The only hope. Was Krupskaya happy?

Fate deprived Nadezhda Krupskaya of health, female attractiveness and the opportunity to have children. Many hardships and trials fell on her lot, which did not prevent her from doing a lot of good for the country. But was Nadezhda Konstantinovna happy?

Genderless comrade, unloved companion of the most famous revolutionary in the world. Was this really Nadezhda Krupskaya?Nadia was left without a father early. To help her mother, she had to take on any job: give private lessons, help in Sunday school, even work in the field. She graduated from the pedagogical class of the gymnasium with a gold medal and received a diploma as a home teacher of literature and mathematics. Then she entered the & nbsp; Higher University Women's Courses & nbsp; them. Bestuzheva-Ryumin.

And at 25 years, in a Marxist circle, secretly organized in Sunday school where she taught, Nadezhda fell in love for the first time. Her chosen one was a serious, round-headed Volzhan with a piercing look. Both were arrested for creating an illegal political organization.

According to "Clinical Case" program expert on TV channel "Doctor", senior researcher of the House-Museum V. I. Lenin Olga Shalyova, the conditions of imprisonment were difficult. One of Krupskaya's cellmates, a certainVetrova, even committed an act of self-immolation as a sign of protest.

In 1897  Krupskaya and Ulyanovsentenced to exile. His — to Yenisei province, its — in Ufimskaya. In order not to be separated, the lovers got married and settled in a village house. Nadia's mother came there to help the young family with the housework. In everyday life, Nadezhda was helpless, but where scrupulous mental work was required, she had no equal.

For the rest of her life

Krupskaya knew by heart all the appearances, ciphers, passwords and ways of distributing illegal literature. I felt like a fish in water in this work. But the party pseudonyms Fish and Lamprey appeared in not because of this, but in the force of bulging eyes, the cause of which was an endocrine disease. It was because of him that the couple did not have children. In addition, during the exile in Ufa, the doctors diagnosed Nadezhda with & nbsp; & mdash; genital infantilism, colloquially “baby womb”.

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Inessa Armand. Photo: Public Domain

In 1909  Ulyanov met in emigration a Russified Frenchwoman, a former SRInessa Armand. Armand was very different from Krupskaya. Graceful, bright, sexy, educated (she had a degree in economics), she was also the mother of five children. Lenin attracted Inessa to work in the party school of propagandists, which he organized in Longjumeau — suburb of Paris.

Nadezhda Konstantinovna could not fail to notice the mutual sympathy between Armand and her husband, but at the same time she was sincerely friends with Inessa and constantly corresponded with her. She even invited her husband to leave so that he could arrange his personal life. But Lenin made his choice much earlier, so he stayed with his wife. In  the surviving letters addressed to Krupskaya, he  affectionately called her  dear Nadyushka», carefully advised her to rest more, to obey the doctors, and  at the end invariably wrote: Hug and kiss, your V. Ulyanov» .

The operation did not help

In the winter of 1912, Krupskaya experienced a sharp exacerbation: her eyes became noticeably enlarged, and tachycardia developed. Nadezhda lost weight, began to sweat a lot.

According to the expert of the program "Clinical Case" on "Doctor" TV channel, endocrinologist Olga Demicheva, in 1913  Krupskaya was diagnosed with Graves' disease (or Graves — Bazedow)». The symptoms of the pathology are very bright: the patient has moist skin, shiny eyes, rapid pulse, the person is constantly thrown into a fever, he becomes fussy and very excited.

In June 1913  The Ulyanovs are going to Switzerland, to Emil Theodor Kocher — director of the University of Bern and Nobel laureate in physiology and medicine. The surgeon removed Krupskaya's thyroid gland, but this did not bring relief. And when Nadezhda Konstantinovna's mother died two years later, the patient developed hypothyroidism (a decrease in the level of thyroid hormones).

Deadly thrombosis

Returning to Russia, Krupskaya enthusiastically took up the education of young people, standing at the origins of the creation of the Komsomol, the pioneers and the system of kindergartens. The illness seemed to have receded. But after Lenin's death, Nadezhda Konstantinovna gave up badly. In & nbsp; May 1934 & nbsp; she underwent another operation on the thyroid gland.

On the eve of her 70th birthday, Krupskaya arrived in Arkhangelskoye, in a boarding house for party veterans. Suddenly, she had a sharp pain in her stomach, vomiting began. They called an ambulance. At the hospital, doctors suggested that the patient had mesenteric vascular thrombosis (an autopsy confirmed the diagnosis). But the operation was not decided: it was too risky. 27 February 1939  Krupskaya died.

Expert of the “Clinical Case” program Igor Sergienko, Chief of the Laboratory of Atherosclerosis Phenotypes of the National Medical Research Center for Cardiology, on Doctor's TV channel, is sure that the doctors did the right thing: “I wouldn't touch such a patient either, because, as they say, better from God than hands of a surgeon».

Today, with thrombosis in the development of the superior mesenteric artery, stenting of the narrowed vessel or surgical extraction of the thrombus is performed. Main — make a diagnosis in time. And here is Graves' disease — Bazedova is absolutely curable in our days. There are thyrostatic drugs that prevent the development of thyrotoxicosis, radioiodine therapy and surgical methods of treatment (thyroidectomy), and finally, replacement therapy with thyroid hormone preparations, which allows a person to live a normal healthy life even without this organ.

Krupskaya, like Inessa Armand, they were buried in the Kremlin wall. Next to the one they loved so much.

Patient's Medical Record

Name: Nadezhda Krupskaya

Diagnosis: Mesenteric vascular thrombosis

Date of birth: 26 February 1869 

Date of death: 27 February 1939 

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