What is the fastest supercomputer created in Europe?

The fastest supercomputer in Europe has started working in Finland. It was created jointly by the European Joint Venture for High Performance Computing (EuroHPC) and a consortium of ten European countries: Belgium, Denmark, Iceland, Norway, Poland, Finland, Switzerland, Sweden, the Czech Republic and Estonia.

What is a supercomputer ?

LUMI — it is the fastest and most power efficient supercomputer in Europe.

The performance of the Lumi supercomputer is over 375 petaflops — that's over 375 million billion calculations per second. The expected peak power of this supercomputer will be 550 petaflops, or 550 million billion calculations per second.

Lumi is based on the Cray EX supercomputer supplied by Hewlett Packard Enterprise.

Which supercomputers are already operating in Europe? 

There are four supercomputers operating in Europe: 

  • Discoverer in Bulgaria;
  • MeluXina in Luxembourg;
  • Vega in Slovenia;
  • Karolina in the Czech Republic. 

More to come: LEONARDO in Italy, Deucalion in Portugal, and MareNostrum 5 in Spain.

The most powerful of the Russian computers — “Chervonenkis” — has a performance of 21.53 petaflops. 

Which supercomputer is the most powerful in the world? 

This year, the Frontier supercomputer from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (USA) was included in the Top500 list of the fastest supercomputers in the world. ). He overtook the previous leader, the Japanese Fugaku.

To date, the Frontier is faster than the next seven supercomputers on the list combined. It has a claimed performance of 1,102 exaflops and a peak — 1,686 exaflops with an average power consumption of about 21.1 MW. The cost of creating a supercomputer amounted to 600 million US dollars. 

What is a supercomputer? 

Supercomputer — a system with extremely high computing power that is capable of solving complex problems. The supercomputer includes thousands of processors running in parallel, with results more than ten million times greater than the computing power of conventional laptops.

Such machines are used to run computationally intensive programs, such as weather and climate forecasting. conditions, simulation of nuclear explosions. They are also used in statistics, cryptography, computational biology, chemistry and medicine. 

Source 

https://www.interfax .ru/digital/846067

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