possible only after a ceasefire and the withdrawal of Russian troops. At the end of February, Vladimir Putin named “the recognition of Russian sovereignty over Crimea, the solution of the tasks of demilitarization and denazification of the Ukrainian state and ensuring its neutral status” among the necessary conditions for a truce.

Since the beginning of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, Moscow and Kyiv have held several rounds of talks in person and remotely. The most effective was the meeting in Turkey at the end of March. Then Ukraine offered to ensure its security to the countries from among the permanent members of the UN Security Council (guarantees will not work in Crimea and on part of the territory of Donbass). In return, Kyiv should accept a neutral and non-nuclear status, as well as refuse to produce and deploy all types of weapons of mass destruction.

However, since the beginning of April, the Russian authorities have repeatedly made statements that the negotiations have stalled. On May 17, Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia Andrey Rudenko said that there were no negotiations between Kyiv and Moscow in any form. The suspension of contacts was confirmed by Advisor to the Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Mikhail Podolyak: “After the Istanbul communiqué, there are no changes, there is no progress.”

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