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China’s envoy to the UN urged to prevent a cold war over Ukraine

NATO should not look for “imaginary enemies” in Asia and look for a pretext for a “new Cold War” in the situation in Ukraine, the Permanent Representative of the PRC said. The FT wrote that in the bloc's new strategic concept, China will become a “system call” jpg” alt=”Chinese envoy to the UN urged to prevent a cold war over Ukraine” />

Zhang Jun

The crisis in Ukraine should not be used as an excuse to launch a “new Cold War”; and bloc confrontation, Beijing is “extremely alarmed” content of the new strategic concept of NATO. This was stated at a meeting of the UN Security Council by the Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of China, Zhang Jun, reports the Chinese state agency Xinhua. enemies” in the Asia-Pacific region and “do not create artificial contradictions and disagreements,” the agency writes.

Waves of alliance expansion have caused new conflicts, rather than bringing security to Europe, NATO needs to reconsider its commitments and reconsider its own positioning, Jun said. As the agency writes, he announced the need to “abandon the Cold War mentality.”

NATO's new strategic concept will be adopted at the alliance's Madrid summit, which runs from June 28 to 30. The document defines NATO's strategy in the long term, it sets out the goals and key tasks of the alliance in the field of security, challenges and opportunities.

Representatives of NATO countries have repeatedly warned that in the new version of the concept, the attitude towards Russia and China will be different than in the previous version from 2010. Moscow was then considered as a partner, Beijing was absent altogether.

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According to unnamed Bloomberg and Financial Times interlocutors, in the new concept China will be considered as a “system challenge”; for the interests, values ​​and security of NATO. In particular, concerns about the PRC in the area of ​​cyberattacks, the spread of disinformation, as well as doubts about Beijing's ability to comply with the “rules-based” regulation will be outlined. world order.

NATO members have struggled to reach consensus on how to treat China in the new concept due to differing interests, sources said. Thus, the United States took a tough stance towards China, but a number of European countries (including Germany, which has close trade ties with China) strove for a moderate position.

Relations between China and the United States worsened amid the aggravation of the situation around Taiwan, Washington expresses fears that Beijing intends to establish control over the island by military means. The Chinese Ministry of Defense said that they were ready to use any necessary measures against the “Taiwanese separatists” if anyone tried to “separate Taiwan from China.”

If China uses force against Taiwan, the United States is ready for a military response, US President Joe Biden warned. He noted that Washington is committed to the “one China” policy, but will not tolerate Beijing using force to seize the island.

According to The New York Times, the American side is using the experience of arming Ukraine to re-equip Taiwan's defense system. Unnamed interlocutors of the publication said that the United States intends to turn the island into a kind of “porcupine” & mdash; a territory that is extensively equipped with American weaponry and “other forms of support.” Washington Officials Recommend Taiwanese Authorities Acquire Weapons Suitable for Asymmetric Warfare— conflict, in which small armed forces use mobile systems to strike at superior enemy forces.

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Canceled a day later: how US and UN sanctions were lifted from different countries

Over the past decades, UN and US sanctions have been imposed repeatedly – South Africa, Myanmar, Yugoslavia, Iraq. Why sanctions were imposed and how quickly they were lifted from different countries – in the RBC video 7/30/756560064213307.jpg” alt=”Canceled a day later: how US and UN sanctions were lifted from different countries” />

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Russia hands over examples of Zelensky’s ‘hate speech’ to UN

The document handed over to the Security Council and the UN General Assembly lists examples of “hate speech” by Ukrainian politicians, including President Volodymyr Zelensky and ex-President Petro Poroshenko

Russia circulated as an official document in the Security Council and the UN General Assembly compilation of “hate speech” Ukrainian politicians and public figures, Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Representative of Russia to the UN, said on his Telegram channel.

“As we promised during our speech at the UN Security Council on June 21, the Russian Permanent Mission to the UN circulated as official document of the UN Security Council and General Assembly, a selection of some hate speeches by Ukrainian politicians and public figures of Ukraine”, — he wrote.

The diplomat also attached a relevant document to his post. Among others, it cites the words of Volodymyr Zelensky dated November 29, 2021, where he speaks about people who were subjected to NSDC sanctions. “And you call them people? There are different. There are human representatives. Not all representatives of people— people. There are individuals, I think so, — he said then.

In addition, the permanent mission recalled the words of ex-President Petro Poroshenko on November 13, 2014 about the residents of the DPR and LPR. "We will have a job— They dont have. We will have pensions— They dont have. We will take care of pensioners, children— They dont have. Our children will go to schools and kindergartens— their children will be in basements <…> This is how we will win this war,— said Poroshenko then.

The words of Alexander Turchinov dated February 24, 2022 are also mentioned, who stated that he was ready to “destroy Russia wherever possible.” At the same time, he urged “to beat Rusnya” not only in Ukraine, but also abroad— on Russian territory. The circulated document contains quotes from many other Ukrainian representatives.

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Russia has repeatedly accused the Ukrainian authorities of “genocide” population of Donbass. President Vladimir Putin, announcing the start of a special operation in Ukraine on the night of February 24, said that its main goal was to protect people who “are subjected to bullying, genocide by the Kyiv regime.” “And for this we will strive for the demilitarization and denazification of Ukraine. As well as bringing to justice those who committed numerous bloody crimes against civilians, including citizens of the Russian Federation, — noted by the head of state.

After the start of the special operation in Ukraine, proposals to abandon the “Russian heritage”, including the renaming of streets, squares, parks, cultural and other objects, began to sound more often. So, in April, the mayor of Kyiv, Vitaliy Klitschko, promised to rename the streets and stations in the Ukrainian capital, the names of which are associated with Russia.

Also, in mid-June, a working group of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine published a decision to exclude Russian works from the school curriculum. literature. In particular, the Ukrainian authorities intend to exclude from the program the fables of Ivan Krylov, the novels of Anton Chekhov, Fyodor Dostoevsky and some works by Nikolai Gogol. its future and takes itself out of the brackets of world history, refusing the heritage of Russian culture. The head of the Ministry of Education, Sergei Kravtsov, noted that “this is another confirmation of the stupidity of the Kyiv regime,” since the heritage of Russian culture “cannot be deleted from history.”

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Lavrov says the UN is prolonging the food crisis

According to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Sergey Lavrov, UN Secretary General António Guterres, with his actions and decisions that do not take into account the corridors announced by the Russian side , is prolonging the food crisis, as grain is not supplied to developing countries.

The Minister noted that he was alarmed by the slow response of the UN to such an urgent issue as the export of grain. He does not rule out that the international organization is being strongly influenced from outside.

“All our proposals, which were formulated by President Vladimir Putin, were put on paper and transferred to New York. We did everything that could,” Lavrov added.

At the same time, the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry noted that the UN is trying to first agree on Ukrainian grain, but not on Russian. According to Lavrov, Guterres wants to solve the problem of exporting grain, not taking into account the corridors announced daily by the Russian side.

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UN reports 4,634 casualties and 5,769 injured in Ukraine

Since the beginning of hostilities, more than 8 million people have been forced to leave Ukraine =”The UN reported 4,634 casualties and 5,769 wounded in Ukraine” />

Since the beginning of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, the number of victims and wounded among the civilian population has increased to 10,403 people, according to the website of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights person.

From February 24 to June 21, 4634 civilians were killed, 5769 were injured. 478.

Most of the victims and wounded— in Donetsk and Luhansk regions— 2710 and 3209 respectively.

According to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, more than 8 million people have been forced to leave Ukraine since the outbreak of hostilities. More than 3.5 million Ukrainians have moved to European countries.

Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine on February 24 with the aim of “demilitarizing” and “denazification”. The Ministry of Defense claims that the Russian military strikes only on military infrastructure.

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Return of Patrice Lumumba’s remains to DR Congo gives ‘peace of mind,’ UN envoy says

“MuiTypography-root-134 MuiTypography-h1-139″>Return of Patrice Lumumba's remains to DR Congo gives 'peace of mind,' UN envoy says

Belgium has returned the mortal remains of Congolese independence hero Patrice Lumumba to Democratic Republic of Congo and his family. Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja, DR Congo's representative to the United Nations, discussed the move and its significance with The World's host Carol Hills.

The WorldJune 21, 2022 · 3:15 PM EDT

Juliana Lumumba, the daughter of Patrice Lumumba, speaks during a ceremony to return the remains of her father to the family at the Egmont Palace in Brussels, June 20, 2022.

Nicholas Maeterlinck/Pool Photo via AP

Belgian authorities returned a gold-capped tooth belonging to the slain Congolese independence hero Patrice Lumumba in Brussels on Monday — in another step toward reconciling Belgium's bloody colonial past.

Lumumba was the charismatic leader who led Democratic Republic of Congo as it gained independence from Belgium in the 1960s. He was then executed by a hit squad led by Belgian officials in a most gruesome manner. Lumumba was buried in a shallow grave and his remains were virtually erased with sulfuric acid.

But one of his gold-crowned teeth somehow survived.

Related: Belgian King Philippe’s visit to DR Congo stirs hope for a 'win-win partnership,' historian says

On Monday, Belgium returned the tooth to DR Congo and to Lumumba's family.

The private ceremony came weeks after Belgium’s King Philippe visited DR Congo to express his "deepest regrets" for his country's abuses in the former colony. After the return of the tooth, Belgian Prime Minister Alexander De Croo told Congolese officials and Lumumba's family that the restitution came way too late.

“It is not normal that Belgium held onto the remains of one of the founding fathers of the Congolese nation for six decades," De Croo said.

Congolese Prime Minister Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde said that the return will serve as an essential part of his country's national memory.

Related: Charges dropped against Congolese Canadian doctor accused of starting COVID outbreak

To discuss the return of the relic and its significance, The World's host Carol Hills spoke with Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja, the DR Congo's representative to the United Nations.

Carol Hills: George, the discovery of Lumumba's tooth is a story in itself. What happened?Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja: Well, the story was known for quite a while because the person who did it, the Belgian police officers who took the tooth, bragged about it openly and was interviewed by researchers. Professor Ludo De Witte wrote this really excellent book on Lumumba's assassination.So, it was a Belgian who was involved in Lumumba's assassination who took the tooth after killing him?Yes. He's the one who sliced his body like an animal, put that into sulfuric acid and then he took the tooth as a trophy, as a hunter's trophy somehow.And how did the tooth then end up with Belgian authorities to return to the Lumumba family?The Belgians, after the publication of Ludo De Witte's book, "The Assassination of Lumumba," the Belgian authorities learned about this. The Belgian police went and raided the house of the policeman and took the tooth that he had left behind with his daughter.It's really just an unbelievable story of just heinous behavior. What makes this moment — the return of Lumumba's tooth — so important?You do have some peace of mind once you know that the remains of your loved ones have been, you know, set to rest in a peaceful place. According to our culture, it is extremely important to bury the dead. We don't like the dead being left to rot in the sun or to be thrown in the rivers or lakes. We like to have them buried. And so, for the Congolese, it is another important moment in our history to honor this man or this mausoleum and to have a place where people can go and reflect on Lumumba's importance to our country's history, helping our country become independent and his dream, his vision for the future, which he wasn't able to fulfill.It's interesting, because the Belgians literally tried to erase him from Congolese history.Exactly. And [we] would have completely forgotten about that. And I think they didn't want to have a place where people can go and honor Lumumba. This is exactly what we have achieved.Do you believe Belgium should offer some kind of financial restitution to Democratic Republic of Congo for its involvement in the political instability there?Well, I'm speaking for myself and not for the government, but in my own view, I think that that is something that has to be negotiated [by sitting] down to see what form reparations should take. It may not necessarily have to be money, but it could be in terms of services, improving the health care system, the school systems, infrastructure, roads, for example. We have a country that has no paved roads, there are very few. Those are issues that should be negotiated by the two governments.

This interview has been lightly edited and condensed for clarity.AP contributed to this report.

Mishustin signed a decree on Russia’s withdrawal from the UN travel organization

The government accepted the proposal of the Russian Foreign Ministry to withdraw the country from the UN World Tourism Organization. Russia announced its decision to withdraw from the UNWTO in response to the suspension of membership alt=”Mishustin signed a decree on Russia's withdrawal from the UN travel organization” />

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin signed a decree on Russia's withdrawal from the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). The document was published on the official Internet portal of legal information.

The government accepted the relevant proposal of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

“In accordance with Article 36 of the Federal Law” On International Treaties of the Russian Federation” accept the proposal of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, agreed with the interested federal executive authorities, on the withdrawal of the Russian Federation from the World Tourism Organization, — says in the order.

UNWTO is responsible for the general accessibility of tourism and the development of the tourism industry. The organization unites 158 member countries, six associated territories, two territories with observer status and more than 500 affiliated organizations.

At the end of April, Russia announced its decision to withdraw from the UN World Tourism Organization in response to the suspension of membership— the latter was insisted on by Guatemala, Lithuania, Poland, Slovenia and Ukraine after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine.

Russian Ambassador Yuri Korchagin, commenting on the UN decision, said that it was “pushed through” with the help of “massive anti-Russian propaganda through blackmail and pressure on the state.” He considered the actions of the organization “illegal and politically motivated steps”, the purpose of which — “demonstrative punishment” Russia for its “independent domestic and foreign policy.”

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US Ambassador to the UN called the condition for supporting Italy’s plan for Ukraine

The United States declared its support for any efforts to peacefully resolve the situation in Ukraine. Italy has previously proposed a plan that includes negotiations over “disputed territories”. In Russia, Italy's proposal was criticized

The United States supports any efforts to peacefully resolve the situation in Ukraine, if they support the Ukrainian people. This was stated by US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield, answering a question about the proposal for a peaceful settlement in Ukraine, which Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio handed over to the UN.

“We support any efforts from any side to search for a peaceful settlement in the interests of the Ukrainian people, which would be approved by the Ukrainian people,— said Thomas-Greenfield.

At the same time, she noted that she had not seen the proposal itself, but knew about it.

The newspaper La Repubblica wrote on May 19 that the Italian government had prepared a plan for a peaceful settlement in Ukraine.

The plan includes four stages:

  • ceasefire in Ukraine and demilitarization of the front line under UN supervision;
  • negotiations on the status of Ukraine, which involve the country's accession to the EU, but not joining NATO;
  • a bilateral agreement between Ukraine and Russia on Crimea and Donbass: at the suggestion of the Italian authorities, the “disputed territories” will have full autonomy with the right to independently ensure their security, but sovereignty over the regions will belong to Kyiv;
  • the conclusion of a multilateral agreement on peace and security in Europe, which will cover issues of disarmament and arms control, conflict prevention and confidence-building measures.

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According to the plan, this will be followed by the withdrawal of Russian troops from the territory of Ukraine.

Italy also proposes to create an international group that will monitor compliance with the plan (the full list of countries that could join it has not yet been determined, but among them are France, Germany, Turkey, USA, China, Canada, Great Britain, Poland and Israel), and involve the European Union, the UN and other international organizations in this process.

Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev criticized Italy's plan. lie". He called the proposal for the autonomy of Donbass within this country “obvious nonsense”; and “cheap projecting”, but about the autonomy of the Crimea — an insult to Russia.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has previously stated that a diplomatic solution to the conflict is possible only after a ceasefire by Russia and the withdrawal of troops.

Russian President Vladimir Putin named among the necessary conditions ” ;recognition of Russian sovereignty over Crimea, solving the problems of demilitarization and denazification of the Ukrainian state and ensuring its neutral status».

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Erdogan invited Putin to organize negotiations between Russia, Ukraine and the UN

The Kremlin said the leaders discussed the transit of goods through the Azov and Black Seas, including grain. Erdogan is also due to have a telephone conversation with Zelensky on May 30

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan invited his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin to organize a meeting of representatives of Russia, Ukraine and the UN in Istanbul. He said this in a telephone conversation with the President of Russia, reports Haber Global.

Erdogan also called for steps to be taken to minimize the negative consequences of hostilities and build confidence between the parties.

The Kremlin report on the talks says that the emphasis in the conversation was on ensuring safe navigation in the Black and Azov Seas and eliminating mine threat. Putin said that Russia is ready to facilitate the transit of goods in coordination with Turkey, including grain.

Earlier, the Turkish president announced that he would talk to both Putin and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky on May 30.

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Ankara has repeatedly offered to help organize Russian-Ukrainian talks, including at the highest level. So far, the only meeting of representatives of Moscow and Kyiv in Turkey took place at the end of March. Then in Istanbul, Ukraine presented its proposals for a peace agreement and security guarantees, but later Kyiv moved away from the Istanbul document and discussions between the parties began to move slowly. In mid-May, the Russian Foreign Ministry, and later the office of the Ukrainian president, announced the suspension of the negotiation process. Putin noted that Ukraine sabotaged the negotiations.

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Zelensky considers meetings at the delegation level ineffective and advocates direct negotiations with the Russian president. According to him, Putin— he is the only Russian politician he is willing to meet. Zelensky also advocated joining the UN in the prisoner exchange. The Kremlin said that the meeting of the presidents needed the preliminary work of delegations.

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Italian Foreign Ministry announced the transfer of the settlement plan in Ukraine to the UN

Italian Deputy Foreign Minister Manlio Di Stefano confirmed that Rome had submitted a four-stage plan to the UN on how to resolve the conflict in Ukraine. The head of EU diplomacy, Josep Borrell, said that Kyiv should determine the terms of the truce alt=”The Italian Foreign Ministry announced the transfer of the settlement plan in Ukraine to the UN” />

Josep Borrell (center)

Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio handed over to UN Secretary General António Guterres a plan developed by Rome for a peaceful settlement of the conflict in Ukraine, Italian Deputy Foreign Minister Manlio Di Stefano said on Twitter, confirming reports that appeared the day before.

“The truce plan proposed [ Luigi Di Maio] UN, outlines new perspectives for ending the conflict in Ukraine through coordinated actions at the world level to quickly achieve a ceasefire and restore political and economic balance,— written by Di Stefano.

However, the head of EU diplomacy, Josep Borrell, said that the conditions for a truce with Moscow should be determined by Kyiv. At a briefing following the meeting of the EU Foreign Affairs Council on Development, he was asked to comment on Italy's plan.

“We support any effort to end this conflict. However, we are in favor of an immediate ceasefire and the complete withdrawal of Russian troops from the territory of Ukraine. As for the conditions, here the decision is up to Ukraine,»,— said Borrell.

He also noted that the EU hopes that Kyiv will be “in a strong position” during the settlement negotiations.

La Repubblica wrote that the plan proposed by Italy includes four stages . It is proposed to start with a ceasefire and demilitarization of the front line under the supervision of the UN, then move on to negotiations on the status of Ukraine, involving the entry of the country into the European Union, but not joining NATO.

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The third stage involves the conclusion of a bilateral agreement on Crimea and Donbass between Russia and Ukraine, according to which the “disputed territories” will receive autonomy and the right to ensure their own security, but sovereignty over the regions will belong to Kyiv. The final stage will be the conclusion of a multilateral agreement on peace and security in Europe, followed by the withdrawal of Russian troops from Ukraine, follows from the document.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said that a diplomatic solution to the conflict is possible only after a ceasefire and the withdrawal of Russian troops. At the end of February, Vladimir Putin named “the recognition of Russian sovereignty over Crimea, the solution of the tasks of demilitarization and denazification of the Ukrainian state and ensuring its neutral status” among the necessary conditions for a truce.

Since the beginning of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, Moscow and Kyiv have held several rounds of talks in person and remotely. The most effective was the meeting in Turkey at the end of March. Then Ukraine offered to ensure its security to the countries from among the permanent members of the UN Security Council (guarantees will not work in Crimea and on part of the territory of Donbass). In return, Kyiv should accept a neutral and non-nuclear status, as well as refuse to produce and deploy all types of weapons of mass destruction.

However, since the beginning of April, the Russian authorities have repeatedly made statements that the negotiations have stalled. On May 17, Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia Andrey Rudenko said that there were no negotiations between Kyiv and Moscow in any form. The suspension of contacts was confirmed by Advisor to the Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Mikhail Podolyak: “After the Istanbul communiqué, there are no changes, there is no progress.”

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UN reported 3.8 thousand dead civilians in Ukraine

Among them are more than 250 children and more than 900 women. At the same time, the UN believes that the real data on civilian deaths in Ukraine is much higher *

3,811 civilians have died since the beginning of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, reports the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

These are 1429 men, 937 women and more than 250 children. The gender of 70 dead children and 1,190 adults has not been determined. 4,278 people were injured, including 528 women and more than 350 children. Most of the victims and wounded were recorded in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions —4422 (2099 killed and 2323 wounded).

The Office of the UN High Commissioner believes that the real figures are significantly higher, since the transfer of information from places where active hostilities were fought is difficult. This, for example, concerns Mariupol, Izyum in the Kharkiv region and Popasnaya in the LPR.

On May 11, the UN reported 3.5 thousand dead civilians in Ukraine, including more than 200 children and 821 women.

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Russia has been conducting a military special operation in Ukraine since February 24. President Vladimir Putin called its goals the protection of the population of Donbass from “genocide”, as well as the need for “demilitarization and denazification” neighboring state. Ukraine, in response, imposed martial law and declared mobilization.

The Russian Ministry of Defense has repeatedly stated that the Russian military strikes exclusively at military targets. At the end of March, a spokesman for the department, Major General Igor Konashenkov, stated that “the unconditional priority of the armed forces during the operation is to exclude unnecessary victims among the civilian population.” According to him, special attention is paid to “preserving civilian infrastructure and civilians in Ukraine”.

In addition, the Ministry of Defense has repeatedly accused the Ukrainian military of organizing staged filming of “civilians allegedly killed by the violent actions of the Russian army.” .

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

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The Foreign Ministry responded to the UN with a call to lift sanctions in exchange for access to the ports of Ukraine

Anti-Russian sanctions can cause a food crisis, as they interfere with the normal trade in products, so they should be removed, the head of the UN WFP said in the Foreign Ministry, who demanded an end to the blockade of Ukrainian ports

With the same appeal to Russia at a special meeting of the UN on food security, the Secretary General of the organization António Guterres spoke. He stated that the world community should not interfere with the export of Russian goods, including food and fertilizers.

US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken opined that the situation with food security in the world has worsened not because of the sanctions. The restrictions imposed by Washington do not apply to fertilizers and agricultural products, he explained. International organizations and governments of different countries should join forces to achieve the opening of corridors for the safe export of food from the territory of Ukraine by sea and land transport, the Secretary of State believes.

The Russian authorities have repeatedly responded to accusations from the West about the impact on the food market. Vladimir Putin, in particular, warned the EU countries that they could face “intractable consequences”; because of the “continuation of the sanctions obsession.” According to the Russian president, the actions of Western countries have already caused famine in the world's poorest states. His spokesman Dmitry Peskov also called for lifting sanctions against Russia.

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Russian Deputy Representative to the UN called the condition for the use of nuclear weapons

Deputy Ambassador of Russia to the UN Polyansky: Russia can use nuclear weapons in case of a threat According to Dmitry Polyansky, Russia can use nuclear weapons in the presence of an “existential threat”. President Vladimir Putin has the authority to decide how critical such a threat is for the country. ” alt=”Deputy Representative of Russia to the UN called the condition for the use of nuclear weapons” />

Dmitry Polyansky

Russia can use nuclear weapons if there is a critical threat to the existence of the country. This was stated by Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Dmitry Polyansky in an interview with the British portal UnHerd.

“I am a diplomat, I am not involved in making decisions on nuclear strategy, but I can say: yes, we have nuclear weapons. And if an existential threat arises for Russia, then, I am sure, we can use nuclear weapons, — he said.

Responding to a question about what Russia might consider an “existential threat,” Polyansky said he was “not the right person to define it.” “These are people who get paid for solving military problems. I get my pay for dealing with diplomatic matters,— he added.

Answering a clarifying question whether President Vladimir Putin can make a decision on the use of nuclear weapons if he decides that an “existential threat” hangs over the country, the diplomat said: “He is the Supreme Commander, of course, he has every opportunity to decide. <…> Once again, if you threaten us with nuclear forces, you must consider all the risks, — said Polyansky.

The discussion about the possibility of using nuclear weapons intensified in the spring of 2022, after President Vladimir Putin ordered on February 27 that deterrence forces, which include nuclear weapons, be put on special alert. Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu the next day reported to the President that the strategic forces had begun increased duty.

On March 22, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on CNN that Russia could use nuclear weapons only if there was a real threat for the existence of the country, which is indicated in the concept of national security.

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On May 6, Deputy Director of the Information and Press Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry Alexei Zaitsev said that Russia would not use nuclear weapons in military operations in Ukraine. “The scenarios for our possible use of nuclear weapons are clearly spelled out in Russian doctrinal documents. They are not applicable to the implementation of the tasks set in the course of a special military operation in Ukraine,»,— said the diplomat at the briefing.

The conditions for the use of nuclear weapons by Russia are described in paragraph 27 of the Military Doctrine. It states that Russia reserves the right to use nuclear weapons in response to the use of nuclear and other types of weapons of mass destruction against it or its allies, as well as in the event of aggression against Russia with the use of conventional weapons, “when the very existence of the state is threatened.” ;.

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The Ministry of Defense called on the UN and the Red Cross to ensure the evacuation from Slovyansk

According to the Ministry of Defense, the Armed Forces of Ukraine equipped in Slavyansk and Kramatorsk a single fortified area with an area of ​​​​over 170 square meters. km, keep 90 thousand people in cities and prevent them from leaving for Russia or other territories controlled by Ukraine

Kramatorsk

The Russian Ministry of Defense called on international organizations, including the UN, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the International Committee of the Red Cross and others, to ensure the evacuation of civilians from Kramatorsk and Slovyansk in the Donbass.

These cities are located under the control of the armed forces of Ukraine. According to the Russian Interdepartmental Coordination Headquarters, the Armed Forces of Ukraine equipped a single fortified area there with an area of ​​over 170 square meters. km and created stocks of weapons, ammunition, fuels and lubricants, food and medicine, placed heavy weapons and equipment, and equipped firing points in houses.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources. keep local residents in basements, and on the walls of buildings they put the inscriptions “Attention! Children!”, “There are children here! Don't shoot!».

The headquarters say that the “nationalists” blocked more than 90 thousand people in residential areas and on the territories of more than ten enterprises of Kramatorsk and Slavyansk and do not allow them to evacuate either towards Russia or to other territories controlled by Ukraine.

In early April, the head of the Slavic military administration, Vadim Lyakh asked the residents of the city to temporarily leave it, noting that the evacuation trains operate free of charge, and the residents who left will be able to receive additional payments at the place of temporary residence, in special cases— free housing, as well as find a job.

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In mid-April, the Russian ministry claimed that territorial defense fighters in Slovyansk were conducting “punitive raids to check local residents for the presence of they have any signs of pro-Russian views.

The UN and the International Committee of the Red Cross are involved in the evacuation from Mariupol, including from the territory of the Azovstal plant. Organizations reported on hundreds of people evacuated from the city, who were brought to Zaporozhye or to the village of Bezymennoye in the DPR.

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UN criticizes EU decision not to invite Russia to conference on Syria

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Deputy official representative of the UN Secretary General Farhan Haq said that the decision of the European Union not to invite Russia to participate in the donor conference Syria “Brussels-6” is regrettable.

“The Russian Federation is a member of the United Nations and a permanent member of the UN Security Council, as well as a key partner,” he recalled.

At the same time, Haq noted that the UN could not influence the decision of the EU, since it is not one of the co-organizers of the Brussels conference this year. The EU has decided not to invite the Russian Federation and contact them to find out the reason,” he said

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US envoy to UN accuses Russia of using chemical weapons in Syria

Linda Thomas-Greenfield

US Permanent Representative to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield accused Russia of using chemical weapons in Syria, she made such a statement on PBS. Her words are quoted by the press service of the diplomatic mission.

“They also used false accusations against the United States and Ukrainians of using chemical weapons, and we know that they are capable of using chemical weapons. They used it against their own people, they used it in Syria,— said the diplomat.

At the same time, Thomas-Greenfield is sure, Moscow understands the danger of using nuclear weapons, “whatever the nature or form it may have.” She called the words of Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov about nuclear weapons “bragging”, while calling for the threat of nuclear weapons deployment to be taken seriously.

The United States is pressuring Russia in the Security Council on the issue of nuclear weapons, the diplomat assured, adding that these efforts should encourage the Russian leadership not to use it and abandon “threats against defenseless Ukraine.”

“And if they make the mistake of using nuclear weapons, we will hold them accountable. I won't go into the details of what we're going to do here, but they need to know that we'll answer them very, very strongly if they do,” — warned the US Ambassador to the UN.

Read on RBC Pro Pro Business is in line for cloud services. What services are in demand? situation Instructions Pro The Bank of Russia lowered the rate to 14%. What will happen to the ruble exchange rate and inflation Articles Pro How the relevance of digital assets and currencies is changing Articles ProAllegations that Russia used chemical weapons in Syria— fake, said Russian President Vladimir Putin. He compared these allegations to reports of civilian deaths in the Ukrainian city of Bucha in March 2022. According to him, “provocations were staged” in Syria; and “depicted the use of chemical weapons” government of President Bashar al-Assad. “Then it turned out that it was a fake. The same fake is in Bucha,— Putin insisted.

“Listen, I talked to colleagues from Western countries often. And when they say “Bucha” to me, I ask, have you ever been to Raqqa? Did you see how this Syrian city was completely destroyed, down to the very ground, by American aircraft from above? And there, indeed, the corpses lay in ruins for months and decomposed. Nobody cared before that, nobody even noticed, — said Putin.

The plans of the United States and Ukraine to carry out an attack using chemical weapons were announced by the Russian Defense Ministry in mid-April. The department claimed that in the interests of the Pentagon, biological weapons were tested on the territory of Ukraine, and chemical weapons were planned to be sprayed from the Bayraktar drone. Kyiv turned to the company— drone manufacturer Baykar Makina with a request for the possibility of placing “attached aerosol equipment” on the UAV, the ministry added.

About a week later, on April 21, the Russian Defense Ministry spoke about an attempt by Ukrainian forces to carry out an attack with chemical weapons. According to the ministry, a container with ampoules was dropped from a drone on the positions of Russian forces, which were supposed to explode, releasing toxic substances not mentioned in the convention lists.

The Russian embassy in the United States in early May urged Washington to destroy its chemical weapons . The diplomatic mission insists that the United States remains the last country to sign the Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, which has not yet got rid of its own arsenal.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

US President Joe Biden warned in late March that if Moscow uses chemical weapons in Ukraine, Washington will respond, and the nature of the reaction will depend on the use of these weapons. Then the White House explained that the United States ruled out the possibility of using chemical weapons. U.S. National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan added that chemical weapons would not be used by U.S. forces “under any circumstances,” but that Russia would “pay a heavy price.” . «We— adequate people. I— the president of an adequate country and an adequate people. And the father of two children. And no one has developed any chemical or any other weapons of mass destruction on my land,»,— he said in mid-March in response to data on the work of biological laboratories in Ukraine.

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Russia announced the disruption of the participation of its representatives in the UN meeting

Representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova and two Russian experts were supposed to take part in a meeting of the information committee at the UN headquarters in the United States, but Zakharova's visa was issued late, and the experts did not receive them at all

Dmitry Polyansky

The United States did not issue visas to two of the three Russian delegates who were supposed to take part in a meeting of the United Nations information committee in New York, Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the organization, said at the committee meeting.

“Due to the actions of the American side, participation in the session of the committee of the Russian delegation from the capital was actually disrupted. The head of our delegation, Director of the Information and Press Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova, received her visa only yesterday afternoon. The remaining two experts do not have visas at all yet,— he said (quote from RIA Novosti). The diplomat called the practice “unacceptable”.

The UN secretary-general's spokesman, Stephane Dujarric, said at a May 4 briefing that the organization had already raised the issue of obtaining US visas for Russian representatives and would continue to do so. “It is important that anyone with business at the UN be given the opportunity to come to the US to attend these meetings,” — Dujarric emphasized.

In November last year, Russia asked UN Secretary-General António Guterres to start an arbitration procedure due to problems with the issuance of visas to Russian diplomats by the United States. The Russian representative in the Sixth Committee of the UN General Assembly, which deals with the consideration of legal issues, Sergey Leonidchenko, pointed out that the Russian delegation has been facing similar problems for more than four years. He said that Washington's actions indicate that the United States is not going to correct the situation. In February 2022, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov made the same demand.

The US State Department noted that “seriously” relate to obligations under the agreement with UN Headquarters. According to the document, it is considered a territory belonging to all states— members of an organization that falls under US judicial jurisdiction. Materials for the article Authors Tags Subscribe to RuTube RBC Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of programs on our RuTube channel

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UN reported 3.1 thousand dead civilians in Ukraine

More than 200 children and more than 700 women were among the dead, and another 1,000 adults who died had no sex determined. The UN believes that the actual figures for civilian deaths in Ukraine are much higher jpg” alt=”The UN reported 3,100 civilian deaths in Ukraine” />

3,153 civilians have been killed in Ukraine since the beginning of the Russian special operation, reports the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

p>

Out of this number 1115— men, 722— women and over 200 children. The gender of another 1090 adults has not been determined. 3316 people were injured, including 324 women and over 300 children.

At the same time, the Office of the High Commissioner believes that the real figures are significantly higher, since the transfer of information from places where active hostilities were fought is difficult. This, for example, concerns Mariupol, Izyum in the Kharkiv region and Popasna in the LPR.

“Most known civilian casualties occurred as a result of the use of explosive weapons with a large area of ​​destruction, including shelling from heavy artillery and multiple launch rocket systems, missile and air strikes,— the message says.

The Russian Ministry of Defense has repeatedly stated that the Russian military strikes exclusively at military targets. At the end of March, a spokesman for the department, Major General Igor Konashenkov, stated that “the unconditional priority of the Armed Forces during the operation is to exclude unnecessary victims among the civilian population.” According to him, special attention is paid to “preserving civilian infrastructure and civilians in Ukraine.”

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources

Read on RBC Pro Pro When is it better to go on vacation so as not to lose money Instructions Pro Delisting Russian companies from foreign exchanges: how it affects stocks How to replace them? Debt Needle” >A week ago, UN Secretary General António Guterres proposed the creation of a joint humanitarian contact group with Moscow and Kyiv. Among other things, it should deal with the organization of safe humanitarian corridors.

The day before, Kyiv asked Guterres to become a guarantor of the evacuation of civilians from Azovstal. in Mariupol. On May 1, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky announced that about a hundred civilians were taken out of the territory of the plant. In two days, from the territory of the Azovstal plant, 126 people came out, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced on May 2.

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Germany sues Italy at UN over Nazi damage dispute

In its lawsuit, Germany claims that Rome will continue to allow victims of Nazi war crimes to submit compensation requests from Berlin, even though the International Court of Justice ruled in 2012 that it was illegal

Germany filed to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Italy due to disputes over compensation for damage caused by the Nazis during World War II, the court said.

“Germany <…> filed an international case against Italy because it (Italy) allegedly failed to respect its (Germany's) jurisdictional immunity as a sovereign state,— The report said.

Germany refers to a 2012 court decision proving that the country has legal immunity from claims in foreign courts from victims of Nazism. However, according to the ruling of the Italian constitutional court of 2014, the obligation to follow the judgment of 2012 depends on the principle of legal protection of fundamental rights in accordance with the constitutional law of the country.

Berlin noted that “the Italian national courts since 2012 have considered a significant number of new claims against Germany in violation of the sovereign immunity of Germany.” In 2014, at least 15 litigation decisions were made regarding claims against Germany due to the “behavior of the German Reich during World War II”, the German lawsuit says.

“In its request, Germany asks the court, in particular, to oblige Italy to guarantee that the German property mentioned in the application will not be put up for public auction until the court decides,” — says in the document. In addition, Berlin wants Rome to give a guarantee to put an end to litigation and fully compensate for the damage already done. axis”, which also included Germany and Japan.

Mussolini was arrested in July 1943, after which the new Italian government concluded a truce with the United States and Great Britain, and also declared war on Germany.

Berlin capitulated on May 9, 1945 at 0:43 Moscow time.

<

Read on RBC Pro Pro You can't do this in a crisis: five ways to derail sales Articles Pro What 5 questions you need to ask an employer at an interview We reflect the attack in the social network Instructions Pro Inflation in Russia shows records. What to Expect Next Pro Articles Enterprise IT Infrastructure Security at Risk: Three Solutions Instructions Pro Bird Flu Ramps in the US and EU: What It Means for the Global Economy Articles Pro Dangerous Language: What Words an Employer Can Be Fined forEarlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law on fines for identifying the USSR and Nazi Germany. The norms provide for liability for violating the prohibition on public identification of “goals, decisions and actions”; leadership and military of the USSR and Nazi Germany, as well as the Axis countries; during World War II. A fine will also be imposed for denying the decisive role of the Soviet people in the victory over Germany.

For the first violation, citizens will receive a fine of 1,000 to 2,000 rubles. or arrest for up to 15 days, officials— a fine in the amount of 2 thousand to 4 thousand rubles, legal entity— from 10 thousand to 50 thousand rubles. In the event of a repeated offense, the amount of the fine will increase, and legal entities may face suspension of activities for up to 90 days.

Prohibition on equating the goals and ideas of the USSR and Germany in World War II “in a public speech, publicly shown work, Mass media or when posting information using the Internet» was introduced on July 1, 2021.

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Moscow is ready to study UN initiatives “to alleviate the suffering of Ukrainians”

Foreign Ministry: Russia is ready to consider UN initiatives to alleviate the suffering of Ukrainians Moscow will take this step if the UN proposals actually contribute to this goal, the Russian Foreign Ministry stressed /s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/8/14/756509976133148.jpg” alt=”Moscow is ready to study UN initiatives “to alleviate the suffering of Ukrainians”” />

Sergey Lavrov and António Guterres (left to right)

Russia is ready to consider specific initiatives from the UN “to alleviate the suffering of civilians in Ukraine.” This is stated in the message of the Russian Foreign Ministry following the talks between Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and UN Secretary General António Guterres.

“Russia is ready to consider specific initiatives, incl. by the UN, to alleviate the suffering of the civilian population in the zone of the special military operation, if they actually contribute to this noble goal, —

Earlier, Guterres said that the UN proposed to create a joint contact group with Moscow and Kyiv to organize safe humanitarian corridors from Ukraine for civilians.

According to him, it is necessary to open humanitarian corridors in Ukraine, which “would really be safe and effective.” and which “would be respected by all for the evacuation of civilians and the delivery of the necessary assistance.”

On April 26, Guterres held talks in Moscow with Lavrov and President Vladimir Putin. In two days, he will visit Kyiv, where he will hold talks with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.

Representative of the UN Secretary-General Farhan Haq said that during the trips, Guterres wants to understand “what progress can be made.” on the situation in Ukraine. «Our goal— ceasefire and improvement of the situation of people in Ukraine»,— he said.

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On April 19, the UN Secretary General called on Russia and Ukraine to a humanitarian truce from April 21 for four days in connection with the celebration of Easter. The pause would open “safe passage for all civilians,” he said. Pope Francis addressed the two countries with a similar request.

First Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Dmitry Polyansky said on April 25 that Moscow does not consider it possible to introduce a ceasefire at present .

“The only benefit it will give is— an opportunity for the Ukrainian armed forces to regroup and arrange more provocations, — he concluded.

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Guterres office: Putin agreed to involve the UN in the evacuation of Azovstal

Photo: kremlin.ru

Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed to involve the UN and the ICRC in the evacuation of civilians from Azovstal ;. This was reported in the  office of the UN Secretary-General António Guterres.

The Russian Foreign Ministry said that the Kremlin is ready to consider UN initiatives to alleviate the suffering of the civilian population in Ukraine.

"Russia I am ready to consider specific initiatives, including from the UN, to alleviate the suffering of the civilian population in the zone of the special operation, if they actually contribute to this noble goal,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

Official Representative UN Secretary General Stephane Dujarric said that further discussions on this topic would be held between the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.

Earlier, representatives of the Azov Regiment (recognized as extremist in the Russian Federation and banned) stated that civilians did not leave the territory of the plant, as they feared shelling when trying to evacuate.

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Russia’s Deputy Representative to the UN called a ceasefire in Ukraine impossible

Russian Deputy Representative to the UN Dmitry Polyansky believes that if a ceasefire is introduced, the Ukrainian armed forces may be able to recover and “arrange more provocations”

Dmitry Polyansky

Russia does not consider it possible to introduce a ceasefire regime during the special operation in Ukraine at the present time. Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the UN, told reporters about this. an opportunity for the Ukrainian armed forces to regroup and arrange more provocations, — said Polyansky.

Answering a question about the possibility of an “Easter truce”, which was previously requested by UN Secretary General António Guterres, the Deputy Representative noted: “He asked for an Easter truce, Easter is over.”

Polyansky said that Russia opened humanitarian corridors to get people out of the zones of the special operation, but Ukraine did not use them. “I don’t see any reason for this [ceasefire] right now. <…> There was a call for a ceasefire, we opened humanitarian corridors, Ukraine did not use them. Ukraine is also undermining our efforts to open humanitarian corridors,»,— he added.

Guterres called on April 19 Russia and Ukraine for a humanitarian truce from April 21 for four days in connection with the celebration of Orthodox Easter. According to Guterres, the pause would open “a safe passage for all civilians wishing to leave areas of current and potential confrontation, in coordination with the International Committee of the Red Cross.” Pope Francis addressed the two countries with the same request. He noted that the truce should not be used for rearmament and further resumption of hostilities, but to establish peace through real negotiations.

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Earlier, the representative of the UN Secretary General Stefan Dujarric reported that Guterres was going to meet with Vladimir Putin in Moscow and Vladimir Zelensky in Kyiv. Before meeting with Putin, the secretary general expects to hold talks in Ankara with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The meeting between Guterres and Erdogan is scheduled for April 25, the meeting with Putin and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov— on April 26, with Zelensky and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmitry Kuleba— April 28.

The Ukrainian authorities recognize the work of humanitarian corridors, but say that it is not possible to evacuate people everywhere. Also in Kyiv, they object to the fact that humanitarian corridors are opened for evacuation to the territory of Russia, and not to the Ukrainian regions. Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine Irina Vereshchuk opposed the evacuation of citizens to Russia, which, according to her, is “an unacceptable option.” She noted that Ukrainians would not go to Russia, they would like to go to the west of the country or to the European Union.

The Russian military, when opening humanitarian corridors, announces a complete ceasefire to ensure the safe exit of civilians. The Ukrainian military can use such corridors only after surrendering and laying down their arms.

Vladimir Zelensky calls a ceasefire and a halt to hostilities the main demands of Kyiv in the settlement talks. “There is a question of NATO, let's talk. There is the issue of Crimea, we understand that when there are no shots, let's move on and talk about it. <…> We will talk and we must decide. But after there are no shots and the equipment is withdrawn,— Zelensky said on April 16.

Russia is conducting an operation to “demilitarize” and “denazification” Ukraine since February 24. As stated in the Ministry of Defense, the targets of the strikes of the Russian forces are only military facilities and aviation of Ukraine, and nothing threatens the civilian population. Ukraine, in response to the special operation, declared martial law and general mobilization, and also severed diplomatic relations with Russia.

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The story of a Ukrainian grandmother with the banner of Victory caused a resonance in the UN

First Deputy Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations Dmitry Polyansky spoke on the air of the Soloviev Live TV channel about the impression that the video of the Ukrainian military bullying the elderly, who met them with the Banner of Victory, made at the UN.

photo frame from video

Polyansky admitted that after he made these frames public at the UN, he received many questions from colleagues on the sidelines and on the phone what kind of grandmother is this.

“I sent a video, told. This story really resonated here, and I am very glad that it resonated at home too … She (grandmother – ed.) came out with a banner, didn’t cheat, play up… She continued to promote what she believes in… She didn’t take food, she asked to return the banner,” the diplomat said.

Recall that the incident with the Banner and the grandmother occurred in one of the villages of Ukraine in early April. An elderly couple mistook the fighters of the Armed Forces of Ukraine for the Russian military, and the pensioner even brought out the red Banner of Victory of the Great Patriotic War for their meeting. However, the soldiers took the banner from her, threw her to the ground and began to stomp with the words “Glory to Ukraine.” In response, the grandmother returned the package with canned food to the military, recalling that her parents fought against the Nazis with this flag in their hands.

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Deputy Representative to the UN saw no prospects for negotiations with Ukraine

The creation of a group to discuss humanitarian issues with Kyiv at the initiative of the UN is possible if there are prospects for agreements, the deputy representative said. According to him, there is “no desire for cooperation” on the part of Ukraine.

There are no prospects for negotiations between Russia and Ukraine now, Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the UN, believes. This is how he reacted to the UN call for Moscow and Kiev to meet to discuss humanitarian issues.

“The UN members have made such a proposal before. In principle, they want to find some niche in the settlement, in bringing the positions of the parties closer,— he said on the air of the channel «Soloviev Live» (quote from TASS).

According to Polyansky, this is possible if there are prospects for any agreements between Russia and Ukraine, “I personally don’t see [Prospects] right now, especially in the current situation,” & mdash ; said the diplomat.

The Deputy Representative added that the UN had previously offered trilateral cooperation. However, now, he argues, there is “no desire for cooperation on the part of Ukraine.”

On April 18, UN Deputy Secretary General Martin Griffiths said that the organization had offered Kiev and Moscow to discuss humanitarian issues related to the consequences of Russia's military operation in Ukraine remotely or in person. First of all, these are issues of a ceasefire and the creation of humanitarian corridors. According to Griffiths, Kyiv agreed to the creation of a humanitarian contact group for these purposes, and now the UN is waiting for a response from Moscow.

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In mid-March, the Russian Ministry of Defense stated that “the humanitarian situation in Ukraine, unfortunately, continues to deteriorate rapidly, and in some cities it has become critical.” In particular, the department spoke about the difficult humanitarian situation in Mariupol and Kharkiv, and appealed to the leadership of the UN, the OSCE, the International Committee of the Red Cross and other organizations to “force the Kiev authorities to fulfill their humanitarian obligations.”

The work of humanitarian corridors was discussed, including at the talks of the Russian and Ukrainian delegations in Belarus. Three rounds of meetings were held in this country, then the parties held another face-to-face talks in Istanbul. The rest of the time, negotiations are held online. On April 18, the press secretary of the Russian president, Dmitry Peskov, said that contacts with the Ukrainian side continue at the level of experts, however, “the dynamics of progress” leaves much to be desired.

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Why does the world need the UN: the organization is in deep crisis

The collective security system has not affected anything since the crisis in Yugoslavia

The UN has decided to suspend Russia's participation in the Human Rights Council. Rather, we ourselves suspended our membership in it. We were not removed, but we left. “MK” asked the expert about what is happening with the system of international collective security and what is the role of Russia in this. And most importantly – what awaits us next.

Photo: AP

93 countries voted against Russia's membership in the UNHRC, including the same Serbia, whose support during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999, we so love to remember. And in which they seemed to be one hundred percent sure.

And even if now their president Vucic declares that it was a forced political decision, that they did not want, but they were forced, the result does not really change.

The very system of international security, on which this world has stood since 1945, is collapsing before our eyes, like a house of cards. Brick by brick. And, I must admit, its dismantling shows that it has not been working very well in recent decades.

All these international institutions for collective security were unable to influence both the start of the special operation in Ukraine and the subsequent sanctions against Russia, which are introduced independently and without regard to these structures.

– Yes, now it has come the absolute crisis of international relations, the war in Ukraine clearly demonstrates the hypocrisy of the parties, no one has real levers to influence any of them in such conflicts. Everyone talked, condemned – and that's it, – believes Marina Silkina, Ph.D. in international law. – Sanctions against Russia are essentially also imposed by specific states, while the UN system is helpless and can neither object nor remove anything.

– It is worth recalling why the UN Charter was adopted and what goals were pursued by the states that registered it. With the adoption of the UN Charter in 1945, the threat or use of force was prohibited, except in cases of individual or collective self-defense and only by decision of the UN Security Council. These norms ensured the relative stability of the world for a long time.

Nevertheless, we see that the geopolitical situation around Ukraine has demonstrated a kind of funnel, drawing many states and conglomerations into the conflict directly or indirectly. It is too early to say what will happen next, but it is safe to say that the international security system will require reform, if it remains the same as before.

– I think that the UN will not dissolve itself because of Russia, it is too big price and risk, it will be difficult to drag such a number of countries into the new organization .. However, as in the European Union, in which there is no agreement today.

– As we all understand, no matter what lofty goals and principles underlie any organization, there is always a risk of serving specific parties to the agreement. Sooner or later, the participants' own interests prevail over collective values, and the process of self-disintegration begins – as they say, one's own shirt is closer to the body. This applies not only to collective security, but to everything in general. Therefore, it is not worth expecting that the UN will now be replaced by something more efficient. There is too much conflict. In everything, not only in politics, but also in the economy. Everyone thinks only of himself.

– Now Russia has ratified the changes under the CSTO collective security agreement, the concept of a coordinating state has been introduced, under the auspices of the UN, the CSTO will be able to participate in peacekeeping missions abroad. Possibly in Ukraine.

In addition, it is worth considering the latest decisions regarding the CSTO: the introduction of the concept of a coordinating state with the ability to participate in peacekeeping missions under the auspices of the UN. A natural question arises – how can a state expelled from the UN Human Rights Council “for systematic violation of human rights” take part in such peacekeeping missions? Perhaps the latest decisions to downplay the importance of Russia in the world are aimed at leveling these efforts.

HELP “MK”:The UN Human Rights Council has been operating since 2006 and consists of 47 members who are elected from the entire composition of the UN states for three years. A country can be elected to the UNHRC for no more than two consecutive terms. The decision to suspend Russia's membership will only apply to the current rotation, that is, until the expiration of Russia's current term on the Council in 2023. Further, the Russian Federation will be able to apply for membership again.

Previously, the membership of one of the participants was suspended only once. In March 2011, a corresponding decision was made with respect to Libya. In November of the same year, its membership on the Council was restored.

Since the UNHRC has only 47 members, most of the UN countries are not currently members of it. There is no permanent membership in the UNHRC. The decisions of this body are not binding, at the same time, the suspension of membership in it does not mean the removal of obligations from the country in the human rights sphere.

Russia was not a member of the council due to the rotational principle of its recruitment in 2017-2019 . The United States, by decision of the previous President Donald Trump, withdrew from the council in 2018 and returned to it after Joe Biden came to the White House.

Источник www.mk.ru

The Russian mission to the UN rejected the possibility of a nuclear strike because of Ukraine

Russia will not use nuclear weapons in Ukraine, Polyansky said, pointing out that Moscow can resort to them only if the existence of the state is threatened or weapons of mass destruction are used against it or its allies

Russia requested a UN meeting because of the provocation of Ukrainian radicals in Bucha

Photo: pixabay.com

In connection with the “blatant provocation of Ukrainian radicals in Bucha” near Kiev, Russia requested a meeting of the UN Security Council at Monday.

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation has already called it a production. Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Representative of Russia to the UN, announced this on Telegram.

“We will bring the presumptuous Ukrainian provocateurs and their Western patrons to clean water,” he promised.

Earlier, Kyiv published in the media, a photo and video, which allegedly depicts Ukrainians killed in Bucha by Russians. Experts drew attention to the fact that the “corpses” move their arms and move.

The Russian Defense Ministry called the filming another provocation. UN Secretary General António Guterres called for an independent investigation into the incident.

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The Permanent Representative to the UN announced the readiness of London to become a guarantor for Ukraine

According to Barbara Woodward, London wants “in every possible way” to help stop the hostilities in Ukraine. And if Kyiv asks, the British side is ready to act as a guarantor of security, she noted ” alt=”The Permanent Representative to the UN declared London's readiness to become a guarantor for Ukraine” />

British Permanent Representative to the UN Barbara Woodward expressed London's readiness to act as a guarantor of Ukraine's security. Her words are quoted on the UN website.

She recalled that the British side provides significant military support to Kiev, as well as humanitarian aid worth more than £400 million ($523.9 million). According to her, Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky “almost every day.”

Britain wants “in every possible way” help stop hostilities in Ukraine, the diplomat said. “And we would be happy to play our part in this (in becoming a guarantor. — RBC), if we are asked by the government of Ukraine”,— said Woodward.

When asked what guarantees the United States is ready to provide to ensure the sovereignty of Ukraine, White House Communications Director Kate Bedingfield, in turn, said she was not ready to talk about specific details regarding any discussions on this issue. According to her, the United States continues to provide security assistance to Ukraine, supply weapons and, together with allies and partners, increase sanctions pressure on Russia. Washington is committed to Ukraine “sovereign, independent and secure,” she said.

U.S. Secretary of State Anthony Blinken, speaking of security guarantees from Washington, expressed readiness to support Ukraine if Kyiv sees ” “signs of seriousness” in Russia's actions.

Earlier, the Pentagon called Russia's conscientious attitude to negotiations on Ukraine the only condition that the Ministry of Defense can put forward. “This settlement really [should be discussed] between Russia and Ukraine. We didn’t dictate terms and didn’t want to get ahead of ourselves, — said John Kirby, spokesman for the US military department.

When concluding a peace treaty, Kyiv requires clear security guarantees, similar to the fifth article of the NATO charter, said the head of the Ukrainian delegation at the talks with Russia, David Arakhamia. Among the potential guarantor states, Kyiv named the United States, Great Britain, Germany, France and Turkey. Subject to guarantees, the Ukrainian side will fix a non-aligned and non-nuclear status.

The head of the Russian delegation, Vladimir Medinsky, confirmed that the Ukrainian colleagues had submitted proposals for a neutral status to him. According to him, they contain a condition that Moscow will not oppose Ukraine's accession to the EU.

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UN reports 1,179 dead civilians in Ukraine

More than 1,100 civilians, including 104 children, were killed in Ukraine. The number of refugees has reached almost 4 million people

Peskov commented on UN plans to create humanitarian corridors in Ukraine

Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova

Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov outlined the situation with humanitarian corridors for the exit of Ukrainian civilians from the war zones . He reminded specifically for the UN that the Russian military continues to organize humanitarian corridors for the inhabitants of Ukraine, and all statements that “no one is allowed out are, as you understand, an absolute lie.”

“There are humanitarian corridors, and they are provided by our military,” said Peskov, quoted by the TG channel “You were listening to Mayak”. However, he continued, people can’t get out on them, “because the very nationalists don’t let them in.”

Dmitry Peskov believes that now it would be reasonable to help people “put pressure on the Kiev authorities”, so that they influence the national groups, convincing them not to hide behind “living people as a shield.”

Recall that today the official representative of the People’s Militia of the DPR, Eduard Basurin, on the Rossiya 24 TV channel, once again stressed that the Kiev authorities are not undertaking no action to evacuate civilians, although they talk about it all the time. The head of the DPR, Denis Pushilin, said that the evacuation of Ukrainian civilians from the liberated areas of Mariupol continues, but in those quarters that remain under the control of Ukrainian nationalists, the situation does not change.

Since February 24, Russia has been conducting a special military special operation to demilitarize and denazification of Ukraine, the purpose of which, first of all, is to protect the inhabitants of Donbass. The armed forces of the Russian Federation with precision strikes hit only military infrastructure facilities, making every effort to avoid civilian casualties.

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